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Open Access Journals in Africa


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Esta apresentação visa a fornecer uma visão geral do estado do acesso aberto na África, considerando tanto a rota dourada quanto a verde. Explora o nível de desenvolvimento dos repositórios institucionais, bem como dos periódicos de acesso aberto no continente. Também destaca os principais desafios que os editores enfrentam na publicação de seus periódicos na África.

This presentation aims to give an overview of the status of Open Access in Africa, considering both the Green and Gold routes. It explores the level of development of Institutional repositories, as well as Open Access journals on the continent. It also highlights the major challenges that editors face in publishing their journals in Africa.

Esta presentación tiene como objetivo dar una visión general de la situación del Acceso Abierto en África, teniendo en cuenta tanto las rutas Verde y Dorada. Se explora el nivel de desarrollo de los repositorios institucionales, así como las revistas de Acceso Abierto en el continente. También se destacan los principales desafíos que enfrentan los editores para la publicación de sus revistas en África.

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Open Access Journals in Africa

  1. 1. Open Access Journals in Africa SciELO 15 years celebration, Sao Paolo Susan Veldsman Director: Scholarly Publishing Unit 2013 Applying scientific thinking in the service of society
  2. 2. Generic corporate slides to be used for content and in conjunction with dividers and fillers
  3. 3. What does it mean for African research (IR’s) to be visible and accessible? • Quality • Intellectual Property Rights • Infrastructural requirements e.g servers, bandwidth, software • Building up expertise and capacity • Digitization • OA advocacy
  4. 4. Low visibility, accessibility and indexability of African scholarly research • Large proportion of African research published in local journals, many of which are non-WoS – journals from Africa & Middle East comprise 1% of WoS journals • ASSAf 2006 report on Scholarly Publishing revealed that papers published in 60 SA journals did not receive a single citation in any of 9 000 WoS journals over a 15-yr period • Local, high-quality journals not necessarily available to the rest of the world • Global recognition—research must be accessible to global world. SA has only 70 journals on WoS system • Promotion of local knowledge very important
  5. 5. Challenges of journals in South Africa 2006 – Report of a Strategic Approach to Research publishing in South Africa Research publishing in South Africa is undertaken in good faith and with much personal effort and commitment by editors and their editorial boards, but is very fragile in that:    infrequent, often irregular publication of thin issues is generally used to deal with a low supply of good papers a majority of the journals play only a tiny role in the world research publishing system, the ―mixed bag‖ of quality and reputation means that the whole group is ―tainted‖ in the eyes of key stakeholders.
  6. 6. Invitation to Participate in Scholarly Publishing in Africa Survey : Clobridge Consulting With all of the changes in scholarly communication and ICTs over the past few years, we are interested in learning more about the current state of scholarly publishing throughout Africa. Clobridge Consulting is working in partnership with African Journals Online to conduct a research study to collect, analyze, and disseminate knowledge in this arena – in order to share best practices, identify emerging trends, and gain insights from editors about their successes and concerns. While a good deal of research has been conducted over the past few years regarding global trends in the shift from print to digital, changing dissemination and business models, and uptake in technology to support publishing, no research has focused exclusively on these issues within Africa. Funded by : Carnegie Corporation
  7. 7. Challenges of journals in Africa (2) • Available expertise – Editors, reviewers, layout, design, copy editing • Editorial integrity – Peer Review of articles, low of knowledge in editorial best practices • Infrastructure – Connectivity, servers, software • Financial sustainability – Mainly paper based journals, heavily dependant on subscriptions; • Language – English, Afrikaans, Indigenous languages, French • Intellectual property rights—Creative Commons • Lack of training
  8. 8. Article Processing Charges • World Bank classification – Africa- low per capita income—exemptions for most authors in Africa except SA – South Africa—medium per capita income country • How does it get paid? – University of Stellenbosch- APC fund – Pay these fees from their own research grants or, if available, from traditional central publication support funds. • What does it cost? – APC‘s when charged by local OA journals vary between R500-R1500. – This compares well with international APCs which vary between $1 350 and $5 000
  9. 9. Article Processing Charges (2) What is our concern? • – – – – – It is clear that APCs could eventually replace subscriptions in a systemic commercial ‗Gold Route‘ publishing system that would still be hyper-inflationary, with new versions of ‗bundled institutional membership‘ fees, barriers to publishing opportunities for resourcepoor sectors or countries, and the same hallmarks of monopolistic practice as characterised the previous system, will prevail
  10. 10. Commercial OA journal publisher—25 titles
  11. 11. +-130 Open Access + article/processing fees + subscription fees
  12. 12. DST funded- subtle approach to OA
  13. 13. www.scie
  14. 14. SciELO South Africa, Number of access and downloads per months for years 2011 and 2012 2012: 3.07 millions, 256 th per month, 8.5 th per day, 615 per document
  15. 15. 2010 Source of Citation SA SciELO LAC SciELO Total citations % of LAC % of auto citations 2011 2012 Auto Auto Auto Citations Citations Citations Citations Citations 63 56 159 146 132 115 1 3 21 64 56 162 146 153 115 2% 2% 14% 88% 90% 75% Citations SciELO South Africa, 2012. Evolution of citations received within SciELO Network by journals with three years collection.
  16. 16. Benefits for SA to participate in the SciELO network  Searchable through the SciELO network portal  Exchange metadata with other international databases  Eligible for participation in special integration projects like Web of Knowledge  Certified collections are rated higher than collections-under- development  Signing a Memorandum of Agreement with DHET to do quality peer review of ALL South African journals  Change in the DHET policy for the automatic accreditation of SA journals  Improved accreditation policy towards the publishing of books and conference proceedings
  17. 17. Challenges within the African Science System Science system is less developed Not all the countries has a funding system Technical change in Africa slow and low HEI in Africa should be in the forefront of ensuring Africa‘s participation in ICT and knowledge production • Immense potential in Open source software and Open Access • • • •
  18. 18. Roleplayers • • • • • • Network of African Science Academies (NASAC) African Academy of Sciences ICSU-regional office for Africa INASP and eIFL Library professionals Publishers Just to name a few!
  19. 19. What is lacking?? • Coordination between multitude of small scale, often very energetic and creative pilot initiatives pockets of innovation • This leads to underfunding as economies of scale is not reached • Good news is….. Emergence of continent-wide strategies ; time to harvest and connect between initiatives Science academies can undertake this initiative
  20. 20. The Case for Science Academies • • • • Unique competitive advantage in influencing policies Great convening power—bringing together scientists and policy makers Constitute the brain thrust of a nation –use membership to conduct evidence base studies (independent and objective) African Union (Consolidated Plan of Action) under review • Capacity building • Knowledge production • Technological innovation
  21. 21. Thank you Website: 23