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Liz Allen - Assuring quality, transparency & ethics in ‘open science’ publishing

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In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science.

The SciELO 20 Years Conference will address and debate – during its three-day program – the main political, methodological and technological issues that define today’s state of the art in scholarly communication and the trends and innovations that is shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today’s Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

The program of the conference is organized around the alignment of SciELO journals and operations with the best practices on communication of open science, such as publishing research data, expediting editorial processes and communication through the continuous publication of articles and the adoption of preprints, maximizing the transparency of research evaluation and the flow of scholarly communication, and searching for more comprehensive systems for assessing research, articles and journals.

A two-day meeting of the coordinators of the national collections of the SciELO Network will take place prior to the Conference with focus on the evaluation of SciELO journals and the SciELO Program and their improvement following the lines of action that will guide their development in the forthcoming five years.

The celebration of SciELO’s 20-year anniversary constitutes an important landmark in SciELO’s evolution, and an exceptional moment to promote the advancement of an inclusive, global approach to scholarly communication and to the open access movement while respecting the diversities of thematic and geographic areas, as well as of languages of scientific research.

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Liz Allen - Assuring quality, transparency & ethics in ‘open science’ publishing

  1. 1. Liz Allen Director of Strategic Initiatives, F1000 Scielo 20| Sao Paolo| September 2018 @allen_liz Assuring quality, transparency & ethics in ‘open science’ publishing
  2. 2. Liz Allen Director of Strategic Initiatives, F1000 Scielo 20| Sao Paolo| September 2018 @allen_liz Assuring quality, transparency & ethics in ‘open science’ publishing
  3. 3. “Plan S is the boldest advance since the first days of Open Access when BioMed Central, the first OA publisher and PubMed Central, the OA repository were launched. We at F1000 Group support it fully.” Vitek Tracz, founder of BioMed Central & Chairman of F1000 Group
  4. 4. “Everything that can be counted does not necessarily count; everything that counts cannot necessarily be counted.” attributed to Albert Einstein theoretical physicist, philosopher & author 1879-1955
  5. 5. Growth in life & biomedical science output Source: Web of Science (2017)
  6. 6. how we share, discover & talk about science is evolving fast
  7. 7. • Post-publication peer review • Open peer review • Open data • Open access • Versioning • Indexing • Comprehensive meta-data • Full usage metrics • Living figures • more to come ….
  8. 8. F1000’s post-publication, open peer review publishing model Preprint-like stage
  9. 9. F1000’s post-publication, open peer review publishing model Preprint-like stage Plagiarism checks Image manipulation checks Ethical checks FAIR data compliance FAIR software compliance Open materials & methods Adherence to recognised standards Open Access compliance
  10. 10.  invited peer review  indexing in bibliographic databases F1000’s post-publication, open peer review publishing model Preprint-like stage
  11. 11. Providing open research publishing services to funders
  12. 12. … and to publishers: Emerald Open Research
  13. 13. Research evaluation principals … Designed with purpose & transparent Balanced & realistic Contextualised Proportionate Avoid unintended consequences & perverse incentives …
  14. 14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goodhart's_law
  15. 15. Metadata around outputs is vital
  16. 16. Platform descriptors: Publishing outlet o ISSN o name Publishing model & process o peer review (Y/N) o type of peer review model used o time to peer review o indexing speed Content licenses & accessibility o OA & type o access & permissions o indexed - where o fully machine readable i.e. XML, HTML
  17. 17. Content descriptors: Editorial checks performed: o plagiarism o ethical checks Content license & accessibility o OA etc o DOI Content type o research article, research protocol, data note etc Resources availability o DOI Affiliations o funder registry (Crossref) o organisation ids – coming soon … Subject classifiers/keywords
  18. 18. Author descriptors: Names Institution affiliation Funding sources Contributor role (CRediT) o ORCID o Contributor role taxonomy (CrediT) https://casrai.org/credit/
  19. 19. Reviewer descriptors: Names Institution affiliation ORCID Review activity with trackable & persistent DOIs & linked to ORCID & Crossref metadata
  20. 20. Reviewer descriptors: Names ORCID ids Institution affiliation
  21. 21. Content descriptors: Editorial checks performed: o Plagiarism Content license & accessibility o OA etc o DOI Content type o Research article, research protocol, data note etc Resources availability o DOI Affiliations o funder registry (Crossref) o Organisation ids – coming soon … Use, reuse & ‘quality’ indicators o reach – circulation? o attention o engagement o influence (citation?)
  22. 22. Deciding what information is needed for: o use & reuse of content o participation in research – as an ‘author’ as a reviewer, as a consumer o balanced evaluation of research and researchers Develop standard definitions where possible Capture key information into platforms AT START Enable inter-operability : o reduce duplication & waste o avoid silos o encourage internationalization & sharing Building a meta-data infrastructure is good science
  23. 23. “Science remains the key driver of human progress, yet we have little evidence on how to best fund science and incentivize high- quality work.” John Ioannides (2018), Professor of Medicine & Health Policy
  24. 24. Obrigada! Liz Allen Director of Strategic Initiatives, F1000 Scielo 20| Sao Paolo| September 2018 @allen_liz
  25. 25. F1000’s Director of Strategic Initiatives (2015 – present) Head of Evaluation at Wellcome (2000 - 2015 ) ORCID Board Director (2010 – 2015) Co-led development of project CRediT (2010 - present) Crossref Board Director (2017 – present) Visiting Senior Research Fellows at Policy Institute @ Kings College London Love all things meta-data, research outputs, metrics & ‘science of science’ About me (declarations)

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