Digestive System Lesson PowerPoint, Digestion, Stomach, Intestine, Anatomy Lesso

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This is the digestive system lesson PowerPoint that follows my 13 Part 8,500 slide PowerPoint from my Human Body Systems Unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This lesson PowerPoint covers the human digestive system. A bundled homework package, lesson notes, and much more are included.

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Digestive System Lesson PowerPoint, Digestion, Stomach, Intestine, Anatomy Lesso

  1. 1. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm ollows unctionCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. Human Body Unit Part VI/XIII The Digestive System Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Kidneys Ureters Urinary Bladder Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  New Area of Focus: The Digestive System Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  10. 10. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  11. 11. • What did you have for breakfast today? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Humans are chemical factories, we need raw materials to produce new cells, repair damaged parts, and produce energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  14. 14. • High quality energy in Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • High quality energy in – heat released – Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • High quality energy in – heat released – lower quality energy out. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • High quality energy in – heat released – lower quality energy out. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  19. 19. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  20. 20.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food.
  21. 21.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. “I had a well balanced lunch.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. “Uggghhh.” “Rough Lunch.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35.  Nutrients: The usable portions of food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Nutrients include Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Nutrients include Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Nutrients include – Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Nutrients include – Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats – Vitamins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats – Vitamins
  46. 46. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats – Vitamins – Minerals Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats – Vitamins – Minerals
  48. 48. • Nutrients include – Proteins – Carbohydrates – Fats – Vitamins – Minerals – Water Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Carbohydrates: Energy molecule and contains fiber. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Fats: Energy source. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Which of the following is incorrect? A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Which of the following is incorrect? Answer is… A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Which of the following is incorrect? Answer is… A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Prevents nutrient overloading and regulates calcium. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Which of the following is incorrect? Answer is… A.) Protein: Growth, Repair, Reproduction of Cells (structure of your body), produces enzymes, hormones, antibodies. B.) Carbohydrates: Energy molecule and contains fiber. C.) Fats: Energy source. D.) Vitamins: Prevents diseases, regulates body processes, and needed for chemical reactions. E.) Minerals: Needed for bones and teeth, blood and other tissues. F.) Water: To dissolve substances in blood, tissue fluid, biochemical reactions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65.  Calorie: Amount of energy that can be obtained from nutrients. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • You’ve just completely bonked due to a lack of energy. – Which of the items below will give you a quick burst of energy, and which will give you longer lasting energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • You’ve just completely bonked due to a lack of energy. – Which of the items below will give you a quick burst of energy, and which will give you longer lasting energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • You’ve just completely bonked due to a lack of energy. – Which of the items below will give you a quick burst of energy, and which will give you longer lasting energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • You’ve just completely bonked due to a lack of energy. – Which of the items below will give you a quick burst of energy, and which will give you longer lasting energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • You’ve just completely bonked due to a lack of energy. – Which of the items below will give you a quick burst of energy, and which will give you longer lasting energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71.  Digestion: The process of breaking food down into nutrients. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Let’s discuss the mouth and salvia. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Saliva helps to moisten your food and contains a chemical to begin the process of digestion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74.  Ptyalin (ti´ah-lin): Chemical (Enzyme) in saliva that breaks starches into sugars. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75.  Ptyalin (ti´ah-lin): Chemical (Enzyme) in saliva that breaks starches into sugars. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about saliva at… http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/what-is-saliva
  76. 76.  Chemical Digestion: Process of converting food into chemical substances that can be absorbed and used. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  78. 78. • Activity! Starting off the digestion process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Activity! Starting off the digestion process. • Students with food allergies should not participate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Activity! Starting off the digestion process. • Students with food allergies should not participate. – Teacher to pass everyone a piece of bread. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Activity! Starting off the digestion process. • Students with food allergies should not participate. – Teacher to pass everyone a piece of bread. – Students place bread in mouth (Record taste immediately in journal) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Activity! Starting off the digestion process. • Students with food allergies should not participate. – Teacher to pass everyone a piece of bread. – Students place bread in mouth (Record taste immediately in journal) – Students allow salvia to moisten bread in mouth and then begin chewing. (Record taste in journal after chewing) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • What happened? • How did the taste change? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Answer: Bread is a complex carbohydrate (starch). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Answer: Bread is a complex carbohydrate (starch). The ptyalin in your saliva along with your chewing broke the large sugar molecules into smaller (more sweet) sugar molecules. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. • Answer: Bread is a complex carbohydrate (starch). The ptyalin in your saliva along with your chewing broke the large sugar molecules into smaller (more sweet) sugar molecules. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Answer: Bread is a complex carbohydrate (starch). The ptyalin in your saliva along with your chewing broke the large sugar molecules into smaller (more sweet) sugar molecules. Glucose Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Taste buds: The sensory organs that are found on your tongue. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Taste buds: The sensory organs that are found on your tongue. Taste buds are part of the nervous system but will be covered quickly now. They will be addressed again later. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  91. 91. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 2 3 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 2 3 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 2 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 2 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? 1 1 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Activity! Sour Patch Kid. – Place Sour Patch Kid in the four place of your tongue. Which is the most sour? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Activity! Salt Water. – Mix up a solution of table salt and warm water. Have students dip a popsicle stick into the solution and then test to see if the tip the tongue picks up the salty taste. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Activity! Unsweetened Cocoa Powder – Have students wet a new popsicle stick into water and then dip it into a container of unsweetened cocoa powder. Then test to see if the back of the tongue picks up the bitter taste. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Besides the chemical enzymes, what else did you use to break down the piece of bread? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107.  Mechanical Digestion: Physically breaking down the food. orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Dentition – - – - – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Dentition – - – - – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Covered here as it will relate to how food is mechanically broken down in the mouth
  110. 110. • Incisors = For cutting. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • Activity! Practice snipping a carrot much like a rabbit with your incisors. – Grind the carrot with your back teeth / molars.
  112. 112. • A beaver must constantly wear down its incisors or they will grow up into it’s brain causing death. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. • Which teeth are the incisors in this human? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Canines: For stabbing and killing, tearing and piercing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • Canines: For stabbing and killing, tearing and piercing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Volunteer Needed
  117. 117. • Canines: For stabbing and killing, tearing and piercing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Canines: For stabbing and killing, tearing and piercing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • In some cases, canines have evolved so they can be used for many purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance,
  121. 121. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance,
  122. 122. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance, aid in forming and maintaining holes in the ice,
  123. 123. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance, aid in forming and maintaining holes in the ice,
  124. 124. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance, aid in forming and maintaining holes in the ice, and to climb out of the water and on to the ice.
  125. 125. • Walrus tusks are used as a mating symbol to show dominance, aid in forming and maintaining holes in the ice, and to climb out of the water and on to the ice.
  126. 126. • Carnivores sometimes have a large sagittal crest for muscle attachment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Carnivores sometimes have a large sagittal crest for muscle attachment. – Creates awesome crushing power. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Carnivores sometimes have a large sagittal crest for muscle attachment. – Creates awesome crushing power. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Zygomatic arch also allows muscles to attach and provides strength to bite. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Where are the canines in this human? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Which cast member below has the largest canines? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • Answer! Count von Count Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. “Humans have four canines.” “Count them with me.”
  135. 135. 1
  136. 136. 1 2
  137. 137. 1 2 3
  138. 138. 1 2 3 4
  139. 139. “That was fun.” “Let’s do it again.” “Even louder this time.”
  140. 140. “Humans have four canines.” “Count them with me.”
  141. 141. 1
  142. 142. 1 2
  143. 143. 1 2 3
  144. 144. 1 2 3 4
  145. 145. “Very Good!” “Now get back to work.”
  146. 146. • Premolars: To crush and grind food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Activity! Gum in school just this once. – Chew a couple pieces of gum and make a large wad (Don’t choke!). Make an imprint with your premolars and canines. – Make a quick sketch in your journal and label each tooth.
  148. 148. • Molars: Larger, crushing and grinding food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Herbivore molars are designed to grind and cut difficult plant material.
  150. 150. • Wisdom teeth, Large Molars for crushing. Left over from when our primate ancestors ate a plant diet of tough vegetation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • Diastema: A large gap between adjacent teeth, normally between the incisors and chewing teeth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Activity! Please work with your table group to match the colored teeth with their correct name. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. Is it a herbivore, carnivore or omnivore? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Activity! (Optional) Make your own tooth impression in clay or with chewing gum. – Please label your impression correctly on top of a piece of paper. – Incisors, Canines, Premolars, Molars. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • The Digestive System uses a combination of mechanical and chemical means to break down food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. Learn more about mechanical and chemical digestion at… http://www.smartlivingnetwork.com/digestive/b/mechanical-and- chemical-digestion/
  168. 168. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  169. 169. • Activity! Eating an Apple. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • Activity! Eating an Apple. – Draw a before picture of the apple, and your best guess of what the apple looks like after 35 number of chews to one swallow per bite. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • Activity! Eating an Apple. – Draw a before picture of the apple, and your best guess of what the apple looks like after 35 number of chews to one swallow per bite. – Open your mouth after 35 chews and have neighbor draw apple. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172. • Activity! Eating an Apple. – Draw a before picture of the apple, and your best guess of what the apple looks like after 35 number of chews to one swallow per bite. – Open your mouth after 35 chews and have neighbor draw apple. – Everyone eat the apple. Was 35 chews per bite too much or too little? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. • Chewing your food is an important part of digestion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174. • Chewing your food is an important part of digestion. – Your stomach has no teeth. – Chewing allows the chemical digestion process to act on your food more easily. – Relax and enjoy, take your time, chew often. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. • Chewing your food is an important part of digestion. – Your stomach has no teeth. – Chewing allows the chemical digestion process to act on your food more easily. – Relax and enjoy, take your time, chew often. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. • Chewing your food is an important part of digestion. – Your stomach has no teeth – Chewing allows the chemical digestion process to act on your food more easily. – Relax and enjoy, take your time, chew often. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. • Activity! (Optional) Yummy Snack! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. • Activity! (Optional) Yummy Snack! – Draw a (before) and then (after) sketch upon completion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • Activity! (Optional) Yummy Snack! – Draw a (before) and then (after) sketch upon completion. – Each student receives a few graham crackers, slices of banana, and clear plastic sandwich bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. • Activity! (Optional) Yummy Snack! – Draw a (before) and then (after) sketch upon completion. – Each student receives a few graham crackers, slices of banana, and clear plastic sandwich bag. – Teacher sprays inside of each bag with clean water from squirt bottle. (Saliva) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. • Activity! (Optional) Yummy Snack! – Draw a (before) and then (after) sketch upon completion. – Each student receives a few graham crackers, slices of banana, and clear plastic sandwich bag. – Teacher sprays inside of each bag with clean water from squirt bottle. (Saliva) – Students mix bag with hands (simulates chewing). Draw end product. –Scoop out and enjoy! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. • Activity Sheet! Creating your anatomy resource book. GI Tract / Digestive System – Please label all of the following. Use… – http://www.getbodysmart.com/ap2/systems/tutori al.html Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183.  Pharynx: Part of the throat situated immediately behind the mouth and nasal cavity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • What is this?
  185. 185. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • When you swallow (reflex), your muscles (tongue) move food into your throat and cause your epiglottis to close. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The three phases of swallowing… Learn more at… http://stroke.about.com/od/caregiverresources/qt/swallowphases.htm
  192. 192.  Esophagus: The tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. (Smooth Muscle) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • The esophagus is covered with a slimy mucous that aids movement. – (12 seconds to travel to stomach) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • The esophagus is covered with a slimy mucous that aids movement. – (12 seconds to travel to stomach) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195.  Peristalsis: Waves of rhythmic muscular contractions that push / move food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196.  Peristalsis: Waves of rhythmic muscular contractions that push / move food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Optional Activity! Teacher or volunteer student swallows some food upside down. – Peristalsis can move food against gravity. – Please make item something that won’t cause a choking hazard. (chew prior) – Teacher or volunteer can lay over edge of table or handstand.
  198. 198. • Video! Peristalsis in the antrum (Lower part of stomach). – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o18UycWR saA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Activity! Going Golfing – Class needs to move 5 golf ball through the digestive track using peristalsis. Eyes Closed? – Students form line one across from another. – Wet hands and use dish soap for mucous. - You can only squeeze hands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Optional activity to peristalsis. – Teacher to demonstrate moving a large plastic egg or Whiffle Ball (bolus) through a pantyhose with foot cut off. • Note the action of peristalsis instead of gravity.
  201. 201. • Video! Choking and the Heimlich Maneuver – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEIiEAn7b-U
  202. 202.  Stomach: A saclike part of the alimentary canal in which food is stored. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203.  Stomach: A saclike part of the alimentary canal in which food is stored. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204.  Stomach: A saclike part of the alimentary canal in which food is stored. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • Cells in the stomach wall release a chemical gastric juice (Pepsin – enzyme) and thick slippery mucous to protect stomach. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Cells in the stomach wall release a chemical gastric juice (Pepsin – enzyme) and thick slippery mucous to protect stomach. – Pepsin contains hydrochloric acid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • The stomach churns the food (mechanical) while the gastric juices break down the food chemically. (Smooth Muscle) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. – Antacid tablets help to neutralize the acid with a base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. – Antacid tablets help to neutralize the acid with a base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. – Antacid tablets help to neutralize the acid with a base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Acid
  212. 212. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. – Antacid tablets help to neutralize the acid with a base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Acid Base
  213. 213. • Heartburn / upset stomach is that acid making its way up the esophagus. – Antacid tablets help to neutralize the acid with a base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Acid Base Gastric Juices
  214. 214. • Follow-up to Activity for digestive system! – Place small piece of chicken meat and bone into a jar with vinegar. – Take a similar size of meat and cut with a knife into many pieces and place in another jaw (simulated chewing) – Add vinegar and cap jar and set aside until you reach the digestion system / digestive juices. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • How is the piece of chicken looking? – The meat should be broken down. The vinegar is acidic (pH of 2.4-3.4). – The pH of your stomach is about 1 (Acidic) HCL – Your small intestine is alkaline (pH 7.1) which is better for the digestive enzymes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • Surface Area and Digestion? – Did the piece of meat that was cut up into several smaller pieces dissolve faster than the meat that was not? – Chewing helps to digest your food as the chemicals in your stomach and intestine and work on more of the food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • Surface Area and Digestion? – Did the piece of meat that was cut up into several smaller pieces dissolve faster than the meat that was not? – Chewing helps to digest your food as the chemicals in your stomach and intestine and work on more of the food. ChewedNot chewed Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. • What does this tell us about our food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • What does this tell us about our food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. • Teacher Demonstration! • Test the pH of vinegar with litmus paper. – See how an antacid neutralizes acid. Place a spoonful of Baking Soda (base) into the vinegar (acid). Note reaction. – Measure pH of baking soda and vinegar product. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • Teacher Demonstration! • Test the pH of vinegar with litmus paper. – See how an antacid neutralizes acid. Place a spoonful of Baking Soda (base) into the vinegar (acid). Note reaction. – Measure pH of baking soda and vinegar product. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. • The Pyloric valve is a strong ring of smooth muscle that lets food pass from the stomach to the duodenum. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years – C.) 7 months Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years – C.) 7 months – D.) A few hours Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years – C.) 7 months – D.) A few hours – E.) It digests immediately Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years – C.) 7 months – D.) A few hours – E.) It digests immediately Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. • How long does gum stay in your stomach if you swallow it? – A.) Your entire life? – B.) 7 years – C.) 7 months – D.) A few hours – E.) It digests immediately Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231. – Gum, like most materials, passes through your stomach and into your intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. – Gum, like most materials, passes through your stomach and into your intestine. Some parts of the gum are digested (sugars) while the rest comes out the other end (resins). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  233. 233. – Gum, like most materials, passes through your stomach and into your intestine. Some parts of the gum are digested (sugars) while the rest comes out the other end (resins). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  234. 234. • From the stomach to the anus is known as the Gastrointestinal Tract or GI Tract. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  235. 235. • From the stomach to the anus is known as the Gastrointestinal Tract or GI Tract. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. • Activity! Step by step drawing of the Digestive System.
  237. 237. “Can we label some parts already?”
  238. 238. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. • Activity! The GI Tract is about 12 meters long (40 feet in male) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • Activity! The GI Tract is about 12 meters long (40 feet in male) – Volunteer to wear baggy sweatshirt and needs to stuff 10 meters of garden hose, and two meters of wacky noodle into the sweatshirt from just below chest to just above waist. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm ollows unctionCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249. • Note how the GI Tract coils around so that its incredible length can fit into an area so small. orm ollows unctionCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  250. 250.  Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile (produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder), Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile (produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder), pancreatic acids (pancreas), Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile (produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder), pancreatic acids (pancreas), and other secretions to chemically breakdown food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile (produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder), pancreatic acids (pancreas), and other secretions to chemically breakdown food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – Distributes bile (produced by the liver and stored in the gall bladder), pancreatic acids (pancreas), and other secretions to chemically breakdown food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Why not add all of the digestive enzymes here?
  257. 257. • Duodenum: The beginning of the small intestine. – If the chemical enzymes were added at the end of the GI tract the food would not be broken down and absorption of nutrients would be difficult. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Why not add all of the digestive enzymes here?
  258. 258.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  259. 259.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  260. 260.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  261. 261.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266.  Small Intestine: Major organ for food absorption. Very Long 15 ft / 4.5 m orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  267. 267. • Activity! On next Slide – Digestion Tic-Tac-Toe. Three in a row to win! (Tally wins to decide) – Teacher on next slide to minimize out of slideshow. – Students are and go first. – Teacher is and goes second” – Both must read squares information out loud before placing letter (Try and read the top and left row as well). Teacher to fill square with color – You must get two wins to win it all! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. Digestive Juices Digestive Enzyme Works On Changes To Saliva Ptylain Starch Simple Sugars Gastric (Stomach) Pepsin Protein Peptides and Amino Acids Pancreatic Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Protein Fats Complex Sugars, simple Proteins, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Intestinal Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase, Lipase, Peptidase Complex Sugars, Simple Proteins, Fats Simple Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Example of win Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. Digestive Juices Digestive Enzyme Works On Changes To Saliva Ptylain Starch Simple Sugars Gastric (Stomach) Pepsin Protein Peptides and Amino Acids Pancreatic Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Protein Fats Complex Sugars, simple Proteins, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Intestinal Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase, Lipase, Simple Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, GlycerolCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Example – I choose Peptides and Amino Acids that are created when gastric juices in the stomach and enzymes such as pepsin break down proteins.
  270. 270. Digestive Juices Digestive Enzyme Works On Changes To Saliva Ptylain Starch Simple Sugars Gastric (Stomach) Pepsin Protein Peptides and Amino Acids Pancreatic Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Protein Fats Complex Sugars, simple Proteins, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Intestinal Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase, Lipase, Peptidase Complex Sugars, Simple Proteins, Fats Simple Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. Digestive Juices Digestive Enzyme Works On Changes To Saliva Ptylain Starch Simple Sugars Gastric (Stomach) Pepsin Protein Peptides and Amino Acids Pancreatic Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Protein Fats Complex Sugars, simple Proteins, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Intestinal Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase, Lipase, Peptidase Complex Sugars, Simple Proteins, Fats Simple Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. Digestive Juices Digestive Enzyme Works On Changes To Saliva Ptylain Starch Simple Sugars Gastric (Stomach) Pepsin Protein Peptides and Amino Acids Pancreatic Amylase Trypsin Lipase Starch Protein Fats Complex Sugars, simple Proteins, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Intestinal Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase, Lipase, Peptidase Complex Sugars, Simple Proteins, Fats Simple Sugars, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  273. 273.  Pancreas: Organ that aids in digestion by producing pancreatic juices that enter small intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  274. 274. • Pancreas: Organ that aids in digestion by producing pancreatic juices that enter small intestine. – Also aids in producing hormones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  275. 275. • Pancreas: Organ that aids in digestion by producing pancreatic juices that enter small intestine. – Also aids in producing hormones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  276. 276. • The Liver and Gall Bladder are organs that aid in the digestion process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  277. 277. • The Liver and Gall Bladder are organs that aid in the digestion process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278. • The Liver and Gall Bladder are organs that aid in the digestion process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  279. 279.  Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats.  Also detoxifies chemicals  Synthesizes proteins  Stores Glycogen (energy)  Decomposes red blood cells  Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  281. 281. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  283. 283. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Liver: Large, heavy, vital organ that produces bile that breaks down fats. – Also detoxifies chemicals – Synthesizes proteins – Stores Glycogen (energy) – Decomposes red blood cells – Hormone production It’s difficult to live long term without a liver because it performs so many functions Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  287. 287.  Gall Bladder: A small pear-shaped organ that stores and concentrates bile from the liver. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  288. 288.  Gall Bladder: A small pear-shaped organ that stores and concentrates bile from the liver. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  289. 289.  Gall Bladder: A small pear-shaped organ that stores and concentrates bile from the liver. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  290. 290. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  291. 291. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  292. 292. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  293. 293. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  294. 294. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  295. 295. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  296. 296. Liver Gall Bladder Intestine
  297. 297. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  298. 298. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  300. 300. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours – C.) 5 minutes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  301. 301. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours – C.) 5 minutes – D.) 5 seconds Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  302. 302. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours – C.) 5 minutes – D.) 5 seconds – E.) Nobody Knows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  303. 303. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours – C.) 5 minutes – D.) 5 seconds – E.) Nobody Knows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  304. 304. • How long does it normally take for the nutrients in your food to be absorbed in the intestine? – A.) 5 days – B.) 5 hours – C.) 5 minutes – D.) 5 seconds – E.) Nobody Knows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  305. 305. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  306. 306. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. “Hoot” “Hoot” “They are sure burning a lot of sugar running that fast.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  307. 307. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. “Hoot” “Hoot” “They are sure burning a lot of sugar running that fast.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  308. 308. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  309. 309. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  310. 310. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  311. 311. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  312. 312. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes.
  313. 313. • The nutrients in your food get broken down into small substances (molecules) and are absorbed into your bloodstream. – Proteins to Amino Acids – Starches to simple sugars – Fats to Fatty Acids and Glycerol Once these are put into your bloodstream, they then can be used for energy and other purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  314. 314. • Digestive System Available Sheet
  315. 315. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  316. 316. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  317. 317. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  318. 318. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  319. 319. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  320. 320. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  321. 321. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  322. 322. • Food’s macronutrients undergo chemical breakdown as they move through the digestive system.
  323. 323. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  324. 324. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  325. 325. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  326. 326. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  327. 327. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  328. 328. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  329. 329. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Proteins Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  330. 330. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time.”
  331. 331. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  332. 332. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  333. 333. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  334. 334. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  335. 335. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  336. 336. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  337. 337. • Activity! Please match the substance to the substance it gets broken down into. Starches Fats Amino Acids and Peptides Simple Sugars Glycerol Proteins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  338. 338. • Lab Activity Link! (Optional) More Advanced. – http://www4.smsd.org/debrabrewer/docs/Doc- 43408.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  339. 339.  The small intestine is covered with millions of small fingerlike structures called villi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  340. 340. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  341. 341. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  342. 342. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  343. 343. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  344. 344. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  345. 345. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm ollows Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  346. 346. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  347. 347. • The shape of the villi creates more surface area for the absorption of nutrients. orm ollows unction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  348. 348. • The mop has ends similar to villi so that it will pick up the most dirt. – (More surface area) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  349. 349. • The appendix is a small pouch that extends off the large intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  350. 350. • The appendix is a small pouch that extends off the large intestine. – Plays a role in preventing infection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  351. 351. • The appendix is a small pouch that extends off the large intestine. – Plays a role in preventing infection. – Can rupture causing Appendicitis. • Appendix needs to be removed quickly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  352. 352. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  353. 353. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  354. 354. • Undigested food then passes through the large intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  355. 355. • Undigested food then passes through the large intestine. – The large intestine is much thicker than the small intestine but much shorter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  356. 356. • Undigested food then passes through the large intestine. – The large intestine is much thicker than the small intestine but much shorter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Cecum marks the beginning of the large intestine and is basically a big pouch that receives waste material from the small intestine.
  357. 357.  Large Intestine: Water is absorbed, bacteria in the intestine also make important vitamins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  358. 358.  Large Intestine: Water is absorbed, bacteria in the intestine also make important vitamins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy and it actually looks like…
  359. 359.  Large Intestine: Water is absorbed, bacteria in the intestine also make important vitamins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  360. 360.  Rectum: Short tube at the end of the large intestine that stores waste. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  361. 361. • Rectum: Short tube at the end of the large intestine that stores waste. – Anus: Opening at the end of the rectum. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  362. 362. • Rectum: Short tube at the end of the large intestine that stores waste. – Anus: Opening at the end of the rectum. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What it actually looks like…
  363. 363. • Rectum: Short tube at the end of the large intestine that stores waste. – Anus: Opening at the end of the rectum. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What it actually looks like…
  364. 364. • Video! The Digestive System – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7xKYNz9 AS0&feature=related Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  365. 365. • Activity! Teacher to minimize out of slideshow on the next slide. – Students drag images to complete digestive system as teacher controls on their computer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  366. 366. • Review Opportunity before Activity. (Optional) Virtual tour of Digestive System. – http://www.medtropolis.com/VBody.asp Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Review of lesson / learn more about the digestive system at… http://www.guam.net/pub/sshs/depart/science/mancuso/apbiolecture/3 2_DigestionNut/DigestionNutrition.htm
  367. 367. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  368. 368. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  369. 369. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  370. 370. Answer:
  371. 371. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  372. 372. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  373. 373. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  374. 374. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  375. 375. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  376. 376. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  377. 377. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  378. 378. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  379. 379. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  380. 380. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  381. 381. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  382. 382. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  383. 383. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  384. 384. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  385. 385. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  386. 386. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  387. 387. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphyv
  388. 388. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  389. 389. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  390. 390. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  391. 391. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  392. 392. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas “Ummm” “Doughnuts are good.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  393. 393. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time.”
  394. 394. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas
  395. 395. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  396. 396. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  397. 397. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  398. 398. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  399. 399. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  400. 400. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  401. 401. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  402. 402. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  403. 403. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  404. 404. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  405. 405. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  406. 406. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  407. 407. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  408. 408. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  409. 409. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  410. 410. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  411. 411. Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Pancreas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  412. 412. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  413. 413. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  414. 414. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  415. 415. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  416. 416. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  417. 417. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  418. 418. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  419. 419. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  420. 420. Liver Small Intestine Large Intestine Stomach
  421. 421. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  422. 422. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  423. 423. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  424. 424. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  425. 425. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  426. 426. Pharynx Epiglottis Esophagus
  427. 427. • Activity! Digestion Simulation – In the following simulation, we will be placing food into an assembly line that breaks apart instead of put together. – The class will be divided into various stations / organs of the digestive system. – Each station will either be mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, or both. – Students will add “chemicals” with spray bottles or mechanically shake / wave the bag and then pass it to the next group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  428. 428. • Activity! Digestion Simulation – In the following simulation, we will be placing food into an assembly line that breaks apart instead of put together. – The class will be divided into various stations / organs of the digestive system. – Each station will either be mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, or both. – Students will add “chemicals” with spray bottles or mechanically shake / wave the bag and then pass it to the next group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  429. 429. • Activity! Digestion Simulation – In the following simulation, we will be placing food into an assembly line that breaks apart instead of put together. – The class will be divided into various stations / organs of the digestive system. – Each station will either be mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, or both. – Students will add “chemicals” with spray bottles or mechanically shake / wave the bag and then pass it to the next group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  430. 430. • Activity! Digestion Simulation – In the following simulation, we will be placing food into an assembly line that breaks apart instead of put together. – The class will be divided into various stations / organs of the digestive system. – Each station will either be mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, or both. – Students will add “chemicals” with spray bottles or mechanically shake / wave the bag and then pass it to the next group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  431. 431. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  432. 432. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  433. 433. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  434. 434. Mouth Saliva Pharynx Esophagus Stomach Pancreas Liver Gall Bladder Small Intestine Large Intestine Rectum Anus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  435. 435. • Teacher double bags 3 “bites” of Cheerios with durable trash bags. (3 trials) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  436. 436. • Teacher double bags 3 “bites” of Cheerios with durable trash bags. (3 trials) – Have tray under bags just incase as they move down the GI Tract. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  437. 437. • Teacher double bags 3 “bites” of Cheerios with durable trash bags. (3 trials) – Have tray under bags just incase as they move down the GI Tract. – Students should use white paper to label their part of the GI Tract and keep it in front of them. – Questions will be addressed at the end of the process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Ex. Small Intestine
  438. 438. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  439. 439. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  440. 440. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  441. 441. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  442. 442. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  443. 443. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  444. 444. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  445. 445. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemical) just after it enters small intestine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  446. 446. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemical) just after it enters small intestine. Pancreas: Student sprays bottle into small intestine (chemical) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  447. 447. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Small Intestine: Wave and shake (Mechanical). One students sprays with bottle (mucous) Students take contents out of bag and press into strainer. Juice to collect in tray (Nutrients). Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemical) just after it enters small intestine. Pancreas: Student sprays bottle into small intestine (chemical) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  448. 448. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Small Intestine: Wave and shake (Mechanical). One students sprays with bottle (mucous) Students take contents out of bag and press into strainer. Juice to collect in tray (Nutrients). Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemical) just after it enters small intestine. Pancreas: Student sprays bottle into small intestine (chemical) Large Intestine: Students constantly use a sponge to collect any water that spills. Student also adds vitamins to the nutrient collection. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  449. 449. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Small Intestine: Wave and shake (Mechanical). One students sprays with bottle (mucous) Students take contents out of bag and press into strainer. Juice to collect in tray (Nutrients). Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemical) just after it enters small intestine. Pancreas: Student sprays bottle into small intestine (chemical) Large Intestine: Students constantly use a sponge to collect any water that spills. Student also adds vitamins to the nutrient collection. Rectum: Student compacts material into a wad within a paper towel tube. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  450. 450. Mouth - Students chew / mechanically break up Cheerios. Salivary Gland - Students use spray bottles to moisten food / chemically break down starches Pharynx – Student begins swallow reflex / shake bag (Mechanical) Esophagus: Students wave / shake bag (Peristalsis) and one student sprays with water (mucous) Stomach: Students churn contents over and over again (mechanical). Students sprays with bottle (gastric juices) HCL (chemical). Liver – Student passes bile (chemical) to the Gall Bladder. Small Intestine: Wave and shake (Mechanical). One students sprays with bottle (mucous) Students take contents out of bag and press into strainer. Juice to collect in tray (Nutrients). Gall Bladder: Bile (jelly) is distributed to the bag (chemic