Renaissance art

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  • Renaissance art

    1. 1. By: Susan M. PojerBy: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
    2. 2. Art and PatronageArt and Patronage  Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking & international trade interests had the money.  Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status!
    3. 3. 1. Realism &1. Realism & ExpressionExpression  Expulsion fromExpulsion from the Gardenthe Garden  MasaccioMasaccio  14271427  First nudes sinceFirst nudes since classical timesclassical times..
    4. 4. 2. Perspective2. Perspective Perspective!Perspective! Perspective!Perspective! Perspective!Perspective! Perspective!Perspective! Perspective!Perspective! First useFirst use of linearof linear perspective!perspective! Perspective!Perspective! Perspective!Perspective!  The TrinityThe Trinity  MasaccioMasaccio  14271427 What you are,What you are, I once was;I once was; what I am,what I am, you willyou will become.become.
    5. 5. 3. Classicism3. Classicism  Greco-Roman influence.  Secularism.  Humanism.  Individualism  free standing figures.  Symmetry/Balance TheThe “Classical Pose”“Classical Pose” Medici “Venus” (1c)Medici “Venus” (1c)
    6. 6. 4. Emphasis on Individualism4. Emphasis on Individualism  Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: TheBatista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of UrbinoDuke & Dutchess of Urbino  Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466.
    7. 7.  1474-1539  “First Lady of the Italian Renaissance.”  Great patroness of the arts in Mantua.  Known during her time as “First Lady of the World!” Isabella dIsabella d’Este –’Este – da Vinci, 1499da Vinci, 1499
    8. 8. 5. Geometrical Arrangement of5. Geometrical Arrangement of FiguresFigures  The DreyfusThe Dreyfus MadonnaMadonna with thewith the PomegranatePomegranate  Leonardo daLeonardo da VinciVinci  14691469  The figure asThe figure as architecture!architecture!
    9. 9. 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges ChiaroscuroChiaroscuro SfumatoSfumato
    10. 10. 7. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities7. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities  Lives of the MostLives of the Most ExcellentExcellent Painters,Painters, Sculptors, andSculptors, and ArchitectsArchitects  Giorgio VasariGiorgio Vasari  15501550
    11. 11. Renaissance FlorenceRenaissance Florence The Wool FactoryThe Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570by Mirabello Cavalori, 15701252 – first gold1252 – first gold florinsflorins mintedminted Florentine lion:Florentine lion: symbol of St.symbol of St. MarkMark
    12. 12. LorenzoLorenzo the Magnificentthe Magnificent 1478 - 15211478 - 1521 Cosimo de MediciCosimo de Medici 1517 - 15741517 - 1574
    13. 13. Florence Under theFlorence Under the MediciMedici Medici ChapelMedici Chapel The Medici PalaceThe Medici Palace
    14. 14.  Filippo BrunelleschiFilippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 14361377 - 1436  ArchitectArchitect  Cuppolo of St. MariaCuppolo of St. Maria del Fioredel Fiore
    15. 15. Filippo BrunelleschiFilippo Brunelleschi  Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. / Used unique architectural concepts.  He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome.  Used ribs for support.
    16. 16. Brunelleschi’sBrunelleschi’s “Secret”“Secret”
    17. 17. BrunelleschiBrunelleschi ’s’s DomeDome
    18. 18. DomeDome ComparisonsComparisons Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)
    19. 19. The Ideal CityThe Ideal City Piero della Francesca,Piero della Francesca, 14701470
    20. 20. A Contest to Decorate theA Contest to Decorate the Cathedral:Cathedral: Sacrifice of IsaacSacrifice of Isaac PanelsPanelsBrunelleschi Ghiberti
    21. 21. Ghiberti –Ghiberti – Gates of ParadiseGates of Paradise Baptistry Door, Florence – 1425 -Baptistry Door, Florence – 1425 - 14521452 The Winner!The Winner!
    22. 22.  David byDavid by DonatelloDonatello  14301430  First free-form bronzeFirst free-form bronze since Roman times!since Roman times! The Liberation ofThe Liberation of SculptureSculpture
    23. 23. DavidDavid VerrocchioVerrocchio 1473 - 14751473 - 1475
    24. 24. The Baptism of ChristThe Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, 1472 - 1475Verrocchio, 1472 - 1475 LeonardoLeonardo da Vincida Vinci
    25. 25. The RenaissanceThe Renaissance “Man”“Man”  Broad knowledge about many things in different fields.  Deep knowledge/skill in one area.  Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge.  The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education.
    26. 26.  Vitruvian ManVitruvian Man  Leonardo daLeonardo da VinciVinci  14921492 TheThe LL’uomo’uomo universaleuniversale
    27. 27. 1.1. Self-PortraitSelf-Portrait -- da Vinci, 1512-- da Vinci, 1512 1452 - 15191452 - 1519  Artist  Sculptor  Architect  Scientist  Engineer  Inventor
    28. 28. Leonardo, theLeonardo, the ArtistArtist  The Virgin ofThe Virgin of the Rocksthe Rocks  Leonardo daLeonardo da VinciVinci  1483-14861483-1486
    29. 29. Leonardo, the Artist:Leonardo, the Artist: From hisFrom hisNotebooks of overNotebooks of over 5000 pages5000 pages (1508-1519)(1508-1519)
    30. 30. Mona LisaMona Lisa – da Vinci, 1503-– da Vinci, 1503- 44
    31. 31. Mona LisaMona Lisa OROR dada Vinci??Vinci??
    32. 32. The Last SupperThe Last Supper - da Vinci,- da Vinci, 14981498 & Geometry& Geometry
    33. 33. RefractoryRefractory Convent ofConvent of SantaSanta Maria delleMaria delle GrazieGrazie MilanMilan
    34. 34. horizontal vertical Perspective!Perspective! The Last SupperThe Last Supper - da Vinci,- da Vinci, 14981498
    35. 35.  Detail ofDetail of JesusJesus  The LastThe Last SupperSupper  Leonardo daLeonardo da VinciVinci  14981498 DeterioratioDeterioratio nn
    36. 36. A Da VinciA Da Vinci “Code”:“Code”: St. JohnSt. John oror Mary Magdalene?Mary Magdalene?
    37. 37. Leonardo, the SculptorLeonardo, the Sculptor  AnAn EquestrianEquestrian StatueStatue  1516-15181516-1518
    38. 38. Leonardo, the Architect:Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from hisPages from his NotebookNotebook  Study of aStudy of a central church.central church.  14881488
    39. 39. Leonardo, the Architect:Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from hisPages from his NotebookNotebook  Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.
    40. 40. Leonardo, the ScientistLeonardo, the Scientist (Biology):(Biology): Pages from hisPages from his NotebookNotebook  An example ofAn example of the humanistthe humanist desire to unlockdesire to unlock the secrets ofthe secrets of nature.nature.
    41. 41. Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy):Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from hisPages from his NotebookNotebook
    42. 42. Leonardo, the Inventor:Leonardo, the Inventor: PagesPages from hisfrom his NotebookNotebook
    43. 43. Man Can Fly?Man Can Fly?
    44. 44. A study of siege defenses.A study of siege defenses. Studies of water-liftingStudies of water-lifting devices.devices. Leonardo, the Engineer:Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from hisPages from his NotebookNotebook
    45. 45. Leonardo da Vinci….Leonardo da Vinci…. O investigator, do not flatterO investigator, do not flatter yourself that you know theyourself that you know the things nature performs forthings nature performs for herself, but rejoice in knowingherself, but rejoice in knowing that purpose of those thingsthat purpose of those things designed by your own mind.designed by your own mind.
    46. 46. Comparing DomesComparing Domes
    47. 47. 2.2. Michelangelo BuonorratiMichelangelo Buonorrati  1475 – 15641475 – 1564  He representedHe represented the body inthe body in threethree dimensions ofdimensions of sculpture.sculpture.
    48. 48.  DavidDavid  MichelangeloMichelangelo BuonarottiBuonarotti  15041504  MarbleMarble
    49. 49. 15c15c 16c16c WhatWhat aa differencedifference aa centurycentury makes!makes!
    50. 50.  The PietaThe Pieta  MichelangeloMichelangelo BuonarrotiBuonarroti  14991499  marblemarble The Popes as Patrons of theThe Popes as Patrons of the ArtsArts
    51. 51. The SistineThe Sistine ChapelChapel MichelangeloMichelangelo BuonarrotiBuonarroti 1508 - 15121508 - 1512
    52. 52. The Sistine ChapelThe Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling’s Ceiling Michelangelo BuonarrotiMichelangelo Buonarroti 1508 - 15121508 - 1512
    53. 53. The Sistine ChapelThe Sistine Chapel DetailsDetails TheThe CreationCreation of theof the HeavensHeavens
    54. 54. The Sistine ChapelThe Sistine Chapel DetailsDetails Creation of ManCreation of Man
    55. 55. The Sistine ChapelThe Sistine Chapel DetailsDetails The FallThe Fall fromfrom GraceGrace
    56. 56. The Sistine ChapelThe Sistine Chapel DetailsDetails The Last JudgmentThe Last Judgment
    57. 57. 3.3. Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520)Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520) Self-PortraitSelf-Portrait, 1506, 1506 Portrait of the Artist withPortrait of the Artist with a Frienda Friend, 1518, 1518
    58. 58. Baldassare CastiglioneBaldassare Castiglione byby Raphael,Raphael, 1514-15151514-1515  CastiglioneCastiglione represented therepresented the humanisthumanist “gentleman” as“gentleman” as a man ofa man of refinement andrefinement and self-control.self-control.
    59. 59. Perspective!Perspective! BetrothalBetrothal of theof the VirginVirgin RaphaelRaphael 15041504
    60. 60. RaphaelRaphael’s’s Canagiani Madonna,Canagiani Madonna, 15071507
    61. 61. RaphaelRaphael’s’s MadonnasMadonnas (1)(1) Sistine MadonnaSistine Madonna Cowpepper MadonnaCowpepper Madonna
    62. 62. Madonna della SediaMadonna della Sedia Alba MadonnaAlba Madonna RaphaelRaphael’s’s MadonnasMadonnas (2)(2)
    63. 63. The School of AthensThe School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11– Raphael, 1510 -11  One point perspective.  All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included  all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts!  A great variety of poses.  Located in the papal apartments library.  Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel.  No Christian themes here.
    64. 64. The School of AthensThe School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11– Raphael, 1510 -11 Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo
    65. 65. AristotleAristotle:: looks to thislooks to this earth [theearth [the here andhere and now].now]. PlatoPlato:: looks to thelooks to the heavens [orheavens [or the IDEALthe IDEAL realm].realm]. The School of AthensThe School of Athens – Raphael, details– Raphael, details
    66. 66. Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras
    67. 67. ZoroasterZoroaster Ptolemy Euclid
    68. 68. The Liberation of St. PeterThe Liberation of St. Peter byby Raphael, 1514Raphael, 1514
    69. 69. Portrait of Pope Julius IIPortrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, 1511-1512by Raphael, 1511-1512  More concerned withMore concerned with politics than withpolitics than with theology.theology.  TheThe “Warrior Pope.”“Warrior Pope.”  Great patron ofGreat patron of Renaissance artists,Renaissance artists, especially Raphael &especially Raphael & Michelangelo.Michelangelo.  Died in 1513Died in 1513
    70. 70. Pope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio deMediciPope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio deMedici and Luigi De Rossiand Luigi De Rossi by Raphael, 1518-by Raphael, 1518- 15191519  A Medici Pope.A Medici Pope.  He went through theHe went through the Vatican treasury in aVatican treasury in a year!year!  His extravagancesHis extravagances offended even someoffended even some cardinals [cardinals [as well asas well as Martin LutherMartin Luther!].!].  Started sellingStarted selling indulgencesindulgences..
    71. 71. Birth of VenusBirth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485– Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.An attempt to depict perfect beauty.
    72. 72. BotticelliBotticelli’s Venus Motif.’s Venus Motif. 10¢ Italian Euro coin.10¢ Italian Euro coin. 2002 Euro Coin2002 Euro Coin
    73. 73. PrimaveraPrimavera – Botticelli, 1482– Botticelli, 1482 Depicted classical gods as almostDepicted classical gods as almost naked and life-size.naked and life-size.
    74. 74. A Portrait of SavonarolaA Portrait of Savonarola  By Fra Bartolomeo, 1498.By Fra Bartolomeo, 1498.  Dominican friar who decriedDominican friar who decried money and power.money and power.  Anti-humanistAnti-humanist  he sawhe saw humanism as too secular,humanism as too secular, hedonistic, and corrupting.hedonistic, and corrupting.  TheThe “Bonfire of the“Bonfire of the Vanities,”Vanities,” 1497.1497. / Burned books, artwork,Burned books, artwork, jewelry, and other luxuryjewelry, and other luxury goods in public.goods in public. / Even Botticelli put some ofEven Botticelli put some of his paintings on the fire!!his paintings on the fire!!
    75. 75. The Execution of Savonarola,The Execution of Savonarola, 14521452
    76. 76. The Doge, Leonardo LoredonThe Doge, Leonardo Loredon Berlini, 1501Berlini, 1501
    77. 77. Venus of UrbinoVenus of Urbino – Titian, 1558– Titian, 1558
    78. 78. The Penitent Mary MagdaleneThe Penitent Mary Magdalene by Titian, 1533by Titian, 1533  By the mid-16c,By the mid-16c, High RenaissanceHigh Renaissance art was declining.art was declining.  MannerismMannerism became morebecame more popular.popular.  This painting is aThis painting is a good example ofgood example of this new artisticthis new artistic style.style.

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