• Activity! Marshmallow torture
– Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum.
– Remove Air from Bell Jar
– Record Picture of M...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• Class Demo: Does air have weight?
– How could we measure the weight of air?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Air is made of matter. Matter has mass
and takes up space.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Simple demonstration to see if air has
weight.
• Simple demonstration to see if air has
weight.
“Ouch!” “Air
molecules are
everywhere.”
• Activity / Demonstration: Balloon in a bottle.
– Fit a balloon around the edges of a bottle and
push it inside.
– Try an...
• Activity / Demonstration: Balloon in a bottle.
– Fit a balloon around the edges of a bottle and
push it inside.
– Try an...
 Air Pressure: The pressure caused by the
weight of the atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air Pressure: The pressure caused by the
weight of the atmosphere.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air pressure applies a force equal in all
directions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air pressure applies a force equal in all
directions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As elevation increases,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As elevation increases, air pressure
decreases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As elevation increases, air pressure
decreases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As elevation increases, air pressure
decreases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As elevation increases, air pressure
decreases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mt. Everest – Death Zone past camp IV
because there are very few air molecules.
– Including oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
• Glaciers at the top of the world in super HD.
– Amazingness found at…
http://www.glacierworks.org/
– Visit the Immersive...
What does this
graph show?
What does this
graph show?
 As you increase in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As you increase in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 As you increase in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Low Pressure
 As you increase in elevation air pressure
decreases.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Low Pressure
 As you increase in elevation air pressure
decreases. As you decrease in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Low Pr...
 As you increase in elevation air pressure
decreases. As you decrease in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Low Pr...
 As you increase in elevation air pressure
decreases. As you decrease in elevation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Low Pr...
 As you increase in elevation air pressure
decreases. As you decrease in elevation
pressure increases.
Copyright © 2010 R...
• As you increase in elevation…
– air pressure decreases.
• As you increase in elevation…
– Air pressure decreases.
Low Pressure
Low Pressure
Higher Pressure
• Water is heavy and can create enormous
pressures as you go down in depth.
 Barometer: Instrument that measures air
pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
• Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per
sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is
equivalent to a column of mercury 29...
 In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the
boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
 In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the
boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
 In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the
boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
 In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the
boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
 In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the
boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
760 mm Hg
760 mm Hg
760 mm Hg
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Barometric pressure determines the
temperature at which water can boil.
– At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm)
...
• Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a
Edwards vacuum pump.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4
euc
• Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a
Edwards vacuum pump.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4
euc
• Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a
Edwards vacuum pump.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4
euc
• Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a
Edwards vacuum pump.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4
euc
• Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a
Edwards vacuum pump.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4
euc
• What is this?
• What is this? An Altimeter
• What is this? An Altimeter
– An altimeter does not actually measure altitude
directly,
• What is this? An Altimeter
– An altimeter does not actually measure altitude
directly, but rather just atmospheric press...
• What is this? An Altimeter
– An altimeter does not actually measure altitude
directly, but rather just atmospheric press...
• What is this? An Altimeter
– An altimeter does not actually measure altitude
directly, but rather just atmospheric press...
• What is this? An Altimeter
– An altimeter does not actually measure altitude
directly, but rather just atmospheric press...
A rising barometer = Increasing air pressure.
This usually means…
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• High pressure = Good Weather
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Low Pressure = Poor weather coming
• Low Pressure = Poor weather coming
• Weather and Climate Available Sheet
– Due at the end of Part I as class work.
• Please use create the diagram below in
your journal (About ¼ of a page)
High Pressure Low Pressure
Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea-
level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon.
High Pressur...
• Activity! Marshmallow torture
• Activity! Marshmallow torture
– Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum.
– Remove Air from Bell Jar
– Record Picture of M...
• Activity! Marshmallow torture
– Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum.
– Remove Air from Bell Jar
– Record Picture of M...
• Activity! Marshmallow torture
– Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum.
– Remove Air from Bell Jar
– Record Picture of M...
• Activity! Marshmallow torture
– Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum.
– Remove Air from Bell Jar
– Record Picture of M...
• Activity! Class Demonstrations.
– Demonstration needs to be safe, fun, and have
a cool story.
– You and your group will ...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
Copyright © ...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
– Broken sti...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
– Broken sti...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
– Broken sti...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
– Broken sti...
• Some Ideas
– Build a barometer
– Balloon Rockets
– Collapsing Can
– Straws and liquid
– Rising water levels
– Broken sti...
• Weather and Climate Available Sheet
– Due at the end of Part I as class work.
• Weather and Climate Available Sheet
– Due at the end of Part I as class work.
 Air Pressure drives the wind and creates
the weather.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air Pressure drives the wind and creates
the weather.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air Pressure drives the wind and creates
the weather.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air Pressure drives the wind and creates
the weather.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Air Pressure drives the wind and creates
the weather.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises, cool air sinks.
 Warm is low pressure, Cold is High
Pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises,
 Warm is low pressure, Cold is High
Pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises,
 Warm is low pressure, Cold is High
Pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises, cool air sinks.
 Warm is low pressure, Cold is High
Pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises, cool air sinks.
 Warm is low pressure,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Warm air rises, cool air sinks.
 Warm is low pressure, Cold is High
Pressure.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the pictures is High Pressure?
• Which of the pictures is High Pressure?
• Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
• Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
• Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
• Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
• Which letter below would have warm
surface temperatures?
A
B
C
D
E
• Which letter below would have warm
surface temperatures?
A
B
C
D
E
• Which letter below would have cooler
atmospheric temperatures?
A
B
C
D
E
• Which letter below would have cooler
atmospheric temperatures? C and E
A
B
C
D
E
• Do you see any trends in the picture
below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! A band of high pressure systems
exist south of the equator.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! They also exist just north of the
equator.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Low pressure systems exist
below the high pressure systems.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Low Pressure system exist at the
mid latitudes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Subtropical High
Polar Low
Surface
Pressure
Tropical Low
Polar High
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure
Areas
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure
Areas
– Equatorial low-pressure trough.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure
Areas
– Equatorial low-pressure trough.
– Polar high-pressure cells.
Copyright © ...
• Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure
Areas
– Equatorial low-pressure trough.
– Polar high-pressure cells.
– Subtropica...
• Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure
Areas
– Equatorial low-pressure trough.
– Polar high-pressure cells.
– Subtropica...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit:
What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components
of...
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my
Weather and Climate Unit. This unit
includes…
– A 5 part 2,500+ PowerPoint roadm...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint
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Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Weather and Climate unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 2500+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 19 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: -What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Condensation / Evaporation, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. Difficulty rating 8/10.

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

Air Pressure, Weather and Climate Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Activity! Marshmallow torture – Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum. – Remove Air from Bell Jar – Record Picture of Marshmallow. – Quickly let air rush back in and observe.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6. • Class Demo: Does air have weight? – How could we measure the weight of air? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Air is made of matter. Matter has mass and takes up space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Simple demonstration to see if air has weight.
  9. 9. • Simple demonstration to see if air has weight.
  10. 10. “Ouch!” “Air molecules are everywhere.”
  11. 11. • Activity / Demonstration: Balloon in a bottle. – Fit a balloon around the edges of a bottle and push it inside. – Try and blow up the balloon. What happens? – Use a pin to poke a hole in the bottom and try again. – Practice covering the hole and releasing.
  12. 12. • Activity / Demonstration: Balloon in a bottle. – Fit a balloon around the edges of a bottle and push it inside. – Try and blow up the balloon. What happened? – Teacher to use a nail and hammer to poke a hole in the bottom and try again. (Eye protection) – Practice blowing up the balloon and then plugging with your finger when inflated.
  13. 13.  Air Pressure: The pressure caused by the weight of the atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14.  Air Pressure: The pressure caused by the weight of the atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15.  Air pressure applies a force equal in all directions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16.  Air pressure applies a force equal in all directions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17.  As elevation increases, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18.  As elevation increases, air pressure decreases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19.  As elevation increases, air pressure decreases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20.  As elevation increases, air pressure decreases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21.  As elevation increases, air pressure decreases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • Mt. Everest – Death Zone past camp IV because there are very few air molecules. – Including oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • Glaciers at the top of the world in super HD. – Amazingness found at… http://www.glacierworks.org/ – Visit the Immersive Explorations picture / link on this page. http://www.glacierworks.org/glacier/khumbu- glacier/
  24. 24. What does this graph show?
  25. 25. What does this graph show?
  26. 26.  As you increase in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27.  As you increase in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28.  As you increase in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure
  29. 29.  As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure
  30. 30.  As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure
  31. 31.  As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure
  32. 32.  As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure High Pressure
  33. 33.  As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Low Pressure High Pressure
  34. 34. • As you increase in elevation… – air pressure decreases.
  35. 35. • As you increase in elevation… – Air pressure decreases.
  36. 36. Low Pressure
  37. 37. Low Pressure Higher Pressure
  38. 38. • Water is heavy and can create enormous pressures as you go down in depth.
  39. 39.  Barometer: Instrument that measures air pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases.
  44. 44. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases.
  45. 45. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases.
  46. 46. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases.
  47. 47. • Standard sea-level pressure is 14.7 lb per sq in. (1,030 grams per sq cm), which is equivalent to a column of mercury 29.92 in. (760 mm) in height; (1 atm) • The decrease with elevation is approximately 1 in. (2.5 cm) for every 900 ft (270 m) of ascent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy As you increase in elevation air pressure decreases. As you decrease in elevation pressure increases.
  48. 48.  In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
  49. 49.  In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
  50. 50.  In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
  51. 51.  In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
  52. 52.  In normal atmospheric pressure (1 atm), the boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius.
  53. 53. 760 mm Hg
  54. 54. 760 mm Hg
  55. 55. 760 mm Hg
  56. 56. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil.
  57. 57. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid).
  58. 58. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil.
  59. 59. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil.
  60. 60. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil.
  61. 61. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil.
  62. 62. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil.
  63. 63. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil. Will my stove boil this water fast or slow up here?
  64. 64. • Barometric pressure determines the temperature at which water can boil. – At sea level there’s lots of pressure (1 atm) pushing on the water molecules (liquid). – At higher altitudes, there is less atmospheric pressure, and so it takes less energy (lower temperature) for water to boil. Will my stove boil this water fast or slow up here?
  65. 65. • Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a Edwards vacuum pump. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4 euc
  66. 66. • Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a Edwards vacuum pump. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4 euc
  67. 67. • Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a Edwards vacuum pump. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4 euc
  68. 68. • Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a Edwards vacuum pump. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4 euc
  69. 69. • Video Link. (Optional) Boiling water with a Edwards vacuum pump. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOYgdQp4 euc
  70. 70. • What is this?
  71. 71. • What is this? An Altimeter
  72. 72. • What is this? An Altimeter – An altimeter does not actually measure altitude directly,
  73. 73. • What is this? An Altimeter – An altimeter does not actually measure altitude directly, but rather just atmospheric pressure.
  74. 74. • What is this? An Altimeter – An altimeter does not actually measure altitude directly, but rather just atmospheric pressure. So an altimeter is actually a barometer created for a specific purpose.
  75. 75. • What is this? An Altimeter – An altimeter does not actually measure altitude directly, but rather just atmospheric pressure. So an altimeter is actually a barometer created for a specific purpose.
  76. 76. • What is this? An Altimeter – An altimeter does not actually measure altitude directly, but rather just atmospheric pressure. So an altimeter is actually a barometer created for a specific purpose.
  77. 77. A rising barometer = Increasing air pressure. This usually means… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • High pressure = Good Weather Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Low Pressure = Poor weather coming
  80. 80. • Low Pressure = Poor weather coming
  81. 81. • Weather and Climate Available Sheet – Due at the end of Part I as class work.
  82. 82. • Please use create the diagram below in your journal (About ¼ of a page) High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck
  86. 86. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest
  87. 87. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest
  88. 88. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level
  89. 89. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level Jet Plane
  90. 90. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level Jet Plane
  91. 91. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level Bottom of a Pool Jet Plane
  92. 92. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level Bottom of a Pool Jet Plane
  93. 93. • Word Bank: Titanic wreck, Top of Mt. Everest, sea- level, jet plane, bottom of your pool, hot air balloon. High Pressure Low Pressure Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Titanic Wreck Top of Mt. Everest Sea-Level Bottom of a Pool Jet Plane Hot Air Balloon
  94. 94. • Activity! Marshmallow torture
  95. 95. • Activity! Marshmallow torture – Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum. – Remove Air from Bell Jar – Record Picture of Marshmallow. – Quickly let air rush back in and observe.
  96. 96. • Activity! Marshmallow torture – Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum. – Remove Air from Bell Jar – Record Picture of Marshmallow. – Quickly let air rush back in and observe.
  97. 97. • Activity! Marshmallow torture – Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum. – Remove Air from Bell Jar – Record Picture of Marshmallow. – Quickly let air rush back in and observe.
  98. 98. • Activity! Marshmallow torture – Place Marshmallow into Bell Jar vacuum. – Remove Air from Bell Jar – Record Picture of Marshmallow. – Quickly let air rush back in and observe.
  99. 99. • Activity! Class Demonstrations. – Demonstration needs to be safe, fun, and have a cool story. – You and your group will have to present an air pressure experiment / demonstration to the class using the internet to locate demo. – Must demonstrate / teach air pressure, that is, you need to know what’s happening in your experiment and explain it…..i.e.- teach it. – Must include everyone in group. – You need to bring in most of the materials. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels – Broken stick Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels – Broken stick – Egg and milk bottle Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels – Broken stick – Egg and milk bottle – Many more found on the internet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels – Broken stick – Egg and milk bottle – Many more found on the internet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Some Ideas – Build a barometer – Balloon Rockets – Collapsing Can – Straws and liquid – Rising water levels – Broken stick – Egg and milk bottle – Many more found on the internet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy http://www.thehomeschoolmom.com/blog/homesc hooling/top-ten-air-pressure-experiments-to- mystify-your-kids-using-stuff-from-around-the- house/# http://outreach.phys.uh.edu/pressureex periments.htm http://www.asme.org/kb/news---articles/articles/k- 12-grade/5-ways-to-demonstrate-air-pressure-to- children http://www.buzzle.com/articles/air- pressure-experiments.html
  110. 110. • Weather and Climate Available Sheet – Due at the end of Part I as class work.
  111. 111. • Weather and Climate Available Sheet – Due at the end of Part I as class work.
  112. 112.  Air Pressure drives the wind and creates the weather. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113.  Air Pressure drives the wind and creates the weather. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114.  Air Pressure drives the wind and creates the weather. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115.  Air Pressure drives the wind and creates the weather. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116.  Air Pressure drives the wind and creates the weather. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117.  Warm air rises, cool air sinks.  Warm is low pressure, Cold is High Pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118.  Warm air rises,  Warm is low pressure, Cold is High Pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119.  Warm air rises,  Warm is low pressure, Cold is High Pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120.  Warm air rises, cool air sinks.  Warm is low pressure, Cold is High Pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121.  Warm air rises, cool air sinks.  Warm is low pressure, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122.  Warm air rises, cool air sinks.  Warm is low pressure, Cold is High Pressure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Which of the pictures is High Pressure?
  124. 124. • Which of the pictures is High Pressure?
  125. 125. • Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
  126. 126. • Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
  127. 127. • Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
  128. 128. • Which of the pictures is Low Pressure?
  129. 129. • Which letter below would have warm surface temperatures? A B C D E
  130. 130. • Which letter below would have warm surface temperatures? A B C D E
  131. 131. • Which letter below would have cooler atmospheric temperatures? A B C D E
  132. 132. • Which letter below would have cooler atmospheric temperatures? C and E A B C D E
  133. 133. • Do you see any trends in the picture below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. • Answer! A band of high pressure systems exist south of the equator. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • Answer! They also exist just north of the equator. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. • Answer! Low pressure systems exist below the high pressure systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • Answer! Low Pressure system exist at the mid latitudes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  139. 139. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. Subtropical High Polar Low Surface Pressure Tropical Low Polar High Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Areas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. • Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Areas – Equatorial low-pressure trough. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. • Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Areas – Equatorial low-pressure trough. – Polar high-pressure cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Areas – Equatorial low-pressure trough. – Polar high-pressure cells. – Subtropical high-pressure cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. • Primary High-Pressure and Low-Pressure Areas – Equatorial low-pressure trough. – Polar high-pressure cells. – Subtropical high-pressure cells. – Subpolar low-pressure cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  150. 150. Areas of Focus within The Weather and Climate Unit: What is weather?, Climate, Importance of the Atmosphere, Components of the Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere, Air Quality and Pollution, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone Layer, Ways to Avoid Skin Cancer, Air Pressure, Barometer, Air Pressure and Wind, Fronts, Wind, Global Wind, Coriolis Force, Jet Stream, Sea Breeze / Land Breeze, Mountain Winds, Mountain Rain Shadow, Wind Chill, Flight, Dangerous Weather Systems, Light, Albedo, Temperature, Thermometers, Seasons, Humidity / Water, Oceans, Roles of Oceans, El Nino, La Nina Cycle, Dew Points, Clouds, Types of Clouds, Meteorology, Weather Tools, Isotherms, Ocean Currents, Enhanced Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, The Effects of Global Warming, Biomes, Types of Biomes. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit. html
  151. 151. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Weather and Climate Unit. This unit includes… – A 5 part 2,500+ PowerPoint roadmap. – 16 page bundled homework and modified version that follows slideshow + answers. – 19 pages of unit notes with visuals – 25+ video links, two PowerPoint review games, rubrics, materials, list, curriculum guide, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_ Unit.html
  152. 152. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  153. 153. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  154. 154. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  155. 155. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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