Overview of change drivers
 Internet
 digital
 search engines
 mobile (iPhone)
 culture change – open access, sharing...
There Are Many Copies
3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/kk/18112585/
Machine Readable
4 http://www.flickr.com/photos/lisovy/4678126767/
A New Universe
5 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The.Matrix.glmatrix.2.png
A Physicist on Madison Avenue
6
Culture Shock
7
Present Shock
8
Open Access
9 http://www.flickr.com/photos/communityfriend/2342578485/
Open Science
10
Key areas for publishers to improve
 Communication
 Replication
 Retraction
 Citation
 Connection
 Reputation
 Inte...
Communication
 What channels are you using?
 Blog / Facebook / Twitter / Pinterest / …
 Audio
 Video
12
Communication – text messages
13
 17.6 billion
 19.1 billion
Be on the web and OF the web
 Some things that look like change are actually the
status quo
 Hydrogen fuel-cell cars
 P...
Of the Web
15
Of the Web and in the office
 Be social, be authentic, be individual
 Wall Street Journal – The Science of Serendipity i...
Science!
 Replication
 needs to be much easier to replicate the science
 would be nice if replication (or failure to re...
Replication
 Growth in a Time of Debt (Jan 2010)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w15639.pdf
Reinhart, Carmen M., and Kenneth S...
Data and code
19
 http://www.aeaweb.org/aer/data.php
 “The AER Paper and Processions issue publishes
selected papers pre...
Data and code
20
Download the data and code
 Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic
Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and Rogoff ...
Replication
 “averaged cells in lines 30 to 44 instead of lines 30
to 49”
22
Nature - reproducibility
 “address the problems underlying irreproducibility”
 “more systematically ensure the reporting...
Retractions
 http://retractionwatch.wordpress.com/
 “Is there a reliable database of retractions?
No. There are ways to ...
Key areas
 Citation
 can I cite a tweet? a blog post? a data set?
 Connection
 post-email social media connections to ...
Citation
 Rules for social media citations
 Issues of permanence
 Dataset citations e.g. Datacite
26
Connection: What’s email?
27
Connection
 “a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a
transparent method of linking research activities and
outp...
Reputation
 http://altmetrics.org/manifesto/
 “Altmetrics are fast, using public APIs to gather data in
days or weeks. T...
Integration
 Integration
 Are you being cited as an authority? Are you part of the
general conversation beyond your disc...
Key areas for publishers to improve
 Communication
 Replication
 Retraction
 Citation
 Connection
 Reputation
 Inte...
Conclusion
32
 Many kinds of culture shock
 Between traditional print and digital
 Between experts in science & the wri...
Questions?
Richard Akerman | http://scilib.typepad.com/ | @scilib
Copyright © 2013 | Licensed in the Creative Commons CC-B...
Culture Shock: Managing the Change in Publishing
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Culture Shock: Managing the Change in Publishing

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Presentation at Council of Science Editors, May 5, 2013. Covers change drivers and key areas for science publishers to improve.

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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/kk/18112585/
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/
    Screencap from PDF of my presentation Service-Oriented Architecture for Libraries http://www.slideshare.net/scilib/serviceoriented-architecture-for-libraries
    Slide 8

    Except: “copies” are identical to the originals
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/lisovy/4678126767/
    CC BY-NC-SA
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/
    Derivative (cropped)
    IBM Punch Card

    By lisovy Rostislav Lisovy

    In the world of the machine, you must first provide information the machine can understand.
    Everything else is just a presentation layer.
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The.Matrix.glmatrix.2.png
    The copyright holder of this file, Jamie Zawinski, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted. Attribution: Jamie Zawinski

    Difference between culture (fashion) and fundamental change.
  • https://www.librarything.com/work/745326/covers - Uploaded by: erohwedd - Uploaded: April 2011
  • Google Ngram viewer - http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=culture+shock%2CFuture+Shock&year_start=1950&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=
  • Cover from LibraryThing – https://www.librarything.com/work/13303883/covers - Uploaded by: cirdan747 -Uploaded: March 2013

    http://www.rushkoff.com/present-shock/
  • Just changes how you pay.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/communityfriend/2342578485/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/
    By Community Friend
  • Google Ngram viewer - http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=open+science&year_start=1980&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=
  • http://www.4-traders.com/INFORMA-PLC-4001140/news/Informa-PLC-OTT-messaging-traffic-will-be-twice-volume-of-P2P-SMS-traffic-this-year-16803995/
  • https://www.gov.uk/service-manual
    Be Of the Digital too.
  • See e.g. The Excel Depression http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/19/opinion/krugman-the-excel-depression.html and http://www.nextnewdeal.net/rortybomb/researchers-finally-replicated-reinhart-rogoff-and-there-are-serious-problems. For explanation about use of NBER see http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/22/understanding-the-nber/ New NBER working papers are NOT free for general download.
  • Quote from original article, and spreadsheet screenshot from http://www.nextnewdeal.net/rortybomb/researchers-finally-replicated-reinhart-rogoff-and-there-are-serious-problems
  • Focus on individual articles, and individual authors – are you measuring the impact of your articles and authors? Are you enhancing their impact and reputation?
  • Culture Shock: Managing the Change in Publishing

    1. 1. Overview of change drivers  Internet  digital  search engines  mobile (iPhone)  culture change – open access, sharing 2
    2. 2. There Are Many Copies 3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/kk/18112585/
    3. 3. Machine Readable 4 http://www.flickr.com/photos/lisovy/4678126767/
    4. 4. A New Universe 5 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The.Matrix.glmatrix.2.png
    5. 5. A Physicist on Madison Avenue 6
    6. 6. Culture Shock 7
    7. 7. Present Shock 8
    8. 8. Open Access 9 http://www.flickr.com/photos/communityfriend/2342578485/
    9. 9. Open Science 10
    10. 10. Key areas for publishers to improve  Communication  Replication  Retraction  Citation  Connection  Reputation  Integration 11
    11. 11. Communication  What channels are you using?  Blog / Facebook / Twitter / Pinterest / …  Audio  Video 12
    12. 12. Communication – text messages 13  17.6 billion  19.1 billion
    13. 13. Be on the web and OF the web  Some things that look like change are actually the status quo  Hydrogen fuel-cell cars  PDF  Don’t just take a physical process and duplicate it in digital  Don’t be a servant of the (technology) solution, be the master of the (business) process 14
    14. 14. Of the Web 15
    15. 15. Of the Web and in the office  Be social, be authentic, be individual  Wall Street Journal – The Science of Serendipity in the Workplace  New York Times – Engineering Serendipity 16
    16. 16. Science!  Replication  needs to be much easier to replicate the science  would be nice if replication (or failure to replicate) could be linked to original article(s)  Retraction  related to replication, need to have both processes and technology to communicate about retracted papers  http://www.nature.com/news/misconduct-is-the-main- cause-of-life-sciences-retractions-1.11507 17
    17. 17. Replication  Growth in a Time of Debt (Jan 2010) http://www.nber.org/papers/w15639.pdf Reinhart, Carmen M., and Kenneth S. Rogoff. 2010. "Growth in a Time of Debt." American Economic Review, 100(2): 573- 78. http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.100.2.573  Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and Rogoff (April 2013) http://www.peri.umass.edu/236/hash/31e2ff374b637 7b2ddec04deaa6388b1/publication/566/ 18
    18. 18. Data and code 19  http://www.aeaweb.org/aer/data.php  “The AER Paper and Processions issue publishes selected papers presented at the Annual AEA conference. Datasets for the P & P contributions are subject to the same access policies as regular issues of the AER, but because the P & P issues publishes conference papers in a timely manner to make recent findings widely available, articles published therein are not subject to the same peer- review procedures that are used for regular issues of the AER, but the data access policies are the same.”
    19. 19. Data and code 20
    20. 20. Download the data and code  Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and Rogoff (April 2013) 21
    21. 21. Replication  “averaged cells in lines 30 to 44 instead of lines 30 to 49” 22
    22. 22. Nature - reproducibility  “address the problems underlying irreproducibility”  “more systematically ensure the reporting of key methodological details, give more space to Methods sections, examine the statistics more closely and offer more ways for authors to be transparent about these matters”  Raising standards Nature Immunology 14, 415 (2013) doi:10.1038/ni.2603 Published online 18 April 2013 23
    23. 23. Retractions  http://retractionwatch.wordpress.com/  “Is there a reliable database of retractions? No. There are ways to search Medline and the Web of Science for retractions, but there’s no single database.” 24
    24. 24. Key areas  Citation  can I cite a tweet? a blog post? a data set?  Connection  post-email social media connections to authors and communities  ORCID  Reputation  authority of content  altmetrics 25
    25. 25. Citation  Rules for social media citations  Issues of permanence  Dataset citations e.g. Datacite 26
    26. 26. Connection: What’s email? 27
    27. 27. Connection  “a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers”  0000-0003-4744-6336 28
    28. 28. Reputation  http://altmetrics.org/manifesto/  “Altmetrics are fast, using public APIs to gather data in days or weeks. They’re open–not just the data, but the scripts and algorithms that collect and interpret it. Altmetrics look beyond counting and emphasize semantic content like usernames, timestamps, and tags.”  Focus on individual articles, and individual authors – are you measuring the impact of your articles and authors? Are you enhancing their impact and reputation? 29
    29. 29. Integration  Integration  Are you being cited as an authority? Are you part of the general conversation beyond your discipline?  e.g. how often are you cited in Wikipedia? Have you supported a Wikipedia edit-a-thon? 30
    30. 30. Key areas for publishers to improve  Communication  Replication  Retraction  Citation  Connection  Reputation  Integration 31
    31. 31. Conclusion 32  Many kinds of culture shock  Between traditional print and digital  Between experts in science & the written word and experts in technology  Between long editorial cycles and the always-on, real- time demands of the Internet  Many steps that can be taken  Be of the web  Be scientific  Be authentic
    32. 32. Questions? Richard Akerman | http://scilib.typepad.com/ | @scilib Copyright © 2013 | Licensed in the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC

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