Hon. Dr. Kalilani-Women and political representation-the Malawian context
CASE STUDY: WOMEN AND POLITICAL REPRESENTATION IN THE MALAWIAN CONTEXT BY Hon. Dr. Jean Alfazema Nachika Kalilani, MP Edinburgh City Chambers-Scotland: Tuesday, 1st November, 2011 Global Community Links
Background information Women in Malawi 2009 Malawi General Elections Women in decision making positions Contemporary priorities and challenges Efforts to reduce challenges through projects Concluding remarks
Malawi, popularly known as “The Warm Heart of Africa”, with friendly people. Bordered by Tanzania to the North, Mozambique to the East, South and Southwest‟ and Zambia to the Northwest. Third largest fresh water lake in Africa, called Lake Malawi, good for swimming all year round
Population: 13.1 million (Population and Housing Census-2008-NSO) of which 6.7 million are female while men account for 6.4 million. Urbanization: 15.3% Capital: Lilongwe Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq miles) Major languages: English, Chichewa (both official) Major religions: Christianity, Islam Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 57 years (women) (UN)
Women Leaders Women Experts/ManagersWomen Care Providers
To go from the base of the pyramid to the top we need :-1. Role Models ( motivation/Self esteem )2. Education ( Attitudes/Practices/Behaviours )3. Resources ( Time/money/parents-guardians)4. Political Will & Commitment5. Local & Global Links6. God
Malawi government values women empowerment as a backbone of our nation and households It is a Constitutional Issue reflected in section 24 of the Republic of Malawi Constitution „‟Gender Equality Bill „‟ formulated & developed ready for debate in parliament Reviewing National Gender Policy to reflect emerging issues such as HIV/AIDS
„‟Discrimination of persons and „‟all persons are under any law, guaranteed equal and effective protection against discrimination‟‟ on several grounds, one of which is sex..... While equality and non-discrimination are some of the key tenets of the constitution, these concepts have neither been defined nor adequately articulated under statutory law in country.
BLOCK INDEXSocial Power 0.926Economic power 0.724Political power 0.266ALL 0.639
Malawi Growth & Development Strategy ( MGDS II ) is an overarching policy development towards achieving the MDGs Gender related MDGs ( 2) Universal education ; (3) Gender Equality & Woman Empowerment & (5) Health including Maternal Great efforts are being done through the MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) with of UNDP & other development Partners
Candidates Apart from having a woman among the presidential candidates and a woman running mate in 2009 general election, Malawi witnessed the highest number of women candidates aspiring for parliament, increased from 136 women contesting and 27 elected in 2004 to 237 women contesting and 43 elected in 2009.
Conduct of the polls Malawi experienced peaceful elections in 2009 with no serious incidents of voter intimidation observed. The MEC set up a Media Monitoring Unit (MMU) to ensure that all contesting parties had equal access to the media.
Election outcomes : Candidates fielded at national levelParty MOST RECENT ELECTIONS Men Women TOTAL % WomenRuling (DPP) 141 52 193 27MCP 112 22 134 16UDF 139 32 171 19AFORD 25 4 29 `4TOTAL 417 110 527 21Source: Report on Parliamentary and Presidential elections – May 2009
Category Total No. Of Men No. Of % of Women WomenPermanent 45 40 5 11Secretaries/DGSenior 329 276 58 17ManagersAll 379 316 63 28
3 year project Parliamentary Women Caucus & Active Learning Centre Women MPs encourage respective communities to voice their developmental concerns on a range of topics in interactive meetings Insights gained used to inform constituency activities; or to lobby ,propose amendments to law, policy or service.
Skills to map, explore, listen and record the views of the constituents developed in project workshops, plus Skills to carry issues forward and influence public debate, legislation and policy, strengthening the women‟s caucus and the political profile of women MPs in the process
Reproductive Health as policy area Access to clean & safe water Income Generation & Micro-loans Program as a policy area for women in the constituencies Access to justice securing Gender Equality in political representation
1. Specifically, Malawi government is active to lay policy and legislative frameworks on Gender related areas such as Deceased Estates ( Wills, Inheritance and Protection) Act 2011, Child Protection and Justice Act 2010, among others but one worth mentioning is the gap on policy and legal framework to guide Economic Empowerment of Women.2. Government is active to consider on this vivid gap.
3. I , therefore , would like to kindly request this forum , as we will be looking at way forward to work with Malawi government. The government is open to invite all meaningful partners to support this initiative. Malawi needs support of the Scottish – Malawi Partnerships in this process to address the priorities & challenges.4. The development of the policy and legal enactment and programs to operationalize such frameworks would help to realize the aspirations of women and girls in Malawi. This will complement the Gender Equality Bill which indeed focused on the rights.