Dr Mizeck Chagunda:Diversification and Knowledge Exchange

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21st September 2011
GCL: Agriculture, Food Security and Water Access

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Dr Mizeck Chagunda:Diversification and Knowledge Exchange

  1. 1. Diversification and Knowledge Exchange to Promote Food Security Dr. Mizeck Chagunda Senior Researcher Scottish Agricultural College (SAC)
  2. 2. Outline• Food security – Traditional approach – Diversified approach• Knowledge Exchange• Partnerships
  3. 3. Food Security
  4. 4. Traditional Approach• Arable crops have traditionally dominated the definition• Other Enterprises have been perceived as supplementary
  5. 5. The Problem• Narrow Definition not sustainable• Crop production has tended to be seasonal• Financial security: not only safety-net but also a substantial contributor
  6. 6. Diversification
  7. 7. Diversification• Not only into other crops• Market oriented enterprises• Livestock production (case of dairy)
  8. 8. Why livestock matter?• Provide food• Enhanced nutrition• Income• Traction and fertilizer• Act as catalysts that transform subsistence farming into income-generating enterprises• Allowing poor households to join the market economy
  9. 9. Role of smallholder Dairy % response for main occupationActivitiesDairying 57.5Other agricultural activities 39.8Employed 0.9Small scale business 1.8 • 70% dairy farmers are above the US$1.00/day poverty line in terms of income only • Potential energy source • Can it contribute more? Yes
  10. 10. Opportunities• Flagship• Willing farmers• Experience from Farmers• Non Governmental Organisations• Local organisations including farmer associations• Partnerships
  11. 11. Challenges• Feeding and feed resources• Cow fertility• Breeding and Recording• Milk keeping quality• Low yields• Low profits
  12. 12. Anything in common?• Different scales • Same challenges
  13. 13. Similarities: Scotland - Malawi• Use of same breeds• Issues of cow fertility• Milk prices• Feeding• Animal Health
  14. 14. Knowledge Exchange
  15. 15. SAC Projects in Malawi• Dairy farming practices for sustainable land use, environmental protection and improved rural livelihoods: 2008 - 2011• Capacity Building in small-holder dairy farms in Malawi (Optimising Smallholder Dairying): 2008 - 2011• Dairy Diploma Programme: 2010 - 2013
  16. 16. Knowledge Exchange• Training of Trainers – Training Workshops• Training of Farmers -• Training of Technical support• Training of Scientists - workshops• Supporting lead farmers• Vet equipment• Visits• Training on training methods
  17. 17. Knowledge Exchange• Different format depending on audience – Workshop – Visits – Training• Different facilitators/Trainers – Peer training – Expert trainers
  18. 18. ApproachesApproach Resource Example PersonShow how to do it Trainer Artificial Insemination courseEnable how to do it Facilitator Record keepingI believe you can do Training the Training/ Mentoringit TrainerLet’s do it differently Innovator Feed presentation
  19. 19. Specific achievements Outcome(s) Indicator Where are we? Increased knowledge Training courses and knowledge Staff exchange exchange between exchange sessions.. Training of trainers Malawian and Scottish dairy Knowledge exchange experts. sessions Increased forage quality Increase in quantity of harvested Training sessions conducted and availability. and conserved forage Demonstration units established Increase in milk keeping Reduce milk rejections. Training sessions for farmers quality Training sessions for milk buyers Increase inseminations and increased conception rates AI training (farmer technicians, AI hence increase cow fertility. technicians) The visual report Introduce and promote use of CPM Curve Developed and tested performance graphs Dairy experts At least 2 Malawian MSc 3 Trained
  20. 20. Training sessions Ext. workers Lead farmers Thematic Area Total Female Male Female Male Animal recording and breeding 10 55 2 12 79 Forage production and feeding 3 22 2 12 39 Milk quality control 6 16 0 0 22 Artificial Insemination 0 1 2 12 15 MSc 1 2 0 0 316% female
  21. 21. Financial Security• A drop of 69% and 34% in empirical values of milk with mastitis and adulteration, respectively• Helped establish a Milk Bulking Group around Bunda College
  22. 22. Partnerships
  23. 23. SAC and Partners in Malawi• Funding• Partner Institutions: Government of Malawi University of Malawi Mzuzu University Department of Animal Bunda College Health and Livestock Development
  24. 24. Some Lessons Learnt
  25. 25. Positives• Pre-call discussion i.e. Build relationships• Project inception meeting• Lay out simple but clear procedures• Communication• Involve wide range of stakeholders
  26. 26. Improvables• Project ownership – Bunda project – Involve farmers in the planning of the sessions• Funding Mechanism – Follows traditional route
  27. 27. Funding route Traditional Funding level 1 2 3 Proposed Years Funding level 1 2 3 4 5 Years
  28. 28. Conclusion • Secure assets: Help keep animals alive • Improve and sustain smallholder productivity • Increasing market participation
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