Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Jan Velterop - Preprints and Peer Review for Dummies: The main quality of published research is its openness

47 views

Published on

Free and open access, transparent assessment and dissemination of research in a fast, shared, collaborative, participative and clear manner for all of society are some of the principles of Open Science. The recognition and adoption of open research practices is growing, including new policies that increase public access to scholarly literature and encourage openness of codes and data sharing for its reproduction. Among these initiatives which are reconfiguring scientific communication, preprints have been consolidating themselves as a promising space for free, open and transparent knowledge, streamlining the editorial process. Preprints are the first formal step in making the manuscripts publicly available before being approved by a journal.

The logics of publishing based on science guiding principles have always been in the decision-making power of the editor. From the choice of referees to the distribution of articles approved in publishing editions, the time management to publish keeping quality, periodicity and celerity regarding feedback on the output was always a challenge to editors. Moreover, this time management becomes an even greater challenge to the publishing process in Brazil, and in some parts of Latin America, whose journals’ management is mainly based on voluntary work. Given this scenario, initiatives that seek to make scientific communication faster and more transparent appear as solutions to the daily difficulties of scientific publishing, such as, for instance, preprints, continuous publication and open peer review.

In view of this new reconfiguration of the editorial process, this panel aims to discuss the panorama of fast and transparent scientific communication, seeking to share experiences that have been developed that respond to the editorial demands on the management of time and quality of the papers published in scientific journals and, particularly, to support the development of the SciELO Program preprints policy.

Syllabus
The challenges of scientific publishing and editorial ethics regarding time management and quality; initiatives for fast research communication; metrics and alternative indicators of scientific visibility; preprints and continuous communication experience in the national and international scenario; editorial dynamics of preprints and its models in the market; the demands of the continuous publication flow; open modalities of peer review: peer-review, open peer-review, and crowd-based peer review; the spaces of fast communication in scholarly social platforms.

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Jan Velterop - Preprints and Peer Review for Dummies: The main quality of published research is its openness

  1. 1. The main quality of published research is its openness Jan Velterop, SciELO 20 years São Paulo, Brazil, September 2018
  2. 2. PREprints Avant la lettre, so to speak por assim dizer por así decirlo
  3. 3. This makes the word PREprints a bit awkward, if articles are not going to be printed anyway. Esto hace que la palabra PREprints sea un poco incómoda, si los artículos no se van a imprimir de todos modos. Isso torna a palavra PREprints um pouco estranha, se os artigos não forem impressos de qualquer maneira.
  4. 4. We can debate the word preprint, of course But what’s in a name? Podemos debater a palavra preprint, claro Mas o que há em um nome? Podemos debatir la palabra preprint, por supuesto Pero, ¿qué hay en un nombre?
  5. 5. We can debate the word preprint, of course But what’s in a name? What is in preprints, though is an insurance policy Lo que está en preprints, aunque, es una póliza de seguro O que está em preprints, embora, é uma apólice de seguro
  6. 6. What is in preprints, though is an insurance policy An insurance policy, in case you cannot, for whatever reason, publish the ‘version of record’ with Open Access caso você não possa, por qualquer motivo, publicar a "versão de registro" em Open Access en caso de que no puedas, por la razón que sea, publicar la 'versión de registro' en Open Access
  7. 7. You may not always need to put money, time and effort into publishing a formal ‘version of record’ anyway, but if you do, and you cannot do it with open access, your research results will be available with open access nonetheless, via the preprint. An insurance policy Nem sempre você precisa investir dinheiro, tempo e esforço para publicar uma "versão de registro" formal, mas se o fizer e não puder fazê-lo em Open Access, seus resultados de pesquisa estarão disponíveis em Open Access, no entanto, através em preprint. No siempre es necesario invertir dinero, tiempo y esfuerzo para publicar una "versión de registro" formal, pero si lo hace y no puede hacerlo en Open Access, sus resultados de búsqueda estarán disponibles en Open Access, sin embargo, a través de preprint
  8. 8. An insurance policy, in case you cannot, for whatever reason, publish the ‘version of record’ with Open Access For the research community… You may not always need to put money, time and effort into publishing a formal ‘version of record’ anyway, but if you do, and you cannot do it with open access, your research results will be available with open access nonetheless, via the preprint. Para a comunidade de pesquisa ... Para la comunidad investigadora ...
  9. 9. … and the world … e o mundo … y el mundo
  10. 10. Posting a preprint as an insurance against paywalling, may not be all that different from formally publishing a ‘version of record’ in a traditional way, except it’s faster, reaches more people, and very much less expensive in most cases. Postar um preprint como um seguro contra o pagamento, pode não ser tão diferente da publicação formal de uma "versão de registro" de uma maneira tradicional, exceto que é mais rápida, atinge mais pessoas e é muito mais barata na maioria dos casos. te de publicar formalmente una 'versión de registro' de una manera tradicional, excepto qu
  11. 11. Just don’t let the logos confuse you!
  12. 12. Just don’t let logos confuse you! Apenas não deixe os logotipos confundirem você! ¡Simplemente no dejes que los logos te confundan!
  13. 13. What about peer review? But what about quality? Mas e a qualidade? E quanto ao peer review? ¿Pero qué hay de la calidad? ¿Y en cuanto al peer review?
  14. 14. Is there no danger that preprints have inaccuracies? Não há perigo de que os preprints tenham imprecisões? ¿No hay peligro de que los preprints tengan imprecisiones?
  15. 15. The danger of inaccuracies remaining in a peer reviewed article is that the reader's guard may be down and their professional skepticism is not what it would be for a preprint ("it has been peer reviewed, hasn't it? Does that not guarantee that it's correct?"). That makes inaccuracies in peer reviewed articles more dangerous than those in preprints. O perigo de imprecisões que permanecem em um artigo revisado (peer- reviewed) é que o leitor pode estar menos atento e o seu ceticismo profissional não é necessariamente o que seria para um preprint ("foi peer- reviewed, não foi? Isso não garante que esteja correto?"). Isso faz com que as imprecisões nos artigos revisados por pares sejam mais perigosas do que as dos preprints. El peligro de imprecisiones que permanecen en un artículo revisado (peer-reviewed) es que el lector puede estar menos atento y su escepticismo profesional no es necesariamente lo que sería para una preprint (¿"Fue peer-reviewed, verdad? ¿Esto no garantiza que es correcto?"). Esto hace que las imprecisiones en los artículos revisados por pares sean más peligrosas que las de los preprints.
  16. 16. When you post a preprint, you essentially submit your article for review to the entire community, and not just to a few – often anonymous; maybe random – journal- appointed reviewers Quando você publica um preprint, você basicamente envia seu artigo para revisão de toda a comunidade, e não apenas para alguns – geralmente anônimos; talvez avaliadores aleatórios indicados pelo periódico Cuando publica un preprint, básicamente envía su artículo para su revisión de toda la comunidad, y no solo a unos pocos – a menudo anónimos; quizás evaluadores aleatorios indicados por el periódico
  17. 17. Besides, the whole process of scientific discovery is pregnant with peer review. It’s what scientists do: judge others’ work, replicate others’ work if needed, improve on others’ work, build on others’ work, add to others’ work Além disso, todo o processo de descoberta científica está repleto de peer review. É o que os cientistas fazem: julgar o trabalho dos outros, replicar o trabalho dos outros, se necessário, melhorar o trabalho dos outros, desenvolver o trabalho dos outros, adicionar ao trabalho dos outros Además, todo el proceso de descubrimiento científico está preñado de peer review. Es lo que hacen los científicos: juzgar el trabajo de los demás, replicar el trabajo de los demás si es necesario, mejorar el trabajo de los demás, construir sobre el trabajo de los demás, agregar al trabajo de los demás
  18. 18. It’s what scientists do: judge others’ work, replicate others’ work if needed, improve on others’ work, build on others’ work, add to others’ work This continuous process of review is the best guarantor of the quality of science Este processo contínuo de revisão é o melhor garantidor da qualidade da ciência Este proceso continuo de revisión es el mejor garante de la calidad de la ciencia
  19. 19. It’s what scientists do: judge others’ work, replicate others’ work if needed, improve on others’ work, build on others’ work, add to others’ work This continuous process of review is the best guarantor of the quality of science And it is helped, tremendously, by open access, universal availability of research results E é ajudado, tremendamente, pelo Open Access, disponibilidade universal de resultados de pesquisa Y es ayudado, tremendamente, por el Open Access, la disponibilidad universal de resultados de investigación
  20. 20. That’s the real significance of preprints: guaranteed openness. And fast, too. Esse é o verdadeiro significado dos preprints: abertura garantida. E rápido também. Esa es la verdadera significación de las preprints: apertura garantizada. Y rápido, también.
  21. 21. When you post a preprint, you essentially submit your article for review to the entire community, and not just to a few – often anonymous; maybe random – journal- appointed reviewers And you can always submit it to a journal to be formally peer-reviewed as well… E você sempre pode enviá-lo para um periódico para ser formalmente revisado também ... Y siempre puede enviarlo a un diario para ser revisado por pares también ...
  22. 22. But what about peer review? When you post a PREprint, you essentially submit your article for review to the entire community, and not just to a few – often anonymous; maybe random – journal- appointed reviewers …if you need the journal ‘ribbon’ for your career advancement or if you think it enhances your reputation ... se você precisar de uma "medalha" do periódico para avançar na carreira ou se achar que isso aumenta sua reputação ... si necesita una 'medalla' de la revista para su avance profesional o si cree que mejora su reputación
  23. 23. But what about peer review? When you post a PREprint, you essentially submit your article for review to the entire community, and not just to a few – often anonymous; maybe random – journal- appointed reviewers And you can always submit it to a journal to be formally peer-reviewed by them as well, if you need the journal ‘ribbon’ or decoration, for your career advancement or reputation I posted a to ensure open access to my article This is a nice ribbon, too, though Esta também é uma boa fita, embora Esta es una bonita cinta, también, aunque

×