• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light and thereby be...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
 New Area of Focus: Light and Temperature.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s light?
– Sounds like an easy question but is it?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Light
– The form of radiant energy that stimulates the
organs of sight, having for normal human
vision wavelengt...
• Answer! Light
– The form of radiant energy that stimulates the
organs of sight, having for normal human
vision wavelengt...
 Light: An energy wave.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s the point here?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The black paint absorbs light instead
of reflecting it toward the eye, allowing an
athlete to see clearer in sun...
 Black absorbs all colors of the spectrum
while white reflects.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Winds Available Sheet
– Due at the end of Part II
• Please create the following spreadsheet in
your journal.
Thermometer Starting
Temp
5 min 10 min 15 min 20 min
White
Black
• Set-Up of Activity.
Black Paper
Folded
White Paper
Folded
Staples
• Set-Up of Activity.
Black Paper
Folded
White Paper
Folded
Staples
Light From
Above
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Fold a piece of white construction paper and
black construction paper in half...
• Set-Up of Activity.
Black Paper
Folded
White Paper
Folded
Staples
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and
thus have a higher temperature?
•...
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and
thus have a higher temperature?
•...
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and
thus have a higher temperature?
•...
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and
thus have a higher temperature?
•...
• Activity! Temperature change and Albedo.
– Q’s: Which color will reflect more light and
thus have a cooler temperature.
...
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Will the light be reflected or absorbed in
the picture below?
• Cloud cover reflects light into space.
• Cloud cover reflects light into space.
• What are these?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Volcanoes can control global climate /
light.
• Volcanoes can control global climate /
light.
• Snow and ice caps.
• Snow and ice caps.
– How would loss of ice caps dramatically warm
the planet?
• The Oceans then warm b/c light is absorbed
instead of reflected back into space. Ice Melts
Albedo and winter ice. Learn more at…
http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/seaice/processes/
albedo.html
• Wear sunscreen on the slopes
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Wear sunscreen on the slopes
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Wear sunscreen and eye protection on the
water as light is reflected here as well.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Albedo: The reflectiveness of a surface.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Dark colored materials heat up quicker
than light colored materials. So air above
dark colored surfaces heats up quicker...
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light
Copyright © 20...
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light and thereby be...
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light and thereby be...
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light and thereby be...
• Actually, rather than thinking of black as
absorbers of heat, darker colors are better
absorbers of light and thereby be...
 Temperature: A measure of the average
kinetic energy (motion) of individual
molecules in matter.
High Temperature
Fast molecular motion
Low Temperature
Slow molecular motion
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
High Temperature
Fast molecular motion
Low Temperature
Slow molecular motion
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
High Temperature
Fast molecular motion
Low Temperature
Slow molecular motion
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
High Temperature
Fast molecular motion
Low Temperature
Slow molecular motion
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The kinetic theory of matter:
• Atoms and molecules (particles) are in
constant motion.
– The higher the temperature - t...
• Which of the pictures below represents hot
and cold on a molecular level?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
A B
• Answer: Molecules move faster when hot,
and slower when cold.
Hot Cold
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
A B
• This is really cold.
– Absolute zero has no molecular motion.
– Never been reached.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! (Optional) Solar Fun Bag.
– Learn more / purchase at…
– http://www.arborsci.com/solar-bag
– You Tube
https://w...
• Activity! (Optional) Solar Fun Bag.
– Learn more / purchase at…
– http://www.arborsci.com/solar-bag
– You Tube
https://w...
 Thermometer: A measure of the heat from
expanding and contracting liquids or coils.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Thermometer: A measure of the heat from
expanding and contracting liquids or coils.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which two of the thermometers below
represent units that follow the SI system?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright ...
• Which two of the thermometers below
represent units that follow the SI system?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright ...
• Temperature:
– -
– -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Measured in degrees Celsius.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Measured in degrees Celsius.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Temp. Learn
more at…
http://eo.ucar.e
du/skymath/tmp
2.html
 0 Degrees Celsius is the freezing point of
water.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 0 Degrees Celsius is the freezing point of
water.
 100 degrees Celsius is the boiling point.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• When it’s hot, the liquid inside the
thermometer will expand and rise in the
tube.
• When it’s hot, the liquid inside the
thermometer will expand and rise in the
tube.
• When it’s hot, the liquid inside the
thermometer will expand and rise in the
tube.
– The opposite happens when it is col...
• When it’s hot, the liquid inside the
thermometer will expand and rise in the
tube.
– The opposite happens when it is col...
• Activity! Please convert 95 degrees
Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.
– Formula is on the next slide.
Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• Activity! Please convert 95 degrees
Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.
– Formula is on the next slide.
“The Fahrenheit
Sca...
• To convert 95 degrees Fahrenheit
temperatures into Celsius:
– Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit
number.
– Divi...
95 - 32 = 63.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
95 - 32 = 63.
Then, 63 divided by 9 = 7
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
95 - 32 = 63.
Then, 63 divided by 9 = 7
Finally, 7 times 5 is 35 degrees Celsius.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Try it again
you hot head”
“Convert 55
degrees
Fahrenheit into
degrees
Celsius.”
“Try it again
you hot head”
“Convert 55
degrees
Fahrenheit into
degrees
Celsius.”
Begin by
subtracting 32
from the
Fahrenh...
“Try it again
you hot head”
“Convert 55
degrees
Fahrenheit into
degrees
Celsius.”
Begin by
subtracting 32
from the
Fahrenh...
“Try it again
you hot head”
“Convert 55
degrees
Fahrenheit into
degrees
Celsius.”
Begin by
subtracting 32
from the
Fahrenh...
“The answer is
12.7 degrees
Celsius.”
“The answer is
12.7 degrees
Celsius.”
“55-32=23,
“The answer is
12.7 degrees
Celsius.”
“55-32=23,
23/9 =2.5,
“The answer is
12.7 degrees
Celsius.”
“55-32=23,
23/9 =2.5,
2.5 x 5=12.7
degrees C.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Because many people have never learned
the metric system.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Because many people have never learned
the metric system. Please convert 20
Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit:
Copyright ©...
• Because many people have never learned
the metric system. Please convert 20
Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit:
– Begin by ...
• Because many people have never learned
the metric system. Please convert 20
Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit:
– Begin by ...
• Because many people have never learned
the metric system. Please convert 20
Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit:
– Begin by ...
• Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit.
– Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature
(20) by 9.
– Divide the answer by 5.
– Now...
• Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit.
– Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature
(20) by 9.
– Divide the answer by 5.
– Now...
• Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit.
– Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature
(20) by 9.
– Divide the answer by 5.
– Now...
• Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit.
– Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature
(20) by 9.
– Divide the answer by 5.
– Now...
“Please
convert 30
degrees
Celsius into
degrees
Fahrenheit.”
“Please
convert 30
degrees
Celsius into
degrees
Fahrenheit.”
Begin by
multiplying
the Celsius
temperature
by 9.
Divide the...
“Please
convert 30
degrees
Celsius into
degrees
Fahrenheit.”
Begin by
multiplying
the Celsius
temperature
by 9.
Divide the...
“The answer
is 86 Degrees
Fahrenheit.”
30 x 9 / 5 +
32 = 86
• What is the temperature in Celsius?
• What is the temperature in Celsius?
• 75 – 32 / 9 5 =
• What is the temperature in Celsius?
• 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
• What is the temperature in Celsius?
• 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
• What is the temperature in Celsius?
• 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
“To get
Fahrenheit from
Celsius” “You
can also take the
temperature in
Celsius and
multiply by 1.8
and then add 32
degrees.
Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into
Fahrenheit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into
Fahrenheit.
35 1.8 + 32 =
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into
Fahrenheit.
35 1.8 + 32 = 95 F.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Kelvin Scale: Zero Kelvin is absolute zero
where molecular motion stops. That is the
coldest something can be. (Never be...
 Kelvin Scale: Zero Kelvin is absolute zero
where molecular motion stops. That is the
coldest something can be. (Never be...
• Molecular motion stops at zero degrees K.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Red Light, Green Light. Except
it’s Zero K, Warm Again.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
Zero K Warm Again
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
Warm Again Again
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
Zero K Warm Again
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
Warm Again Again
• Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
Zero K Warm Again
• Students line up in a safe place.
• Teacher creates finish...
• Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains
absolute zero.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNUDBdv3jWI
• Winds Available Sheet
– Due at the end of Part II
• Activity! Please record the temperature in
Celsius of the fluid in the three containers.
– Draw picture and record temp ...
• Activity! Please create the following in your
journal and then set it up at your lab area.
– Record the temp of the warm...
• Activity! Please create the following in your
journal and then set it up at your lab area.
– Record the temp of the warm...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit:
What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components
of...
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my
Weather and Climate Unit. This unit
includes…
– A 5 part 2,500+ PowerPoint roadm...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Weather and Climate unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 2500+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 19 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: -What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Condensation / Evaporation, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. Difficulty rating 8/10.

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Light, Weather and Climate Unit, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light and thereby become better radiators of heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Light Heat Albedo. Learn more at.. http://www.atmosphere.mpg.de/enid/25w.html
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6.  New Area of Focus: Light and Temperature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • What’s light? – Sounds like an easy question but is it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Answer! Light – The form of radiant energy that stimulates the organs of sight, having for normal human vision wavelengths ranging from about 3900 to 7700 ångstroms and traveling at a speed of about 186,300 miles per second. • One ångstrom = 10-8 cm (0.00000001 cm). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Answer! Light – The form of radiant energy that stimulates the organs of sight, having for normal human vision wavelengths ranging from about 3900 to 7700 ångstroms and traveling at a speed of about 186,300 miles per second. • One ångstrom = 10-8 cm (0.00000001 cm). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10.  Light: An energy wave. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • What’s the point here? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Answer! The black paint absorbs light instead of reflecting it toward the eye, allowing an athlete to see clearer in sunny conditions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19.  Black absorbs all colors of the spectrum while white reflects. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • Winds Available Sheet – Due at the end of Part II
  21. 21. • Please create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Thermometer Starting Temp 5 min 10 min 15 min 20 min White Black
  22. 22. • Set-Up of Activity. Black Paper Folded White Paper Folded Staples
  23. 23. • Set-Up of Activity. Black Paper Folded White Paper Folded Staples Light From Above
  24. 24. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Fold a piece of white construction paper and black construction paper in half. – Staple sides to make a pocket. – Place thermometer bulb in each pocket equally. – Safely place under light (60 Watt or greater) so both sides receive equal light.
  25. 25. • Set-Up of Activity. Black Paper Folded White Paper Folded Staples
  26. 26. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and thus have a higher temperature? • Use data in your response – Q’s: Which color will reflect more light and thus have a cooler temperature. • Use data in your response.
  27. 27. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and thus have a higher temperature? • Use data in your response – Q’s: Which color will reflect more light and thus have a cooler temperature. • Use data in your response.
  28. 28. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and thus have a higher temperature? • Use data in your response – The black colored paper absorbed more light and thus had a higher temperature. The final temperature of the thermometer in the black paper was ____ greater than the white.
  29. 29. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Q’s: Which color will absorb more light and thus have a higher temperature? • Use data in your response – Q’s: Which color will reflect more light and thus have a cooler temperature. • Use data in your response.
  30. 30. • Activity! Temperature change and Albedo. – Q’s: Which color will reflect more light and thus have a cooler temperature. – The white colored paper reflected more light and thus had a lower temperature. The final temperature of the thermometer in the white paper was ____ less than the black.
  31. 31. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  32. 32. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  33. 33. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  34. 34. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  35. 35. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  36. 36. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  37. 37. • Will the light be reflected or absorbed in the picture below?
  38. 38. • Cloud cover reflects light into space.
  39. 39. • Cloud cover reflects light into space.
  40. 40. • What are these? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Volcanoes can control global climate / light.
  42. 42. • Volcanoes can control global climate / light.
  43. 43. • Snow and ice caps.
  44. 44. • Snow and ice caps. – How would loss of ice caps dramatically warm the planet?
  45. 45. • The Oceans then warm b/c light is absorbed instead of reflected back into space. Ice Melts
  46. 46. Albedo and winter ice. Learn more at… http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/seaice/processes/ albedo.html
  47. 47. • Wear sunscreen on the slopes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Wear sunscreen on the slopes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Wear sunscreen and eye protection on the water as light is reflected here as well. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50.  Albedo: The reflectiveness of a surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51.  Dark colored materials heat up quicker than light colored materials. So air above dark colored surfaces heats up quicker. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light and thereby become better radiators of heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light and thereby become better radiators of heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Light
  56. 56. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light and thereby become better radiators of heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Light Heat
  57. 57. • Actually, rather than thinking of black as absorbers of heat, darker colors are better absorbers of light and thereby become better radiators of heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Light Heat Albedo. Learn more at.. http://www.atmosphere.mpg.de/enid/25w.html
  58. 58.  Temperature: A measure of the average kinetic energy (motion) of individual molecules in matter.
  59. 59. High Temperature Fast molecular motion Low Temperature Slow molecular motion Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. High Temperature Fast molecular motion Low Temperature Slow molecular motion Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. High Temperature Fast molecular motion Low Temperature Slow molecular motion Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. High Temperature Fast molecular motion Low Temperature Slow molecular motion Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • The kinetic theory of matter: • Atoms and molecules (particles) are in constant motion. – The higher the temperature - the higher the speed. – Increased heat energy make atoms and molecules move faster. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Which of the pictures below represents hot and cold on a molecular level? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B
  65. 65. • Answer: Molecules move faster when hot, and slower when cold. Hot Cold Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B
  66. 66. • This is really cold. – Absolute zero has no molecular motion. – Never been reached. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Activity! (Optional) Solar Fun Bag. – Learn more / purchase at… – http://www.arborsci.com/solar-bag – You Tube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTLjWTHi1qU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Activity! (Optional) Solar Fun Bag. – Learn more / purchase at… – http://www.arborsci.com/solar-bag – You Tube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTLjWTHi1qU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69.  Thermometer: A measure of the heat from expanding and contracting liquids or coils. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70.  Thermometer: A measure of the heat from expanding and contracting liquids or coils. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Which two of the thermometers below represent units that follow the SI system? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Which two of the thermometers below represent units that follow the SI system? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Temperature: – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74.  Measured in degrees Celsius. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75.  Measured in degrees Celsius. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Temp. Learn more at… http://eo.ucar.e du/skymath/tmp 2.html
  76. 76.  0 Degrees Celsius is the freezing point of water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77.  0 Degrees Celsius is the freezing point of water.  100 degrees Celsius is the boiling point. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • When it’s hot, the liquid inside the thermometer will expand and rise in the tube.
  79. 79. • When it’s hot, the liquid inside the thermometer will expand and rise in the tube.
  80. 80. • When it’s hot, the liquid inside the thermometer will expand and rise in the tube. – The opposite happens when it is cold.
  81. 81. • When it’s hot, the liquid inside the thermometer will expand and rise in the tube. – The opposite happens when it is cold.
  82. 82. • Activity! Please convert 95 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius. – Formula is on the next slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Activity! Please convert 95 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius. – Formula is on the next slide. “The Fahrenheit Scale makes me angry!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • To convert 95 degrees Fahrenheit temperatures into Celsius: – Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit number. – Divide the answer by 9. – Then multiply that answer by 5. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. 95 - 32 = 63. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. 95 - 32 = 63. Then, 63 divided by 9 = 7 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. 95 - 32 = 63. Then, 63 divided by 9 = 7 Finally, 7 times 5 is 35 degrees Celsius. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. “Try it again you hot head” “Convert 55 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.”
  89. 89. “Try it again you hot head” “Convert 55 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.” Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit number (55).
  90. 90. “Try it again you hot head” “Convert 55 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.” Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit number (55). Divide the answer by 9.
  91. 91. “Try it again you hot head” “Convert 55 degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius.” Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit number (55). Divide the answer by 9. Then multiply that answer by 5.
  92. 92. “The answer is 12.7 degrees Celsius.”
  93. 93. “The answer is 12.7 degrees Celsius.” “55-32=23,
  94. 94. “The answer is 12.7 degrees Celsius.” “55-32=23, 23/9 =2.5,
  95. 95. “The answer is 12.7 degrees Celsius.” “55-32=23, 23/9 =2.5, 2.5 x 5=12.7 degrees C.”
  96. 96. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Because many people have never learned the metric system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Because many people have never learned the metric system. Please convert 20 Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Because many people have never learned the metric system. Please convert 20 Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit: – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature by 9. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Because many people have never learned the metric system. Please convert 20 Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit: – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Because many people have never learned the metric system. Please convert 20 Degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit: – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. – Now add 32. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit. – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature (20) by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. – Now add 32. 20 X 9 = 180 180 / 5 = 36 36 +32 = 68 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit. – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature (20) by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. – Now add 32. 20 X 9 = 180 180 / 5 = 36 36 +32 = 68 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit. – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature (20) by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. – Now add 32. 20 X 9 = 180 180 / 5 = 36 36 +32 = 68 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • Answer: 68 Degrees Fahrenheit. – Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature (20) by 9. – Divide the answer by 5. – Now add 32. 20 X 9 = 180 180 / 5 = 36 36 +32 = 68 F Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. “Please convert 30 degrees Celsius into degrees Fahrenheit.”
  107. 107. “Please convert 30 degrees Celsius into degrees Fahrenheit.” Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature by 9. Divide the answer by 5. Now add 32.
  108. 108. “Please convert 30 degrees Celsius into degrees Fahrenheit.” Begin by multiplying the Celsius temperature by 9. Divide the answer by 5. Now add 32.
  109. 109. “The answer is 86 Degrees Fahrenheit.” 30 x 9 / 5 + 32 = 86
  110. 110. • What is the temperature in Celsius?
  111. 111. • What is the temperature in Celsius? • 75 – 32 / 9 5 =
  112. 112. • What is the temperature in Celsius? • 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
  113. 113. • What is the temperature in Celsius? • 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
  114. 114. • What is the temperature in Celsius? • 75 – 32 / 9 5 = 23.8 degrees Celsius
  115. 115. “To get Fahrenheit from Celsius” “You can also take the temperature in Celsius and multiply by 1.8 and then add 32 degrees.
  116. 116. Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit. 35 1.8 + 32 = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. Please convert 35 degrees Celsius into Fahrenheit. 35 1.8 + 32 = 95 F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119.  Kelvin Scale: Zero Kelvin is absolute zero where molecular motion stops. That is the coldest something can be. (Never been reached.)  Water freezes at 273.16K; water boils at 373.16K. K = C + 273.16° Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120.  Kelvin Scale: Zero Kelvin is absolute zero where molecular motion stops. That is the coldest something can be. (Never been reached.)  Water freezes at 273.16K; water boils at 373.16K. K = C + 273.16° Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Molecular motion stops at zero degrees K. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Activity! Red Light, Green Light. Except it’s Zero K, Warm Again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light
  124. 124. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light Zero K Warm Again
  125. 125. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light Warm Again Again
  126. 126. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light Zero K Warm Again
  127. 127. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light Warm Again Again
  128. 128. • Activity (Optional) Red Light Green Light Zero K Warm Again • Students line up in a safe place. • Teacher creates finish line • When teachers spins and says Zero K you must freeze / stop. • When teacher says Warm Again and spins you may try and advance to the finish.
  129. 129. • Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains absolute zero. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNUDBdv3jWI
  130. 130. • Winds Available Sheet – Due at the end of Part II
  131. 131. • Activity! Please record the temperature in Celsius of the fluid in the three containers. – Draw picture and record temp next to drawing. In degrees Celsius. – Use two different thermometers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Activity! Please create the following in your journal and then set it up at your lab area. – Record the temp of the warm and then the cold. Temp____ C Temp____ C Temp____ C
  133. 133. • Activity! Please create the following in your journal and then set it up at your lab area. – Record the temp of the warm and then the cold. – Make a prediction, mix, and then find Med. temp. Temp____ C Temp____ C Temp____ C
  134. 134. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  135. 135. Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Water, Oceans, Roles of Oceans, El Nino, La Nina Cycle, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit. html
  136. 136. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Weather and Climate Unit. This unit includes… – A 5 part 2,500+ PowerPoint roadmap. – 16 page bundled homework and modified version that follows slideshow + answers. – 19 pages of unit notes with visuals – 25+ video links, two PowerPoint review games, rubrics, materials, list, curriculum guide, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_ Unit.html
  137. 137. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  138. 138. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  139. 139. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  140. 140. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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