Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

        Kleshas (Afflictions) and Karma
                         (Chapter 2)


                 ...
Recap Chapter 1
    Definition of Yoga: ability to control the


    fluctuations of the mind-field
    Five types of vri...
Kriya Yoga (Yoga of Action)
Austerity, self-study and resignation to Ishwara
  constitute ‘Kriya Yoga’ (2.1)
 Austerity: ...
Why Kriya Yoga?
For attenuating kleshas and
  bringing about ‘samadhi’
  (2.2)
    Wisdom is disconnected

    from ‘kles...
What are kleshas (afflictions)?
Five kleshas are: Ignorance (Avidya), I-am-ness
  (Asmita), Strong likes/attraction (Raaga...
Ignorance (Avidya)
‘Ignorance’ is the cause of the other four which can
  be dormant, attenuated, alternating or expanded
...
I-am-ness (Asmita)
I-am-ness (asmita): Blending together of the
  power of consciousness with the power of
  intellect (2....
Likes and Dislikes (Raga and Dvesha)

Likes (raaga): Attraction/attachment/liking,
  which accompanies pleasure, is Raga (...
Fear of death (abhinivesha)
Strong desire for life (fear of death) which
  dominates even the most learned (or the wise).
...
Theory of Karma
The storehouse of karmas which are rooted in
  kleshas result in all experiences in the present
  and futu...
Why destroy kleshas?
The wise, however, know that all is misery due to
  the conflict between the gunas and mental
  fluct...
How to destroy kleshas?
The active kleshas can be diminished through
  meditation (2.11)
The subtle ones can be diminished...
What causes misery?
    The misery that has not yet come can and should be

    avoided (2.16)
    The cause of this mise...
How to destroy ignorance
    Developing an uninterrupted awareness of the


    Real is the means to destroy ignorance (2...
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Klesha and Karma in Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

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Klesha and Karma in Yoga Sutras of Patanjali; theory of why we suffer

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Klesha and Karma in Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

  1. 1. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali Kleshas (Afflictions) and Karma (Chapter 2) Subhash Mittal Integral Yoga Studio www.integralyogastudio.com 919-926-9717 subhashmittal@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. Recap Chapter 1 Definition of Yoga: ability to control the  fluctuations of the mind-field Five types of vrittis (fluctuations): right  knowledge, wrong knowledge, imaginary knowledge, deep sleep and memory Means to control the vrittis: abhyasa (practice)  and vairagya (detachment) Two kinds of vairagya – lower (of the senses)  and higher (of the three gunas) 2
  3. 3. Kriya Yoga (Yoga of Action) Austerity, self-study and resignation to Ishwara constitute ‘Kriya Yoga’ (2.1)  Austerity: related to will (karma yoga) – sturdy self-discipline – mental, moral and physical  Self-study: related to intellect (jnana yoga) – study of sacred literature and repetition of mantras  Resignation to Ishwara: related to emotions (bhakti yoga) – doing all action as offering to 3 God and renouncing the fruits of action
  4. 4. Why Kriya Yoga? For attenuating kleshas and bringing about ‘samadhi’ (2.2) Wisdom is disconnected  from ‘kleshas’ and awareness becomes subtle and refined Discriminating wisdom  arises and awareness of separation between Self and Ego is gained 4
  5. 5. What are kleshas (afflictions)? Five kleshas are: Ignorance (Avidya), I-am-ness (Asmita), Strong likes/attraction (Raaga), Strong dislikes/repulsion (Dvesha), Fear of death (Abhinivesha) (2.3) Philosophy of klesha is an analysis of  underlying cause of human suffering and the means to remove it effectively 5
  6. 6. Ignorance (Avidya) ‘Ignorance’ is the cause of the other four which can be dormant, attenuated, alternating or expanded (2.4) Definition: taking non-eternal as eternal, impure as pure, evil as good and non-Self as Self (2.5) non-self for self – instead of “I have a headache”, say  “my head hurts” – will provide a paradigm shift Non-eternal – the material universe is impermanent  but we attach to it dearly thinking otherwise Impure: the body is impure – ever look at the inside of  the body? Excretions, blood, sweat, urine/feces etc Rope vs snake example – how we need the light (of  knowledge/wisdom) to realize the truth 6
  7. 7. I-am-ness (Asmita) I-am-ness (asmita): Blending together of the power of consciousness with the power of intellect (2.6) difference between capital I and small „i‟; the  difference is the dot – a little blemish/ignorance; remove the dot and we are the original „I‟ The power of seeing/ hearing etc comes  because of the power of Purusha, but we mistakenly identify it with the sense objects/mind etc 7
  8. 8. Likes and Dislikes (Raga and Dvesha) Likes (raaga): Attraction/attachment/liking, which accompanies pleasure, is Raga (2.7) Dislikes (dvesha): Repulsion/hatred/dislike, which accompanies pain, is dvesha. (2.8) musk deer which has fragrance on its forehead  but keeps running around in search of it Unfulfilled desires cause anger which can lead  to total destruction 8
  9. 9. Fear of death (abhinivesha) Strong desire for life (fear of death) which dominates even the most learned (or the wise). (2.9)  Security alarm system – it is our fear of loss/death that we put the alarm in.  Fear of death is inborn – must have come from a previous birth  BG – just as we discard old clothes and get new ones, our soul discards the old body and 9 gets a new one
  10. 10. Theory of Karma The storehouse of karmas which are rooted in kleshas result in all experiences in the present and future lives (2.12) As long as the roots (kleshas) are there, they must ripen and result in rebirth, a given span of life and life’s experiences (2.13) Each birth brings its own joys and sorrows (2.14) Three types of karma: prarabdha (fructifying),  sanchita (accumulated – like the bank balance), agami (current actions resulting in future karma)10
  11. 11. Why destroy kleshas? The wise, however, know that all is misery due to the conflict between the gunas and mental fluctuations (2.15) Constant conflict among the three gunas  controls our mind and we act according to the dominant guna at any given moment All pleasure is short-lived and must  accompany pain and suffering 11
  12. 12. How to destroy kleshas? The active kleshas can be diminished through meditation (2.11) The subtle ones can be diminished by resolving them back to the source. (2.10) Ex: strong smell of garlic – no matter how  much you wash the pot in which it was cooked, the smell stays for a long time ego has to be purified over a long period of  12 time
  13. 13. What causes misery? The misery that has not yet come can and should be  avoided (2.16) The cause of this misery is the ignorance which  makes us believe that the seer and the seen are the same (2.17) The ‘seen’ consists of the elements, and the sense  organs and represents the play of the three gunas (2.18) The seer is pure consciousness, but though pure  appears to see through the mind (2.20) Dispersion of this ignorance is the remedy to realize  the disassociation of the ‘purusha’ (seer) and ‘prakriti’ (seen). (2.25) 13
  14. 14. How to destroy ignorance Developing an uninterrupted awareness of the  Real is the means to destroy ignorance (2.26) This can be done by following the eight limbs  of yoga – yama, niyama, asana (postures), pranayama (breathing techniques), pratyahara (sense withdrawal), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation), samadhi (total absorption) (2.28, 2.29) 14

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