Digitizing danish libraries


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Digitizing danish libraries

  1. 1. Erik Thorlund Jepsen Danish Agency for Libraries and Media Digitizing Danish Libraries: Experiences and initiatives
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media </li></ul><ul><li>Societal and economic challenges and opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Digital Denmark: Strategies, Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Danish Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure, Legislation, Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digitizing Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences and learning's, Future work </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media <ul><li>Agency under the Ministry of Culture </li></ul><ul><li>The central government organ for libraries and media. </li></ul><ul><li>Handles a number of administrative tasks in relation to the libraries, including administration of the Act regarding library services. </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with development tasks in association with the libraries’ activities and administrates a number of subsidy schemes within the library area. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media <ul><li>Mission Experiences and knowledge for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>supporting and developing access to knowledge and understanding in an inclusive democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic development together with stakeholders (committees, conferences, ad hoc meetings…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsidy schemes (development pools + Central Libraries (6 regional libraries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of central services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Library.dk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Bibliography </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National transportation system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Licenses for research libraries – DEFF </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Societal challenges and opportunities <ul><li>Recession? (GNP going down. Payments Balance going up) </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic changes (were getting old) </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation (ghettos and people out of business – economically and socially) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of education and skills (Youth education the largest issue) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Societal challenges and opportunities <ul><li>Structure reform 2007 (from 300 to 98 municipalities + 16 to 5 regions) </li></ul><ul><li>Fusions everywhere (universities and profession schools) </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure for streamlining public services -> national digital solutions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Digital Denmark <ul><li>Strategies (2007 -10 + new on the way) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency, efficiency…..efficiency …better services (Ministry of Finances and Ministry of Science) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation between national bodies and autonomous municipalities (and commercial sector) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure for national solutions (but demand for freedom of choice! -> Slows down digital development, organization and business models) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borger.dk / Citizen.dk (incl. My Page) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NemID / EasyID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital services almost everywhere (E.g.. Tax, application forms..) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Danish Libraries - Library Act (2000 - ) <ul><ul><li>§ 1. The objective of the public libraries is to promote information, education and cultural activity by making available books, periodicals, talking books and other suitable material , such as recorded music and electronic information resources, including Internet and multimedia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The municipal council is obliged, possibly in co-operation with other municipal councils, to run a public library with departments for children and adults. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>§ 9. The county libraries act as main loan centre for the public libraries by endeavouring to obtain material to the extent that the public libraries do not themselves possess this material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Library + Royal Library (Legal deposit +) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>§ 16. Union Catalogue + Library.dk </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Danish Libraries - Structure <ul><li>Public library in each municipality – 98 </li></ul><ul><li>6 County libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for supply of materials, development of competencies, agents for nationwide solutions… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 National libraries (also University Libraries) </li></ul><ul><li>University and profession school libraries (governed by ‘Ministry of Science’ and ‘Ministry of Education’) </li></ul><ul><li>DEFF (Danish Electronic Research Library): Governing board for all research libraries </li></ul>
  10. 10. Challenges and opportunities – Libraries <ul><li>Digital marketplace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional library content and services overtaken by commercial vendors (Free of charge?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services are innumerable and the market confusing for the citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the library profile and opportunities in the digital marketplace? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for libraries to relate strategically to the challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User behaviour, needs and expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for constant access </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Public Libraries in the </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Society (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>DEFF Strategy 2011 – 2014 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on relation to users with special attention to commercial sector </li></ul></ul>Strategies
  12. 12. Role of the public library <ul><li>Danish report on: The public Libraries in the </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge society, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Visions: </li></ul><ul><li>From collection to connection </li></ul><ul><li>A collective national digital library </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships / do what we are good at </li></ul>
  13. 13. Danish Digital Library - the vision? <ul><li>To establish a coherent digital library covering all fields of media and library services from baby- to researcher level </li></ul><ul><li>Corresponding with the library space </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming at all citizens with segmented services and building on partnerships of all kind </li></ul>
  14. 14. How do we get there? <ul><li>Establish a convincing strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating capability by good working examples on new services </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying and marketing for a new political understanding of a library concept meeting the needs in the knowledge- and innovation society </li></ul>
  15. 15. Digital means ’change’ <ul><li>The ’traditional’ library still works well but we loose more and more users if we do not move faster building digital libraries </li></ul>
  16. 16. The digital medialandscape is part of a bigger agenda <ul><li>The knowledge and innovation society </li></ul><ul><li>The changed economic balance between Europe and the new economies </li></ul><ul><li>The fragmentation of social life and growing tension </li></ul><ul><li>Needs for better skills </li></ul>
  17. 17. The European agenda <ul><li>Knowledge societies imply globalisation and a new competition pattern – jobs are moving east </li></ul><ul><li>The answer to the challenge is ’innovation’ based </li></ul><ul><li>on more research, better education, lifelong learning, a strong identity and cohesion in society . </li></ul><ul><li>We are in badly need of all these elements facing illiteracy, social tension in a more and more multicultural society+ </li></ul><ul><li>the fragmentation and cultural changes in the ’late modern society’ are roaring for counter strategies </li></ul>
  18. 18. A new library concept
  19. 19. Analogue and digital services should be integrated <ul><li>The physical library space is for public libraries still the hub </li></ul><ul><li>The activities in the four spaces of the new library concept are virtual & real </li></ul><ul><li>The programmes support the agenda of </li></ul><ul><li>society, from innovation to democratic </li></ul><ul><li>inclusion and participation </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships basic for organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, an average of 8-10 percent of budgets </li></ul><ul><li>are used on digital materials and services! </li></ul>
  20. 20. Some Danish steps so far – integrating virtual and real services <ul><li>Paul’s Giftshop </li></ul><ul><li>Home work online </li></ul><ul><li>Literatureweb </li></ul><ul><li>Ageforce </li></ul><ul><li>Danish Digital Library </li></ul>
  21. 21. The website forms a universe of its own
  22. 22. The web for literature ’Fiction.dk’ is a new intermediary (works together with reading clubs and DR)
  23. 23. Homework-online hits boys that are not visiting the library
  24. 24. Empowerment of 50+
  25. 25. Next <ul><li>Danish Digital Library – state and municipalities unite </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated acces/federal search to all relevant material </li></ul><ul><li>Open source and SOA </li></ul><ul><li>National solutions on infrastructure, licensing and webservices </li></ul><ul><li>Local priorities and presentations , local profile in library space and programme </li></ul><ul><li>Basic collection of web-media for all libraries? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Libraries in the digital marketplace
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Equal access to digital information resources – How? <ul><li>Differences in local priorities </li></ul><ul><li>-//- economy </li></ul><ul><li>Should the state subsidy for this? </li></ul><ul><li>Through county libraries, The State Library, A basic collection </li></ul>
  29. 29. Number of Licenses – public libraries
  30. 30. Money spent on licenses
  31. 31. The library space remains - but virtual services are part of it as water taps in a household
  32. 32. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>