West China Intro - RISD - Design for Social Entrepreneurship

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Presentation on West China environment, development, energy, and water given to RISD advanced studio Design for Social Entrepreneurship on 2/25/2010.

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  • We’re a boston-based non-profit focused on science and engineering
  • This is a region very much in danger because of climate changes
  • The pika, a rather environmentally destructive little critter.
  • The pika, a rather environmentally destructive little critter.
  • The Focus The type of cooking The lack of heating The nonportability
  • We work with local communities – 80% of whom are nomadic. Temperatures in the wintertime range from -60 to -20C
  • We’re a boston-based non-profit focused on science and engineering
  • West China Intro - RISD - Design for Social Entrepreneurship

    1. 2. The Himalayan Region Our Focus : 170 million inhabitants 3 rd pole (climatic regulation) 40% of water for world’s population
    2. 3. The Outdoor Environment <ul><li>Cold Temperatures </li></ul><ul><li>Little Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Darkening Glaciers </li></ul><ul><li>Fragile Ecosystem </li></ul>
    3. 4. The Indoor Environment <ul><li>Temperature Differentials </li></ul><ul><li>Low Perceived Exchange Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Floor Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Exposures </li></ul>
    4. 5. Biogas Solar Coal Crop Residues Wood <ul><li>Deprives animals of food </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Siltation </li></ul><ul><li>900 W/m 2 : W. China (670; 1100) </li></ul><ul><li>200 W/m 2 : Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Longer, cleaner burning </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccessible </li></ul><ul><li>Metals pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature!!! </li></ul>Wood & Dung <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Pathogen transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer/Income </li></ul>Dung
    5. 6. Biomass = wood, dung, coal Fuel Options : 2.5 billion people and crop residue
    6. 7. Biomass Fuel Options : <ul><li>Indoor air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Pathogen exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Time / labor </li></ul><ul><li>Lost fertilizer / income </li></ul>Wood, Dung and Crop Residues
    7. 8. Biomass - Desertification Fuel Options :
    8. 9. Biomass - Desertification Fuel Options :
    9. 10. Biomass Fuel Options : <ul><li>Longer, cleaner burning </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccessible </li></ul><ul><li>Metals pollution </li></ul>Coal
    10. 11. Biomass Fuel Options : <ul><li>Too cold for biodigesters </li></ul>Biogas
    11. 12. Open Fire Traditional Mud Improved Mud Improved Metal Stove Options Kang Stove (Hidzi)
    12. 13. Solar Cookers £ 15.63 £ 62.50 £ 15.63-77.00
    13. 14. <ul><ul><li>Fast Cook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable (6 kg) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foldable – 12 USD </li></ul></ul>The SolSource Concentrator
    14. 15. One Earth Designs Mobile Warmth
    15. 16. HeatSource Textiles
    16. 17. E. coli: 10s to 100ths CFU/100ml
    17. 18. Global Citizen Water Initiative
    18. 19. One Earth Designs http://www.OneEarthDesigns.org

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