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# Sat prep

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• Many schools give students a two-hour SAT prep followed by an actual test. Counselors may wish to use practice SAT’s from previous year’s “Taking the SAT” booklet provided at no cost by College Board. Self-scoring really make students aware of the impact of guessing.
• Many schools give students a two-hour SAT prep followed by an actual test. Counselors may wish to use practice SAT’s from previous year’s “Taking the SAT” booklet provided at no cost by College Board. Self-scoring really make students aware of the impact of guessing.
• Students have probably never taken a test before in which they receive negative points for missed answers. School counselors should help students understand that they should not guess when they don’t know an answer unless they can positively omit one of the answer choices. When they can positively omit one answer, then they should guess from the remaining answers. There are two exceptions to this rule. Students should guess on the Quantitative Comparison and the Math Grid-Ins (Student Generated Responses) because wrong answers are not penalized in these tests.
• Here’s an example of scoring on a ten-item tests in which John guessed and Sarah did not.
• It’s important that the students are familiar with the answer sheet. During the SAT prep, counselors may want to give the students an answer sheet and ask them to find different places, especially the “grid-in” section.
• Now, let’s look at tips for specific types of questions. For Analogy questions, make up a sentence with both words that shows the relationship between the two words, and then test that sentence with each answer choice. Some counselors like to have students practice the tips as they are presented. They prepare a “mini-SAT” for the students consisting of 5-10 items for each question type. Items can be used from previous year’s Taking the SAT booklets available free from the College Board. Counselors may also consider allowing students to work with a partner in applying the tips learned to the practice items.
• One relationship sentence is (refer to slide). Using this sentence, the only pair of words that makes sense is B – A splinter is a small piece of wood.
• Sometimes, students use relationship sentences that are too general, (refer to slide).
• (refer to slide)
• Sentence completion tells whether the student can use vocabulary in context and understand sentence structures. Correct Answer – Sample 1 = A Correct Answer – Sample 2 = D
• (refer to slide)
• Critical reading involves the students reading one or two passages and then answer questions about the reading. The passages are college-level reading material. As students complete this section, they should take the following tips into account (refer to slide).
• (refer to slide)
• The SAT math section includes arithmetic, algebra, and geometry (no proofs). All formulas are provided. Students should bring a calculator (and a backup calculator). The “Taking the SAT” booklet provided to students free by the College Board includes a math review section. Some counselors give students time during the SAT Prep to review the math section.
• (refer to slide)
• The math “grid-in” or Student Generated Response format can be very confusing to students. Make sure students practice gridding in several different numbers such as: 5 ½ 0.66666 (repeating) 10/2 5%
• ### Sat prep

1. 1. SAT PREP
2. 2. SAT Prep Format (2 DAY SESSION 7 HOUR SESSION) <ul><li>DAY ONE (2 hours) </li></ul><ul><li>GENERAL TEST STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Know the test </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Good Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and Critical Reading TIPS </li></ul><ul><li>(each section followed by practice) </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Completion Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Reading Tips </li></ul><ul><li>MATH REVIEW (in Taking the SAT ) </li></ul><ul><li>MATH TIPS </li></ul><ul><li>(each section followed by practice) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Grid-In Tips </li></ul>DAY TWO (5 hours) BEFORE LUNCH SAT (from previous year’s Taking the SAT) AFTER LUNCH Self Scoring Form in Taking the SAT Scoring with wrong answers changed to omitted answers Difficulty Analysis % correct at each level Lessons Learned Students write reminders to selves which they’ll review the day before the test
3. 3. SAT Prep Format (2 DAY SESSION 4 HOUR SESSION) <ul><li>DAY ONE (2 hours) </li></ul><ul><li>GENERAL TEST STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Know the test </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Good Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and Critical Reading TIPS </li></ul><ul><li>(each section followed by practice) </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Completion Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Reading Tips </li></ul><ul><li>MATH REVIEW (in Taking the SAT ) </li></ul><ul><li>MATH TIPS </li></ul><ul><li>(each section followed by practice) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Grid-In Tips </li></ul>DAY TWO (5 hours) BEFORE LUNCH SAT (from previous year’s Taking the SAT) AFTER LUNCH Self Scoring Form in Taking the SAT Scoring with wrong answers changed to omitted answers Difficulty Analysis % correct at each level Lessons Learned Students write reminders to selves which they’ll review the day before the test
4. 4. <ul><li>PART ONE </li></ul>
5. 5. General Test SAT Taking Strategies <ul><li>Knowing the Test </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety control </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Good Technique/Tricks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing when to make a guess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing when to OMIT a question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How guessing vs. Omitting affects your scores </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The SAT Answer Sheet </li></ul>
6. 6. Know the test SAT STRUCTURE Excluding an experimental question section, which will not count towards your SAT score, you will see 1 essay topic, 49 writing questions, 67 critical reading questions, and 54 math questions 170 Questions Section Number of Questions Time Limit Essay 1 25 minutes Writing Multiple choice Improving Sentences - 25 Identifying sentence errors - 18 Improving paragraphs - 6 1  25 min section 1  10 min section Critical Reading Passage-based reading - 48 Sentence completion - 19 2  25 min sections 1  20 min section Math Standard multiple choice - 44 Student-produced response - 10 2  25 min sections 1  20 min section
7. 7. SAT Test Tips for Anxiety <ul><li>What is the SAT? </li></ul><ul><li>College admission and SAT </li></ul><ul><li>SAT Grading </li></ul><ul><li>Testing Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization and simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize yourself taking the test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a picture of how you will work through the problems, calmly and competently. </li></ul></ul>compare all of applicants against a common standard SAT is only one of a number of important factors that affect your college candidacy 2160= 90% correct 1440 = 60% correct Regimented !!!
8. 8. Keep track of the time <ul><li>Use clocks or timers as you work practice questions </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate your time wisely </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MEMORIZE TEST INSTRUCTIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pace yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Know when to skip a question </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of omitted questions </li></ul><ul><li>Do NOT spend an equal amount of time on each question </li></ul><ul><li>Extra time? </li></ul>
9. 9. Multiple choice patterns <ul><li>There is a relatively equal number of correct answers corresponding to each of the multiple choice letters. </li></ul><ul><li>you will not find more than 3 consecutive multiple choice questions with the same answer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you find you've answered 4 or more consecutive questions with &quot;A,“ at least one is incorrect </li></ul></ul>
10. 10. Process of elimination is your friend <ul><li>identifying and eliminating the obviously wrong answers to a question. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The more you can eliminate the better chance of the correct answer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you cannot eliminate…OMIT </li></ul></ul>
11. 11. Know when to Omit (skip) a question <ul><li>Every question on the SAT is worth the same number of points. </li></ul><ul><li>There's no bonus for figuring out a hard question. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most difficult questions are placed at the end of the test sections. Don't feel bad if you can't answer them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These questions are designed to be answered correctly only 10% of the time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With a question on which you have NO idea of how to eliminate even one answer choice, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do not spend more than 20 seconds on it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some easy problems look difficult at first glance, so stay calm and relaxed as you read through </li></ul>
12. 12. SAT – Guessing Strategies WHEN TO GUESS Correct = 1 pt Omitted = 0 pt Wrong = Negative Pts Guess when you can positively eliminate 1 answer Exception: -- Grid-In
13. 13. SAT – Guessing Sample 10 questions / 5 answer choices ( - ¼ for wrong answers) JOHN 6 right + 6 4 wrong - 1 Score + 5 SARAH 6 right + 6 4 omitted 0 Score + 6
14. 14. Keep track of your omitted questions <ul><li>Put a question mark or other notation next to each question you skip. </li></ul><ul><li>if you have time at the end of the section, you will be able to easily identify </li></ul>
15. 15. SAT – Answer Sheet Strategies Know the answer sheet (especially the “grid-in” section)
16. 16. Take a moment….
17. 17. <ul><li>Part 2 </li></ul>
18. 18. SAT – Analogy Strategies <ul><li>Make up a sentence that shows the relationship between the two words: </li></ul><ul><li>CRUMB:BREAD:: </li></ul><ul><li>(A) ounce : unit </li></ul><ul><li>(B) splinter : wood </li></ul><ul><li>(C) water : bucket </li></ul><ul><li>(D) twine : rope </li></ul><ul><li>(E) cream : butter </li></ul>
19. 19. SAT – Analogy Strategies <ul><li>Make up a sentence that shows the relationship between the two words: </li></ul><ul><li>CRUMB:BREAD:: </li></ul><ul><li>(A) ounce : unit </li></ul><ul><li>(B) splinter : wood </li></ul><ul><li>(C) water : bucket </li></ul><ul><li>(D) twine : rope </li></ul><ul><li>(E) cream : butter </li></ul><ul><li>“ A crumb is a small piece of bread” </li></ul><ul><li>Correct answer: B – A splinter is a small piece of wood. </li></ul>
20. 20. SAT – Analogy Strategies <ul><li>Read all answer choices </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful that your sentence isn’t too general </li></ul><ul><li>“ A crack is a sound made by a whip.” </li></ul><ul><li>CRACK:WHIP:: </li></ul><ul><li>(A) music : guitar </li></ul><ul><li>(B) murmur : crowd </li></ul><ul><li>(C handle : spoon </li></ul><ul><li>(D) slam : door </li></ul><ul><li>(D) trickle : water </li></ul><ul><li>New sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A crack is a sudden, sharp noise made by a whip.” </li></ul>
21. 21. SAT – Analogy Strategies <ul><li>Always compare the relationship between the pair capitalized words with the relationship between the two words in the answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>CLAY : POTTER </li></ul><ul><li>(A) stone : sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>(B) machines : mechanic </li></ul><ul><li>(C hems : tailor </li></ul><ul><li>(D) bricks : architect </li></ul><ul><li>(E) chalk : teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the precise meaning of the words. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, words can have more than one meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider each of the five answer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS GET HARDER / DO NOT GUESS </li></ul>
22. 22. SAT – Sentence Completion Strategies <ul><li>At a recent press conference, the usually reserved biochemist was unexpectedly _____ in addressing the ethical questions posed by her work. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>correct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>forthright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inarticulate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>retentive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cautious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because King Phillip’s desire to make Spain the dominant power in sixteenth-century Europe ran counter to Queen Elizabeth’s insistence on autonomy for England, _____ was _____. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reconciliation .. assured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>warfare .. avoidable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ruination .. impossible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conflict .. inevitable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compromise .. simple </li></ul></ul>
23. 23. SAT – Sentence Completion Strategies <ul><li>Read the sentence carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the precise meaningful of words </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the logic of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful of words that change the logic of the sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>although / but / however / usually / if / but </li></ul><ul><li>Two blanks – be sure each word is correct </li></ul><ul><li>Two blanks – try answering one blank at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Consider all answer choices </li></ul><ul><li>After choosing an answer, check it by reading the entire answer to yourself </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS GET HARDER / DO NOT GUESS </li></ul>
24. 24. SAT – Critical Reading Strategies <ul><li>Passages are from 400 – 850 words </li></ul><ul><li>College-level reading </li></ul><ul><li>Some selections include a pair of passages </li></ul><ul><li>Types of questions: </li></ul><ul><li> Meaning of a word in context </li></ul><ul><li> Demonstrate understanding of significant information </li></ul><ul><li>  Identify cause and effect </li></ul><ul><li>  Relate parts of the passage to each other or the whole </li></ul><ul><li>  Make inferences </li></ul><ul><li>  Recognize implications </li></ul><ul><li>  Follow the logic of an argument </li></ul><ul><li>  Recognize the consistency or inconsistency of an argument </li></ul><ul><li>  Compare or contrast two related passages </li></ul>