Resource Description and Access


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Introduction to RDA and its benefits for education libraries presented by Renate Beilharz, Box Hill Institute

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  • STATEMENT OF PURPOSE FOR RDA for the Development of RDARDA - Resource Description and Access will be a new standard for resource description and access, designed for the digital world.Built on foundations established by the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR), RDA will provide a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions on resource description and access covering all types of content and media.RDA will enable users of library catalogues and other systems of information organization to find, identify, select, and obtain resources appropriate to their information needs.During the period of RDA development, the library and cataloguing world updated some key cataloguing principles and developed some conceptual models for resource discovery.RDA is built on these new conceptual models for resource discovery.
  • RDA has been developed by the Joint Steering Committee for the Development of RDA, which consists of representatives from US, UK, Australia and Canada. This is the same body that was responsible for developing and maintaining AACR2. Discussions on the future of AACR2 began in the late 1990s, when it was becoming obvious that AACR2 was proving inadequate for the digital information world. Attempts were made to revise it over the following years, but the existing structure of AACR was found to be too restrictive to allow the changes that were needed. This led to the decision in 2005 to abandon this structure and develop a new standard, Resource Description and Access (RDA), which was aligned to the FRBR and FRAD models that had been developed in recent years.
  • Were the JSC for the Revision of AACR
  • The term “Semantic web” was coined by Tim Berners-Lee, who invented the Internet, and now directs the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The Internet revolutionised the information world by enabling computers to talk to one another and share information. The Semantic Web is about enabling computers to understand the meaning behind the information they are sharing. Web pages are enhanced by inserting machine-readable metadata about the pages and how they are related to each other. When a computer accesses a webpage, the metadata tells the computer not only what that website is about, but how it may relate to other webpages. This You-tube video, created by Manu Sporny, the President and CEO of Digital Bazaar, helps to explain Semantic Web and its potential impact on the Internet. mentioned in the video, the Resource Description Framework (RDF) is major component of semantic web activity. A data model similar to entity-relationship modelling, RDF extends the linking structure of the Web to use URIs to name the relationship between things as well as what those things are. Using this simple model, it allows structured and semi-structured data to be mixed, exposed, and shared across different applications. The RDA cataloguing standard is designed precisely for such an online environment. RDA’s element set has been clearly defined, and incorporated into the Open Metadata Registry, which is a set of RDF-based controlled vocabularies, and a fundamental piece of technical infrastructure for the Semantic Web.
  • RDA is based on conceptual models which focus on relationshipsThe power of RDA is not in the tinkering with the words, the data, the descriptive rules, rather with the new conceptual models FRBR and FRAD.
  • RDA is based on new conceptual models which focus on relationshipsThe power of RDA is not in the tinkering with the words, the data, the descriptive rules, rather with the new conceptual models FRBR and FRAD.
  • Again, this is due to the FRBR model of clustering records.
  • RDA is a resource for the online world – the rules are produced as an online toolkit, not produced in hard copy.Purchase though http://access.rdatoolkit.orgShowRDA contents - show how the hyperlinks work, ease of movementSearch rules – recording edition statementTools – link to MARC
  • Resource Description and Access

    1. 1. Education Services AustraliaIntroduction to RDA andits benefits for education libraries Renate Beilharz Box Hill Institute© Renate Beilharz 2012
    2. 2. “ … will be a new standard forresource description and access,designed for the digital world.”Joint steering Committee for the Development of RDA 2007 Strategic plan for RDA2005-2009, viewed 3 September 2011,
    3. 3. ISBN 9781405367851 Gadgets, games, robots, and the digital world / written by Clive Gifford ;Title consultant, Mike Goldsmith.Main author Gifford, CliveContributors Goldsmith, MikePublisher London : Dorling Kindersley, 2011 Electronics. scisshl Computer games. scisshl Robots. scisshl World Wide Web. scisshlSubjects Electronics. scot Computer games. scot Robots. scot World Wide Web. scot 621.381 GIF a14Call nos. 621.381 GIF 22
    4. 4. History of RDA Late 1990s – Future of AACR2? 2004 – AACR3 draft 2005 – Decision to develop RDA - align with FRBR & FRAD conceptual models 2010 – RDA published Adapted from RDA train-the-trainer. Module 1, 2012, National Library of Australia, Canberra.
    5. 5. JSC for development of RDA • The American Library Association • The Australian Committee on Cataloguing • The British Library • The Canadian Committee on Cataloguing • CILIP: Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals • Deutsche Nationalbibliothek • The Library of Congress
    6. 6. Kannenberg, John 2010, Library card catalog, Flickr, viewed 4 Sep 2011,
    7. 7. Metadata standards Developed and maintained by cultural and computer science sectors Standard developed ONIX by publishing industry Adapted from RDA train-the-trainer. Module 1, 2012, National Library of Australia, Canberra.
    8. 8. Semantic Web and Linked Data Internet = computers talking to each other Semantic Web = computers understanding what they are talking to each other about Adapted from RDA train-the-trainer. Module 1, 2012, National Library of Australia, Canberra.
    9. 9. ICP highest principle convenience of the user User tasks: Find Identify Select Obtain Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, 2009 IFLA
    10. 10. Functional Requirement forBibliographic Records 1998 Functional Requirement for Authority Data 2009 Functional Requirement for Subject Authority Data 2010
    11. 11. “ FRBR [is] a conceptual model fororganizing bibliographic andauthority information based onthe needs of the data’s users.”(Hart 2010, p. 10)
    12. 12. RDA provides better coverage ofresource types
    13. 13. RDA supports metadata sharing John-Norris 2011, Folders vs Metadata, Flickr, viewed 4 Sep2011, /
    14. 14. RDA improves search results and displays “The Hobbit”. Trove, National Library of Australia, retrieved 6 September 2011,
    15. 15. RDA simplifies circulation requests Enriched user searching : FRBR as the next dimension in meaningful information retrieval 2008, VTLS, retrieved 6Ooctober 2010 US/presentations/Virtua_Enriched_User_Searching.ppt Used with permission.
    16. 16. RDA toolkit RDA toolkit 2011, JSC, retrieved 3 September 2011,
    17. 17. ISSC RDA recommendations Pam Kadow, SCIS Cataloguing Team Leader Education Services Australia • Christine Hyne, NSW Department of Education • Bev Blackwell & Tina Hoyland, WA Department of Education • Mary Gough & Ann Duncan, ESA cataloguers
    18. 18. New MARC21 fields 264 Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture, and Copyright Notice SCIS will continue to use 260 for the foreseeable future and may elect to use the 264 field ie both need to be allowed for
    19. 19. Types336 Content Type Media Type Carrier Type Descriptors to be taken from the RDA Toolkit list
    20. 20. Characteristics344 Sound Characteristics SCIS may implement as need arises345 Projection Characteristics of Moving Image SCIS may implement as need arises346 Video Characteristics SCIS may implement as need arises347 Digital Characteristics SCIS will implement
    21. 21. Grappling with GMD MARC21 elements no longer used 245 $h [GMD] Following consultation SCIS proposes to continue to include GMD for a short term (initially 12 months). Library systems may wish to strip this data Mapping from GMD to 336, 337, 338 is not feasible
    22. 22. Field lengths SCIS will implement RDA guideline that bibliographic information to be transcribed as it appears on the item, without abbreviations, etc 250 $a 2nd edition 260 $a Washington, District of Columbia $b 300 $a 44 pages : $b colour illustrations. Library systems with fixed length fields may need to allow for an increased number of characters
    23. 23. Timeline SCIS intends to stay as closely aligned to Libraries Australia’s implementation dates as possible, ie 31 March 2013. SCIS will not be changing bibliographic records retrospectively*, so library systems will need to be able to cope with both AACR2 and RDA for the foreseeable future. * Bible and Qur’an uniform titles global change mid 2013