Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• New Rock from the Rock Cycle
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Sedimentary Rocks
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Erosion: Process where fragments of soil
and rock are broken off from the surface
and carried away.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Deposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Deposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Deposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Deposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Deposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
Learn more about erosion and deposition at…
http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamental
s/10w.html
• Wind weathering: Particles of sand, pebbles,
and dust are carried by wind and cause
abrasion which slowly breaks down ro...
 Sediments are compacted and cemented
together.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering, erosion,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering, erosion,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering, erosion, and
deposition.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Caused by weathering, erosion, and
deposition.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“let’s see if you
were paying
attention.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the correct order that these
pictures go in?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! C, B, A.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! C, B, A. Weathering,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! C, B, A. Weathering, Erosion,
Transport,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! C, B, A. Weathering, Erosion,
Transport, and then Lithification.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“let’s see if you
were paying
attention the
second time.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the correct order that these
pictures go in?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the correct order that these
pictures go in?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the correct order that these
pictures go in?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the correct order that these
pictures go in?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Sediment can be transported by wind and
water.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of sediment deposition of the
Amazon Delta from space.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of sediment deposition of the
Amazon Delta from space.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Not Smart Board.
– Arrange the terms into the correct order by
moving them around.
START
END
• Activity! Not Smart Board.
– Arrange the terms into the correct order by
moving them around.
START
END
• Activity! Not Smart Board.
– Arrange the terms into the correct order by
moving them around.
START
END
• Activity! Not Smart Board.
• Answer:
START
END
 Sedimentary Rocks
 -Sediments are compacted and cemented
together.
 Caused by weathering, erosion, and
deposition.
 -...
 Usually layered.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Usually horizontal
?
• Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core
– Please use the materials provided to core out a
sample of the sedimentary structure.
• Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core
– Please use the materials provided to core out a
sample of the sedimentary structure.
P...
• Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core
– Please use the materials provided to core out a
sample of the sedimentary structure.
P...
• Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core
– Please use the materials provided to core out a
sample of the sedimentary structure.
P...
• A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock
that was drilled and contains a layered
structure.
• A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock
that was drilled and contains a layered
structure.
• A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock
that was drilled and contains a layered
structure.
Oldest
• A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock
that was drilled and contains a layered
structure.
Oldest Youngest
• A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock
that was drilled and contains a layered
structure.
• Ice Cores can be drilled in the ice and each
layer of ice tells about the climatic conditions
of the past.
• Activity! Drilling a Rock Core.
– Stack two hunks of Earth on top of each other.
– Carefully rotate and push down half o...
• Activity! Drilling a Rock Core.
– Stack two hunks of Earth on top of each other.
– Carefully rotate and push down half o...
• Visual of Experiment.
• Visual of Experiment.
• Visual of Experiment.
Rotate and push down
very slowly.
A rock core can take days
to weeks so don’t rush it.
• Visual of Experiment.
• Visual of Experiment.
• Visual of Experiment.
Plan B if core does
not work: Bite into
and make a road cut.
• Example of “Rock Layers”
• Example of “Rock Layers”
– Please draw a more accurate one in your
journal.
• Example of “Rock Layers”
– Please draw a more accurate one in your
journal.
– Which layers are the thickest?
• Example of “Rock Layers”
– Please draw a more accurate one in your
journal.
– Which layers are the thickest?
– Which lay...
• Example of “Rock Layers”
– Please draw a more accurate one in your
journal.
– Which layers are the thickest?
– Which lay...
• Example of “Rock Layers”
– Please draw a more accurate one in your
journal.
– Which layers are the thickest?
– Which lay...
Youngest Layer
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Thickest
Layer
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Thickest
Layer
Thinnest
Layer
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Thickest
Layer
Thinnest
Layer
Unusual Layer
Older Unusual Layer
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Thickest
Layer
Thinnest
Layer
Unusual Layer
Older Unusual Layer
8 Layers
found in
this sample
Youngest Layer
Oldest Layer
Thickest
Layer
Thinnest
Layer
Unusual Layer
Older Unusual Layer
8 Layers
found in
this sample
• Where are these sedimentary rocks?
• Answer! Mars
The Big Idea that
core samples tell
us is…
Core samples let us look far into the
past to see processes that are
happening today.
 Sedimentary Rocks
 Sediments are compacted and cemented
together.
 Caused by weathering, erosion, and
deposition.
 Us...
 Layers can be from old living materials
(fossils).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Sedimentary Rocks
 Sediments are compacted and cemented
together.
 Caused by weathering, erosion, and
deposition.
 Us...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from cooling lava
tha...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from cooling lava
tha...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from from erosion,
tr...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion,
transpo...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion,
transpo...
• Which is a bogus statement about
sedimentary rocks from the list below?
A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion,
transpo...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Which Sedimentary Rock is which?
– Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or
cemented together.
– Chemical: Stand...
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock in
one sentence.
• Please mention three things about this rock in
one sentence.
• Please mention three things about this rock in
one sentence.
• Please mention three things about this rock in
one sentence.
• Please mention three things about this rock in
one sentence.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Please mention three things about this rock.
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
– Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
– Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom.
– Take Sand (sandstone), ...
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
– Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom.
– Take Sand (sandstone), ...
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
– Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom.
– Take Sand (sandstone), ...
• Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone
– Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom.
– Take Sand (sandstone), ...
 Common Sedimentary Rocks
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Limestone.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestones are formed by chemical...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up
of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral.
– Some Limestone is formed by chemical
d...
• Geologist will often carry hydrochloric acid
to use on rocks.
– Hydrochloric acid (HCL) reacts with calcium
carbonate.
C...
• Demonstration (Optional)
– Teacher will drop some HCL on two different
rocks. Which one was limestone?
Video Link: http:...
Chalk is made from the
shells of single-celled,
calcium carbonate
secreting creatures from
long ago.
 Sandstone.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Wind and water transport layers of sand
sediment that hardens into rock.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Shale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Shale forms from very small grained
particles and organic matter forming rock.
• Oil Shale, know as Kerogen Shale
– Has lots of organic matter that can be
extracted as oils and gases (hydrocarbons)
Lea...
• Oil Shale, know as Kerogen Shale
– Has lots of organic matter that can be
extracted as oils and gases (hydrocarbons)
Lea...
• Burgess Shale (Paleozoic).
• Burgess Shale: A very important site that has
found thousands of Paleozoic fossils.
– Great example of an ocean environm...
• Activity! Making a fossil in the Burgess Shale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Making a fossil in the Burgess Shale.
– Obtain a piece of clay.
– Smooth it out so it is long and flat.
– Pres...
• Cool animation of a fossil specimen
(Anomalocaris) found in shale. (3 feet long!)
The Burgess
Shale shows us
that the earth is…
The earth is old and life forms
have changed over time.
 Conglomerate
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is limestone, and which rock is
sandstone?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is shale and which rock is
conglomerate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is shale and which rock is
conglomerate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is shale and which rock is
conglomerate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is shale and which rock is
conglomerate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is shale and which rock is
conglomerate?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of Conglomerate from Mars.
– Evidence of water / stream beds / mud.
• Which rock below is not sedimentary?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Granite. It’s Igneous
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you name the rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small
part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes…
• A six part 6...
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit:
-Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence f...
• This was a very brief tour. Please visit the
links below to learn more about each of the
units in this curriculum packag...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Sedimentary Rocks Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6. • New Rock from the Rock Cycle Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  Sedimentary Rocks  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Erosion: Process where fragments of soil and rock are broken off from the surface and carried away. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Deposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Deposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Deposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Deposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Deposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Which river is young and which is old?
  17. 17. • Which river is young and which is old?
  18. 18. • Which river is young and which is old?
  19. 19. • Which river is young and which is old?
  20. 20. • Which river is young and which is old?
  21. 21. • Which river is young and which is old?
  22. 22. • Which river is young and which is old?
  23. 23. Learn more about erosion and deposition at… http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamental s/10w.html
  24. 24. • Wind weathering: Particles of sand, pebbles, and dust are carried by wind and cause abrasion which slowly breaks down rock. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25.  Sediments are compacted and cemented together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26.  Caused by weathering, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27.  Caused by weathering, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28.  Caused by weathering, erosion, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29.  Caused by weathering, erosion, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30.  Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31.  Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. “let’s see if you were paying attention.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • What is the correct order that these pictures go in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Answer! C, B, A. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Answer! C, B, A. Weathering, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Answer! C, B, A. Weathering, Erosion, Transport, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Answer! C, B, A. Weathering, Erosion, Transport, and then Lithification. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. “let’s see if you were paying attention the second time.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • What is the correct order that these pictures go in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • What is the correct order that these pictures go in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • What is the correct order that these pictures go in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • What is the correct order that these pictures go in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43.  Sediment can be transported by wind and water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Picture of sediment deposition of the Amazon Delta from space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Picture of sediment deposition of the Amazon Delta from space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Activity! Not Smart Board. – Arrange the terms into the correct order by moving them around. START END
  47. 47. • Activity! Not Smart Board. – Arrange the terms into the correct order by moving them around. START END
  48. 48. • Activity! Not Smart Board. – Arrange the terms into the correct order by moving them around. START END
  49. 49. • Activity! Not Smart Board. • Answer: START END
  50. 50.  Sedimentary Rocks  -Sediments are compacted and cemented together.  Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition.  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51.  Usually layered. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. Usually horizontal
  53. 53. ?
  54. 54. • Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core – Please use the materials provided to core out a sample of the sedimentary structure.
  55. 55. • Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core – Please use the materials provided to core out a sample of the sedimentary structure. Pipes of Coring
  56. 56. • Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core – Please use the materials provided to core out a sample of the sedimentary structure. Pipes of Coring Bore Hole
  57. 57. • Activity! Sedimentary Rock Core – Please use the materials provided to core out a sample of the sedimentary structure. Pipes of Coring Bore Hole Rock Samples
  58. 58. • A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock that was drilled and contains a layered structure.
  59. 59. • A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock that was drilled and contains a layered structure.
  60. 60. • A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock that was drilled and contains a layered structure. Oldest
  61. 61. • A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock that was drilled and contains a layered structure. Oldest Youngest
  62. 62. • A Rock Core: A cylindrical section of rock that was drilled and contains a layered structure.
  63. 63. • Ice Cores can be drilled in the ice and each layer of ice tells about the climatic conditions of the past.
  64. 64. • Activity! Drilling a Rock Core. – Stack two hunks of Earth on top of each other. – Carefully rotate and push down half of a clear milkshake straw into the hunks of Earth in a rotating manner. – Once you’ve drilled through the whole sample, carefully remove the straw and lay it on its side. – Use the scissors to cut down the straw exposing the rock layers. – Draw the rock layers and process in your journal.
  65. 65. • Activity! Drilling a Rock Core. – Stack two hunks of Earth on top of each other. – Carefully rotate and push down half of a clear milkshake straw into the hunks of Earth in a rotating manner. – Once you’ve drilled through the whole sample, carefully remove the straw and lay it on its side. – Use the scissors to cut down the straw exposing the rock layers. – Draw the rock layers and process in your journal.
  66. 66. • Visual of Experiment.
  67. 67. • Visual of Experiment.
  68. 68. • Visual of Experiment. Rotate and push down very slowly. A rock core can take days to weeks so don’t rush it.
  69. 69. • Visual of Experiment.
  70. 70. • Visual of Experiment.
  71. 71. • Visual of Experiment. Plan B if core does not work: Bite into and make a road cut.
  72. 72. • Example of “Rock Layers”
  73. 73. • Example of “Rock Layers” – Please draw a more accurate one in your journal.
  74. 74. • Example of “Rock Layers” – Please draw a more accurate one in your journal. – Which layers are the thickest?
  75. 75. • Example of “Rock Layers” – Please draw a more accurate one in your journal. – Which layers are the thickest? – Which layers are the thinnest?
  76. 76. • Example of “Rock Layers” – Please draw a more accurate one in your journal. – Which layers are the thickest? – Which layers are the thinnest? – Is there a layer which is unusual when compared to the rest?
  77. 77. • Example of “Rock Layers” – Please draw a more accurate one in your journal. – Which layers are the thickest? – Which layers are the thinnest? – Is there a layer which is unusual when compared to the rest? Learn more about rock cores at… http://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/Contexts/Volcanoes/NZ- Research/Reading-rock-core-sampl
  78. 78. Youngest Layer
  79. 79. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer
  80. 80. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer Thickest Layer
  81. 81. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer Thickest Layer Thinnest Layer
  82. 82. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer Thickest Layer Thinnest Layer Unusual Layer Older Unusual Layer
  83. 83. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer Thickest Layer Thinnest Layer Unusual Layer Older Unusual Layer 8 Layers found in this sample
  84. 84. Youngest Layer Oldest Layer Thickest Layer Thinnest Layer Unusual Layer Older Unusual Layer 8 Layers found in this sample
  85. 85. • Where are these sedimentary rocks?
  86. 86. • Answer! Mars
  87. 87. The Big Idea that core samples tell us is…
  88. 88. Core samples let us look far into the past to see processes that are happening today.
  89. 89.  Sedimentary Rocks  Sediments are compacted and cemented together.  Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition.  Usually layered  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90.  Layers can be from old living materials (fossils). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91.  Sedimentary Rocks  Sediments are compacted and cemented together.  Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition.  Usually layered  Layers can be fossils and old living materials Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from cooling lava that forms crystals very quickly. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Usually layered D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from cooling lava that forms crystals very quickly. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Usually layered D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from from erosion, transport and deposition. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Usually layered D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion, transport and deposition. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Layers must be horizontal. D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion, transport and deposition. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Layers must be horizontal. D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Which is a bogus statement about sedimentary rocks from the list below? A.) Sediments are gathered from erosion, transport and deposition. B.) Caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition. C.) Usually layered. D.) Layers can be fossils and old living materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  99. 99. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  100. 100. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  101. 101. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  102. 102. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  103. 103. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  104. 104. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  105. 105. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  106. 106. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  107. 107. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate Cemented Shells, Limestone can also form from dissolved minerals
  108. 108. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate
  109. 109. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate Cemented Shells,
  110. 110. • The 3 types of Sedimentary Rocks – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Gravel Conglomerate Cemented Shells, Limestone can also form from dissolved minerals Tavertine
  111. 111. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind
  112. 112. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  113. 113. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  114. 114. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  115. 115. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  116. 116. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  117. 117. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  118. 118. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  119. 119. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms.
  120. 120. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. Sometimes Chemical
  121. 121. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  122. 122. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  123. 123. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  124. 124. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  125. 125. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  126. 126. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  127. 127. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  128. 128. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  129. 129. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  130. 130. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  131. 131. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  132. 132. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  133. 133. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  134. 134. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  135. 135. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  136. 136. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  137. 137. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  138. 138. • Which Sedimentary Rock is which? – Clastic: Small pieces of rock are “lithified” or cemented together. – Chemical: Standing water evaporates and leaves dissolved minerals behind. – Organic: The accumulation of debris by living organisms. A B
  139. 139. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  140. 140. • Please mention three things about this rock in one sentence.
  141. 141. • Please mention three things about this rock in one sentence.
  142. 142. • Please mention three things about this rock in one sentence.
  143. 143. • Please mention three things about this rock in one sentence.
  144. 144. • Please mention three things about this rock in one sentence.
  145. 145. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  146. 146. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  147. 147. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  148. 148. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  149. 149. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  150. 150. • Please mention three things about this rock.
  151. 151. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone – Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Glue
  153. 153. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone – Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom. – Take Sand (sandstone), Pebbles, and other chunks from the bin (Conglomerate). – Add materials, sand, gravel, stir, and then compact. – Place at window to dry and remove from cup in several days. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Glue
  154. 154. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone – Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom. – Take Sand (sandstone), Pebbles, and other chunks from the bin (Conglomerate). – Add materials, sand, gravel, stir, and then compact. – Place at window to dry and remove from cup in several days. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Glue
  155. 155. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone – Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom. – Take Sand (sandstone), Pebbles, and other chunks from the bin (Conglomerate). – Add materials, sand, gravel, stir, and then compact. – Place at window to dry and remove from cup in several days. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Glue Until completely Dry and hardened
  156. 156. • Activity! Making Conglomerate or Sandstone – Add glue to inside of plastic cup, 1/5 at bottom. – Take Sand (sandstone), Pebbles, and other chunks from the bin (Conglomerate). – Add materials, sand, gravel, stir, and then compact. – Place at window to dry and remove from cup in several days. Cementing / Lithification Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Glue Until completely Dry and hardened
  157. 157.  Common Sedimentary Rocks  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158.  Limestone. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestones are formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made up of calcite (CaCO3) as its main mineral. – Some Limestone is formed by chemical deposition and others by the accumulation of shells from small sea creatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Geologist will often carry hydrochloric acid to use on rocks. – Hydrochloric acid (HCL) reacts with calcium carbonate. CaCO3 + 2HCl -> CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 (g)
  167. 167. • Demonstration (Optional) – Teacher will drop some HCL on two different rocks. Which one was limestone? Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBTasvLEsJ8
  168. 168. Chalk is made from the shells of single-celled, calcium carbonate secreting creatures from long ago.
  169. 169.  Sandstone. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • Wind and water transport layers of sand sediment that hardens into rock. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171.  Shale. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172. • Shale forms from very small grained particles and organic matter forming rock.
  173. 173. • Oil Shale, know as Kerogen Shale – Has lots of organic matter that can be extracted as oils and gases (hydrocarbons) Learn more about oil shale at http://geology.com/usgs/oil-shale/
  174. 174. • Oil Shale, know as Kerogen Shale – Has lots of organic matter that can be extracted as oils and gases (hydrocarbons) Learn more about oil shale at http://geology.com/usgs/oil-shale/
  175. 175. • Burgess Shale (Paleozoic).
  176. 176. • Burgess Shale: A very important site that has found thousands of Paleozoic fossils. – Great example of an ocean environment on top of a mountain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. • Activity! Making a fossil in the Burgess Shale. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. • Activity! Making a fossil in the Burgess Shale. – Obtain a piece of clay. – Smooth it out so it is long and flat. – Press shells into it to make fossil imprints. – Pass to friend and record shapes in journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • Cool animation of a fossil specimen (Anomalocaris) found in shale. (3 feet long!)
  180. 180. The Burgess Shale shows us that the earth is…
  181. 181. The earth is old and life forms have changed over time.
  182. 182.  Conglomerate Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Which rock is limestone, and which rock is sandstone? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Which rock is shale and which rock is conglomerate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • Which rock is shale and which rock is conglomerate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Which rock is shale and which rock is conglomerate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Which rock is shale and which rock is conglomerate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Which rock is shale and which rock is conglomerate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • Picture of Conglomerate from Mars. – Evidence of water / stream beds / mud.
  194. 194. • Which rock below is not sedimentary? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Granite. It’s Igneous Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • Can you name the rock? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  218. 218. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  220. 220. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  233. 233. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  234. 234. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  235. 235. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  238. 238. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. • Which rock is a sedimentary rock? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  247. 247. • This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes… • A six part 6,000 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, flashcards, materials list, and much more. • A 18 bundled homework package, modified version, 19 pages of unit notes, 6 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  248. 248. Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  249. 249. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  250. 250. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  251. 251. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  253. 253. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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