Catapults PowerPoint

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A three part 1500+ PowerPoint slideshow from www.sciencepowerpoint.com becomes the roadmap for an interactive and amazing science experience that includes a bundled homework package, answer keys, unit notes, video links, review games, built-in quizzes and hands-on activities, worksheets, rubrics, games, and much more.
Also included are instruction to create a student version of the unit that is much like the teachers but missing the answer keys, quizzes, PowerPoint review games, hidden box challenges, owl, and surprises meant for the classroom. This is a great resource to distribute to your students and support professionals.
Text for the unit PowerPoint is presented in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can seen and read from all angles of a classroom. A shade technique, as well as color coded text helps to increase student focus and allows teacher to control the pace of the lesson. Also included is a 12 page assessment / bundled homework that chronologically follows the slideshow for nightly homework and the end of the unit assessment, as well as a 8 page modified assessment. 9 pages of class notes with images are also included for students who require assistance, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments for support professionals, teachers, and homeschool parents. Many video links are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes and are included in organized folders. Two PowerPoint Review games are included. Answers to the PowerPoint Review Games are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games such as guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are provided. Difficulty rating of 8 (Ten is most difficult).
Areas of Focus: -Newton's First Law, Inertia, Friction, Four Types of Friction, Negatives and Positives of Friction, Newton's Third Law, Newton's Second Law, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Mechanical Energy, Forms of Potential to Kinetic Energy, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Deceleration, Momentum, Work, Machines (Joules), Catapults, Trajectory, Force, Simple Machines, Pulley / (MA Mechanical Advantage), Lever /(MA),Wedge /(MA), Wheel and Axle (MA), Inclined Plane / (MA), Screw /(MA).
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

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Catapults PowerPoint

  1. 1. • New Area of Focus – Machines, Catapults, Newtons, and Trajectory. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Effort Arm Resistance Arm
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  6. 6.  New Area of Focus – Machines, Catapults, Newtons, and Trajectory. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  Catapults - Potential energy (U) is transferred into rotational kinetic energy (K), with some loss due to friction. U = K Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  Catapults - Potential energy (U) is transferred into rotational kinetic energy (K), with some loss due to friction. U = K Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9.  Catapults - Potential energy (U) is transferred into rotational kinetic energy (K), with some loss due to friction. U = K Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Energy removed from system (now Unavailable)
  10. 10.  Catapults - Potential energy (U) is transferred into rotational kinetic energy (K), with some loss due to friction. U = K Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Energy removed from system (now Unavailable)
  11. 11.  Catapults - Potential energy (U) is transferred into rotational kinetic energy (K), with some loss due to friction. U = K Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Energy removed from system (now Unavailable)
  12. 12. • Catapult Simulator: (Optional) – http://www.forgefx.com/casestudies/prenticeh all/ph/catapult/design-test-simulation.htm
  13. 13. • Video! (Optional) Catapult tossing a car. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYY1XXQo ndw Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14.  Trajectory: The path that a projectile makes through space under the action of given forces such as thrust, wind, and gravity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D
  16. 16. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  17. 17. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  18. 18. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  19. 19. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  20. 20. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  21. 21. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  22. 22. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D
  23. 23. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C Which letter represents the apex? A B D E
  24. 24. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C Answer: D Apex = UpperA B D E
  25. 25. • Activity! Ragdoll Cannon Game. How is trajectory used to complete the game? – Type Ragdoll Cannon on a Google search or – http://www.kongregate.com/games/Johnny_K/ ragdoll-cannon Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Please record a picture like this and then a rough trajectory with the club type. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Please sketch the trajectory of the Driver, 3 Iron, 7 Iron and Pitching Wedge.
  27. 27. – Please record the following angles for these clubs. • Driver: 80 , 3 Iron: 65 , 7 Iron: 55 , PW: 35
  28. 28. • Please record a picture like this and then a rough trajectory with the club type. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Please sketch the trajectory of the Dirver, 3 Iron, 7 Iron and Pitching Wedge.
  29. 29. PW 7Iron 3 Iron Driver
  30. 30. PW 7Iron 3 Iron Driver What would the projected trajectory be of the 9 iron?
  31. 31. 9 Iron
  32. 32. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35
  33. 33. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35
  34. 34. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65
  35. 35. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35
  36. 36. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35
  37. 37. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35  Golf trajectory simulator. Try and hit the 200 yard marker.  http://www.lcs.syr. edu/centers/simflui d/red/golf.html
  38. 38. What would the path look like without gravity?
  39. 39. What would the path look like without gravity?
  40. 40. What would the path look like without gravity? It would keep going until acted upon by a force.
  41. 41. What would the path look like on Earth?
  42. 42. What would the path look like on Earth?
  43. 43. Objects usually have a parabolic trajectory on Earth because of gravity
  44. 44. Objects usually have a parabolic trajectory on Earth because of gravity Trajectory: Learn more at… http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/vecto rs/u3l2b.cfm
  45. 45. • Reading Sheet Available for the Catapult Project.
  46. 46. • Activity! Constructing a spoon catapult that fires marshmallows to attack a fort. – Must make it over wall – Parabolic Trajectory Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Activity! Creating a spoon catapult. – You must describe some of the physics associated with your catapult before can fire it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Activity! Creating a spoon catapult. – You must describe some of the physics associated with your catapult before can fire it. – Prepare a short presentation, don’t wing it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • There will be a large wall in front of target. Need parabolic trajectory to hit target Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50.  Force: Is a PUSH or a PULL, that causes a change in the motion or shape of an object. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51.  Engine: A machine that converts energy into mechanical force or motion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed.
  53. 53. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task, but they…
  54. 54.  Machines…  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55.  Transfer force from one place to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56.  Change direction of a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57.  Increase the magnitude of a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58.  Increase the distance or speed of a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59.  Machine: Anything that helps you do work.
  60. 60.  Machine: Anything that helps you do work.  Work = Force x Distance
  61. 61. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  62. 62. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  63. 63. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  64. 64. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  65. 65. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  66. 66. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  67. 67. • Which of the following is not something machines do. – A.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. (ex. Pliers) – B.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in. ( ex. A Car jack) – C.) Machines create energy in order to complete a force. (ex. reactor) – D.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. (ex. Bicycle)
  68. 68. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  69. 69. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  70. 70. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  71. 71. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  72. 72. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  73. 73. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  74. 74. • Match the correct work of machines to the picture. – A.) Machines can increase the speed of the force. – B.) Machines can make the force you put into a machine greater. – C.) Machines can change the direction of the force you put in.
  75. 75. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed.
  76. 76. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  77. 77. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  78. 78. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  79. 79. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  80. 80. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  81. 81. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  82. 82. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  83. 83. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  84. 84. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  85. 85. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  86. 86. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  87. 87. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  88. 88. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  89. 89. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  90. 90. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  91. 91. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  92. 92. • Law Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed. – Simple machines generally require more work / energy to complete a task. Example
  93. 93.  Efficiency: A measure of how much more work must be put into a machine than you get out of the machine.
  94. 94.  Efficiency: A measure of how much more work must be put into a machine than you get out of the machine.  The efficiency of a machine will always be less than 100%.
  95. 95. • Efficiency: A measure of how much more work must be put into a machine than you get out of the machine. – The efficiency of a machine will always be less than 100%. – If there was no friction, the best you could hope for is an efficiency of 100% meaning work in = work out.
  96. 96. • Efficiency: A measure of how much more work must be put into a machine than you get out of the machine. – The efficiency of a machine will always be less than 100%. – If there was no friction, the best you could hope for is an efficiency of 100% meaning work in = work out.
  97. 97. • Efficiency: A measure of how much more work must be put into a machine than you get out of the machine. – The efficiency of a machine will always be less than 100%. – If there was no friction, the best you could hope for is an efficiency of 100% meaning work in = work out.
  98. 98.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107.  Force is measured in a unit called the Newton. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108.  One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1 kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109.  One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1 kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110.  One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1 kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more: Force. http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/newt laws/u2l2a.cfm
  111. 111. • One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1 kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1 kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113.  Mass: Amount of matter in an object. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. “I’m weightless but I still have mass.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  117. 117. Areas of Focus within The Motion and Machines Unit: Newton’s First Law, Inertia, Friction, Four Types of Friction, Negatives and Positives of Friction, Newton’s Third Law, Newton’s Second Law, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Mechanical Energy, Forms of Potential to Kinetic Energy, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Deceleration, Momentum, Work, Machines (Joules), Catapults, Trajectory, Force, Simple Machines, Pulley / (MA Mechanical Advantage), Lever / (MA), Wedge / (MA), Wheel and Axle (MA), Inclined Plane / (MA), Screw / (MA) - Mousetrap Cars Full unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_ Unit.html
  118. 118. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit. • This unit includes… • A 3 Part 2,300+ Slide PowerPoint and student version. • 15 Page bundled homework package and 11 pages of units notes that chronologically follow the PowerPoint • 3 PowerPoint review games (150+ slides easch), 20+ Videos / Links, rubrics, games, activity sheets, and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_M achines_Unit.html
  119. 119. http://www.teacherspayteach ers.com/Product/Physical- Science-Curriculum-596485 http://www.teacherspaytea chers.com/Product/Life- Science-Curriculum-601267 http://www.teacherspaytea chers.com/Product/Earth- Science-Curriculum-590950
  120. 120. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult =  5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade
  121. 121. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  122. 122. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  123. 123. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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