SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 68
Pursuing the Elusive Metaphor of Community
        in e-Learning Environments
                    Richard Schwier
           Invited Address ED-MEDIA 2009
              Honolulu, Hawaii, June 24, 2009
Ben Daniel, Dirk Morrison, me, Kirk Kezema, Jaymie Koroluk
(not pictured: Xing Xu, Heather Ross)
Photocredit:
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,   Joi Ito from Flickr
Trajectory of
  Learning
  Environments
• ‘Relation-Making’ systems
• Personal "representation” systems
• Meaning is in the connections
• The locus of control is in the user
• PLN - McGuffin, ARRFF & Mesh

                         - Stephen Downes




                 ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Our students
Search for what they want (Google)
Associate with whom they please
  (Twitter)
Ignore what they don’t want (TiVo)
Consume what they choose (iTunes)
Become their own media (YouTube)

                        -David Porter, BC Campus


          ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Formal VLC model




   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Sense
                    of



Modeling        Community          Constituents




                  Comparison




           ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Characteristics of
• Transcript analysis
• Interviews
• Focus groups




  ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Characteristics
•   Awareness                •   Participation
•   Social protocols         •   Trust
•   Historicity              •   Trajectory
•   Identity                 •   Technology
•   Mutuality                •   Learning
•   Plurality                •   Reflection
•   Autonomy



            ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Comparison of
Thurstone
analysis




ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Thurstone Scale
           Formal




  ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Modeling
Bayesian Belief Network




ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
BBN - Query the network




  ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Non-formal learning
• prescribed but unfettered learning environment
• emphasizes intentional learning--not casual or
  serendipitous.
• Some structure for learning defined externally
• learner control; personal intentions outweigh
  externally defined intentions
• Organizational expectations around participation,
  investment, persistence and completion
• Internal, self-defined outcomes guide the
  learning path




               ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
?
Non-formal environments




      ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Sense of Community
       Rovai & Jordan’s “Classroom Community Scale” (Chronbach’s
       alpha = .93)




90.0

67.5

45.0
               Formal
22.5                               Non-Formal
   0



                   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Intensity
      Fahy, Crawford & Ally (TAT)



2.0

1.5

1.0
      Formal
0.5

  0                Non-Formal



        ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Density
      Fahy, Crawford & Ally (TAT)



0.8

0.6

0.4
      Formal
0.2                Non-Formal
  0



        ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Reciprocity ratio
the parity of communication among participants




       ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Reciprocity ratio
                Instructors



15.0

11.3

 7.5

 3.8                 Non-Formal

   0   Formal



          ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Reciprocity ratio
                      Participants



1.0

0.8

0.5
      Mean                         Mean
0.3                                          sd

  0           sd

        Formal
                                     Non-Formal

                 ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Order of importance -
  Element
          elements Non-formal
              Formal
Trust                        1          7
Learning                     2           3
Participation                3           6
Mutuality                    4          10
Intensity                    5           7
Protocols                    6          10
Reflection                    7           2
Autonomy                      8         10
Awareness                     9          1
Identity                     10          4
Trajectory                   11         13
Technology                   12          4
Historicity                  13         13
Plurality                    14          7


                ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Informal learning environments




         ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
personal
 aggregation
of community,
meaning and
   narrative



       ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Informal
   Learning
                |
  Non-formal Learning
                |
Formal Learning
   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Engagement Patterns
Formal          Non-formal     Informal
Engagement Patterns
              Formal           Non-formal    Informal
100




 75




 50




 25




  0
 Initiation                 Maturation                  Declination
Engagement Patterns
              Formal           Non-formal    Informal
100




 75




 50




 25




  0
 Initiation                 Maturation                  Declination
Engagement Patterns
              Formal           Non-formal    Informal
100




 75




 50




 25




  0
 Initiation                 Maturation                  Declination
Engagement Patterns
              Formal           Non-formal    Informal
100




 75




 50




 25




  0
 Initiation                 Maturation                  Declination
Engagement Patterns
              Formal           Non-formal    Informal
100




 75




 50




 25




  0
 Initiation                 Maturation                  Declination
death of
                community




ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,   Photocredit: Keichwa
Collective intelligence




                      Changlc
Reputation systems
        and leaders




ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Reputation systems




   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
engagement
              matters more
             than interaction




                        Photocredit:
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,   lynne_b from Flickr
The Bystander Effect




                           Photocredit:
   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,   Bryon Realey
Social Loafing
and Free-Riding
Trust




                        Photocredit:
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,   David Burrows
Trust -
                        worthy?

                            Photocredit:
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,       Eve Hermann
Empathy/Forgiveness




   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
aggregation
  around
  purpose




        ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
hospitality
intimacy

ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Transactional Distance

• psychological distance is more important than
  actual/social distance
• students don't always want to be close to their
  instructors
• students don't always want to be close to other
  students




             ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Dunbar’s Number




147.
  ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Rick’s Number




12              ∏r 2

 ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Rick’s Twitter Numbers


119-442
 4109
     ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
intensity




ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,    Photocredit: Raphael Goetter
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
content =
   part 2

"object centred
   sociality"




       ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
We as educators
                           need to
                    reconsider our
                           roles in
                    students’ lives,
                        to think of
                       ourselves as
                   connectors first
                       and content
                   experts second.
           http://www.edutopia.org/collaboration-age-technolo
           will-richardson
                                      -Will Richardson
                                         Darwin
ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
                                         Peacock
CIDER



        ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
virtual environments are real
       virtual is real
the Ken Burns filter
   ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Final thoughts
• Community is a tired but useful metaphor
• Non-formal and informal learning are powerful
  features in formal learning environments
• Research should concentrate on informal
  learning
• Community approaches require a fundamental
  shift in how we look at learning and learners,
  content and control



             ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,
Twitter, Skype, Faceboo
http://vlcresearch.ca
                                           schwier
             Good virtual learning
             environments and
             good f2f learning
             environments are
             more similar than
             different
      Research by the Virtual Learning Communities Research Lab is
      supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities
      Research Council of Canada


                                                      Photocredit:
                    ED-MEDIA 09 Honolulu,             Maureen Flynn-Burhoe

More Related Content

What's hot

Presentation Final
Presentation Final Presentation Final
Presentation Final
Oylum Boran
 
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
Gail Matthews-DeNatale
 
Research and planning draft 1 part 1
Research and planning draft 1 part 1Research and planning draft 1 part 1
Research and planning draft 1 part 1
ShahnaP
 

What's hot (8)

Presentation Final
Presentation Final Presentation Final
Presentation Final
 
Case study Roots and Routes
Case study Roots and RoutesCase study Roots and Routes
Case study Roots and Routes
 
Social Analytics In The Enterprise
Social Analytics In The EnterpriseSocial Analytics In The Enterprise
Social Analytics In The Enterprise
 
Disruptive Trends for OD
Disruptive Trends for ODDisruptive Trends for OD
Disruptive Trends for OD
 
mediaX_1-15-13
mediaX_1-15-13mediaX_1-15-13
mediaX_1-15-13
 
Teach Less Learn More
Teach Less Learn MoreTeach Less Learn More
Teach Less Learn More
 
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
21st Century Fluencies: What it takes to live, learn, and lead in the digital...
 
Research and planning draft 1 part 1
Research and planning draft 1 part 1Research and planning draft 1 part 1
Research and planning draft 1 part 1
 

Viewers also liked

Belles Photos
Belles PhotosBelles Photos
Belles Photos
jagged
 
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-LearningInternational Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
Stella Porto
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Presentazione Festa Paas 2009
Presentazione Festa Paas 2009Presentazione Festa Paas 2009
Presentazione Festa Paas 2009
 
IFWE'2010 - Circles of Discovery: Building and Sustaining e-Relationships a...
IFWE'2010 - Circles of Discovery: Building and Sustaining e-Relationships a...IFWE'2010 - Circles of Discovery: Building and Sustaining e-Relationships a...
IFWE'2010 - Circles of Discovery: Building and Sustaining e-Relationships a...
 
Porto China-US Distance Education Research & Exchange 2011
Porto China-US Distance Education Research & Exchange 2011Porto China-US Distance Education Research & Exchange 2011
Porto China-US Distance Education Research & Exchange 2011
 
Belles Photos
Belles PhotosBelles Photos
Belles Photos
 
Moving forward on Open Standards
Moving forward on Open StandardsMoving forward on Open Standards
Moving forward on Open Standards
 
Open online learning ecosystem - Porto & Thompson
Open online learning ecosystem - Porto & ThompsonOpen online learning ecosystem - Porto & Thompson
Open online learning ecosystem - Porto & Thompson
 
What Is A Distance Educator?
What Is A Distance Educator?What Is A Distance Educator?
What Is A Distance Educator?
 
Porto Walti EDEN Paris 2008 Presentation
Porto Walti EDEN Paris 2008 PresentationPorto Walti EDEN Paris 2008 Presentation
Porto Walti EDEN Paris 2008 Presentation
 
Agency and Instructional Design
Agency and Instructional DesignAgency and Instructional Design
Agency and Instructional Design
 
Taller de creación literaria 2014
Taller de creación literaria 2014Taller de creación literaria 2014
Taller de creación literaria 2014
 
Drupal - LinuxDay 2010 (Pistoia)
Drupal - LinuxDay 2010 (Pistoia)Drupal - LinuxDay 2010 (Pistoia)
Drupal - LinuxDay 2010 (Pistoia)
 
Life In Finland, blog texts in Chinese and Images
Life In Finland, blog texts in Chinese and ImagesLife In Finland, blog texts in Chinese and Images
Life In Finland, blog texts in Chinese and Images
 
Porto de hub_summit_panel_presentation
Porto de hub_summit_panel_presentationPorto de hub_summit_panel_presentation
Porto de hub_summit_panel_presentation
 
Open Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
Open Scholarship of Teaching and LearningOpen Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
Open Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
 
Troy (5)
Troy (5)Troy (5)
Troy (5)
 
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-LearningInternational Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
International Partnerships - Master of Distance Education & E-Learning
 
Using social software in the MDE
Using social software in the MDEUsing social software in the MDE
Using social software in the MDE
 
Aranès-català 01
Aranès-català 01Aranès-català 01
Aranès-català 01
 
De Overheid verbonden in Openheid
De Overheid verbonden in OpenheidDe Overheid verbonden in Openheid
De Overheid verbonden in Openheid
 
Dealing with Open Source Software
Dealing with Open Source SoftwareDealing with Open Source Software
Dealing with Open Source Software
 

Similar to Pursuing the elusive metaphor of community in e-learning environments

Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 fFinnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
Marianna Vivitsou
 
Helen Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
Helen  Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...Helen  Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
Helen Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
WASC Senior
 
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docxAssignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
normanibarber20063
 
Liv conffinalslideshare
Liv conffinalslideshareLiv conffinalslideshare
Liv conffinalslideshare
Dr Kelly Costa
 
E Learning Bootcamp Introduction
E Learning Bootcamp IntroductionE Learning Bootcamp Introduction
E Learning Bootcamp Introduction
Rick McKinnon
 
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century TrainingInformal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
Marlo Gorelick
 

Similar to Pursuing the elusive metaphor of community in e-learning environments (20)

The future of learning is ... social
The future of learning is ... socialThe future of learning is ... social
The future of learning is ... social
 
Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 fFinnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
Finnable joint presentation 2012.04.08 f
 
Peyina lin socialecologiesdigitalyouthlis566
Peyina lin socialecologiesdigitalyouthlis566Peyina lin socialecologiesdigitalyouthlis566
Peyina lin socialecologiesdigitalyouthlis566
 
Information Literacy meets Employability
Information Literacy meets EmployabilityInformation Literacy meets Employability
Information Literacy meets Employability
 
Helen Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
Helen  Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...Helen  Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
Helen Chen: Electronic Portfolios and Student Success: A Framework for Effec...
 
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docxAssignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
Assignments View FeedbackFeedback for 2-1 Final Project Mi.docx
 
Earning formal academic credit through a citizen’s viral and OER learning (Id...
Earning formal academic credit through a citizen’s viral and OER learning (Id...Earning formal academic credit through a citizen’s viral and OER learning (Id...
Earning formal academic credit through a citizen’s viral and OER learning (Id...
 
Bennett2012 pelc
Bennett2012 pelcBennett2012 pelc
Bennett2012 pelc
 
Making the most of informal learning
Making the most of informal learningMaking the most of informal learning
Making the most of informal learning
 
Faculty Adoption of Virtual Worlds, Nov 2012
Faculty Adoption of Virtual Worlds, Nov 2012Faculty Adoption of Virtual Worlds, Nov 2012
Faculty Adoption of Virtual Worlds, Nov 2012
 
Carol thompson-article
Carol thompson-articleCarol thompson-article
Carol thompson-article
 
Got MOOC?
Got MOOC?Got MOOC?
Got MOOC?
 
Liv conffinalslideshare
Liv conffinalslideshareLiv conffinalslideshare
Liv conffinalslideshare
 
E Learning Bootcamp Introduction
E Learning Bootcamp IntroductionE Learning Bootcamp Introduction
E Learning Bootcamp Introduction
 
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century TrainingInformal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
Informal Learning and Social Media: Upskiilling for 21st Century Training
 
Millennial presentation final
Millennial presentation finalMillennial presentation final
Millennial presentation final
 
Understanding Online Reading Comprehension, Collaboration, and Digital Inquir...
Understanding Online Reading Comprehension, Collaboration, and Digital Inquir...Understanding Online Reading Comprehension, Collaboration, and Digital Inquir...
Understanding Online Reading Comprehension, Collaboration, and Digital Inquir...
 
Arvel SuperNews Fall 2011
Arvel SuperNews Fall 2011Arvel SuperNews Fall 2011
Arvel SuperNews Fall 2011
 
Training Journal Conference slides
Training Journal Conference slidesTraining Journal Conference slides
Training Journal Conference slides
 
Stakeholder Engagement Linked In
Stakeholder Engagement Linked InStakeholder Engagement Linked In
Stakeholder Engagement Linked In
 

More from Richard Schwier

Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
Richard Schwier
 

More from Richard Schwier (7)

Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
Participation Patterns in Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning En...
 
Connections and Contexts: The Birth, Growth and Death of Online Learning Comm...
Connections and Contexts: The Birth, Growth and Death of Online Learning Comm...Connections and Contexts: The Birth, Growth and Death of Online Learning Comm...
Connections and Contexts: The Birth, Growth and Death of Online Learning Comm...
 
Research Methods for Identifying and Analysing Virtual Learning Communities
Research Methods for Identifying and Analysing Virtual Learning CommunitiesResearch Methods for Identifying and Analysing Virtual Learning Communities
Research Methods for Identifying and Analysing Virtual Learning Communities
 
ID as Social Process
ID as Social ProcessID as Social Process
ID as Social Process
 
Some History Of Educational Technology
Some History Of Educational TechnologySome History Of Educational Technology
Some History Of Educational Technology
 
Technology for Important Things: TLt Keynote 2008
Technology for Important Things: TLt Keynote 2008Technology for Important Things: TLt Keynote 2008
Technology for Important Things: TLt Keynote 2008
 
WBE 08 - VLC Comparison
WBE 08 - VLC ComparisonWBE 08 - VLC Comparison
WBE 08 - VLC Comparison
 

Recently uploaded

會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
中 央社
 

Recently uploaded (20)

會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdfPost Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
 
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz - Finals.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz - Finals.pdfPost Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz - Finals.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz - Finals.pdf
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
 
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
 
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. SalemOperations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
 
Pragya Champions Chalice 2024 Prelims & Finals Q/A set, General Quiz
Pragya Champions Chalice 2024 Prelims & Finals Q/A set, General QuizPragya Champions Chalice 2024 Prelims & Finals Q/A set, General Quiz
Pragya Champions Chalice 2024 Prelims & Finals Q/A set, General Quiz
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdfDanh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
Danh sách HSG Bộ môn cấp trường - Cấp THPT.pdf
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
 
Discover the Dark Web .pdf InfosecTrain
Discover the Dark Web .pdf  InfosecTrainDiscover the Dark Web .pdf  InfosecTrain
Discover the Dark Web .pdf InfosecTrain
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
 
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptxslides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
 

Pursuing the elusive metaphor of community in e-learning environments