Meteor Belt, Meteors, Asteroids, Near Earth Objects, Lesson PowerPoint and Torino Scale Activity

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 8 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow and meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and follow up questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Teaching Duration = 5+ weeks. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEOs, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Blackholes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Spacetime and much more. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Meteor Belt, Meteors, Asteroids, Near Earth Objects, Lesson PowerPoint and Torino Scale Activity

  1. 1. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  2. 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  3. 3.  New Area of Focus: Main Asteroid Belt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. Jupiter
  5. 5. Jupiter Mars Earth Venus Mercury SUN
  6. 6. Jupiter Mars Earth Venus Mercury SUN Asteroid Belt
  7. 7.  Asteroids are rocky and metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small to be considered planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  Asteroids are rocky and metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small to be considered planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Vesta Asteroid
  10. 10. • Vesta Asteroid
  11. 11. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt)
  12. 12. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt)
  13. 13. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt)
  14. 14. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt) May contain more freshwater than earth
  15. 15. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt) May contain more freshwater than earth Rocky Core?
  16. 16. • Ceres Asteroid (Largest in Asteroid Belt) May contain more freshwater than earth
  17. 17. .
  18. 18. .
  19. 19. .
  20. 20. .
  21. 21. • Video Link! Ceres and Dawn Mission • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ezzbe CvHbM
  22. 22. • Link! (Optional) Teacher plays Asteroids: An arcade classic – http://www.play.vg/games/4-Asteroids.html
  23. 23.  Meteorite: Space matter that has fallen to the earth's surface from outer space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Willamette Meteorite
  28. 28. • Found in Oregon 1902, – Believed to have landed in snow during ice age and then traveled as there was no impact crater.
  29. 29. • Activity! Visiting some craters on earth using Google Earth. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html – Meteor Crater (Barringer Creater) Arizona. – Pingualuit Crater, Canada – Lake Manicouagan, Canada – Wolf Creek Crater, Australia
  30. 30. • Meteor Crater, Arizona – 50,000 years old.
  31. 31. • Pingualuit Crater, Canada – 1.4 million years old.
  32. 32. • Lake Manicouagan, Canada – 212 million years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Clearwater Lakes, Quebec, Canada. – 290 million years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Serra da Cangalha Crater, Brazil
  35. 35. • Serra da Cangalha Crater, Brazil
  36. 36. • Serra da Cangalha Crater, Brazil Central Uplift
  37. 37. • Roter Kamm Crater in Namibia – 5 million years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Wolf Creek Crater, Australia – Less than 300,000 years old.
  39. 39. • Chicxulub Crater – 65 million years ago.
  40. 40. • K-T mass extinction event Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • K-T mass extinction event Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago.
  43. 43. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago.
  44. 44. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  45. 45. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  46. 46. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  47. 47. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  48. 48. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  49. 49. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  50. 50. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  51. 51. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  52. 52. • A layer of Iridium can be found across the globe in rock layers around 65 million years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event – Iridium is found on Meteorites.
  53. 53. • K-T Mass Extinction Event – 65 million years ago. – Marks the end of the Mesozoic Era
  54. 54. • Very few if any people were injured because Tunguska is incredibly remote. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Tunguska event (1908). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Tunguska event (1908). – A (comet or meteorite) exploded just above the surface of the earth causing a massive explosion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Tunguska event (1908). – A (comet or meteorite) exploded just above the surface of the earth causing a massive explosion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy See 9 min Video: Carl Sagan (Tunguska) https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=irVof7adq4s Tunguska Event, Learn more: http://science.nasa.go v/science- news/science-at- nasa/2008/30jun_tun guska/
  58. 58. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy .
  66. 66. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. Some parts landed in a lake. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. Some parts landed in a lake. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Chelyabinsk Asteroid. February 15th, 2013 – Injured 1,200 people in Chelyabinsk, Russia. – Created a supersonic shockwave that collapsed roofs and blew out windows. • Parts of the asteroid exploded 42 miles above the ground. Some parts landed in a lake. – Weighed 10 tons and was traveling at 45,000 mph Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about this event at… http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/15/meteorite- streaks-across-russian-urals_n_2691904.html
  69. 69. • Video Link! Meteorite Impact caught on tape. – Is it real or fake? You decide. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZkgidvTjs8
  70. 70. • Video Link! Meteorite Impact caught on tape. – Is it real or fake? You decide. Answer… – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZkgidvTjs8
  71. 71. • Video Link! Meteorite Impact caught on tape. – Is it real or fake? You decide. Answer… – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZkgidvTjs8
  72. 72.  Meteoroid: Small (dust size to coin) piece of matter that hits the earth's atmosphere and (burns up). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Video Link! (Optional) – Meteoroids and soft music. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vroLnrBhbmk
  74. 74. • The moon has been bombarded by meteorites for billions of years.
  75. 75. • The moon has been bombarded by meteorites for billions of years.
  76. 76. • The moon has been bombarded by meteorites for billions of years.
  77. 77. • The moon has been bombarded by meteorites for billions of years.
  78. 78. • Meteorites are usually made of iron.
  79. 79. • What’s wrong with calling this a shooting star?
  80. 80. • What’s wrong with calling this a shooting star? – It’s not a star. It’s a meteoroid burning up from the friction in the atmosphere.
  81. 81. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  82. 82. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  83. 83. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  84. 84. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  85. 85. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  86. 86. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  87. 87. • Which is an asteroid, meteorite, and meteoroid?
  88. 88.  NEO’s: Near Earth Objects  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89.  NEO’s: Near Earth Objects  (Comets and asteroids that come very close to Earth.) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • The Torino Scale
  91. 91. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs).
  92. 92. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). • Combining probability statistics and known damage potentials into a single threat value.
  93. 93. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). • Combining probability statistics and known damage potentials into a single threat value.
  94. 94. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). • Combining probability statistics and known damage potentials into a single threat value.
  95. 95. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). • Combining probability statistics and known damage potentials into a single threat value.
  96. 96. • The Torino Scale – A scale for categorizing the impact hazard associated with Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). • Combining probability statistics and known damage potentials into a single threat value.
  97. 97. • Torino Scale 8-10 8 A collision is certain, capable of causing localized destruction for an impact over land or possibly a tsunami if close offshore. 9 A collision is certain, capable of causing unprecedented regional devastation for a land impact or the threat of a major tsunami for an ocean impact. 10 A collision is certain, capable of causing global climatic catastrophe that may threaten the future of civilization as we know it, whether impacting on land or ocean. Such events occur on average once per 100,000 years, or less often
  98. 98. • Torino Scale 8-10 8 A collision is certain, capable of causing localized destruction for an impact over land or possibly a tsunami if close offshore. 9 A collision is certain, capable of causing unprecedented regional devastation for a land impact or the threat of a major tsunami for an ocean impact. 10 A collision is certain, capable of causing global climatic catastrophe that may threaten the future of civilization as we know it, whether impacting on land or ocean. Such events occur on average once per 100,000 years, or less often “Remember, 99.5% of all things that have ever lived have gone extinct.”
  99. 99. • Meteor Crater – 51,000 years ago.
  100. 100. • Meteor Crater – 51,000 years ago.
  101. 101. • The Torino Scale – Identify the threat on the Torino scale.
  102. 102. • The Torino Scale – A very small object with very low probability of impact on planet earth.
  103. 103. • The Torino Scale – A very small object with very low probability of impact on planet earth.
  104. 104. • The Torino Scale – A very small object with very low probability of impact on planet earth.
  105. 105. • The Torino Scale – A 1 km size object with medium probability of impact.
  106. 106. • The Torino Scale – A 1 km size object with medium probability of impact.
  107. 107. • The Torino Scale – A 1 km size object with medium probability of impact.
  108. 108. • The Torino Scale – A 1 km size object with medium probability of impact. Threat Level ? (Medium) More data please
  109. 109. • The Torino Scale – A 5 km size object with a very high probability of impact.
  110. 110. • The Torino Scale – A 5 km size object with a very high probability of impact. Threat Level 10
  111. 111. • The Torino Scale – A 5 km size object with a very high probability of impact. Threat Level 10
  112. 112. • The Torino Scale – A 5 km size object with a very high probability of impact. Threat Level 10
  113. 113. • The Torino Scale – A 5 km size object with a very high probability of impact. Threat Level 10
  114. 114. • Video: Shoemaker Levy Comet Impact on Jupiter (1994) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CiLNxZbpP20
  115. 115. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? – Is the earth in danger if it hits us? • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? – Is the earth in danger if it hits us? • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? – What are the odds of impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? – Is the earth in danger if it hits us? • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? – What are the odds of impact? – Are you worried? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – When could it hit? – Answer: There is a zero chance of an Earth collision although it will be close on March 21, 2014. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Is the Earth in danger if it hits us? • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Is the Earth in danger if it hits us? Yes • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Is the Earth in danger if it hits us? Yes • What will happen to the earth if it did hit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Is the Earth in danger if it hits us? Yes • What will happen to the Earth if it did hit? • Answer: Civilization as we know it would disappear. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – What are the odds of impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – What are the odds of impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – What are the odds of impact? – Answer: One in 909,000. Very small. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Are you worried? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Are you worried? – Answer: Based on probability, you should not be worried. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – One student from the class should select a number from 1 – 909,000. Hopefully it won’t match the number on the next slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Number: 256,833 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • Reading! Asteroid QQ47 – Number: 256,833 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. • Asteroid 2004 MN4 will come close to Earth on April 13, 2029, but it will not hit.
  135. 135. • Asteroid 2004 MN4 will come close to Earth on April 13, 2029, but it will not hit. – (It’s a Friday the 13th …Ohhh)
  136. 136. • Video Link! Asteroid 2012 DA14 (Before flyby) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwidzVHvbGI Reading link and flyby video footage at… http://cosmiclog.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/02/15/1 6966984-catch-asteroid-2012-da14s-flyby-on-video- and-see-it-fade-out-online?lite
  137. 137. • Asteroid 2012 LZ1 – Was 1,650 feet (500 meters) wide, and came within 14 lunar distances of Earth.
  138. 138. • Asteroid 2012 LZ1 – Was 1,650 feet (500 meters) wide, and came within 14 lunar distances of Earth.
  139. 139. • Asteroid 2012 LZ1 – Was 1,650 feet (500 meters) wide, and came within 14 lunar distances of Earth. Learn more and get status updates on NEO’s at… http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/
  140. 140. • Video! What would happen to the earth if a really large asteroid impacted with music – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4dhvm9ivGQ
  141. 141. • More people work at a few Taco Bells than all of the astronomers who look for NEO’s (Near Earth Objects)
  142. 142. • Video Link! Hank explains 3 ways to save the earth from an asteroid impact. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OlbaYbWuPCU
  143. 143. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Meteor Impact Available Sheet
  145. 145. • Activity! Crater Impact
  146. 146. • Step #1! Parts of a Crater. – Drop the marble meteorite from a height of one meter into the tray of sand / sugar / other and record a detailed sketch into your journal.
  147. 147. • Step #1! Parts of a Crater. – Label your sketch with the following terms.
  148. 148. Wall
  149. 149. Wall Raised Rim
  150. 150. Wall Raised Rim Floor
  151. 151. Wall Raised Rim Floor Uplifts
  152. 152. Wall Raised Rim Floor Uplifts Rays
  153. 153. Wall Raised Rim Floor Uplifts Rays Ejecta
  154. 154. • Video Link! Golf Ball Impact into flour. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBOJEaFGE4 w – Can complete as activity outside (Optional)
  155. 155. • Meteor Impact Available Sheet
  156. 156. • Step #2 – Record this spreadsheet in your journal. Height cm Mass of Meteorite Diameter of Crater Distance of Ejection 5 cm 25 cm 50 cm 100cm
  157. 157. • Set-up of experiment. Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand
  158. 158. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand
  159. 159. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand
  160. 160. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand
  161. 161. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Drop small marble from 25cm, 50cm, 75cm, 100cm. X
  162. 162. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Drop small marble from 25cm, 50cm, 75cm, 100cm. Record diameter of crater
  163. 163. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Drop small marble from 25cm, 50cm, 75cm, 100cm. Record diameter of crater and distance of furthest ejection for drop.
  164. 164. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Drop small marble from 25cm, 50cm, 75cm, 100cm. Record diameter of crater and distance of furthest ejection for drop. Smooth sugar and clean ejection before each drop.
  165. 165. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Smooth sugar and clean ejection before each drop.
  166. 166. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Smooth sugar and clean ejection before each drop.
  167. 167. • Set-up of experiment. – Dark colored construction paper laid on table. – Small tray or plastic plate filled several centimeters of sugar so sugar is very close to top. – Weigh large and small marbles (Meteorites) Tray Smooth Sugar / Sand Drop large marble from 25cm, 50cm, 75cm, 100cm. Record diameter of crater and distance of furthest ejection for drop. Smooth sugar and clean ejection before each drop.
  168. 168. • Step #4 Larger Meteorite – Record this spreadsheet in your journal. Height cm Mass of Meteorite Diameter of Crater Distance of Ejection 5 cm 25 cm 50 cm 100cm
  169. 169. • Meteor Impact Available Sheet
  170. 170. • Step #5 Crater Diameter Graph – Create two graphs (One is Crater Diameter for large and small, and the other is Ejection Distance for large and small meteorite) Centimeters
  171. 171. • Step #5 Crater Diameter Graph – Create two graphs (One is Crater Diameter for large and small, and the other is Ejection Distance for large and small meteorite) Centimeters
  172. 172. • Example Diameter of Crater
  173. 173. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop
  174. 174. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters
  175. 175. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  176. 176. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  177. 177. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  178. 178. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  179. 179. • Example Diameter of Crater 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Centimeters Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  180. 180. • Another Graph Possibility 100 cm Drop 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Large Meteorite Small Meteorite 25 cm Drop
  181. 181. • Meteor Impact Available Sheet
  182. 182. • Step #5 Distance Ejection Graph – Create two graphs (One is Crater Diameter for large and small, and the other is Ejection Distance for large and small meteorite) Centimeters Ejection Distance centimeters
  183. 183. • Step #5 Distance Ejection Graph – Create two graphs (One is Crater Diameter for large and small, and the other is Ejection Distance for large and small meteorite) Centimeters Ejection Distance centimeters
  184. 184. • Example Ejecta
  185. 185. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop
  186. 186. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 cm
  187. 187. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 cm Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  188. 188. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 cm Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  189. 189. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 cm Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  190. 190. • Example Ejecta 25 cm Drop 50 cm Drop 75 cm Drop 100 cm Drop 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 cm Large Meteorite Small Meteorite
  191. 191. • Meteor Impact Available Sheet
  192. 192. • Question:
  193. 193. • Question: – How does the energy (height of drop) and mass of the meteorite effect the crater?
  194. 194. • Answer: – How does the energy (height of drop) and mass of the meteorite effect the crater? – At a ____ drop with the large meteorite, the diameter of the crater was ____. At a ____ drop with the large meteorite was _____.
  195. 195. • Answer: – How does the energy (height of drop) and mass of the meteorite effect the crater? – At a ____ drop with the large meteorite, the diameter of the crater was ____. At a ____ drop with the large meteorite was _____. – As the energy is increased with speed / height, or with greater mass, the size of the craters diameter, and thus the distance of ejection will increase.
  196. 196. • Answer: – Large meteorites will often have more damage potential
  197. 197. • Answer: – Large meteorites will often have more damage potential than smaller ones.
  198. 198. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. 50,000 years old, Arizona
  202. 202. 50,000 years old, Arizona
  203. 203. • Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. NEO’s are out there.
  205. 205. NEO’s are out there.
  206. 206. NEO’s are out there. “Remember, The Probability of a large impact event anytime soon is very small.”
  207. 207. NEO’s are out there. “But it will happen again.” “ha-ha-ha-haaaa”
  208. 208. • Rocketry and Asteroids Review Game
  209. 209. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  210. 210. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.scientificamerican.com/space • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  211. 211. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  212. 212. • This Solar System Basics and the Sun lesson is just one small part of my Astronomy Topics Unit. This unit includes • A five part 2,800 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, materials list, and much more. • A 13 bundled homework package, modified version, 7 pages of unit notes, 4 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  213. 213. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEO’s, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Black holes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Age of the Earth, Time, Earth events in a 12 hour day, Principle of Superposition, Geologic Timescale, Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, and much more. Full Unit found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  214. 214. • This was a very brief 5 mb tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  215. 215. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  216. 216. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  218. 218. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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