Chakras Part2


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Chakras Part2

  1. 1. Kundalini and Chakras Part 2: Chakras Subhash Mittal Integral Yoga Studio 919-926-9717
  2. 2. Overview • What is Chakra? • Kundalini and Chakras • Details of each chakra • Nadi system • Methods of Awakening Kundalini • Koshas and Chakras • Chakra/element cleansing practice • Summing Up 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 2
  3. 3. Chakras • In Sanskrit, chakra translates as quot;wheel” • Center of activity that receives, assimilates, and expresses life force energy (prana) • Spinning sphere (vortex) of bioenergetic activity emanating from the major nerve centers • seven main chakras aligned in an ascending column from the base of the spine to the top of the head 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 3
  4. 4. Chakras (cont.) • Muladhara (Root) • Svadhisthana (Sacral) • Manipura (Navel) • Anahata (Heart) • Vishuddhi (Throat) • Ajna (Third Eye) • Sahasrara (Thousand Petaled Lotus) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 4
  5. 5. Chakras and Glands Sahasrara Pituitary Ajna Pineal Thyroid Vishuddha Parathyroid Thymus Anahata Manipura Pancreas Adrenals Svadhishthana Ovaries Muladhara Testes 10/10/2008 5 Kundalini and Chakras
  6. 6. Muladhara (Root) Chakra • Meaning: “root support” • Location: perineum, base of spine • Element: earth/smell • Petals: four –vam, sam, sam, sam • Air: apana vayu – excretions • Seed sound: lam • Function: survival, grounding • Malfunction: weight problem, constipation, sciatica, arthritis • Animal: elephant • Lotus: yellow square, downward triangle, Shiva Lingam with kundalini coiled around 3.5 times 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 6
  7. 7. Muladhara Chakra (Cont.) Symbolism of Muladhara Psychological/Behavioral • • Four petals: (vermilion and red) Relates to physical body, health, represent the energy (vibration) of survival, material needs, fears four nadis at the center • Grounding: here and now, alive • Triangle: serpent coiled 3.5 times with earth’s vitality, humility, around Shiva Lingam samskaras (roots), helps cope with stress, only a tool not the goal • Vehicle of bija: elephant; seven • trunks represent seven constituents Survival: financial security, freedom of body: earth, fluids, blood, flesh, from sickness, job security, proper fat, bone, bone marrow housing, self-worth etc. • • Deity: child Brahma – his four Body: ‘annamaya kosha’, heads represent: physical self, understand, accept and heal the rational self, emotional self, body; use it as gateway to the inner intuitive self world • Vrittis (4): dharma (psycho- spiritual), artha (wealth), kama (physical), moksha (spiritual) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 7
  8. 8. Muladhara Chakra (Cont.) • Asanas/exercises for stimulating Muladhara – Knee to chest – Bridge pose – Half and full locust – Head-to-knee post – Elephant (bending forward, alternately fold and straighten the knees) – Spot jumping, jogging, massage, rest and sleep – Deep progressive relaxation 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 8
  9. 9. Swadhishthasana (Sacral) Chakra • Meaning: One’s own abode • Location: sacrum, genitals • Element: water/taste • Petals: six – bam, bham, mam, yam, lam, ram • Lotus: circle with crescent moon (light blue), petals are vermilion or orange-red • Air: vyana – all over the body • Seed sound: vam • Function: desire, pleasures, sexuality, procreation • Malfunction: impotence, frigidity, uterine/kidney problem, stiff lower back • Animal: crocodile (crocodile tears) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 9
  10. 10. Sacral Chakra (Cont.) • Deity: Vishnu the preserver; Psychological/behavioral four heads: • Imbalance causes: credulity, – Conch: pure sound brings suspicion, disdain, false liberation knowledge and pitilessness – Wheel: dharma – cycle of time • Vrittis (6): indifference, (cosmic rhythms) stupor/lack of common sense, – Metal club: control over earth over-indulgence, lack of trust, – Lotus: pure, soothing defeatism, cruelty • Shakti: two heads – one • Pleasure: distinguish between focused inward, the other joy and temporary pleasure; outward pleasure without attachment • Focus on desire and fantasy – • Sexuality: sublimation not seat of ‘samskara’, past repression, left-hand tantra, impressions (unconscious celibacy to be understood mind) properly 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 10
  11. 11. Sacral Chakra (Cont.) • Asanas/exercises to stimulate sacral chakra: – Lying down bound-angle pose – Pelvic rock – Bicycle move in lying down position – Standing hip rotation – Yoga mudra – Rapid breathing (release of emotions) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 11
  12. 12. Manipura (Navel) Chakra • Meaning: ‘mani’ means a gem and ‘pura’ is a city, so ‘city of jewles’ • Location: navel/solar plexus • petals: ten, blue, ten pranas • Seed sound: ram • Element: fire/sight • Function: will, power, assertiveness • Glands: pancreas/adrenals • Malfunction: ulcers, diabetes, digestive problems • Animal: ram 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 12
  13. 13. Navel Chakra (Cont.) • Associated with the sun and fire Psychological/behavioral • Helps digest and assimilate food • Vrittis (10): shyness, sadistic into pranic energy; distributes tendency, envy, staticity/lethargy, subtle pranic energy; melancholia, peevishness, yearning for acquisition, • Air: samana – digest and infatuation, hatred/revulsion, fear distribute essence of food • When not active: poor health, • Meditation on Manipur – depression, lack of motivation knowledge of whole body (YSP: and commitment 3.30) • Extrovertedness; rajasic – activity, • By reversing flow of ‘apana’, intensity kundalini can be awakened • When balanced: prejudices, • Animal Ram: dynamism, complexes, biases drop away, no indomitable endurance fear of fire, freedom from • Deity: Rudra, giver of boons and disease, selfless service, dharma remover of fear 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 13
  14. 14. Navel Chakra (cont.) • Asanas/exercises to stimulate Navel chakra: – Breath of Fire (Kapalabhati) – Bhastrika (forced inhalations and exhalations) – Navel lock (uddiyana bandha), nauli kriya – Jogging – Boat pose (repeated rhythmically with breath) – Bow pose (dhanurasana) – Front stretch pose (purvottanasana) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 14
  15. 15. Anahata (Heart) Chakra • Meaning: Unstruck • Location: heart, cardiac plexus • Petals: twelve, vermillion, • Seed sound: yam • Element: air, touch, skin, hands • Air represents freedom, openness, freshness, lightness • Vayu: prana • Function: love, compassion • Malfunction: asthma, high BP, heart disease, lung disease • Guna: rajas/sattva • Glands: thymus • Animal: black antelope – alert and fleet-footed 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 15
  16. 16. Heart Chakra (cont.) • Center of consciousness • Vrittis (12): hope, anxiety, (atma/soul) endeavor, attachment, vanity, discrimination, nervous • Seat of emotions – bhakti yoga; breakdown, ego, greediness, unconditional love (not the sexual hypocrisy, argumentation, love of chakra 1 and 2); repentance overcomes ego; empathy • When balanced: • Seat of creativity; pathway to – wisdom and nobility transcendence – senses under control, mental • Seat of Vishnu knot – bondage of concentration, non-attachment emotional attachments and optimism • Symbolism: upward triangle: – free will becomes active – can go Shiva (consciousness); downward beyond ‘prarabdha karma’ triangle: Shakti (manifestation, • Kalpataru – wish-fulfilling tree individuality); candle flame (soul) • By meditation on the heart chakra, complete knowledge of mind (YSP 3.35) 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 16
  17. 17. Heart Chakra (cont.) • Asanas/exercises to stimulate Heart chakra: – Standing forward bend with the arms behind the back and hands clasped together and raised – Cobra pose – Fish pose – Deep yogic breathing – Kapalabhati (breath of fire) – Alternate nostril breathing – Bandhas (locks – chin, navel and root locks) – Meditation 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 17
  18. 18. Vishuddhi (Throat) Chakra • Meaning: purification • Location: throat, cervical plexus • Elements: sound, hearing, ears, ether • Function: communication, creativity • Glands: thyroid, parathyroid • Malfunction: soar throat, stiff neck, colds, thyroid and hearing problems • Seed sound: ham • Petals: sixteen (all the sanskrit vowels) • Animal: elephant • Guna: sattva 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 18
  19. 19. Vishuddhi (Throat) Chakra • Nectar and poison center – • Vrittis (16): seven musical distribute nectar, discard notes, OM, humm, poison practicality, mundane, welfare, nobility, surrender • Faculty of higher to supreme, repulsion, discrimination immortality • Ether: gateway to • By meditation on this realization after senses are chakra –control over thirst controlled and hunger (ysp 3.31) • Elephant: vehicle of • Kurma nadi associated with consciousness Vishuddhi – by focusing on • Sharp communication skills this nadi, one’s mind – ability to understand become stable (ysp 3.32) ‘unspoken’ words 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 19
  20. 20. Throat Chakra (cont.) • Asanas/exercises to stimulate Throat chakra: – Neck rolls – Shoulder stand – Plough pose – Fish pose – Jalandhar bandha (chin lock) – Half bridge pose – Vow of silence 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 20
  21. 21. Ajna (Third Eye) Chakra • Meaning: To learn, command, permission • Location: Third eye • Element: Mahat (unmanifest parkriti), light, eyes • Gland: pineal • Function: seeing, intuition • Malfunction: blindness, headache, nightmares, blurred vision • Seed sound: OM • Lotus: two white petals with a golden triangle pointing downward • Guna: sattva 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 21
  22. 22. Third Eye Chakra (cont.) • Symbolism: • When awakened: – half-man, half-woman symbol – cross the bounds of gunas representing union of – become free of sins, and move Shiva/Shakti toward self-realization – Two petals representing Shiva – ida and pingala merge into the and Shakti, merger of ida and central channel Sushumna, pingala thus eliminating all duality – Circle representing total void – – Understanding of law of karma mind free of attachments – cause and effect – Seed sound: OM, the – One becomes a detached primordial sound of creation witness • Sense organ: mind – Intuition supersedes knowledge through the senses • Kosha: vijnanamaya (wisdom) kosha • Vrittis (2): worldly knowledge, spiritual knowledge 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 22
  23. 23. Ajna (Third Eye) Chakra • Asanas/exercises to stimulate Ajna chakra: – Eye exercises: • vertical, horizontal, circular movement of eyes with the head steady; • palming with awareness on the third eye chakra • Trataka – gazing at a candle flame, closing the eyes and internally gazing at the after-image of the flame – Visualization and imagery – Meditation with awareness at the third eye chakra 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 23
  24. 24. Sahasrara (Crown) Chakra • Meaning: thousandfold • Location: top of head • Element: thought • Function: understanding, bliss • Gland: pituitary • Malfunction: depression, alienation, confusion, apathy • Petals: thousand (approaching infinity) • Guna: sattva 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 24
  25. 25. Crown Chakra (cont.) • Lotus: within the crown chakra is full moon, with a triangle inside shining like lightning; Petals are lustrous white • Abode of Shiva; seat of cosmic consciousness, enlightenment • Manifest ‘shakti’ (prakriti) goes back to its unmanifest form and merges with Shiva • Equivalent of ‘samadhi’ in yoga; one transcends the individual ego as well as the three gunas 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 25
  26. 26. Kundalini Awakening • Methods of awakening: birth, mantra, austerities (tapah), herbs, purification of body and mind, samadhi, pranayama, kriya yoga, mudras and bandhas, tantric initiation, shaktipat, self-surrender • When awakened, travels up through Sushumna nadi, crossing the six chakras on way, merging finally with Shiva, supreme consciousness at Sahasrara chakra • Awakening results in greater sensitivity, control of senses, slower aging, a greater sense of calm, increased intuitive wisdom, and a more palpable experience of spirituality • Important to be aware of risks and precautions – proper guidance is needed 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 26
  27. 27. Koshas and Chakras • Annamaya (physical sheath formed by food) – Muladhara (earth), Svadhishthana (water), Manipura (fire) • Pranamaya (universal life force- circulating vital air) – Anahata (air), Vishuddhi (ether ) • Manomaya (cognitive) - Ajna • Vijnanamaya (discriminative/intuitive) – Ajna • Anandamaya – Sahasrara 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 27
  28. 28. Koshas 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 28
  29. 29. Chakra/Element Cleansing • A simple routine that will guide you through the various chakras, purifying the chakras and the associated elements in the process • Prepare you for a deeper meditative experience • Follow along with the audio recording 10/10/2008 Kundalini and Chakras 29