The history of humankind, as from Prehistoric Times, up to the Modern Age, was determined by the subordinating relationship between privileged and lieges, between masters and slaves.The idea of protecting the human being, regardless of race, religion and social position, appeared only in the XVIIth century A.D.
‘Human Rights’ have their origin in the ideas of the English philosopher John Locke (1632- 1704).He considered the right to life, liberty and property as being natural rights, given by divinity to every single human being, at birth.
The documents that realized the transition from a diffusive revendication to an explicit assignation of rights were: The Declaration of Rights, adopted by Great Britain in 1689. The Declaration of Rights,1689 The Declaration of Independence of The United States of America, adopted in 1776. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, adopted by France during the Revolution from 1789. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, 1789
The atrocities and crimes committed during the Second World War (1939- 1945) determined the states of the world to lay the bases of the United Nations (24 October, 1945) with the headquarters in New York.The main purpose of the organization, well established at its foundation, was to promote the universal respect for human rights. UN flag UN foundation
On 10 December 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, whereby the fundamental rights and liberties of every human being are universally acknowledged.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights contains 30 articles, the rights defined by them being disposed in 3 categories: Civil Rights (the right to a fair trial), Social Rights (the right to social protection), Economic Rights (the right to a fair remuneration), Political Rights (the right to vote), Cultural Rights (the right to education).
The main author of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was the French jurist René Cassin (1887-1976).He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1968 for this accomplishment.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was afterwards completed by international conventions which, at their own turn, proclaimed new categories of rights: European Convention on Human Rights, The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, The Convention on Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, The Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women, The Convention on Children’s Rights, The Convention on Protection of National Minorities.
The 7th grade students, helped by the history teacher,organized a session of scientific communications where welearnt about how the Universal Declaration of HumanRights had appeared, the most important human rights,the children’s rights and how they are respected inRomania.
They made posters and organized an exhibition.
The 8th grade students made a leaflet about the human and children’s rights and spread it in the local and school community.• To the Bicaz Town Hall
• To the people met in the center of Bicaz Town
‘Wherever men and women are persecuted because oftheir race, religion, or political views, that place must -at that moment - become the center of the universe.’ Elie Wiesel Realized by the pupils of School number 1, Bicaz, Romania, for the Comenius Project “Different cultures, common dreams” This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This presentation reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.