• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
 New Area of Focus: Plant Tissues and
Vascular Systems.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Is this the type of tissue we are talking
about?
– What is a tissue in science?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Tissue: A group of similar cells that do a job.
 3 types of plant tissues.
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Dermal tissue: Outside layer of
plant, protects, interacts with outside.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Dermal tissue: Outside layer of
plant, protects, interacts with outside.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ground Tissue: Below dermal tissue, stores
energy, photosynthesis occurs here.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Vascular Tissue: Xylem and Phloem.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which letter is dermal tissue, ground
tissue, and which is vascular tissue?
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue
• C= Dermal Tissue
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which letter is dermal tissue, ground
tissue, and which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue
• C= Vascular Tissue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and
which is vascular tissue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“You might know
what a woody plant
is, but what is a
vascular system?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Vascular system: The vessels and tissue
that carry or circulate fluids such as blood
or lymph or sap through the body of...
 Xylem: (Zi-lem).
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Tubes that water and minerals move through.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Water travels up the tree from roots to leaves.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Old xylem doesn’t transport water but
supports plant. (Xylem is wood).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Phloem: (Flow-em).
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Tubes in the plant that food (sugar) moves
through.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Difference between monocot and
dicots vascular system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Difference between monocot and
dicots vascular system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Plants Available Sheet, Parts III, IV
• Activity! Carrot and Celery Dissection.
– Please carefully dissect both and draw the
vascular system. Provide a cross cu...
• Activity! Carrot and Celery Dissection.
– Please carefully dissect both and draw the
vascular system. Provide a cross cu...
• Activity! Watching water travel up xylem.
– Cut a piece of celery at the stalk.
– Place the celery cross section into a ...
• Activity! Watching water travel up xylem.
– Cut a piece of celery at the stalk.
– Place the celery cross section into a ...
• Explanation: Water will travel up the celery
through the xylem. The water molecules
climb up the small tubes because of
...
“Each vascular bundle
in a monocot has
xylem and phloem.”
“Helpme”
“I’mupside
down”
“Thank
you, This
is much
better.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a
dicotyledon based on the plants vascular
system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Lear...
• You should be close to the top of page 7 in
your bundle.
 New Area of Focus: Woody Plants.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Plants Available Sheet, Parts III, IV
• Please draw the picture below of a tree.
– Use the compass provided or old cd or Petri-
dish to make a circle.
Copyright...
 Pith: The soft spongy substance in the
center of the stems of many plants and
trees. Wood formation begins here.
Pith
Co...
 Heartwood: Older, Darker, and harder
non-living central portion of the tree.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Pith
Heartwood
 Sapwood: Living wood, lighter in color,
conducts water with xylem.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Pith
Heartwood
Sapwood
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Cambium: Area just inside bark that
makes new tissues. Adds girth which
allows the plant to grow tall.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• The cambium adds new layers. The
layers to the outside (just under the bark)
are living. The layers on the inside of the...
• The cambium adds new layers. The
layers to the outside (just under the bark)
are living. The layers on the inside of the...
• Caution! Stripping a tree, or damaging the
bark and layers just below can often
damage and kill a tree.
Copyright © 2010...
Pith
Heartwood
Sapwood
Cambium
• The cambium also adds a layer of cells each
year.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The cambium also adds a layer of cells each
year.
– Scientists can age the tree and examine factors
such a climate based...
• The cambium also adds a layer of cells each
year.
– Scientists can age the tree and examine factors
such a climate based...
• Add as many thin tree rings as you can
from the cambium to the pith. Pith
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Add as many thin tree rings as you can
from the cambium to the pith. Pith
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Dendrochronology: The dating of past
events through study of tree ring growth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
11
11
12
11
12
13
11
12
13
14
11
12
13
14
15
• Generally, wet years allow for more plant
growth.
– The wider rings occurred when growing
conditions were more favorable...
11
12
13
14
15
What year was the
wettest?
11
12
13
14
15
What year was the
wettest?
11
12
13
14
15
What year was the
driest?
11
12
13
14
15
What year was the
driest?
• This cross section can show when the
tree experienced soil creep.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Scientists will sometimes get a core sample
using a tree boring tool to get a sample.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How old is the tree below?
• How old is the tree below?
• This tree is roughly 16 years old based on
the number of annual rings.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• If the tree was just cut, what year was the
tree a tiny sapling?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What ever the year the tree was cut, - the
number of tree rings. Year -16 = Answer.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What years did the tree experience the
largest and smallest yearly growth?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Year 8 was the largest, so whatever eight
years ago was?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small. A
drought may have occurred during 9,10,11
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small. A
drought may have occurred during 9,10,11
Answer= 6,7,8 years ago.
Copyright © ...
• How old is the tree below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How old is the tree below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How old is the tree below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which year below was the best and worst
for growing?
1984 1985 1986 1987
• Largest ring and best growing conditions
was 1985. Least – 1986?
1985
Best
1986
Worst
• Largest ring and best growing conditions
was 1985. Least – 1986?
1985
Best
1986
Worst
• Largest ring and best growing conditions
was 1985. Least – 1986?
1985
Best
1986
Worst
• Largest ring and best growing conditions
was 1985. Least – 1986?
1985
Best
1986
Worst
• Largest ring and best growing conditions
was 1985. Least – 1986?
1985
Best
1986
Worst
.
 Inner Bark: Area just inside the bark, made
of living tissue and contains the phloem.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Pith
Heartwood
Sapwood
Cambium
Inner Bark
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Outer bark: Outside of tree, provides
protection.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Pith
Heartwood
Sapwood
Cambium
Inner Bark
Outer Bark
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Dendrochronology and Trunk
Cross Section Identification.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Dendrochronology and Trunk
Cross Section Identification.
– First we must learn a bit of chainsaw safety
and lo...
– .
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video (Optional) Chainsaw Safety Parts I-V
• http://www.husqvarna.com/us/landscape-
and-groundcare/support/video-library/
• Dendrochronology Available Sheet
• Teacher will give you a cross section of a
tree if available. If not use one on sheet.
Learn more about dendrochronology...
 Spreadsheet for upcoming investigation.
Annual Rings
(Pith to Cambium)
Width in
Millimeters
Notes
1
2
3
4
5
Keep going u...
• Wood Cut Investigation. Please complete
the following.
– A.) Age the tree according to its annual rings.
– B.) Measure t...
• You should be close to page 8 in your
bundle.
• You should be close to page 8 in your
bundle.
• Try and figure out what picture is beneath
the boxes.
– Raise your hand when you know. You only
get one guess.
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
•Areas of Focus in The Plant Unit:
•Plant photo tour, Plant Evolution, Importance of
Algae, Lichens, The Three Types of Li...
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my Botany
Unit. This unit includes….
– A 5 part 2,700 slide PowerPoint roadmap full...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• Thank you for your time and interest in this
curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on
how a unit works and l...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint
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Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Taxonomy and Classification unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. Teaching Duration = 7 Weeks. A 2700 slide PowerPoint presentation becomes the roadmap for an amazing science experience. Complete with bundled homework package, hands-on activities built into the slideshow with directions, many built-in quizzes, answer keys, unit. Areas of Focus in The Plant Unit: Plant photo tour, Plant Evolution, Importance of Algae, Lichens, The Three Types of Lichens, Non-Vascular Plants, Bryophytes,Seedless Vascular Plants (Ferns), Seeds, Seed Dormancy, Factors that Break Seed Dormancy, Germination, Parts of a Young Plant, Monocots and Dicots, Roots and Water, Types of Roots, Water Uptake and Photosynthesis, Plant Hormones, Types of Plant Tissues, Xylem and Phloem, Woody Plants, Leaves,Light and Plants, Transpiration, Guard Cells, Leaf Identification, Plant Life Cycles, Seed Plant Life Cycles, Parts of a Flower, Matured Ovaries (Fruits), Types of Fruit and much more. f you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Plant Tissues, Woody Plants, Xylem, Phloem, Dendrochronolgy Biology Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  3. 3.  New Area of Focus: Plant Tissues and Vascular Systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. • Is this the type of tissue we are talking about? – What is a tissue in science? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • Tissue: A group of similar cells that do a job.
  6. 6.  3 types of plant tissues.  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  Dermal tissue: Outside layer of plant, protects, interacts with outside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  Dermal tissue: Outside layer of plant, protects, interacts with outside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9.  Ground Tissue: Below dermal tissue, stores energy, photosynthesis occurs here. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10.  Vascular Tissue: Xylem and Phloem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Which letter is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • A = Vascular Tissue, B = Ground Tissue • C= Dermal Tissue C Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Which letter is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • A =Ground Tissue, B = Dermal Tissue • C= Vascular Tissue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Which is dermal tissue, ground tissue, and which is vascular tissue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. “You might know what a woody plant is, but what is a vascular system?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35.  Vascular system: The vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of a animal or plant. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36.  Xylem: (Zi-lem).  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37.  Tubes that water and minerals move through. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39.  Water travels up the tree from roots to leaves. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40.  Old xylem doesn’t transport water but supports plant. (Xylem is wood). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41.  Phloem: (Flow-em).  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42.  Tubes in the plant that food (sugar) moves through. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Review! Difference between monocot and dicots vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Review! Difference between monocot and dicots vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Plants Available Sheet, Parts III, IV
  46. 46. • Activity! Carrot and Celery Dissection. – Please carefully dissect both and draw the vascular system. Provide a cross cut view. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Activity! Carrot and Celery Dissection. – Please carefully dissect both and draw the vascular system. Provide a cross cut view. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Activity! Watching water travel up xylem. – Cut a piece of celery at the stalk. – Place the celery cross section into a container of colored water. – Wait 24 hours – Record your findings with a visual. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Activity! Watching water travel up xylem. – Cut a piece of celery at the stalk. – Place the celery cross section into a container of colored water. – Wait 24 hours – Record your findings with a visual. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Explanation: Water will travel up the celery through the xylem. The water molecules climb up the small tubes because of adhesion, called capillary action. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. “Each vascular bundle in a monocot has xylem and phloem.”
  52. 52. “Helpme” “I’mupside down”
  53. 53. “Thank you, This is much better.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Review! Is it a monocotyledon or a dicotyledon based on the plants vascular system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about plant tissues at… http://www2.mcdaniel.edu/Biology/botf99/tissimages/tiss1.html
  65. 65. • You should be close to the top of page 7 in your bundle.
  66. 66.  New Area of Focus: Woody Plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Plants Available Sheet, Parts III, IV
  68. 68. • Please draw the picture below of a tree. – Use the compass provided or old cd or Petri- dish to make a circle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69.  Pith: The soft spongy substance in the center of the stems of many plants and trees. Wood formation begins here. Pith Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70.  Heartwood: Older, Darker, and harder non-living central portion of the tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. Pith Heartwood
  72. 72.  Sapwood: Living wood, lighter in color, conducts water with xylem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. Pith Heartwood Sapwood Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74.  Cambium: Area just inside bark that makes new tissues. Adds girth which allows the plant to grow tall. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • The cambium adds new layers. The layers to the outside (just under the bark) are living. The layers on the inside of the tree are mostly dead and provide strength. Mostly Dead Cells Living layer of Cells Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • The cambium adds new layers. The layers to the outside (just under the bark) are living. The layers on the inside of the tree are mostly dead and provide strength. Mostly Dead Cells Living layer of Cells Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Caution! Stripping a tree, or damaging the bark and layers just below can often damage and kill a tree. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. Pith Heartwood Sapwood Cambium
  79. 79. • The cambium also adds a layer of cells each year. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • The cambium also adds a layer of cells each year. – Scientists can age the tree and examine factors such a climate based on these rings. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • The cambium also adds a layer of cells each year. – Scientists can age the tree and examine factors such a climate based on these rings. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 12 3 4 56 7 8 9 10 11
  82. 82. • Add as many thin tree rings as you can from the cambium to the pith. Pith Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Add as many thin tree rings as you can from the cambium to the pith. Pith Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84.  Dendrochronology: The dating of past events through study of tree ring growth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. 11
  86. 86. 11 12
  87. 87. 11 12 13
  88. 88. 11 12 13 14
  89. 89. 11 12 13 14 15
  90. 90. • Generally, wet years allow for more plant growth. – The wider rings occurred when growing conditions were more favorable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. 11 12 13 14 15 What year was the wettest?
  92. 92. 11 12 13 14 15 What year was the wettest?
  93. 93. 11 12 13 14 15 What year was the driest?
  94. 94. 11 12 13 14 15 What year was the driest?
  95. 95. • This cross section can show when the tree experienced soil creep. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Scientists will sometimes get a core sample using a tree boring tool to get a sample. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • How old is the tree below?
  98. 98. • How old is the tree below?
  99. 99. • This tree is roughly 16 years old based on the number of annual rings. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • If the tree was just cut, what year was the tree a tiny sapling? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • What ever the year the tree was cut, - the number of tree rings. Year -16 = Answer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • What years did the tree experience the largest and smallest yearly growth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • Year 8 was the largest, so whatever eight years ago was? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small. A drought may have occurred during 9,10,11 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • Years 6, 9, 10, 11 were all very small. A drought may have occurred during 9,10,11 Answer= 6,7,8 years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. • How old is the tree below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • How old is the tree below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • How old is the tree below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. • Which year below was the best and worst for growing? 1984 1985 1986 1987
  111. 111. • Largest ring and best growing conditions was 1985. Least – 1986? 1985 Best 1986 Worst
  112. 112. • Largest ring and best growing conditions was 1985. Least – 1986? 1985 Best 1986 Worst
  113. 113. • Largest ring and best growing conditions was 1985. Least – 1986? 1985 Best 1986 Worst
  114. 114. • Largest ring and best growing conditions was 1985. Least – 1986? 1985 Best 1986 Worst
  115. 115. • Largest ring and best growing conditions was 1985. Least – 1986? 1985 Best 1986 Worst
  116. 116. .  Inner Bark: Area just inside the bark, made of living tissue and contains the phloem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Pith Heartwood Sapwood Cambium Inner Bark Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118.  Outer bark: Outside of tree, provides protection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. Pith Heartwood Sapwood Cambium Inner Bark Outer Bark Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Activity! Dendrochronology and Trunk Cross Section Identification. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Activity! Dendrochronology and Trunk Cross Section Identification. – First we must learn a bit of chainsaw safety and look at the equipment below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. – . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Video (Optional) Chainsaw Safety Parts I-V • http://www.husqvarna.com/us/landscape- and-groundcare/support/video-library/
  124. 124. • Dendrochronology Available Sheet
  125. 125. • Teacher will give you a cross section of a tree if available. If not use one on sheet. Learn more about dendrochronology at… http://web.utk.edu/~grissino/principles.htm
  126. 126.  Spreadsheet for upcoming investigation. Annual Rings (Pith to Cambium) Width in Millimeters Notes 1 2 3 4 5 Keep going until… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Wood Cut Investigation. Please complete the following. – A.) Age the tree according to its annual rings. – B.) Measure the length of each annual ring and graph in a line graph over time in millimeters. – C.) What years showed the most growth? – D.) What years showed the least growth? – E.) What patterns did you notice? – F.) Label with Marker / Tape all of the parts of a woody plant that we have learned. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • You should be close to page 8 in your bundle.
  129. 129. • You should be close to page 8 in your bundle.
  130. 130. • Try and figure out what picture is beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess.
  131. 131. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst . Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  132. 132. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  133. 133. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  134. 134. •Areas of Focus in The Plant Unit: •Plant photo tour, Plant Evolution, Importance of Algae, Lichens, The Three Types of Lichens, Non-Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, Seedless Vascular Plants (Ferns), Seeds, Seed Dormancy, Factors that Break Seed Dormancy, Germination, Parts of a Young Plant, Monocots and Dicots, Roots and Water, Types of Roots, Water Uptake and Photosynthesis, Plant Hormones, Types of Plant Tissues, Xylem and Phloem, Woody Plants, Leaves, Light and Plants, Transpiration, Guard Cells, Leaf Identification, Plant Life Cycles, Seed Plant Life Cycles, Parts of a Flower, Matured Ovaries (Fruits), Types of Fruit and much more. •Full unit can be found at… •http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html
  135. 135. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Botany Unit. This unit includes…. – A 5 part 2,700 slide PowerPoint roadmap full of built-in hands-on activities, quizzes, projects, and much more. – 13 page bundled homework package that chronological follows the slideshow, modified version, answer keys, and detailed lesson notes. – 2 PowerPoint Review Games with answers, videos links, rubrics, crosswords, projects, curriculum guides, materials lists, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html
  136. 136. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The River and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit, and The Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  138. 138. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  139. 139. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  140. 140. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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