Web 2.0
 Richard Akerman
    NRC-CISTI
December 10, 2008
Internet Librarian 2004


• http://www.infotoday.com/il2004/


                                     2
Internet Librarian 2004


• http://www.infotoday.com/il2004/

http://www.flickr.com/photos/rakerman/1535667/
© 2004 Richard...
Internet Librarian 2008

• http://www.infotoday.com/IL2008/
• http://il2008.pbwiki.com/


                                ...
Internet Librarian 2008

• http://www.infotoday.com/IL2008/
• http://il2008.pbwiki.com/


                                ...
Overview
•   What is Web 2.0?

•   History of Internet and Web at CISTI

•   Web 2.0 Timeline

•   Government of Canada

•...
Web 2.0
• “the egocentric web”
• user-created content
• social
• DEFAULT: PUBLIC
• low barrier
                         5
Issues

• privacy (many sites not in Canada)
• too many pieces too loosely joined
  (many user accounts)

• service level
...
Unexpected Elements
• Wisdom of Crowds
• Zero degrees of separation
• Worlds colliding (work self vs. home self)
• Asymmet...
Not Web 2.0
• static pages with no feedback options
• Semantic Web (Web 3.0)
• other Internet capabilities
 • gaming (Worl...
Technology Adoption

• Early Adopters
• General Adopters
• Late Adopters

                       9
NRC First Light


• USENET 1988


                       10
NRC First Light


• USENET 1988


                       10
First NRC Web Mention


• USENET 1993


                        11
First NRC Web Mention


• USENET 1993


                        11
First NRC Web Link


• USENET April 1994


                       12
First NRC Web Link


• USENET April 1994


                       12
First CISTI Web Link


• USENET May 1994


                        13
First CISTI Web Link


• USENET May 1994


                        13
First CISTI Web Link


• USENET May 1994


                        13
CISTI Web 1999

• http://web.archive.org/web/
  19990117033701/http://cisti.nrc.ca/cisti/
  cisti.html




               ...
CISTI Web 1999

• http://web.archive.org/web/
  19990117033701/http://cisti.nrc.ca/cisti/
  cisti.html




               ...
User Expertise

• Basic User
• Intermediate User
• Advanced (“Power”) User

                            15
http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0


                                       16
1990
pre-Web




          http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0


                                                 16
1990
pre-Web
          1995




                 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0


                                  ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995

                      1998




                 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0


      ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995

                      1998




                             1999




                 http://...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001

                      1998




                             1999


...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998




                          ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
1990
pre-Web
          1995                      2001      2003

                      1998

                             ...
The Web in 2008

• Infrastructure: blogs, wikis, RSS, commenting,
  bookmarking, tagging, multimedia, search

• From stati...
Web Interaction




                  18
Web Interaction




http://flickr.com/photos/juanpol/2854082526/ CC-BY


                                                  ...
Web Interaction




http://flickr.com/photos/juanpol/2854082526/ CC-BY   http://flickr.com/photos/ppym1/405363942/ CC-BY-NC
...
Government of Canada

• Prime Minister (?)
• GCPEDIA
• Beyond GCPEDIA

                       19
Prime Minister


• http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112


                                               20
Prime Minister


• http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112


                                               20
Prime Minister


• http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112


                                               20
Prime Minister


• http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112


                                               20
Social Netwhat?
• Twitter and other tools only make sense if
  you remember:

  • DEFAULT: PUBLIC
  • they’re not talking ...
Twitter Zero


• these new tools are entirely social


                                        22
Twitter Zero


• these new tools are entirely social


                                        22
Twitter (Many)


• Twitter only makes sense if you have a
  social network




                                           ...
Twitter (Many)


• Twitter only makes sense if you have a
  social network




                                           ...
Zero Degrees Point 1

• http://friendfeed.com/e/4968b5f8-4ea0-
  e9bd-13e9-7c30c99d0ac8/Bio-IT-World-
  Search-and-Deploy/...
Zero Degrees Point 1

• http://friendfeed.com/e/4968b5f8-4ea0-
  e9bd-13e9-7c30c99d0ac8/Bio-IT-World-
  Search-and-Deploy/...
Zero Degrees Point 2

• http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500
• http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/
  1017093025...
Zero Degrees Point 2

• http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500
• http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/
  1017093025...
Zero Degrees Point 2

• http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500
• http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/
  1017093025...
Lifestreaming


• http://www.wordspy.com/2007/11/
  lifestreaming.html




                                    26
Facebook
• What happens in Facebook,
  stays in Facebook... sort of

• “enclosed garden”
• Within Facebook, default = publ...
Facebook Stats
• over 120 million users
• over 10 Billion photos
• over 30 million photos added daily
• http://www.faceboo...
Facebook Issues
• Trojans
• group & page integration very poor
• managing privacy is complex
• applications have full acce...
Facebook Issues
• Trojans
• group & page integration very poor
• managing privacy is complex
• applications have full acce...
Facebook Issues
• Trojans
• group & page integration very poor
• managing privacy is complex
• applications have full acce...
Lifestream: Facebook




                       30
Lifestream: Facebook




                       30
FriendFeed

• solves a problem you may not have
• low barrier to participation


                                      31
FriendFeed

• solves a problem you may not have
• low barrier to participation


                                      31
Lifestream: FriendFeed 1


• it’s all about everyone


                            32
Lifestream: FriendFeed 1


• it’s all about everyone


                            32
Lifestream: FriendFeed 2


• it’s all about me


                           33
Lifestream: FriendFeed 2


• it’s all about me


                           33
Aggregation: FriendFeed


• it’s all about a topic


                           34
Aggregation: FriendFeed


• it’s all about a topic


                           34
Web 2.0 Warnings
• they’re new, so no one knows what they’re
  talking about

• they’re new, so no one knows the business
...
There are many copies


• new + no business model = endless
  proliferation of sites




                                 ...
Science Social Net




                     37
Science Social Net




http://www.slideshare.net/neilfws/what-can-science-networking-online-do-for-you-presentation/
     ...
HELP

• Five Weeks to a Social Library
  http://www.sociallibraries.com/course/




                                      ...
Richard Akerman
            NRC-CISTI
http://www.connotea.org/user/scilib/tag/cistiweb2008

          © 2008 Government of...
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Web 2.0 timeline and future

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Presentation about history leading up to Web 2.0, characteristics of Web 2.0, and about Twitter, Facebook and FriendFeed

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  • @ostephens You make a good point. Laptops at conferences requires a convergence of technology, funding, and culture. I didn't have time to cover it in my (already overlong) talk, but 802.11b is only at 1999 on the timeline http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/802.11b and it was several years after that before laptops had wireless AND venues had wireless. Cost and cultural reasons also constrained the use of laptops. In 2004 I think we were still a ways from 'auditorium full of Mac laptops' http://www.osirra.com/resserver.php?blogId=1&resource=how%20do%20you%20like%20them%20apples.jpg
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  • From my own observation I was one of the few librarians using a laptop and blogging conferences in 2004. I suspect there were economic reasons as well (at the time fewer librarians, especially at certain staff grades, had access to a laptop).

    However, I was suprised to read this tweet from Michael Stephens yesterday (7th Dec 2008) http://twitter.com/mstephens7/statuses/1042203910 - from a session called 'Future of Libraries'
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Web 2.0 timeline and future

  1. 1. Web 2.0 Richard Akerman NRC-CISTI December 10, 2008
  2. 2. Internet Librarian 2004 • http://www.infotoday.com/il2004/ 2
  3. 3. Internet Librarian 2004 • http://www.infotoday.com/il2004/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/rakerman/1535667/ © 2004 Richard Akerman 2
  4. 4. Internet Librarian 2008 • http://www.infotoday.com/IL2008/ • http://il2008.pbwiki.com/ 3
  5. 5. Internet Librarian 2008 • http://www.infotoday.com/IL2008/ • http://il2008.pbwiki.com/ 3
  6. 6. Overview • What is Web 2.0? • History of Internet and Web at CISTI • Web 2.0 Timeline • Government of Canada • CISTI now and future • Lifestreaming • Scholarly Web 2.0 4
  7. 7. Web 2.0 • “the egocentric web” • user-created content • social • DEFAULT: PUBLIC • low barrier 5
  8. 8. Issues • privacy (many sites not in Canada) • too many pieces too loosely joined (many user accounts) • service level 6
  9. 9. Unexpected Elements • Wisdom of Crowds • Zero degrees of separation • Worlds colliding (work self vs. home self) • Asymmetric, unique views (I subscribe to you, you don’t subscribe to me) 7
  10. 10. Not Web 2.0 • static pages with no feedback options • Semantic Web (Web 3.0) • other Internet capabilities • gaming (World of Warcraft) • content distribution (iTunes) 8
  11. 11. Technology Adoption • Early Adopters • General Adopters • Late Adopters 9
  12. 12. NRC First Light • USENET 1988 10
  13. 13. NRC First Light • USENET 1988 10
  14. 14. First NRC Web Mention • USENET 1993 11
  15. 15. First NRC Web Mention • USENET 1993 11
  16. 16. First NRC Web Link • USENET April 1994 12
  17. 17. First NRC Web Link • USENET April 1994 12
  18. 18. First CISTI Web Link • USENET May 1994 13
  19. 19. First CISTI Web Link • USENET May 1994 13
  20. 20. First CISTI Web Link • USENET May 1994 13
  21. 21. CISTI Web 1999 • http://web.archive.org/web/ 19990117033701/http://cisti.nrc.ca/cisti/ cisti.html 14
  22. 22. CISTI Web 1999 • http://web.archive.org/web/ 19990117033701/http://cisti.nrc.ca/cisti/ cisti.html 14
  23. 23. User Expertise • Basic User • Intermediate User • Advanced (“Power”) User 15
  24. 24. http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  25. 25. 1990 pre-Web http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  26. 26. 1990 pre-Web 1995 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  27. 27. 1990 pre-Web 1995 1998 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  28. 28. 1990 pre-Web 1995 1998 1999 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  29. 29. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 1998 1999 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  30. 30. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 1999 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  31. 31. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  32. 32. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  33. 33. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 2005 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  34. 34. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 2005 2006 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  35. 35. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 2005 2007 2006 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  36. 36. 1990 pre-Web 1995 2001 2003 1998 2004 1999 2005 2007 2006 Oct 2008 http://www.dipity.com/scilib/Web_2_0 16
  37. 37. The Web in 2008 • Infrastructure: blogs, wikis, RSS, commenting, bookmarking, tagging, multimedia, search • From static pages to social life of information 17
  38. 38. Web Interaction 18
  39. 39. Web Interaction http://flickr.com/photos/juanpol/2854082526/ CC-BY 18
  40. 40. Web Interaction http://flickr.com/photos/juanpol/2854082526/ CC-BY http://flickr.com/photos/ppym1/405363942/ CC-BY-NC 18
  41. 41. Government of Canada • Prime Minister (?) • GCPEDIA • Beyond GCPEDIA 19
  42. 42. Prime Minister • http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112 20
  43. 43. Prime Minister • http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112 20
  44. 44. Prime Minister • http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112 20
  45. 45. Prime Minister • http://pm.gc.ca/eng/feature.asp?pageId=112 20
  46. 46. Social Netwhat? • Twitter and other tools only make sense if you remember: • DEFAULT: PUBLIC • they’re not talking to you • they’re talking to their social network 21
  47. 47. Twitter Zero • these new tools are entirely social 22
  48. 48. Twitter Zero • these new tools are entirely social 22
  49. 49. Twitter (Many) • Twitter only makes sense if you have a social network 23
  50. 50. Twitter (Many) • Twitter only makes sense if you have a social network 23
  51. 51. Zero Degrees Point 1 • http://friendfeed.com/e/4968b5f8-4ea0- e9bd-13e9-7c30c99d0ac8/Bio-IT-World- Search-and-Deploy/ 24
  52. 52. Zero Degrees Point 1 • http://friendfeed.com/e/4968b5f8-4ea0- e9bd-13e9-7c30c99d0ac8/Bio-IT-World- Search-and-Deploy/ 24
  53. 53. Zero Degrees Point 2 • http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500 • http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/ 1017093025 25
  54. 54. Zero Degrees Point 2 • http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500 • http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/ 1017093025 25
  55. 55. Zero Degrees Point 2 • http://twitter.com/scilib/status/1013389500 • http://twitter.com/whereivebeen/status/ 1017093025 25
  56. 56. Lifestreaming • http://www.wordspy.com/2007/11/ lifestreaming.html 26
  57. 57. Facebook • What happens in Facebook, stays in Facebook... sort of • “enclosed garden” • Within Facebook, default = public • in particular Wall posts are public 27
  58. 58. Facebook Stats • over 120 million users • over 10 Billion photos • over 30 million photos added daily • http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php? statistics 28
  59. 59. Facebook Issues • Trojans • group & page integration very poor • managing privacy is complex • applications have full access to your information (including friends) and may expose that info on the web • ideal for data mining & surveillance 29
  60. 60. Facebook Issues • Trojans • group & page integration very poor • managing privacy is complex • applications have full access to your information (including friends) and may expose that info on the web • ideal for data mining & surveillance 29
  61. 61. Facebook Issues • Trojans • group & page integration very poor • managing privacy is complex • applications have full access to your information (including friends) and may expose that info on the web • ideal for data mining & surveillance 29
  62. 62. Lifestream: Facebook 30
  63. 63. Lifestream: Facebook 30
  64. 64. FriendFeed • solves a problem you may not have • low barrier to participation 31
  65. 65. FriendFeed • solves a problem you may not have • low barrier to participation 31
  66. 66. Lifestream: FriendFeed 1 • it’s all about everyone 32
  67. 67. Lifestream: FriendFeed 1 • it’s all about everyone 32
  68. 68. Lifestream: FriendFeed 2 • it’s all about me 33
  69. 69. Lifestream: FriendFeed 2 • it’s all about me 33
  70. 70. Aggregation: FriendFeed • it’s all about a topic 34
  71. 71. Aggregation: FriendFeed • it’s all about a topic 34
  72. 72. Web 2.0 Warnings • they’re new, so no one knows what they’re talking about • they’re new, so no one knows the business model • we have short “novelty spans” • the future is unevenly distributed 35
  73. 73. There are many copies • new + no business model = endless proliferation of sites 36
  74. 74. Science Social Net 37
  75. 75. Science Social Net http://www.slideshare.net/neilfws/what-can-science-networking-online-do-for-you-presentation/ 37
  76. 76. HELP • Five Weeks to a Social Library http://www.sociallibraries.com/course/ 38
  77. 77. Richard Akerman NRC-CISTI http://www.connotea.org/user/scilib/tag/cistiweb2008 © 2008 Government of Canada Licensed in the Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ca/

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