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Genetics Punnett Squares, Probability, Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint was one very small part of my DNA and Genetics from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html . Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks
A five part, 3,000+ Slide PowerPoint roadmap delivers daily lessons full of meaningful hands-on activities, important red slide notes, built-in quizzes, video links, projects, 3 PowerPoint Review Games with Answers, discussion questions and much more. A homework package and detailed lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow

The DNA and Genetics Unit covers science topics associated with the DNA molecule, discovery of DNA, DNA's structure, cellular division, cancer, dangers of smoking, meiosis, and genetics. This unit includes a five part interactive and engaging PowerPoint Presentation of 2000+ slides with built-in class notes (Red Slides), lab activities, project ideas, discussion questions, assessments (Quiz Wiz), challenge questions with answers, video links, and much more. Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can read from all angles of a classroom. A shade technique and color coded text helps to increase student focus and allows the teacher to control the pace of the lesson. The entire unit except for the videos can be edited to fit any curriculum or time requirement. Also included is a 14 page assessment that chronologically goes with the slideshow for nightly homework, as well as an 8 page modified assessment. 12 pages of class notes with images are also included for students who require modifications, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments for support professionals, teachers, and homeschool parents. 13 video links (.flv files) are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes (internet connection needed). One PowerPoint review game is included (125+ slides). Answers to the PowerPoint review game are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games such as guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are provided. Difficulty rating 9/10.

Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit:
DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Transcription and Translation, Protein Synthesis, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What's Inside a Cigarette?, Statistics about Smoking, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate.
Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

Genetics Punnett Squares, Probability, Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human Human
  2. 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  3. 3. • Genetics Available Sheets
  4. 4. • When a man and women decide to have a child, who determines the gender? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Who determines gender?
  27. 27. • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. If he gives the X it is female, if he gives the Y it is male. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. If he gives the X it is female, if he gives the Y it is male. The woman is XX and can only give the X. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • In some cultures, women are harassed and looked down upon when they give birth to a daughter. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • In some cultures, women are harassed and looked down upon when they give birth to a daughter. “I’m too ignorant to understand the science but very quick to be abusive.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Really interesting NPR (Radio Lab) Science Friday. (Optional) Adult Content – Genghis Khan, the Y chromosome and his 16 million descendants. • http://www.radiolab.org/2007/sep/10/genghis-khan/ Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Now, the probability that if you flip a coin four times, is that 50% will land on heads, and 50% will land tails. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Now, the probability that if you flip a coin four times, is that 50% will land on heads, and 50% will land tails. – Let’s see if our results match probability? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Genetics deals heavily with probability, or the likelihood that a particular event will occur. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Genetics deals heavily with probability, or the likelihood that a particular event will occur. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about probability at… http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/probability.html
  51. 51. • What is the probability that a dice will land on 6? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Answer: The odds and 1-6 or 16.67% Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Answer: The odds and 1-6 or 16.67% • Anyone want to bet against me that I roll a 6? I only get one chance? Are the odds good? What do you bet if you take me on? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • And the winner is…
  55. 55. • And the winner is…
  56. 56. • People who look at this machine do not understand probability. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. – “Hey Jimmy, the history board shows that red hasn’t come up in a while, it’s due.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • History doesn’t determine probability in mathematics. If the probability is 50/50, it will always be 50/50. Black will be due 50% of the time.
  61. 61. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Dude” “Black is hot right now.” “Bet Black.”
  62. 62. • Roulette isn’t a 50/50 chance of winning because of the two green slots is where the house wins if you didn’t place your bet on green. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Roulette isn’t a 50/50 chance of winning because of the two green slots is where the house wins if you didn’t place your bet on green. 48% Chance you will win, 52% you will lose. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. “Jeepers!” “Probability showed I would lose and I did.” “How did this happen?”
  65. 65. • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. 2500/5000 50/50 – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. 2500/5000 50/50 – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? 500,000/1,000,000 50/50 Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • The more numbers you get, the true probability becomes more apparent or accurate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Which boxes are homozygous recessive? 1 2 3 4
  81. 81. • Which boxes are homozygous recessive? 1 2 3 4
  82. 82. • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
  83. 83. • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
  84. 84. • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
  85. 85. • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
  86. 86. • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
  87. 87. • Genetics Available Sheets
  88. 88. • Quiz Wiz 1-10 Answers will follow each questions. – Word Bank: Homozygous Dominant, Homozygous recessive, heterozygous. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Bonus – Name the Movie Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Bonus: The Princess Bride, • Rob Reiner (1987) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf?
  134. 134. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf?
  135. 135. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human
  136. 136. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human
  137. 137. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human
  138. 138. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human
  139. 139. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human Human
  140. 140. • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • H = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human Human “Oh the possibilities!” “I hope they make more books…”
  141. 141. • Video Link (Optional) Heredity – Khan Academy – http://www.khanacademy.org/video/introducti on-to-heredity?playlist=Biology
  142. 142. • Activity Sheet! Designing your child with dominant and recessive traits. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. • Designing your child Activity – Use Face Creator – (Print screen and paste to paint, then crop and print). Or use poster boards, pens etc. – Everyone should create portrait of offspring using information from sheet. – http://flashface.ctapt.de/ Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • You can now complete the top of page 10 of your bundled homework. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. • Genetics Available Sheets
  146. 146. • Video Link! Punnett Squares. – Pause at dihybrid cross (6:50). This slide will appear again. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1PCwxUDTl8
  147. 147. • Who here owns a pet?
  148. 148. • We just bought some gerbils (brother and sister) from the pet store. – Both gerbils are black in color. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Nobody at the pet store wanted this one. – Homozygous recessive is bb, and the gerbil will be white. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • The gerbils explored the cage for a few hours, ate some food, drank some water, and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  155. 155. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  156. 156. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  157. 157. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant
  158. 158. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
  160. 160. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy  Homozygous Dominant
  162. 162. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B B Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B B Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  168. 168. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  169. 169. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  170. 170. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  171. 171. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  172. 172. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  173. 173. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  174. 174. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
  175. 175. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2
  176. 176. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2
  177. 177. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2 (BB and Bb)
  178. 178. • All were black. So we took all of the babies out and put them in another cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • All were black. So we took all of the babies out and put them in another cage. – Sometimes gerbils will eat their babies and we don’t want to see half eaten baby gerbils. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. They got sick of hanging out in the cage and eventually got bored. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. They got sick of hanging out in the cage and eventually got bored. Then they decided it was time to… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  184. 184. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  185. 185. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  186. 186. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  How many are white and how many black? Ratio Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Both parents are heterozygous
  187. 187. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
  189. 189. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Bb - Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BBHomozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  213. 213. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  214. 214. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  215. 215. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  216. 216. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  217. 217. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  218. 218. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  219. 219. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
  220. 220. • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. We decided to get more cages and put them together. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. We decided to get more cages and put them together. The Gerbils hung out for a bit and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  224. 224. • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
  225. 225. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  How many are white and how many black? Ratio Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous while the other is homozygous recessive
  226. 226. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Homozygous recessive
  228. 228. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
  229. 229. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  233. 233. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  234. 234. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  235. 235. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  238. 238. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  243. 243. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  244. 244. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  245. 245. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  246. 246. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  247. 247. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  248. 248. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  249. 249. • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
  250. 250. • 50/50 Black and White. We took the babies out and put them in another cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251. • 50/50 Black and White. We took the babies out and put them in another cage. – The gerbils ate some food, played in the wheel a bit, got bored and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. • Decided to get some more food. After they ate they got bored and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • Rested for a bit. Once they were well rested they got bored and decided to… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. • Play on the wheel again because it’s the most fun thing to do in the cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. • Play on the wheel again because it’s the most fun thing to do in the cage. After playing on the wheel, the two gerbils went off and… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • Decided to hang out in the little corral, Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257. • Decided to hang out in the little corral, where they eventually agreed that their mental relationship paralleled their physical relationship and the time was right to start a family. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258. • Decided to hang out in the little corral, where they eventually agreed that their mental relationship paralleled their physical relationship and the time was right to start a family. The gerbils then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  259. 259. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy -Both parents are homozygous recessive
  260. 260. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  261. 261. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
  264. 264. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
  265. 265. • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
  266. 266. • Reverse the whole story and the two starting black gerbils were BB and BB Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy BB BB
  267. 267. • Reverse the whole story and the two starting black gerbils were BB and BB – What will the outcome be after several crosses? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy BB BB
  268. 268. • Answer: All will be black because the two gerbils were BB homozygous dominant. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. • Answer: All will be black because the two gerbils were BB homozygous dominant. “Can we take a break now, I’m all worn out.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  270. 270. • Based on your gerbil inbreeding? – Why might inbreeding not be the best option for a small population? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. • Answer – Inbreeding increases the chance of a harmful recessive mutation being expressed.
  272. 272. • You can now complete page 10 of your bundled homework. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  273. 273. • and the top of page 11. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  274. 274. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up.
  275. 275. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up.
  276. 276. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  277. 277. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  278. 278. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  279. 279. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  280. 280. • Video Link! Punnett Squares • Dihybrid crosses starts at… 6:50 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1PCwxUD Tl8
  281. 281. • Dihybrid Cross: A cross that involves two sets of characteristics. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg
  283. 283. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive
  284. 284. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  285. 285. B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  286. 286. B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  287. 287. B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  288. 288. BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  289. 289. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  290. 290. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  291. 291. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg) BB
  292. 292. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg) BB
  293. 293. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  294. 294. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  295. 295. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  296. 296. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  297. 297. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  298. 298. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  299. 299. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  300. 300. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  301. 301. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  302. 302. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  303. 303. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  304. 304. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  305. 305. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  306. 306. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  307. 307. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  308. 308. BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
  309. 309. • Two Guinea pigs meet… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  310. 310. • Two Guinea pigs meet… B=Black fur b=brown fur S=Short fur s=long fur Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  311. 311. • Two Guinea pigs meet… B=Black fur b=brown fur S=Short fur s=long fur The Male Guinea pig is BbSs and the female is the same BbSs. (BbSs x BbSs) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  312. 312. • Genetics Available Sheets
  313. 313. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  333. 333. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  334. 334. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
  335. 335. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
  336. 336. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short Black Fur / Short
  337. 337. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  338. 338. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  339. 339. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
  340. 340. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / long
  341. 341. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  342. 342. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  343. 343. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brown fur / Short
  344. 344. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  345. 345. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  346. 346. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brown fur / long
  347. 347. Your on your own now Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  348. 348. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  349. 349. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short
  350. 350. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long
  351. 351. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short
  352. 352. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long
  353. 353. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long ?
  354. 354. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long ?
  355. 355. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9
  356. 356. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 ?
  357. 357. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 ?
  358. 358. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3
  359. 359. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 ?
  360. 360. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 ?
  361. 361. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3
  362. 362. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3 ?
  363. 363. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3 1
  364. 364. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 2 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  365. 365. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  366. 366. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 2 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  367. 367. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  368. 368. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  369. 369. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  370. 370. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  371. 371. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  372. 372. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  373. 373. How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
  374. 374. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  375. 375. • Codominance is a relationship among alleles where both alleles contribute to the phenotype of the heterozygote. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  376. 376. • Codominance is a relationship among alleles where both alleles contribute to the phenotype of the heterozygote. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  377. 377. • Genetics Available Sheets
  378. 378. • Incomplete Dominance: One allele for a specific trait is not completely dominant over the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  379. 379. • Genetics Available Sheets
  380. 380. ? ?
  381. 381. ? ?
  382. 382. P Generation
  383. 383. P Generation
  384. 384. P Generation
  385. 385. P Generation F1 Generation
  386. 386. P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
  387. 387. P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
  388. 388. P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
  389. 389. P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
  390. 390. P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
  391. 391. • Genetics Available Sheets
  392. 392. • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
  393. 393. • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
  394. 394. • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
  395. 395. • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
  396. 396. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  397. 397. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  398. 398. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  399. 399. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  400. 400. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  401. 401. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  402. 402. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  403. 403. • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
  404. 404. • Pedigree Chart Activity. – Investigation of Nicotine Addiction – http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/ genetics/pi.html
  405. 405. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  406. 406. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my DNA and Genetics Unit. • This unit includes… – A five part 3,000 slide PowerPoint roadmap. – 14 page bundled homework package, answer keys, lesson notes, rubrics, materials list, guide, and much more. – PowerPoint Review Game, games, flashcards, crosswords, and more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics _Unit.html
  407. 407. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tstPlease visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.
  408. 408. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  409. 409. Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit: DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What is Inside a Cigarette?, Facts about Smoking?, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate Full Unit found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html
  410. 410. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult  5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  411. 411. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  412. 412. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  413. 413. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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