Climate change

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Weather and Climate unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 2500+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 19 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: -What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Condensation / Evaporation, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. Difficulty rating 8/10.

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Climate change

  1. 1. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6.  New Area of Focus: Anthropogenic Global Warming / Climate Change Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Does global climate change effect your life? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Does global climate change effect your life? – I mean c’mon you have so much else to deal with right now? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • If nothing is done and warming trends continue in the same direction, the climate of your state will be that of…in the year… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • If nothing is done and warming trends continue in the same direction, the climate of your state will be that of…in the year… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • In order to understand climate change, you must also understand… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • In order to understand climate change, you must also understand… – The Cryoshpere (ice and snow) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • In order to understand climate change, you must also understand… – The Cryoshpere (ice and snow) – Land Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • In order to understand climate change, you must also understand… – The Cryoshpere (ice and snow) – Land – Oceans Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • In order to understand climate change, you must also understand… – The Cryoshpere (ice and snow) – Land – Oceans – Atmosphere Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Understanding this topic is very complicated and includes many different types of scientists working together. – Climatologists – Biologists – Geologist – Ecologist – Physicists – Chemists – And so on… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Understanding this topic is very complicated and includes many different types of scientists working together. – Climatologists – Biologists – Geologist – Ecologist – Physicists – Chemists – And so on… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20.  Anthropogenic (human created) Global Climate Change: The gradual warming of the earth caused by the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • The Anthropogenic Global Warming has everything to do with the Carbon Atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • The Anthropogenic Global Warming has everything to do with the Carbon Atom. – The carbon atom is a part of Carbon Dioxide gas which is a major greenhouse gas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • The Anthropogenic Global Warming has everything to do with the Carbon Atom. – The carbon atom is a part of Carbon Dioxide gas which is a major greenhouse gas. – CO2 helps trap heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • The Anthropogenic Global Warming has everything to do with the Carbon Atom. – The carbon atom is a part of Carbon Dioxide gas which is a major greenhouse gas. – CO2 helps trap heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Video! Carbon Todd. Episode I “It’s all about Carbon” – There are five episodes to watch. 1)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ypbb9Zi5Tao 2)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= cOJ3MUpDrfI&feature=relmfu 3)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Q9u8vM8YjeU&feature=relmfu 4)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= EvphJO8VKlc&feature=relmfu 5)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= M0D5YHVMk8A&feature=relmfu Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Point out the things that have carbon in them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Answer! Point out the things that have carbon in them. It’s Everywhere Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • More Greenhouse gases are released by the earth’s natural processes than by fossil fuel emissions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • I will say it again. More Greenhouse gases are released by the earth’s natural processes than by fossil fuel emissions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate.
  31. 31. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Deforestation: Clearing and burning of forests.
  32. 32. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Agriculture, Livestock, and Landfills all release methane which is much worse than CO2 .
  33. 33. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Agriculture, Livestock, and Landfills all release methane which is much worse than CO2 .
  34. 34. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Agriculture, Livestock, and Landfills all release methane which is much worse than CO2 .
  35. 35. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Agriculture, Livestock, and Landfills all release methane which is much worse than CO2 . Manure
  36. 36. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Fertilizers and other chemicals (Nitrous Oxides)
  37. 37. • Many other factors besides the burning of fossil fuels may interfere with climate. – Examples… – Fertilizers and other chemicals (Nitrous Oxides)
  38. 38. • Human created particles in the atmosphere can create a dimming effect where light is reflected back into space.
  39. 39. • Human created particles in the atmosphere can create a dimming effect where light is reflected back into space.
  40. 40. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Changes in Solar Radiation from the Sun.
  41. 41. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Changes in Solar Radiation from the Sun.
  42. 42. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Volcanoes: They release sulfur dioxide and dust particles that can reflect light.
  43. 43. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Clouds: They reflect light back into space before it reaches the surface.
  44. 44. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Clouds: They reflect light back into space before it reaches the surface.
  45. 45. • Natural sources that can change the climate include… – Clouds: They reflect light back into space before it reaches the surface.
  46. 46. • Climate changes on Earth can be very sudden and also occur very slowly.
  47. 47. • Climate changes on Earth can be very sudden and also occur very slowly. – These are some factors have caused Earth’s climate to change many times.
  48. 48. • Climate changes on Earth can be very sudden and also occur very slowly. – These are some factors have caused Earth’s climate to change many times. • Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. – Example: Volcanic eruptions
  49. 49. • Climate changes on Earth can be very sudden and also occur very slowly. – These are some factors have caused Earth’s climate to change many times. • Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. – Example: Volcanic eruptions • Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth – Changes in solar output – Changes in earths axis / Orbit – Changes in atmospheric composition
  50. 50. • Climate changes on Earth can be very sudden and also occur very slowly. – These are some factors have caused Earth’s climate to change many times. • Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. – Example: Volcanic eruptions • Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth – Changes in solar output – Changes in earths axis / Orbit – Changes in atmospheric composition • Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface – Ice Ages.
  51. 51. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  52. 52. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  53. 53. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  54. 54. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  55. 55. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  56. 56. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  57. 57. • Which is not a factor that has caused Earth’s climate to change many times? • A.) Changes in the greenhouse effect, which affects the amount of heat retained by Earth’s atmosphere. • B.) Human created climate change. • C.) Variations in the sun’s energy reaching Earth • D.) Changes in the reflectivity of Earth’s atmosphere and surface
  58. 58. • Climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the1700s can be explained by natural causes such as…
  59. 59. • Climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the1700s can be explained by natural causes such as… – Changes in solar energy, volcanic eruptions, and natural changes in greenhouse gas.
  60. 60. • Climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the1700s can be explained by natural causes such as… – Changes in solar energy, volcanic eruptions, and natural changes in greenhouse gas. – Recent climate changes, however, cannot be explained by natural causes alone.
  61. 61. • Climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the1700s can be explained by natural causes such as… – Changes in solar energy, volcanic eruptions, and natural changes in greenhouse gas. – Recent climate changes, however, cannot be explained by natural causes alone. Learn more about the history of climate and natural sources of change at…http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/causes.html
  62. 62. • Optional PowerPoint in folder. Ice Ages.
  63. 63. • Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains the history of climate. – Preview for language. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dC_2WXyORGA
  64. 64. • So what is the deal! I need the facts!
  65. 65. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,
  66. 66. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of 1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations,
  67. 67. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of 1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations, concluded there's a more than 90 percent probability that human activities over the past 250 years have warmed our planet.
  68. 68. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of 1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations, concluded there's a more than 90 percent probability that human activities over the past 250 years have warmed our planet.
  69. 69. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of 1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations, concluded there's a more than 90 percent probability that human activities over the past 250 years have warmed our planet.
  70. 70. • In its recently released Fourth Assessment Report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of 1,300 independent scientific experts from countries all over the world under the auspices of the United Nations, concluded there's a more than 90 percent probability that human activities over the past 250 years have warmed our planet.
  71. 71. “Well that means there’s a 10% chance science may be wrong!”
  72. 72. “90% Probability leaves a 10% chance of error.”
  73. 73. • Peer reviewed: An article that has been evaluated by scholars or editors for its content.
  74. 74. • Peer reviewed: An article that has been evaluated by scholars or editors for its content.
  75. 75. • Peer reviewed: An article that has been evaluated by scholars or editors for its content.
  76. 76. • Humans have been using fire for millions of years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Humans have been using fire for millions of years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Humans have been using fire for millions of years. – Carbon dioxide levels never rose to dangerous levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • For almost all of human history, wood was the primary fuel source for warmth and light, no increase in carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • For almost all of human history, wood was the primary fuel source for warmth and light, no increase in carbon. – Until humans found a way to borrow light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Millions of years of heat and pressure
  83. 83. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Oil, Coal, and Natural Gas (Fossil Fuels) are the remains of plants and animals from hundreds of millions of years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Oil, Coal, and Natural Gas (Fossil Fuels) are the remains of plants and animals from hundreds of millions of years ago. We found a way to use light from millions of years ago, thus borrowed light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • How do you use borrowed light? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Video! Carbon Todd. Episode II “It’s all about Carbon” – There are five episodes to watch. 1)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ypbb9Zi5Tao 2)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= cOJ3MUpDrfI&feature=relmfu 3)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Q9u8vM8YjeU&feature=relmfu 4)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= EvphJO8VKlc&feature=relmfu 5)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= M0D5YHVMk8A&feature=relmfu Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Burned carbon from fossil fuels immediately bonds with free oxygen atoms during combustion and become carbon dioxide gas (CO2). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Burned carbon from fossil fuels immediately bonds with free oxygen atoms during combustion and become carbon dioxide gas (CO2). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • This combustion of fossil fuels is the first time that carbon has been in the carbon cycle for hundreds of millions of years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • This combustion of fossil fuels is the first time that carbon has been in the carbon cycle for hundreds of millions of years. – It’s new carbon added to the cycle that use to be deep under ground. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • This is the earth’s naturally cycling carbon before the discovery of fossil fuels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • This is the earth right now trying to cycle all of the extra carbon.. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • This is the earth right now trying to cycle all of the extra carbon.. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Smog over Industrial China Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • There’s a natural carbon dioxide oxygen balance on our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • The level of carbon dioxide jumps up and down during the seasons. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • The level of carbon dioxide jumps up and down during the seasons. – Plants breathe in more carbon during the northern hemispheres summer because it is a larger land mass and has more plants growing at that time. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • The level of carbon dioxide jumps up and down during the seasons. – Plants breathe in more carbon during the northern hemispheres summer because it is a larger land mass and has more plants growing at that time. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • When plants burn or die they release all of the carbon dioxide that they took in during their life. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • When plants burn or die they release all of the carbon dioxide that they took in during their life. – No net increase in Carbon Dioxide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. • Bacteria eat the sugars from dead plants and release CO2 in the process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • Video! Carbon Todd. Episode III “It’s all about Carbon” – There are five episodes to watch. 1)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ypbb9Zi5Tao 2)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= cOJ3MUpDrfI&feature=relmfu 3)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Q9u8vM8YjeU&feature=relmfu 4)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= EvphJO8VKlc&feature=relmfu 5)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= M0D5YHVMk8A&feature=relmfu Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • Carbon Cycle Optional PowerPoint – Found in the activities folder.
  113. 113. • Activity! Calculating your carbon footprint. – How many Earth’s would the world need if everyone on the planet lived like you. • http://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GF N/page/calculators/ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114.  Greenhouse Effect: Trapping of Earth’s heat at or near the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115.  Greenhouse Effect: Trapping of earth’s heat at or near the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116.  Greenhouse Effect: Trapping of earth’s heat at or near the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117.  Greenhouse Effect: Trapping of earth’s heat at or near the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Manmade emissions of greenhouse gasses create a more efficient greenhouse around the planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Greenhouse Effect Simulator – Download at… – http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/greenhouse
  120. 120. • Is the Greenhouse Effect good or bad? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Answer! Without the greenhouse effect, the earth would be a frozen planet so it’s very good.
  122. 122. • Are the ozone layer and the greenhouse effect / climate change the same thing? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Answer – No! They are two different environmental issues. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124.  Greenhouse Effect  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125.  Greenhouse Effect  The red arrows are radiant heat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  127. 127. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  128. 128. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  129. 129. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  130. 130. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  131. 131. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  132. 132. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  133. 133. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  134. 134. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  135. 135. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  136. 136. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  137. 137. • Increases in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere traps in more of the earth’s radiant heat causing the planet to warm.
  138. 138. • What is the hottest planet in our solar system? Why?
  139. 139. • Answer! Venus has a very thick atmosphere which holds in heat (greenhouse effect). – Hundreds of degrees hotter than Earth.
  140. 140. • Activity! The Greenhouse Effect – Two bottles exactly the same, two thermometers exactly the same, placed in exactly the same conditions. One is not enclosed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • Activity! The Greenhouse Effect – Two bottles exactly the same, two thermometers exactly the same, placed in exactly the same conditions. One is not enclosed. – Predictions? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • Video! Carbon Todd. Episode IV and V “It’s all about Carbon” – There are five episodes to watch. 1)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y pbb9Zi5Tao 2)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c OJ3MUpDrfI&feature=relmfu 3)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q 9u8vM8YjeU&feature=relmfu 4)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E vphJO8VKlc&feature=relmfu 5)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M 0D5YHVMk8A&feature=relmfu Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. • Please draw a cartoon face of me about a ¼ of a page and leave room for a callout. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Interview with Richard Alley, Penn State University Glaciologist. • http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?sto ryId=1893089 – Record a few things that I say about climate change near your picture. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Record some info about me and climate change next to my picture.
  145. 145. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What years did the total begin to rise significantly
  153. 153. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What years did the total begin to rise significantly
  154. 154. What years saw the most increase?
  155. 155. What years saw the most increase?
  156. 156. • “So what?” It is only 2 degrees Celsius.
  157. 157. • At 7 degrees less than it is today, the earth was in an ice age.
  158. 158. • At 7 degrees less than it is today, the earth was in an ice age.
  159. 159. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The decline of most species?
  164. 164. • Over the next hundred years, the temperature could rise 7 degrees. – What’s the opposite of an ice age? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The decline of most species? Maybe us?
  165. 165. • Patagonia Glaciers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Patagonia Glaciers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • Patagonia Glaciers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. • “I know?” “I hate cold weather anyways.” “Summer rocks.” “I say let it get warmer.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169.  The Effects – The Big “6”  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170.  Spread of Disease. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • As northern countries warm, disease carrying insects migrate north, bringing plague and their diseases with them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172.  More Hurricanes (warmer water) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174. • As the temperature of oceans rises, so will the probability of more frequent and stronger hurricanes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. • As the temperature of oceans rises, so will the probability of more frequent and stronger hurricanes. This was seen in 2004 and 2005. (Katrina) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176.  Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177.  Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  178. 178.  Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  179. 179. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  180. 180. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  181. 181. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  182. 182. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  183. 183. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  184. 184. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  185. 185. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  186. 186. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  187. 187. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  188. 188. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  189. 189. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  190. 190. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  191. 191. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  192. 192. • Long droughts and intense heat waves Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy These conditions lead to starvation and death.
  193. 193. • Food sources need to double to meet a growing world population. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Water is already a dangerously rare commodity in Africa, more drought could lead to more conflicts and war. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Water is already a dangerously rare commodity in Africa, more drought could lead to more conflicts and war. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Raise your hand if you have ever had to fight through a starving crowd for a meal ration.
  197. 197. • These types of living conditions also increase political instability and civil war.
  198. 198.  Rapid Ecological Changes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • A single degree change has a significant effect on plants and animals, their interactions, and their habitat.
  200. 200. • Wild fires will continue to increase in their frequency and intensity.
  201. 201. • The oceans could also become more acidic with increased carbon dioxide levels.
  202. 202. • The oceans could also become more acidic with increased carbon dioxide levels. – This will impact many marine ecosystems and services they provide.
  203. 203. • The oceans could also become more acidic with increased carbon dioxide levels. – This will impact many marine ecosystems and services they provide.
  204. 204. • The oceans could also become more acidic with increased carbon dioxide levels. – This will impact many marine ecosystems and services they provide.
  205. 205. • Simu
  206. 206. • We live in an interconnected system. – Rapid changes to the ecosystem will have a negative impact on us all.
  207. 207.  Economic consequences. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208.  Economic consequences. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. • Loss of agricultural land, disease, drought, and sea level rise will have a negative impact on the global financial markets. – Developing nations will take the brunt of this loss.
  210. 210.  Polar Ice Caps Melt and Sea Level Rise. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • Demonstration. – Teacher to place a large ice cube (ice caps) at the top of a glass of water (oceans). • What will happen?
  212. 212. • New York City with several feet of sea level rise. Storm Surges become worse.
  213. 213. 1 meter rise 2 meter rise 4 meter rise 8 meter rise
  214. 214. 1 meter rise 2 meter rise 4 meter rise 8 meter rise
  215. 215. 1 meter rise 2 meter rise 4 meter rise 8 meter rise
  216. 216. 1 meter rise 2 meter rise 4 meter rise 8 meter rise
  217. 217. 1 meter rise 2 meter rise 4 meter rise 8 meter rise
  218. 218. “Didn’t see this coming.”
  219. 219. “Oh Wait” “Yah, we did.”
  220. 220. • Sea-Level rise prediction in Europe
  221. 221. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth Once you lose control of climate there’s no getting it back.
  222. 222. • The ice caps are the ball, what happens when just a little bit of weight, i.e. Carbon Dioxide is placed on the box i.e. the earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  223. 223. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  224. 224. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  225. 225. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  226. 226. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  227. 227. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth CO2
  228. 228. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth CO2
  229. 229. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  230. 230. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  231. 231. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  232. 232. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy CO2 Climatic Chaos on Earth
  233. 233. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on Earth
  234. 234. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  235. 235. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  236. 236. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  237. 237. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  238. 238. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  239. 239. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  240. 240. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  241. 241. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  242. 242. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  243. 243. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  244. 244. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth
  245. 245. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climatic Chaos on EarthClimatic Chaos on Earth Once you lose control of climate there’s no getting it back.
  246. 246. • Snow and ice caps.
  247. 247. • Snow and ice caps. – How would loss of ice caps dramatically warm the planet?
  248. 248. • The Oceans then warm b/c light is absorbed instead of reflected back into space
  249. 249. • The Oceans then warm b/c light is absorbed instead of reflected back into space .Albedo and winter ice. Learn more at… http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/seaice/processes/ albedo.html
  250. 250. • 2013 Arctic Sea Ice Mega Fracture See Video (visible infrared satellite images, 1 minute) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXjb6MRj_5U
  251. 251. • When the ice caps go, less light is reflected back into space, the planet then warms faster. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. • When the ice caps go, less light is reflected back into space, the planet then warms faster. Arctic swamps then begin to decay releasing methane. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • When the ice caps go, less light is reflected back into space, the planet then warms faster. Arctic swamps then begin to decay releasing methane. 100 times worse than a CO2 Molecule. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. Methane released by decay
  255. 255. Methane released by decay Permafrost
  256. 256. Methane released by decay Permafrost As it decays methane gas is released
  257. 257. Methane released by decay Permafrost As it decays methane gas is released
  258. 258. • Demonstration. – Teacher to place a large ice cube (ice caps) at the top of a glass of water (oceans). • What will happen?
  259. 259. • Demonstration. – Teacher to place a large ice cube (ice caps) at the top of a glass of water (oceans). • What happened? Sea-Level Rise
  260. 260.  Arctic species will lose habitat / become extinct. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  261. 261. • Absolute worst case scenario would be that ice melt from Greenland and other arctic areas could put too much freshwater into the ocean and turn off the ocean conveyor belt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262. • Absolute worst case scenario would be that ice melt from Greenland and other arctic areas could put too much freshwater into the ocean and turn off the ocean conveyor belt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. • Picture of glacier (Greenland) ice melt cutting through glacier and speeding up the melting process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. • Ocean currents from tropics keep Arctic from growing too large, and sends cooler water to the tropics.
  265. 265. • Ocean currents from tropics keep Arctic from growing too large, and sends cooler water to the tropics.
  266. 266. • Ocean currents from tropics keep Arctic from growing too large, and sends cooler water to the tropics.
  267. 267. • Ocean currents from tropics keep Arctic from growing too large, and sends cooler water to the tropics.
  268. 268. • Ocean currents from tropics keep Arctic from growing too large, and sends cooler water to the tropics.
  269. 269. • The last time the ocean stagnated was during the End Permian mass extinction event.
  270. 270. • The last time the ocean stagnated was during the End Permian mass extinction event. – 98% of all species went extinct.
  271. 271. • 1000’s of other problems – More poison Ivy – Humboldt Squid Increase – No more trout – Ski Industry goes bye bye – More allergies – More ticks (Lyme disease) – Coral reefs disappear – No guacamole – No French Fries – Jellyfish increase – More bear attacks (no hibernation makes them grumpy) – Thousands more… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. • Climate Change Effects Hot Spot Map – Click on a spot to see the effects of climate change. – http://www.climatehotmap.org/
  273. 273. • Video Link! Climate Change (Top 5) –Please preview for language and content! – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M2Jxs7lR8ZI
  274. 274. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  275. 275. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Man it’s cold.”
  276. 276. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Look at all this snow.”
  277. 277. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  278. 278. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  279. 279. • I often hear this during a large snowstorm event a couple of times in February. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  280. 280. • Don’t forget the difference between weather and climate. – Weather is what is occurring right now. – Climate is weather conditions over a long period of time (years). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  281. 281. • Don’t forget the difference between weather and climate. – Weather is what is occurring right now. – Climate is weather conditions over a long period of time (years). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  282. 282. • Don’t forget the difference between weather and climate. – Weather is what is occurring right now. – Climate is weather conditions over a long period of time (years). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  283. 283. • Don’t forget the difference between weather and climate. – Weather is what is occurring right now. – Climate is weather conditions over a long period of time (years). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  284. 284. • Don’t forget the difference between weather and climate. – Weather is what is occurring right now. – Climate is weather conditions over a long period of time (years). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “So much for global warming.”
  285. 285. • Video! An Interview with the opposition. – What evidence do they bring to the table? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eyj4vu2v31k Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Evidence: – Less deaths today from weather related accidents than in 1920.
  287. 287. • Evidence: – Less deaths today from weather related accidents than in 1920. • Use of radar to track weather? • Telecommunications? • Satellites? • Better prediction and forecasting? • Safety protocols / education? • Improvements in architecture / design? • Any others…?
  288. 288. • Evidence: – Less deaths today from weather related accidents than in 1920. • Use of radar to track weather? • Telecommunications? • Satellites? • Better prediction and forecasting? • Safety protocols / education? • Improvements in architecture / design? • Any others…? Another piece of bogus data thrown into real science findings to confuse the public.
  289. 289. • Evidence: – John Coleman: Founder of The Weather Channel believes global warming is a scam. – I couldn’t find any real evidence backed up by data in his rant but I found many opinions.
  290. 290. • Evidence: – John Coleman: Founder of The Weather Channel believes global warming is a scam. – I couldn’t find any real evidence backed up by data in his rant but I found many opinions. “I founded the Weather Channel”
  291. 291. • Evidence: – John Coleman: Founder of The Weather Channel believes global warming is a scam. – I couldn’t find any real evidence backed up by data in his rant but I found many opinions. “He founded the Weather Channel.” “He must be right.”
  292. 292. • Evidence: – John Coleman: Founder of The Weather Channel believes global warming is a scam. – I couldn’t find any real evidence backed up by data in his rant but I found many opinions. “Surprise!” “My college degree is in journalism and not meteorology or climate science.”
  293. 293. • Video Link! Bill Nye debates the opposition. – Who do you think gave the best points? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWT- EWKIR3M Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Forbes magazine article about climate change… (It’s peer reviewed by geoscientists) In this case geoscientist that happen to work for big oil. Surprise Again! http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamestaylor/2013/02/13/peer-reviewed-survey-finds-majority-of- scientists-skeptical-of-global-warming-crisis/
  294. 294. “I need to be louder than the people who are right to appear correct.”
  295. 295. • Video Link! Climate Change Deniers. – Optional – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ix8VBoSa3cE
  296. 296. • Why the public is confused. – Note: AWG = Anthropogenic Global Warming.
  297. 297. • Why the public is confused. – Note: AWG = Anthropogenic Global Warming.
  298. 298. • Why the public is confused. – Note: AWG = Anthropogenic Global Warming.
  299. 299. • Why the public is confused. – Note: AWG = Anthropogenic Global Warming.
  300. 300. • Is it legal to deny climate change? • Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held, and intentionally sowing the seeds of confusion. Free speech does not include the right to deceive. Deception is not a point of view. And the right to disagree does not include a right to intentionally subvert the public awareness.
  301. 301. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held, and intentionally sowing the seeds of confusion. Free speech does not include the right to deceive. Deception is not a point of view. And the right to disagree does not include a right to intentionally subvert the public awareness.
  302. 302. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed.
  303. 303. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment.
  304. 304. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy.
  305. 305. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view,
  306. 306. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held,
  307. 307. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held, and intentionally sowing the seeds of confusion.
  308. 308. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held, and intentionally sowing the seeds of confusion. Free speech does not include the right to deceive.
  309. 309. • Is it legal to deny climate change? Yes, but… – Democracy is utterly dependent upon an electorate that is accurately informed. In promoting climate change denial (and often denying their responsibility for doing so) industry has done more than endanger the environment. It has undermined democracy. – There is a vast difference between putting forth a point of view, honestly held, and intentionally sowing the seeds of confusion. Free speech does not include the right to deceive. Deception is not a point of view.
  310. 310. • Please draw a cartoon face of me about a ¼ of a page and leave room for a callout. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  311. 311. • Interview with John Christy, Alabama State University Climatologist. • http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?sto ryId=1893089 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Write a few things that I say about the climate. I base some of my objections to the extent of warming on atmospheric data and faith.
  312. 312. • Okay! Who do we blame for this problem? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  313. 313. • Activity! The slices of the cake. – Who do we blame? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  314. 314. • Cards to be distributed to class. This is world population, not carbon emissions. – Place cards face down and each student must take one card. Hold on to your card. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  315. 315. • Questions – Was this activity fair? – How do you feel knowing that our life style in the U.S.A causes the most damage per person in the whole world. – Should we change our ways? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  316. 316. • The modern world, especially the United States of America consumes the most resources per person. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  317. 317. • The modern world, especially the United States of America consumes the most resources per person. – This is the amount of possession of a small family living in the modern world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318. • Possession of a family living in the undeveloped world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. • This is a picture of the United States and Mexico from space.
  320. 320. • This is a picture of the United States and Mexico from space at night.
  321. 321. • This is a picture of the United States and Mexico from space at night. Human activity is large scale and has a 90% probability of impacting climate.
  322. 322. • Final Thought? You can buy two lottery tickets. – Which one will you pick?
  323. 323. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss Global Economic Depression Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events A B Assumption: Global Climate Change may or may not be real.
  324. 324. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss Global Economic Depression Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events A B
  325. 325. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss Global Economic Depression Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events A B
  326. 326. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss Global Economic Depression Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events A B
  327. 327. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss Global Economic Depression Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events B
  328. 328. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events B
  329. 329. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events B
  330. 330. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events
  331. 331. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events
  332. 332. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression? -Sea Level Rise? -Refugees, War? -Starvation, Death? -Ecological Chaos? -Catastrophic Weather Events?
  333. 333. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events You have to choose the future.
  334. 334. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Cost were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events You have to choose the future. Is it A? or Is it B?
  335. 335. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events You have to choose the future. Is it A? or Is it B?
  336. 336. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events You have to choose the future. Is it A? or Is it B?
  337. 337. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events You have to choose the future. Is it A? or Is it B?
  338. 338. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events
  339. 339. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events Costs Involved – Moving to a renewable and sustainable future
  340. 340. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events The worst case scenario for the future of humanity is averted
  341. 341. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events The worst case scenario for the future of humanity is averted
  342. 342. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events
  343. 343. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events Nothing Changes Economic Loss does not occur
  344. 344. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events Nothing Changes Economic Loss does not occur
  345. 345. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events Global Warming is real like 97% of the scientific world reports.
  346. 346. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events Global Warming is real like 97% of the scientific world reports. The worst case scenario occurs.
  347. 347. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression -Sea Level Rise -Refugees, War, -Starvation, Death -Ecological Chaos -Catastrophic Weather Events
  348. 348. Global Climate Change Yes, We do something immediately. No, We do nothing and see what happens. False, Global Climate Change turns out not to be true. Economic Loss? Global Economic Depression? Increase in cleaner renewable energy? Larger Government? Nothing Changes True, Global Climate Change is real. Costs were involved but what a good investment. Global Economic Depression? -Sea Level Rise? -Refugees, War? -Starvation, Death? -Ecological Chaos? -Catastrophic Weather Events?
  349. 349. A B
  350. 350. A B “I choose A but now what?
  351. 351. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  352. 352. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  353. 353. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Make home energy efficient by sealing leaks, insulating, moving to energy efficient appliances, use renewable forms.
  354. 354. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Make home energy efficient by sealing leaks, insulating, moving to energy efficient appliances, use renewable forms. Close the door in the winter so you don’t lose heat.
  355. 355. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Make home energy efficient by sealing leaks, insulating, moving to energy efficient appliances, use renewable forms. Close the door in the winter so you don’t lose heat. Take shorter hot showers, and wear a coat instead of cranking the heat.
  356. 356. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  357. 357. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Reduce waste. Use rags instead of paper towels. Glassware instead of plastic. Donate instead of throwing away. Recycle!
  358. 358. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  359. 359. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Try this
  360. 360. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Try this instead of this…
  361. 361. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  362. 362. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Lower thermostat and wear layers.
  363. 363. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Lower thermostat and wear layers.
  364. 364. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  365. 365. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Use CFL’s and LED’s instead of incandescent bulbs.
  366. 366. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  367. 367. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car: Use public transport, carpool, keep tire pressure to correct PSI, buy a vehicle that is energy efficient.
  368. 368. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  369. 369. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle: Recycling and using glass instead of plastics helps the environment by limiting carbon emissions.
  370. 370. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste
  371. 371. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste: Limit food waste and compost as it will produce soil without use of fertilizers. A
  372. 372. • Continue to educate yourself and others about climate change looking at data. • Limit your carbon footprint by… – Around the House – Disposable – Laundry – Heat Smart – Light – Car – Recycle – Food Waste: Limit food waste and compost as it will produce soil without use of fertilizers.
  373. 373. • Some future options include Carbon Sequestration that collects Carbon Dioxide gas and stores it in the ground. – Costs will be high and it’s a new technology.
  374. 374. • Some great academic links on enhanced global warming. – http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ – http://www.nrdc.org/globalwarming/ – http://www.ehow.com/info_8040983_three- types-global-warming-causes.html – http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/en vironment/global-warming/
  375. 375. • Video! Carbon Todd. Episode V and V “It’s all about Carbon” – There are five episodes to watch. 1)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ypbb9Zi5Tao 2)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= cOJ3MUpDrfI&feature=relmfu 3)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= Q9u8vM8YjeU&feature=relmfu 4)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= EvphJO8VKlc&feature=relmfu 5)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= M0D5YHVMk8A&feature=relmfu Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  376. 376. • You can now record relevant information in the white space and then color the pictures. – Please leave the white space open for writing.
  377. 377. • Video Link! (Optional) TED James Hansen speaks about climate change. – Nothing on climate change at this point should be optional. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWInyaMWBY8
  378. 378. • Try and be the first to figure out the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  379. 379. Greenhouse
  380. 380. Greenhouse
  381. 381. Greenhouse
  382. 382. Greenhouse
  383. 383. Greenhouse
  384. 384. Greenhouse
  385. 385. Greenhouse
  386. 386. Greenhouse
  387. 387. Greenhouse
  388. 388. Greenhouse
  389. 389. Greenhouse Effect
  390. 390. • Try and be the first to figure out the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  391. 391. “It’s all about Carbon.”
  392. 392. Greenhouse Effect
  393. 393. • Try and be the first to figure out the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  394. 394. Jack Nicholson
  395. 395. “You can’t handle the truth!.”
  396. 396. “You can’t handle the truth!.”
  397. 397. • Try and be the first to figure out the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  398. 398. • Meteorology and Climate Change Review Game.
  399. 399. • Movie! aninconvenienttruth – Worksheet provided (Visual next slide) – Watch online or purchase – http://vimeo.com/16335777 – http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/an-inconvenient- truth/ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  400. 400. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  401. 401. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.earthmagazine.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  402. 402. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  403. 403. Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Water, Oceans, Roles of Oceans, El Nino, La Nina Cycle, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit. html
  404. 404. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Weather and Climate Unit. This unit includes… – A 5 part 2,500+ PowerPoint roadmap. – 16 page bundled homework and modified version that follows slideshow + answers. – 19 pages of unit notes with visuals – 25+ video links, two PowerPoint review games, rubrics, materials, list, curriculum guide, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_ Unit.html
  405. 405. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  406. 406. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  407. 407. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  408. 408. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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