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  1. 1. Brooke Hunt Sociology A27 February 2013
  2. 2. History Islands known as Cannibal Islands because Fijians were known as fierce warriors and cannibals. Believed, eating the enemy would let them possess their enemies power. However, Fijians later converted to Christianity and ended cannibalism.
  3. 3. Land/Climate Located in southwestern Pacific, north of New Zealand More than 300 Islands; 110 inhabited. Humid and tropical climate Rainy season: Nov. to April Annual temp. change: 70 to 86F
  4. 4. Population & Lang. Three main islands make up the majority of population. English is the official language; Fijian and Hindustani are widely spoken.
  5. 5. Religion Religion plays a major role in the lives of Fijians Most are Christian; Methodists and Roman Catholics predominate. Indians are either Hindu or Muslim Chinese are either Christian or Buddhist People often celebrate festivals of other religions
  6. 6. Attitudes Usually generous, friendly, and easygoing. Daily life is relaxed and casual. Community is important; for example, a relative or neighbor can ask for something and it must be given willingly. Although Fijians are peaceful, they remain proud of their cultural heritage and traditions
  7. 7. Appearance Wear light, casual clothing throughout year Public attire is fairly conservative (No bathing suits, especially for women) Traditional villages, women don’t wear shorts or pants. Everyday clothing for men and women is most often a colorful toga
  8. 8. Greetings Most common way to say hello is Bula (pronounced “mboola”, meaning health) Formal meetings, they use a handshake, which can last a few minutes, as the greeters continue conversation before letting go. Common to address most people by first name A person related or having a established relationship, may be greeted by that relationship.
  9. 9. Gestures Tilting head down and  Offensive to touch avoiding eye contact while someone’s head speaking shows respect.  PDA, even for married Staring = offensive couples are looked down Pointing directly at upon someone while speaking is rude. Standing with hands on hips is seen as aggressive Pointing bottom of ones foot is seen as impolite
  10. 10. Visiting Remove shoes before  Walk in a stooped entering a home position when others are Sitting cross-legged is seated common in a Fijian  Visits can last a while home  Impolite to refuse A guest sits in place of refreshments honor It is impolite to stand higher than those who sit
  11. 11. Eating Usually no utensils, but  Eat from tin plates and spoons & forks are bowls becoming more common  Women & girls usually in urban areas eat after men & boys All meals, cloth is spread  Leafy vegetables, tropical on mat-covered floor fruits, seafood, chicken, Sit cross- pork, beef are eaten in legged, pray, pass a bowl Fiji. of water to wash hands (before and after meal)
  12. 12. Lifestyle Father is head of the  Traditional home called home a bure Families large and  Furniture is not seen elderly are usually taken much in Fijian cared for by their homes, but many children middle-class families do. Subsistence chores are  Dating is usually shared between men and nonexistent in Fijian women culture, but Western influences have changed that in some areas
  13. 13.  The ethnic Fijian man  Sports: rugby, soccer, and chooses his own wife and cricket are most popular a ceremony is  Handicraft artists make held, followed by a feast masi cloth, bowls, and Funeral practices vary by mats ethnic group  Dances are described as Many Fijians mourn for legends and historical 100 days, followed by a events feast  Public holidays: New Year’s, Easter, Fiji Day, Christmas, Boxing Day, & a few others
  14. 14. Society Farming is the key economic activity for most Fijians Most people travel by open-air bus service than taxis & private automobiles because it’s less expensive. Free education for grades 1 – 8th; Many schools operated by religious groups Little disease; water is safe; life expectancy rates are rising steadily
  15. 15. Symbols The National Flag is a symbol of Fiji The Fijian coat of arms consists of two Fijian warriors on either side of a shield A whales tooth is used as a symbol of peace
  16. 16. Values The community is valued above all else Money is a value Fijians value discipline
  17. 17. Works Cited "Facts about Fijian Culture." Captain Cook Cruises. Captain Cook Cruises, 15 Jun 2011. Web. 3 Feb 2013. "Fiji." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2013. Web. 3 Feb 2013. Library, Robinson. "The Robinson Libraray." . Robinson, 12 Jan 2012. Web. 3 Feb 2013.