Photo Teach Tool 2


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Five concepts of digital photography for visual literacy projects in education.

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Photo Teach Tool 2

  1. 1. DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY: EXPERIMENTING WITH CONCEPTS EME 6205: Teaching Tool 2 Oksana Hlodan May 24 2007
  2. 2. This activity is about concepts: <ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Close-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Photo credits: All photos by Oksana Hlodan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lighting of Indoor Close-ups <ul><li>Don’t stand close to the subject. Let the zoom do the work for you. Too close, and the flash washes out the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Play with the indoor lighting - overhead lights, lamps, candles. Soft lighting from lamps, placed strategically, may help the colors shine through. </li></ul><ul><li>If the subject is naturally dark, place natural light close to it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example 1: Small, Colorful Objects <ul><li>• Small photo: AUTO setting and FLASH, w. overhead lights on </li></ul><ul><li>• Large photo: INDOOR setting and FLASH, w. corner lamp, adjusted distance and zoom </li></ul>
  5. 5. Example 2 <ul><li>The same photo techniques were used for this oil painting hanging on the wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Q: What is the main problem in these shots? How would you correct it? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Outdoor close-ups <ul><li>Use micro/foliage mode in SCN or adjust stops manually. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep sunlight behind you or else use a polarizer filter. </li></ul><ul><li>If windy day, adjust film speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose focal point carefully. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example <ul><li>Both pictures are of seagrape leaves and stems of flowers and were taken using the foliage mode, no flash and from the same distance. L: shutter 1/20, f4.0, ISO 80; R: 1/60, f4.0, ISO 80. </li></ul><ul><li>Q: What could be some of the reasons the photo on the left is blurry and the one on the right is clear? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Landscapes: Exposure <ul><li>For beginners, buildings can be shot in the landscape mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Composition is important to framing the building. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with exposure settings to take into account sunlight, clouds, and reflections. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example <ul><li>L: AUTO setting - 1/1000, f5.5, and ISO 80, -2 exp. R: LANDSCAPE setting - 1/60, f2/6, 0 exp., ISO 200. </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Changing the viewpoint improved composition but how can the photo at right be improved even more? </li></ul>Frost Bank, Austin, TX
  10. 10. Landscapes: Perspective <ul><li>The Landscape Mode is made for outdoor landscapes where you want clarity of foreground and background. </li></ul><ul><li>Where you place your focal point will define the clarity of the perspective and create a pleasing composition. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples <ul><li>L: Landscape Mode: 1/200; f3.5; ISO 80; focal length of 9.82 mm </li></ul><ul><li>R: Landscape Mode: 1/125; f5; ISO 200; focal length 18.35 mm </li></ul>
  12. 12. Motion <ul><li>Capturing motion within or on an object makes for an interesting photo. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the focus lock (AF) to capture the movement quickly or low contrasts. </li></ul><ul><li>Try the exposure lock (AE) for strong contrasts. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example 1 Auto Mode: 1/800; f3.5; ISO 80; AE lock used due to extreme sunlight and intent to capture moving clouds and shadows in window panes.
  14. 14. Example 2 <ul><li>Using Auto Mode: 1/200; f2.6; ISO 80; the focus lock was used to capture the movement on the street, which is reflected in the metal guitar and glass window. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Q: Which concept would you focus on for these subjects? How would you achieve your goal?