• Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust
through which molten magma and gases
erupt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• What’s the only U.S. state that ends with
three vowels?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Hawaii
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Making a volcanic island chain.
1.) Give one volunteer a large colored marker.
2.) Create a crack big enough f...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Time
• Which way is Hawaii moving? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Northwest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Northwest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Island is the oldest?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Island is the oldest?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Which Island is the oldest? Youngest
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Only Island with active volcanoes
• Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
• Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
• Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
• Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
• Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
• Image of Loihi forming under the ocean south
of the big island.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location
above an upwelling of magma from the
mantle.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location
above an upwelling of magma from the
mantle.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
...
• You can now complete this question on
the bundled homework.
• You can now complete this question on
the bundled homework.
• Where is this in the United States?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Yellowstone Park. Wyoming.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! (Optional) Old Faithful Geyser
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyyH_15PabA
• How a geyser works. (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4zA_YPCyHs
• Supervolcano:
• Supervolcano: A volcano capable of
producing a super volcanic eruption with
ejecta greater than 1000 cubic kilometers.
• This is the range of serious destruction if the
Yellowstone Supervolcano were to erupt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Yellowstone’s Burning Question?
– Please read article and answer one question?
– Are we in serious danger?
• Yellowstone’s Burning Question?
– Please read article and answer one question?
– Are we in serious danger?
– Answer: It ...
• Yellowstone’s Burning Question?
– Please read article and answer one question?
– Are we in serious danger?
– Answer: It ...
• Explosions happen about “every 600,000
years at Yellowstone,"
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Explosions happen about “every 600,000
years at Yellowstone,"
• "And it's been about 640,000 years since the
last super ...
• The Hot Spot under the continent has
erupted periodically throughout history.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Hot Spot under the continent has
erupted periodically throughout history.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Hot Spot under the continent has
erupted periodically throughout history.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Hot Spot under the continent has
erupted periodically throughout history.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of Super volcano on Jupiter’s
moon Io.
Learn more about the Yellowstone Super volcano at..
http://dsc.discovery....
A catastrophic
Supervolcano
eruption deals
with which big
Idea?
A supervolcanic eruption
would challenge civilization
as we know it.
Volcanoes are dangerous.
A supervolcanic eruption
would challenge civilization
as we know it.
Volcanoes are dangerous.
• The rest of the United States would be buried
in 1 meter of Ash.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The rest of the United States would be buried
in 1 meter of Ash.
– The global climate would shift for many years as
dust...
• The rest of the United States would be buried
in 1 meter of Ash.
– The global climate would shift for many years as
dust...
• Video Link! (Optional) Supervolcanoes
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7as7Ej_U6y
U (46:00 Minutes)
 New Area of Focus: Volcanoes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust
through which molten magma and gases
erupt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Google Earth, Visiting Volcanoes
as we cover them.
– http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Mt Etna in Italy
• Mt Etna in Italy
• Mt Pinatubo – Indonesia
• Mt Rainer in Washington State
• Mount Saint Helens
• Video Link! Mt. Saint Helens Eruption.
– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H_HZVY1tT4
Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data
to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers
can be used to pinp...
Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data
to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers
can be used to pinp...
• Stromboli – Mediterranean Sea
• Surtsey – Iceland
– A new island formed very quickly.
• Surtsey – Iceland
– A new island formed very quickly.
• Kilauea – Hawaii (Big Island – Only active)
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD
– Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area.
– Suffocating the inhab...
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD
– Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area.
– Suffocating the inhab...
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area.
– Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring
Roman citie...
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring
Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and
Stabiae.
– The ci...
• Mt. Vesuvius
– The cities remained buried and undiscovered
for almost 1700 years until excavated.
– These excavations co...
• Mt. Vesuvius
– These excavations continue today and provide
insight into life during the Roman Empire
• Mt. Vesuvius
– The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the
inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic
debris.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the
inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic
debris.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the
inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic
debris.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the
inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic
debris.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
• Mt. Vesuvius
– Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
• Video Link! Mt Vesuvius and Pompeii
– http://penkat.com/video/73
Learn more at…
http://science.nationalgeograph
ic.com/s...
• Why do volcanoes erupt?
• Why do volcanoes erupt?
• When rock from the mantle melts, it moves
to the surface through the crust, and
releases pent-...
• Activity! Volcanic Explosion.
– A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding.
– Like soda, molten earth contains g...
• Activity! Volcanic Explosion.
– A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding.
– Like soda, molten earth contains g...
• Krakatoa - Indonesia
Top Ten Volcanoes from TIME Magazine. Learn more at…
http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/com...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western
Australia, about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was
heard as far away as Western Australia,
about 1,930 miles.
– 36,417 (official ...
• Video Link! Anak Krakata in HD
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXzQT52Sdec
• Mt Fuji – Japan
– Most photographed Mountain in the world.
• Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack
in a corn field)
• Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack
in a corn field)
• Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack
in a corn field)
• Can set-up Venn Diagram (Optional)
 The negatives of volcanoes
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Destruction and death.
 Loss of land until…?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Indonesian Mud Volcano.
• Mud volcanoes are built by a mixture of hot
water and fine sediment (mud and clay) that
is forced to the surface.
• Engineers are trying to plug hole with
concrete balls.
• They are also pumping the mud / water into
the river nearby which is causing problems to
the local fishery.
• Volcanoes Available Sheet to answer reading for
Indonesian Mud Volcano Disaster
• Reading. Indonesian Mud Volcano
– Found in activities folder.
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, what, where, when, why?
– How did this...
• Video Link after reading about the Mud
Volcano.
– Reading in activities folder with questions.
– http://www.youtube.com/...
• Reading and video about the Mud Volcano.
– Reading in activities folder with questions.
– Video Link!
http://www.youtube...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Who, What, Where, When, Why?
• Who? Local p...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– How did this Mud Volcano happen?
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– How did this Mud Volcano happen?
– The dril...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– How did this Mud Volcano happen?
– The dril...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– How did this Mud Volcano happen?
– The dril...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Are the scientist studying this volcano fro...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Are the scientist studying this volcano fro...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– Are the scientist studying this volcano fro...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– You are the president of the mining company...
• Questions: Please answer these questions in
your journal or on your sheet.
– You are the president of the mining company...
Image search key words: mud volcano Indonesia
 The negatives of volcanoes
 Death and destruction
 Loss of land until…?
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyrig...
 Release of poisonous and greenhouse
gases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Disruption of transportation
–Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel.
• Disruption of transportation
–Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel.
59 minute video of Icelandic Volcano and disrup...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Munch, The Scream,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Munch, The Scream, was inspired by the
sunsets caused from the particles after the
eruption of Krakatoa in 1883.
Copyrig...
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Anomaly: Something that deviat...
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on
global climate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Tambura 1815: The year without summer
• Mass extinction events?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mass extinction events?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
For those species that don’t make it.
• Mass extinction events?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
For those species that don’t make it.
Good for us simply because...
• Mass extinction events?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
For those species that don’t make it.
Good for us simply because...
 The positives of volcanoes
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 New Land is formed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Release of healthy gases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Many gems and ores worth $.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Many gems and ores worth $.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Diamond mine / pit in Africa
• Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia
• Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia
Note: These diamond mine pits
were formed from past geologic
events and unevenly distributed
...
• Sulfur mining: A horrible job
• Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to
advance.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic ash fertilizes land.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and
early atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
The big Idea that
volcanoes fertilize
the earth and
created the
atmosphere deals
with…?
The creation of the
atmosphere from volcanoes
dates billion of years ago
The Earth’s atmosphere
has changed as a result
of volcanoes.
Volcanoes cycle Carbon and
Sulfur on our planet which
are necessary for plant and
animal survival.
Today’s volcanoes behave
in the same way that
volcanoes from millions of
years ago do.
• Volcanoes are very important to Earth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Tic-Tac-Toe Volcano and the
atmosphere.
– Teacher to minimize from slideshow.
– Students “X” go first and must...
1st
atmosphere
H and He from
solar nebula
Lost to solar wind
2nd
atmosphere
H20, CO2 and
SO2 from
From Volcanoes
Transform...
1st
atmosphere
H and He from
solar nebula
Lost to solar wind
2nd
atmosphere
H20, CO2 and
SO2 from
From Volcanoes
Transform...
1st
atmosphere
H and He from
solar nebula
Lost to solar wind
2nd
atmosphere
H20, CO2 and
SO2 from
From Volcanoes
Transform...
 Tourism
 Tourism
 Tourism
Hope I’m the only
one at the top
 Tourism
Hope I’m the only
one at the top
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) New land is formed
C.) Release of ...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) New land is formed
C.) Release of ...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) New land is formed
C.) Release of ...
• Which of the following is not a negative of
volcanoes?
A.) Death and Destruction.
B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• Which of the following is not a positive of
volcanoes?
• A.) New Land is formed.
• B.) Release of healthy gases.
• C.) M...
• You can now complete this question.
• You can now complete this question.
 Types of volcanoes
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Types of Volcanoes. Learn more at…
http://vol...
 Fissure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Shield.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Shield.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Shield.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
The lava has a relatively
low viscosity (low
resistance to flow) the
lava can tr...
• Olympus Mons on the planet Mars was
an active shield volcano.
– Largest volcano / Mt in the solar system.
 Dome
 Dome
 Dome
 Dome
 Dome
Slow release of highly viscous
silica-rich magma. Doesn’t flow
well and travels slow
 Ash Cinder
Erupting gases carry lava into the
atmosphere to form lava fountains. The
lava blobs commonly solidify during...
 Ash Cinder
 Ash Cinder
Erupting gases carry lava into the
atmosphere to form lava fountains. The
lava blobs commonly solidify during...
 Ash Cinder
Erupting gases carry lava into the
atmosphere to form lava fountains. The
lava blobs commonly solidify during...
• Which is a dome volcano, and which is an
ash cinder volcano?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer:
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer:
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer:
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer:
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer:
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Answer: Ash Cinder
 Composite or Stratovolcano.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
High viscosity (Doesn’t flow well)
Andesite magma mainly of
fragmental debris.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
 Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by
the violent explosion of a volcano that
collapses into a depression.
• Video Link! What type of volcano are we
looking at?
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
• Video Link! What type of volcano are we
looking at?
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
• Video Link! What type of volcano are we
looking at?
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Name that type of Volcano. 1-10.
– Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder,
Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera.
Co...
• Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano
within Mt. Doom?
• Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has
something to do with a volcano?
• Answers. 1-10.
– Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder,
Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano
within Mt. Doom?
• Bonus! Gollum from The LOTR.
• Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has
something to do with a volcano?
• Bonus: Spy Kids.
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you know. You only
get one guess.
Copyright © 2...
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
 Pyroclasitc flow: A fast-moving avalanche
of hot lava fragments.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video! Pyroclastic Flow
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPRoTQYX
wuY
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pyroclastic rock: Rock ejected from a
volcano. (Volcanic Bombs)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Lahar: A flow of volcanic ash and water.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A lahar is often produced when a snow-
capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics
melt a large amount of snow or ice.
Co...
• A lahar is often produced when a snow-
capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics
melt a large amount of snow or ice.
Co...
• Tacoma, Washington is built on an old lahar /
lahar danger zone from Mt. Rainer.
– City of 200,000 people.
• Video! Small lahar footage.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEAfXO7q8Xs
• Video of lahar near Mt. Marapi
• http://vimeo.com/17678904
The big Idea that
volcanoes have
lahars, pyroclastic
flows, eruptions, and
have hot lava…
• Please sketch / label the main features of a
stratovolcano. (Use the word bank next slide)
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
Ash cloud,
Volcanic Bombs,
Secondary Cone
Secondary Vent
Lava Flow
Main Vent,
Magma Chamber,
Crater,
Pyroclastic Flow
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
A crater is a steep walled depression located at
the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be
produced by a meteorite imp...
• Activity – Making a cheesy volcano
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
1.) Select the type of volcano you are going
to create.
2.) Work inside tray to keep activity clean.
3.) Use the film cani...
• Building a cheesy volcano set-up
Film Canister Plate / Tray
• Building a cheesy volcano set-up
Clay
• Building a cheesy volcano set-up
• Building a cheesy volcano set-up
Rim
Vent
Label the parts
with toothpick
and tape –
Parts are on
the next series
of slid...
Hold off on the eruption for
now. It will come soon.
• You can now complete parts to this
question on the bundled homework.
• Learning the difference between lava and
magma
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Magma is beneath the earths surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Magma is beneath the earths surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Lava is above the surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Lava is above the surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• This is lava
• This is lava.
• This is magma, why isn’t it a photo?
• Is this Magma or Lava?
• Answer! Lava
• Answer! Magma is beneath the crust.
“You can’t
see Magma
because
then it’s
lava or you
would be
dead.”
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Lava's composition determines its
behavior more than the temperature.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 3 types of lava
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens when you blow into a
milkshake?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
 Felsic lava:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and
chunky) Highly explosive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Felsic lava usually forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Felsic lava usually
forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “That is
one larg...
• Felsic lava usually forms composite or
Strato-volcano’s.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “That is
one larg...
• Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
• Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
 Mafic lava:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mafic lava usually forms shields and
domes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! Optional. Carbonatite Lava from
Oldoinyo Lengai Tanzania. Very rare
occurrence. Lowest temp lava.
– http://w...
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
 Intermediate: Has a higher amount of
silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
• Eruption time: Add vinegar to the top the volcano.
• Can you identify any parts of the eruption?
Vinegar
Ash
Cloud
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Pyroclasitic
Flow
Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Ash
Cloud
Pyroclastic
Rock
Pyroclasitic
Flow
Lahar
Disrupted air
travel
Climatic Changes
Lava
flow
Death and Destruction
Any Positives?
New
Land
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
Tourism
New
Land
Fertile
Soils
Creation of Atmosphere
Gems and Ores
Tourism
Maybe?
• Please clear your area and listen to your
teacher.
“Let’s clean up
this mess so
we can make
another.”
 Viscosity: Resistance of liquid to flow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 High Viscosity = Travels slow because of
high resistance.
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
 Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of
low resistance.
Note: This topic is being covered now as
the type of volcano tha...
• Activity! What is more viscous?
– Remember, Viscosity is resistance to flow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as
much as the ketchup so it has a higher
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Activity! The Condiment Olympics.
– Official / ceremony / entrance of the condiments
required. Volunteers needed to marc...
• Create the following spreadsheet in your journal.
Condiment Finish Time
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup (Fake)
Chocola...
• Create the following spreadsheet in your journal.
Condiment Finish Time
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup (Fake)
Chocola...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Activity! Viscosity.
– Lay tray on table.
– Place condiments at one side along a starting
line.
– Use textbooks or manua...
• Visual of Set-Up
Top View
Side View
Start
Finish
• Alternative Methods.
– Fill graduated cylinders with various clear fluids.
– Gently place a marble into the cylinder and...
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
LineA line graph
could
become
conf...
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
Line
• Please graph your findings. You decide which
graph will work the best.
Pie
Column
Bar
LineYou may begin creating
your gr...
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
– Na...
• Graph of Possible Outcomes
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5
Mustard
Ketchup
Jelly
Maple Syrup
Chocolate Syrup
Mystery
• Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Which substance had the highest viscosity
and why?
– Answer: Answers will vary based on the
brand. Generall...
• Questions?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Which substance had the lowest viscosity
and why?
– Answer: The real maple syrup had the
lowest viscosity a...
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
Higher Viscosity
• Which volcano will explode?
Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
Higher Viscosity Low Viscosity
• Do Basaltic (Mafic) lavas have a high or
low viscosity?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Basaltic / Mafic Lavas have a low
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Do Granitic (Felsic) lava’s have a high or
low viscosity?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Granitic / Felsic lavas have a high
viscosity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• Questions?
– Name five other fluids and describe their
probable viscosity?
– Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity
– Peanut Butte...
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
 Types of lava when cooled.
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has
crystalized,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has
crystalized, Pronounced “ahh ahh”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why do you think it’s called 'A'ā lava?
– You are a native Hawaiian hundreds of years
ago before Nike sneakers.
Copyrigh...
“Aloha” “It is
called because
that’s what you
say when you
walk on it.” “Ah”
“Ah”
“Aloha” “It is
called 'A'ā
because that’s
what you say
when you walk
on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
“Aloha” “It is
called 'A'ā
because that’s
what you say
when you walk
on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
 Pāhoehoe:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava,
Basaltic lava that is smooth and flowing.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
is shown below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
“Did I trick
you?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of Magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which type of lava ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Pāhoehoe
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which Type of Lava?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer 'A'ā.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• Quiz 1-10 (Stand and make correct sign)
• Pahoehoe, or 'A'ā. + Say on command.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #11 Bonus – These creatures live in an old
lava chamber.
• You can now complete this viscosity
question.
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you think
you know.
– You only get one guess.
Cop...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you think
you know.
– You only get one guess.
Cop...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you think
you know.
– You only get one guess.
Cop...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you think
you know.
– You only get one guess.
Cop...
• Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows
slideshow for classwork.
• You can now record information in the
white space around the following
drawings.
– Color only the drawings not the white...
• Activity! Volcanoes Review Game
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• Video Link! In the Path of a Killer Volcano.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z80uSliaUtg
(56 mins. About Pinatubo Erupt...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit:
-Areas of Focus within The G...
• This was a very brief tour. Please visit the
links below to learn more about each of the
units in this curriculum packag...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
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Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
Volcanoes PowerPoint
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Volcanoes PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Volcanoes PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust through which molten magma and gases erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  7. 7. • What’s the only U.S. state that ends with three vowels? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Answer! Hawaii Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Activity! Making a volcanic island chain. 1.) Give one volunteer a large colored marker. 2.) Create a crack big enough for the pencil to poke through between the lab tables. 3.) Group members move ocean plate (poster size paper) toward clock very slowly and curve it. -Movement needs to be 5 minutes from start to finish 4.) Person under table touches marker to paper every thirty seconds for five minutes. 5.) Make first circles largest, and last circles the smallest. At end neaten island chain. 6.) Sketch results in journal when complete. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Time
  11. 11. • Which way is Hawaii moving? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Answer! Northwest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Answer! Northwest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Which Island is the oldest? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Which Island is the oldest? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  18. 18. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  19. 19. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  20. 20. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  21. 21. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  22. 22. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  23. 23. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  24. 24. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  25. 25. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  26. 26. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  27. 27. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  28. 28. • Image of Loihi forming under the ocean south of the big island. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29.  Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location above an upwelling of magma from the mantle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30.  Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location above an upwelling of magma from the mantle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Hawaii’s Hot Spot. Learn more at… http://www.marinebio.net/marinescience/02ocea n/hwgeo.htm
  31. 31. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  32. 32. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  33. 33. • Where is this in the United States? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Answer! Yellowstone Park. Wyoming. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Video Link! (Optional) Old Faithful Geyser – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyyH_15PabA
  36. 36. • How a geyser works. (Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4zA_YPCyHs
  37. 37. • Supervolcano:
  38. 38. • Supervolcano: A volcano capable of producing a super volcanic eruption with ejecta greater than 1000 cubic kilometers.
  39. 39. • This is the range of serious destruction if the Yellowstone Supervolcano were to erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  41. 41. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger?
  42. 42. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger? – Answer: It does not appear that we are in any serious danger. A long time from now, this supervolcano will erupt and cause serious devastation.
  43. 43. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger? – Answer: It does not appear that we are in any serious danger. A long time from now, this supervolcano will erupt and cause serious devastation in N. America and worldwide.
  44. 44. • Explosions happen about “every 600,000 years at Yellowstone," Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Explosions happen about “every 600,000 years at Yellowstone," • "And it's been about 640,000 years since the last super explosive eruption there." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Picture of Super volcano on Jupiter’s moon Io. Learn more about the Yellowstone Super volcano at.. http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/supervolcano/supervolcano. html
  51. 51. A catastrophic Supervolcano eruption deals with which big Idea?
  52. 52. A supervolcanic eruption would challenge civilization as we know it. Volcanoes are dangerous.
  53. 53. A supervolcanic eruption would challenge civilization as we know it. Volcanoes are dangerous.
  54. 54. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. – The global climate would shift for many years as dust clouds would block out the sun. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. – The global climate would shift for many years as dust clouds would block out the sun. – Agriculture would become difficult. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Video Link! (Optional) Supervolcanoes – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7as7Ej_U6y U (46:00 Minutes)
  58. 58.  New Area of Focus: Volcanoes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59.  Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust through which molten magma and gases erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Activity! Google Earth, Visiting Volcanoes as we cover them. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
  61. 61. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  62. 62. • Mt Etna in Italy
  63. 63. • Mt Etna in Italy
  64. 64. • Mt Pinatubo – Indonesia
  65. 65. • Mt Rainer in Washington State
  66. 66. • Mount Saint Helens
  67. 67. • Video Link! Mt. Saint Helens Eruption. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H_HZVY1tT4
  68. 68. Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers can be used to pinpoint earthquakes which track the rise of magma and its movement along fissures. The tilt of the mountain can also be used as well as instruments that collect gas samples.
  69. 69. Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers can be used to pinpoint earthquakes which track the rise of magma and its movement along fissures. The tilt of the mountain can also be used as well as instruments that collect gas samples. Learn more about predicting volcanic eruptions at… http://volcanoworld.wordpress.com/2009/03/06/how -do-volcanologists-predict-volcanic-eruptions/ Neat activities / readings about volcanic eruption predicting found at… http://www.ck12.org/earth- science/Predicting-Volcanic-Eruptions/
  70. 70. • Stromboli – Mediterranean Sea
  71. 71. • Surtsey – Iceland – A new island formed very quickly.
  72. 72. • Surtsey – Iceland – A new island formed very quickly.
  73. 73. • Kilauea – Hawaii (Big Island – Only active)
  74. 74. • Mt. Vesuvius – Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  75. 75. • Mt. Vesuvius – Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  76. 76. • Mt. Vesuvius – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  77. 77. • Mt. Vesuvius – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  78. 78. • Mt. Vesuvius – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  79. 79. • Mt. Vesuvius – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  80. 80. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  81. 81. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  82. 82. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  83. 83. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  84. 84. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  85. 85. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  86. 86. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  87. 87. • Video Link! Mt Vesuvius and Pompeii – http://penkat.com/video/73 Learn more at… http://science.nationalgeograph ic.com/science/archaeology/po mpeii/
  88. 88. • Why do volcanoes erupt?
  89. 89. • Why do volcanoes erupt? • When rock from the mantle melts, it moves to the surface through the crust, and releases pent-up gases which can erupt.
  90. 90. • Activity! Volcanic Explosion. – A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding. – Like soda, molten earth contains gases. – These gases create a frothy cloudy explosion. – Note the air spaces in the volcanic rock Pumice.
  91. 91. • Activity! Volcanic Explosion. – A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding. – Like soda, molten earth contains gases. – These gases create a frothy cloudy explosion. – Note the air spaces in the volcanic rock Pumice. – Enjoy the eruption! “Let’s go outside.” – Make tube to drop entire pack at once.
  92. 92. • Krakatoa - Indonesia Top Ten Volcanoes from TIME Magazine. Learn more at… http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569, 2014572,00.html
  93. 93. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy New Island forming, called Anak Krakata. (Child of Krakatoa).
  100. 100. • Video Link! Anak Krakata in HD – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXzQT52Sdec
  101. 101. • Mt Fuji – Japan – Most photographed Mountain in the world.
  102. 102. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  103. 103. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  104. 104. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  105. 105. • Can set-up Venn Diagram (Optional)
  106. 106.  The negatives of volcanoes  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107.  Destruction and death.
  108. 108.  Loss of land until…? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Indonesian Mud Volcano.
  110. 110. • Mud volcanoes are built by a mixture of hot water and fine sediment (mud and clay) that is forced to the surface.
  111. 111. • Engineers are trying to plug hole with concrete balls.
  112. 112. • They are also pumping the mud / water into the river nearby which is causing problems to the local fishery.
  113. 113. • Volcanoes Available Sheet to answer reading for Indonesian Mud Volcano Disaster
  114. 114. • Reading. Indonesian Mud Volcano – Found in activities folder.
  115. 115. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, what, where, when, why? – How did this mud volcano happen? – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do?
  116. 116. • Video Link after reading about the Mud Volcano. – Reading in activities folder with questions. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6ypm24quhA
  117. 117. • Reading and video about the Mud Volcano. – Reading in activities folder with questions. – Video Link! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6ypm24quhA
  118. 118. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why?
  119. 119. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  120. 120. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  121. 121. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  122. 122. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  123. 123. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  124. 124. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  125. 125. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen?
  126. 126. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano.
  127. 127. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano. • We know this b/c the company poured heavy mud into the bore hole it drilled to slow eruption.
  128. 128. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano. • We know this b/c the company poured heavy mud into the bore hole it drilled to slow eruption. – The drilled bore hole connects to the mud volcano.
  129. 129. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate?
  130. 130. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? • No, the scientists worked for the oil company and claimed an earthquake 175 miles away could have caused the volcano.
  131. 131. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? • No, the scientists worked for the oil company and claimed an earthquake 175 miles away could have caused the volcano. – Remember, the drilling company pumped heavier mud into the bore hole they drilled to slow the flow of mud.
  132. 132. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do?
  133. 133. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do? • The drilling company has given 600 million dollars to clean up and relocation. This is not a lot of money compared to the damage caused. Lapindo Brantas continues to make millions and be a large part of the government.
  134. 134. Image search key words: mud volcano Indonesia
  135. 135.  The negatives of volcanoes  Death and destruction  Loss of land until…?  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136.  Release of poisonous and greenhouse gases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • Disruption of transportation –Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel.
  138. 138. • Disruption of transportation –Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel. 59 minute video of Icelandic Volcano and disruption of air travel at… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blDXgde1Tpg
  139. 139. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. • Munch, The Scream, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • Munch, The Scream, was inspired by the sunsets caused from the particles after the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Anomaly: Something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.
  144. 144. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. • Tambura 1815: The year without summer
  149. 149. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it.
  151. 151. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it. Good for us simply because we exist
  152. 152. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it. Good for us simply because we exist
  153. 153.  The positives of volcanoes  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154.  New Land is formed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155.  Release of healthy gases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156.  Many gems and ores worth $. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157.  Many gems and ores worth $. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Diamond mine / pit in Africa
  159. 159. • Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia
  160. 160. • Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia Note: These diamond mine pits were formed from past geologic events and unevenly distributed around the planet.
  161. 161. • Sulfur mining: A horrible job
  162. 162. • Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163.  Volcanic ash fertilizes land. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. The big Idea that volcanoes fertilize the earth and created the atmosphere deals with…?
  171. 171. The creation of the atmosphere from volcanoes dates billion of years ago
  172. 172. The Earth’s atmosphere has changed as a result of volcanoes.
  173. 173. Volcanoes cycle Carbon and Sulfur on our planet which are necessary for plant and animal survival.
  174. 174. Today’s volcanoes behave in the same way that volcanoes from millions of years ago do.
  175. 175. • Volcanoes are very important to Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. • Activity! Tic-Tac-Toe Volcano and the atmosphere. – Teacher to minimize from slideshow. – Students “X” go first and must read the entire horizontal row and name the square they want to put answer in. – Teacher “O” will also read horizontal box.
  177. 177. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180.  Tourism
  181. 181.  Tourism
  182. 182.  Tourism Hope I’m the only one at the top
  183. 183.  Tourism Hope I’m the only one at the top
  184. 184. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Death and Destruction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Death and Destruction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Tourism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • You can now complete this question.
  203. 203. • You can now complete this question.
  204. 204.  Types of volcanoes  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Types of Volcanoes. Learn more at… http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/lesson6.h tml
  205. 205.  Fissure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The lava has a relatively low viscosity (low resistance to flow) the lava can travel far from the vent creating shield.
  209. 209. • Olympus Mons on the planet Mars was an active shield volcano. – Largest volcano / Mt in the solar system.
  210. 210.  Dome
  211. 211.  Dome
  212. 212.  Dome
  213. 213.  Dome
  214. 214.  Dome Slow release of highly viscous silica-rich magma. Doesn’t flow well and travels slow
  215. 215.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  216. 216.  Ash Cinder
  217. 217.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  218. 218.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  219. 219. • Which is a dome volcano, and which is an ash cinder volcano? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  221. 221. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  222. 222. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  223. 223. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  224. 224. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  225. 225. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer: Ash Cinder
  226. 226.  Composite or Stratovolcano. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy High viscosity (Doesn’t flow well) Andesite magma mainly of fragmental debris.
  229. 229.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  230. 230.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  231. 231.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  232. 232.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  233. 233.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  234. 234.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  235. 235.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  236. 236.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  237. 237.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  238. 238. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  239. 239. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  240. 240. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  241. 241. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  242. 242. • Name that type of Volcano. 1-10. – Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder, Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. • Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano within Mt. Doom?
  244. 244. • Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has something to do with a volcano?
  245. 245. • Answers. 1-10. – Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder, Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano within Mt. Doom?
  247. 247. • Bonus! Gollum from The LOTR.
  248. 248. • Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has something to do with a volcano?
  249. 249. • Bonus: Spy Kids.
  250. 250. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  252. 252.  Pyroclasitc flow: A fast-moving avalanche of hot lava fragments. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • Video! Pyroclastic Flow – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPRoTQYX wuY Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254.  Pyroclastic rock: Rock ejected from a volcano. (Volcanic Bombs) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255.  Lahar: A flow of volcanic ash and water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • A lahar is often produced when a snow- capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics melt a large amount of snow or ice. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257. • A lahar is often produced when a snow- capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics melt a large amount of snow or ice. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Snowmelt mixed with ash
  258. 258. • Tacoma, Washington is built on an old lahar / lahar danger zone from Mt. Rainer. – City of 200,000 people.
  259. 259. • Video! Small lahar footage. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEAfXO7q8Xs
  260. 260. • Video of lahar near Mt. Marapi • http://vimeo.com/17678904
  261. 261. The big Idea that volcanoes have lahars, pyroclastic flows, eruptions, and have hot lava…
  262. 262. • Please sketch / label the main features of a stratovolcano. (Use the word bank next slide)
  263. 263. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  264. 264. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  265. 265. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  266. 266. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  267. 267. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  268. 268. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  269. 269. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  270. 270. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  271. 271. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  272. 272. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  273. 273. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  274. 274. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  275. 275. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  276. 276. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  277. 277. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  278. 278. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  279. 279. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  280. 280. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  281. 281. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  282. 282. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  283. 283. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  284. 284. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact. Sulfuric acid and hydrogen chlorides
  285. 285. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  286. 286. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  287. 287. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact. A caldera is a large depression in a volcano formed either by the collapse of the top of a composite volcano after an explosive eruption, or from the collapse of the top of a shield volcano after the magma chamber is drained.
  288. 288. • Activity – Making a cheesy volcano
  289. 289. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  290. 290. 1.) Select the type of volcano you are going to create. 2.) Work inside tray to keep activity clean. 3.) Use the film canister to hold magma. 4.) Use clay and filler to surround canister. 5.) Label parts of the volcano with toothpicks and labeled flags. 6.) Add baking soda, a drop of food coloring and some dishwater detergent. 7.) Add Vinegar at end. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  291. 291. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Film Canister Plate / Tray
  292. 292. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Clay
  293. 293. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up
  294. 294. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Rim Vent Label the parts with toothpick and tape – Parts are on the next series of slides
  295. 295. Hold off on the eruption for now. It will come soon.
  296. 296. • You can now complete parts to this question on the bundled homework.
  297. 297. • Learning the difference between lava and magma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  298. 298.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  300. 300.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  301. 301.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  302. 302. • This is lava
  303. 303. • This is lava.
  304. 304. • This is magma, why isn’t it a photo?
  305. 305. • Is this Magma or Lava?
  306. 306. • Answer! Lava
  307. 307. • Answer! Magma is beneath the crust. “You can’t see Magma because then it’s lava or you would be dead.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  308. 308. • Lava's composition determines its behavior more than the temperature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  309. 309.  3 types of lava  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  310. 310. • What happens when you blow into a milkshake? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  311. 311. • Answer!
  312. 312.  Felsic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  313. 313.  Felsic lava: High in silica. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  314. 314.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  315. 315.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  316. 316.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  317. 317.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  320. 320. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  321. 321. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  322. 322. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  323. 323. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  324. 324.  Mafic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  325. 325.  Mafic lava: Flows more, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  326. 326.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  327. 327.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  328. 328.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  329. 329. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  330. 330. • Mafic lava usually forms shields and domes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  331. 331. • Video Link! Optional. Carbonatite Lava from Oldoinyo Lengai Tanzania. Very rare occurrence. Lowest temp lava. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qputaVyn7TE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbonatite
  332. 332.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  333. 333.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  334. 334.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  335. 335. • Eruption time: Add vinegar to the top the volcano. • Can you identify any parts of the eruption? Vinegar
  336. 336. Ash Cloud
  337. 337. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock
  338. 338. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar
  339. 339. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel
  340. 340. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes
  341. 341. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  342. 342. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  343. 343. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  344. 344. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow Death and Destruction
  345. 345. Any Positives?
  346. 346. New Land
  347. 347. New Land Fertile Soils
  348. 348. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere
  349. 349. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores
  350. 350. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism
  351. 351. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism Maybe?
  352. 352. • Please clear your area and listen to your teacher. “Let’s clean up this mess so we can make another.”
  353. 353.  Viscosity: Resistance of liquid to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  354. 354.  High Viscosity = Travels slow because of high resistance.
  355. 355.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance.
  356. 356.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  357. 357.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  358. 358.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  359. 359.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  360. 360.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  361. 361.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  362. 362.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  363. 363.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  364. 364.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  365. 365.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  366. 366.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  367. 367.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  368. 368.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  369. 369.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  370. 370.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  371. 371.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  372. 372.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  373. 373. • Activity! What is more viscous? – Remember, Viscosity is resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  374. 374. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  375. 375. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  376. 376. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  377. 377. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  378. 378. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  379. 379. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  380. 380. • Activity! The Condiment Olympics. – Official / ceremony / entrance of the condiments required. Volunteers needed to march each condiment into the classroom. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbHw8DBCXQ8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  381. 381. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  382. 382. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  383. 383. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table.
  384. 384. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line.
  385. 385. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race.
  386. 386. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  387. 387. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  388. 388. • Visual of Set-Up Top View Side View Start Finish
  389. 389. • Alternative Methods. – Fill graduated cylinders with various clear fluids. – Gently place a marble into the cylinder and record the time it takes for the marble to reach the bottom. – Record on time spreadsheet and graph. Side View Start Finish
  390. 390. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  391. 391. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  392. 392. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  393. 393. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  394. 394. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  395. 395. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineA line graph could become confusing in this case
  396. 396. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  397. 397. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  398. 398. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineYou may begin creating your graph now.
  399. 399. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  400. 400. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Name five other things and describe their probable viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  401. 401. • Graph of Possible Outcomes 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup Chocolate Syrup Mystery
  402. 402. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  403. 403. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  404. 404. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Answer: Answers will vary based on the brand. Generally, the ketchup, mustard, and jelly was the slowest down the ramp and demonstrated most resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  405. 405. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  406. 406. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Answer: The real maple syrup had the lowest viscosity and traveled quickly down the ramp on to the floor almost immediately after putting it on the ramp. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  407. 407. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
  408. 408. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity
  409. 409. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity Low Viscosity
  410. 410. • Do Basaltic (Mafic) lavas have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  411. 411. • Answer! Basaltic / Mafic Lavas have a low viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  412. 412. • Do Granitic (Felsic) lava’s have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  413. 413. • Answer! Granitic / Felsic lavas have a high viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  414. 414. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  415. 415. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  416. 416. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  417. 417. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  418. 418. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  419. 419. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  420. 420. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  421. 421. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  422. 422. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  423. 423. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  424. 424. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  425. 425. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  426. 426. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  427. 427. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  428. 428.  Types of lava when cooled.  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  429. 429.  'A'ā: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  430. 430.  'A'ā: Rough lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  431. 431.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  432. 432.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Pronounced “ahh ahh” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  433. 433. • Why do you think it’s called 'A'ā lava? – You are a native Hawaiian hundreds of years ago before Nike sneakers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  434. 434. “Aloha” “It is called because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  435. 435. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  436. 436. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  437. 437.  Pāhoehoe: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  438. 438.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  439. 439.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  440. 440.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Basaltic lava that is smooth and flowing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  441. 441. • Which type of magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) is shown below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  442. 442. • Answer! “Did I trick you?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  443. 443. • Which type of Magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  444. 444. • Which type of lava ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  445. 445. • Answer! Pāhoehoe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  446. 446. • Which Type of Lava? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  447. 447. • Answer 'A'ā. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  448. 448. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  449. 449. • Quiz 1-10 (Stand and make correct sign) • Pahoehoe, or 'A'ā. + Say on command. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  450. 450. • #11 Bonus – These creatures live in an old lava chamber.
  451. 451. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  452. 452. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  453. 453. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  454. 454. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  455. 455. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  456. 456. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  457. 457. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  458. 458. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  459. 459. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  460. 460. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  461. 461. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  462. 462. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  463. 463. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  464. 464. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  465. 465. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  466. 466. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  467. 467. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  468. 468. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  469. 469. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  470. 470. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  471. 471. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  472. 472. • You can now record information in the white space around the following drawings. – Color only the drawings not the white space.
  473. 473. • Activity! Volcanoes Review Game Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  474. 474. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  475. 475. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.earthmagazine.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  476. 476. • Video Link! In the Path of a Killer Volcano. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z80uSliaUtg (56 mins. About Pinatubo Eruption) 1991
  477. 477. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  478. 478. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more.
  479. 479. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  480. 480. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  481. 481. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  482. 482. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  483. 483. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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