D Lab China 2010: Village And Project Intro


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Presentation to MIT D-Lab China 2010 students to introduce village life and potential projects or foci for January trip.

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  • D-Lab 2010 China Intro to Village Life & Projects Backdrop: 2- 6 hours drive from city Rural, sometimes phone reception If electricity it is unreliable and used for lighting Average 3,000m elevation
  • Features: 30 households Average income: $2/day or less School 2-hours away, so most school-aged children are not at home Agricultural area with some animal husbandry Forest was 30min away -> now 2-hours
  • Unusable latrines Health problems
  • Some of things that villagers said that they wanted to work on were
  • To speak more about how we are addressing those causes. In terms of..
  • The Focus The type of cooking The lack of heating The nonportability
  • D Lab China 2010: Village And Project Intro

    1. 1. D-Lab China 2010 Intro to Village Life & Projects Scot Frank
    2. 2. Awuju Village <ul><li>One of the three poorest villages in the Jinyuan Township </li></ul><ul><li>M ain Problems: fuel shortages, dermatological scarring & diarrhea, lack of accessible medical care, animal roaming disputes between neighbors. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Xiakeba Village <ul><li>Main Problems: fuel shortages, injuries during wood collection, lack of toilets with proper evacuation doors, lack of running water in half the village, childhood diarrhea and stomachaches, arthritis. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Common Themes <ul><li>Fuel collection, fertilizer, lung pain, and climate change </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Root Cause: fuel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea, stomach pain, water collection, non-functional latrines, and community disputes over animals </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Root Cause: sanitation infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Fuel Choices 12 May 2009 One Earth Designs Biogas Solar Coal Crop Residues Wood <ul><li>Deprives animals of food </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Also highly polluting </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Highly polluting </li></ul><ul><li>900 W/m 2 : W. China (670; 1100) </li></ul><ul><li>105 W/m 2 : Scotland (10; 200) </li></ul><ul><li>Longer, cleaner burning </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccessible </li></ul><ul><li>Metals pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature!!! </li></ul>Wood & Dung <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Most accessible fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Most polluting fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Pathogen transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer/Income </li></ul>Dung Fuel Options
    6. 6. Fuel
    7. 7. Global Biomass Fuel Use 2.5 Billion People Most polluting fuels known  pollutants/energy extracted
    8. 8. Known Health Impacts <ul><li>LRI </li></ul><ul><li>– 1.6 million </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>– 2.2 million </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul>
    9. 9. Stove Options Open Fire Traditional Mud Improved Mud Improved Metal
    10. 10. Solar Cookers Portability Use Heating
    11. 11. Heating Modules Household Heating Mobile Personal Heating
    12. 12. What We’ve Done So Far <ul><li>Emissions Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Water testing </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Use Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Education study </li></ul>
    13. 14. Goals for January <ul><li>Implement new fuel use survey </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic studies of textiles, activities </li></ul><ul><li>Test and modify solar cooker designs </li></ul><ul><li>Document household ventilation systems </li></ul><ul><li>In-situ emissions testing </li></ul><ul><li>Heating system design (passive or textile) </li></ul>
    14. 15. Sanitation
    15. 16. Scope <ul><li>Water scarcity and contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Animal husbandry practices </li></ul><ul><li>Latrine scarcity and design </li></ul><ul><li>Bare-handed dung collection </li></ul>
    16. 17. What We’ve Done So Far <ul><li>Epidemiological surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of water sources </li></ul><ul><li>ICPMS and nested PCR (cryptosporidium) on water samples </li></ul>
    17. 21. Goals for January <ul><li>Examine women’s hands as an exposure pathway </li></ul><ul><li>Improve and implement new water sampling protocols / education materials </li></ul><ul><li>Assess local materials for construction of low-tech water filters </li></ul><ul><li>Additional bacterial analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Document piping materials used in running water projects </li></ul><ul><li>Document fertilizers, pesticides, and rat poisons used in villages </li></ul><ul><li>Collect soil samples near springs and sediment samples from water sources for geological analysis to determine natural metal content </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative analysis of percent contribution of various species to fecal content of water sources </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of latrine designs and proposal of new methods </li></ul>
    18. 22. <ul><li>Organization support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer training (Excel, Word) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data collection with sensors / phone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children’s books </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture / supply chain / marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul>Additional Projects