Sovereignty   Free Will &       Salvation
Why God’sSovereignty  Matters
Why I Believe these Things―Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been                    born of God‖        ...
―No man is better for knowing that God in the beginning created the  heaven and the earth. The devil knows that, and so di...
What does God‘s sovereignty mean to              me?
God’s Sovereignty…1. Provides assurance He is in   complete control and   supplies trust in His care for   us2. Provides c...
Provides Assurance He is in control―I know that You can do all things, And that no purpose of                Yours can be ...
Provides Assurance He is in control  ―For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not    ashamed; for I know whom...
Trust in God’s Care ―Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul;but rather fear Him who is able t...
Trust in God’s Care―Commit your way to the Lord, Trust also in Him, and He will do it. ‖                          (Psalm 3...
―It is of little comfort to me toknow that God loves me if heis not in control of the events of my life. . . . This is one...
Trust Down to the Last detail―He will also lift up a standard to the distant nation, Andwill whistle for it from the ends ...
―There is no attribute      of God more   comforting to His    children than the   doctrine of Divine Sovereignty. . . . I...
Everything Depends on God ―For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and onearth, visible and invisible, whe...
Confidence in Every Circumstance―Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive...
God’s Sovereignty over Nature   ―Under the whole heaven He lets it loose, And His lightning to the ends of the  earth. . ....
God’s Sovereignty Over Calamity  ―The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating           c...
Control over Individual Circumstances   ―Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requ...
The Story of Joseph      The story of Joseph personifies how God is sovereign over our individual  circumstances. It exemp...
The Story of Joseph – the Tough Part―When they saw him from a distance and before he came close to them, they plotted agai...
We Need to Remember God is still with us―The Lord was with Joseph, so he became a successful man. And hewas in the house o...
The Story of Joseph – the Good Part ―Then Pharaoh said to his servants, ―Can we find     a man like this, in whom is a div...
God is still with us―The sovereignty of God is the one impregnable rock to which the suffering humanheart must cling. The ...
Rely on God instead of Ourselves―So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now ...
God Works in Us for Other’s Good  ―God energizes the mind and heart of the believer to want todo His will. Paul does not e...
God Performs the Work―The Lord‘s bond-servant must not be quarrelsome, but be kind to all,able to teach, patient when wron...
―While we must always remember that it is our   responsibility to proclaim salvation, we must    never forget that it is G...
―For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, And do not return    there without watering the earth And making it b...
―Far from making evangelism pointless, the sovereignty of God in grace is the   one thing that prevents evangelism from be...
―And the Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, ―Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking and do not be silent...
Remind me again why I pray if God is           sovereign…
―If God has eternally decreed that you   should live, what is the use of your     breathing? If God has eternally  decreed...
―Finally, brethren, pray for us that the word of the Lord will spread rapidly and be glorified, just as it did also with y...
―If it is legitimate for God to ‗plant a  longing‘ in a person‘s heart, how strong can the longing be that God chooses to ...
―People who really believe that man  must have the ultimate power of self- determination can‘t consistently pray   that Go...
The Most Humbling Teaching Ever―So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the     man who runs, but on God who ha...
―Those who have receivedsalvation are to attribute it to sovereign grace along, and  give all the praise to Him,  who make...
His ways Aren’t Our Ways―For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,‖ declares the Lord. ―For as the...
―The seriousness of this question has been brought home to me during fifteen years of ministry to the cults. Ihave found a...
The Paradox of sovereignty and ‘free will’• We are saved by sovereign grace yet  we must believe• We are kept by the secur...
―There is no attribute more comforting to Hischildren than that of God‘s Sovereignty. Under   the most adverse circumstanc...
―They will allow Him to be in His workshop to fashion worlds and make stars. They will allowHim to be in His almonry to di...
Who’s Ultimately in Control – God or Us?                             Non-Reformed                           Reformed      ...
A Parting Warning Worth Remembering―Assigning to God any thingby him not assumed is makingto ourselves a deifying of our  ...
Teacher’s Series’ Summary StatementBecause of their first parent‘s sin, each person inherits a sin nature that renders the...
Why God’sSovereignty  Matters
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Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Difference Sovereignty Makes

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Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Difference Sovereignty Makes

  1. 1. Sovereignty Free Will & Salvation
  2. 2. Why God’sSovereignty Matters
  3. 3. Why I Believe these Things―Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born of God‖ (1 John 5:1) Birth is logically prior to life – both in the physical and spiritual. www.confidentchristians.org
  4. 4. ―No man is better for knowing that God in the beginning created the heaven and the earth. The devil knows that, and so did Ahab and Judas Iscariot. No man is betterfor knowing that God so loved the world of men that He gave Hisonly begotten Son to die for their redemption. In hell there are millions who know that.Theological truth is useless until itis obeyed. The purpose behind alldoctrine is to secure moral action.‖ - A. W. Tozer www.confidentchristians.org
  5. 5. What does God‘s sovereignty mean to me?
  6. 6. God’s Sovereignty…1. Provides assurance He is in complete control and supplies trust in His care for us2. Provides confidence in every circumstance3. Causes us to rely solely and ultimately on Him and not ourselves; it keeps us humble www.confidentchristians.org
  7. 7. Provides Assurance He is in control―I know that You can do all things, And that no purpose of Yours can be thwarted. ‖ (Job 42:2) www.confidentchristians.org
  8. 8. Provides Assurance He is in control ―For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I amconvinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day. ‖ (2 Timothy 1:12)―For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. ‖ (Philippians 1:6) www.confidentchristians.org
  9. 9. Trust in God’s Care ―Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul;but rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them willfall to the ground apart from your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.‖ (Matthew 10:28–31) www.confidentchristians.org
  10. 10. Trust in God’s Care―Commit your way to the Lord, Trust also in Him, and He will do it. ‖ (Psalm 37:5) ―Cast your burden upon the Lord and He will sustain you; He will never allow the righteous to be shaken. ‖ (Psalm 55:22) ―What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us? ‖ (Romans 8:31)―Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. ‖ (Philippians 4:6–7) www.confidentchristians.org
  11. 11. ―It is of little comfort to me toknow that God loves me if heis not in control of the events of my life. . . . This is one of the crucial differences. It enables us to trust God. It enables us to obey Jesus‘ command, ‗Don‘t be afraid,‘ because we know that our lives are not subject to chance or luck, to the whims of nature, or the malevolent actions of other people.‖ - Jerry Bridges www.confidentchristians.org
  12. 12. Trust Down to the Last detail―He will also lift up a standard to the distant nation, Andwill whistle for it from the ends of the earth; And behold, it will come with speed swiftly. No one in it is weary or stumbles, None slumbers or sleeps; Nor is the belt at its waist undone, Nor its sandal strap broken. ‖ (Isaiah 5:26–27) www.confidentchristians.org
  13. 13. ―There is no attribute of God more comforting to His children than the doctrine of Divine Sovereignty. . . . It isGod upon His throne whom we trust.‖ - Charles Spurgeon www.confidentchristians.org
  14. 14. Everything Depends on God ―For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and onearth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers orauthorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him. He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together. ‖ (Colossians 1:16–17) ―Come now, you who say, ―Today or tomorrow we will go to suchand such a city, and spend a year there and engage in business and make a profit.‖ Yet you do not know what your life will be like tomorrow. You are just a vapor that appears for a little while andthen vanishes away. Instead, you ought to say, ―If the Lord wills, we will live and also do this or that.‖ But as it is, you boast in your arrogance; all such boasting is evil. ‖ (James 4:13–16) www.confidentchristians.org
  15. 15. Confidence in Every Circumstance―Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. ‖ (Hebrews 4:16) www.confidentchristians.org
  16. 16. God’s Sovereignty over Nature ―Under the whole heaven He lets it loose, And His lightning to the ends of the earth. . . . For to the snow He says, ‗Fall on the earth,‘ And to the downpour and the rain, ‗Be strong.‘ From the breath of God ice is made, And the expanse of the waters is frozen. Also with moisture He loads the thick cloud; He disperses thecloud of His lightning. It changes direction, turning around by His guidance, That it may do whatever He commands it On the face of the inhabited earth. Whether for correction, or for His world, Or for lovingkindness, He causes it to happen.‖ (Job 37:10–13) www.confidentchristians.org
  17. 17. God’s Sovereignty Over Calamity ―The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the Lord who does all these. ‖ (Isaiah 45:7)―Who is there who speaks and it comes to pass, Unless the Lord has commanded it? Is it not from the mouth of the Most High That both good and ill go forth? ‖ (Lamentations 3:37–38) ―If a calamity occurs in a city has not the Lord done it? ‖ (Amos 3:6) www.confidentchristians.org
  18. 18. Control over Individual Circumstances ―Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and the Lord had given the people favor inthe sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they plundered the Egyptians. (Exodus 12:35–36) ―Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying: ‖ (Ezra 1:1) ―The king‘s heart is like channels of water in the hand of the Lord; He turns it wherever He wishes.‖ (Proverbs 21:1) ―Now God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials‖ (Daniel 1:9)―The Lord said to him, ―Who has made man‘s mouth? Or who makes him mute or deaf, or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? ‖ (Exodus 4:11)―Three times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. ―For I will drive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the Lord your God. ‖ (Exodus 34:23–24) God, in His sovereign power, is able to restrain others from desiring to harm us www.confidentchristians.org
  19. 19. The Story of Joseph The story of Joseph personifies how God is sovereign over our individual circumstances. It exemplifies what Paul says in Romans: ―And we know that Godcauses all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose‖ (Romans 8:28) . Joseph said it this way: ―As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good in order to bring about this present result, to preserve many people alive.‖ (Genesis 50:20) www.confidentchristians.org
  20. 20. The Story of Joseph – the Tough Part―When they saw him from a distance and before he came close to them, they plotted against him to put him to death. They said to one another, ―Here comes this dreamer! ―Now then, come and let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits; and we will say, ‗A wild beast devoured him.‘ Then let us see what will become of his dreams!‖ ‖ (Genesis 37:18–20) ―Judah said to his brothers, ―What profit is it for us to kill our brother and cover up hisblood? ―Come and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.‖ And his brothers listened to him. Then some Midianite traders passed by, so they pulled him up and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver. Thus they brought Joseph into Egypt. ‖ (Genesis 37:26–28)―She [Potiphar‘s wife] caught him by his garment, saying, ―Lie with me!‖ And he [Joseph] left his garment in her hand and fled, and went outside. . . . Now when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spoke to him, saying, ―This is what your slave did to me,‖ his anger burned. So Joseph‘s master took him and put him into the jail, the place where the king‘s prisoners were confined; and he was there in the jail. ‖ (Genesis 39:19–20)―Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but forgot him. ―Now it happened at the end of two full years. . .‖ (Genesis 40:23-41:1) www.confidentchristians.org
  21. 21. We Need to Remember God is still with us―The Lord was with Joseph, so he became a successful man. And hewas in the house of his master, the Egyptian. Now his master saw that the Lord was with him and how the Lord caused all that he did to prosper in his hand. So Joseph found favor in his sight and becamehis personal servant; and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he owned he put in his charge. ‖ (Genesis 39:2–4) ―But the Lord was with Joseph and extended kindness to him, andgave him favor in the sight of the chief jailer. The chief jailer committed to Joseph‘s charge all the prisoners who were in the jail; so thatwhatever was done there, he was responsible for it. The chief jailer didnot supervise anything under Joseph‘s charge because the Lord was with him; and whatever he did, the Lord made to prosper. ‖ (Genesis 39:21–23) www.confidentchristians.org
  22. 22. The Story of Joseph – the Good Part ―Then Pharaoh said to his servants, ―Can we find a man like this, in whom is a divine spirit?‖ So Pharaoh said to Joseph, ―Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you are. ―You shall be over my house, and according to your command all my people shall do homage; only in the throne I will begreater than you.‖ Pharaoh said to Joseph, ―See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.‖ Then Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph‘s hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and put the gold necklace around his neck. He had him ride in his secondchariot; and they proclaimed before him, ―Bow the knee!‖ And he set him over all the land of Egypt.Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, ―Though I am Pharaoh, yet without your permission no one shall raise his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.‖ ‖ (Genesis 41:38–44) www.confidentchristians.org
  23. 23. God is still with us―The sovereignty of God is the one impregnable rock to which the suffering humanheart must cling. The circumstances surrounding our lives are no accident: they may be the work of evil, but that evil is held firmly within the mighty hand of our God. . . . All evil is subject to Him, and evil cannot touch His children unless He permits it. God is the Lord of human history and of the personal history of every member of His redeemed family.‖ - Margaret Clarkson www.confidentchristians.org
  24. 24. Rely on God instead of Ourselves―So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence,work out your salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure. ‖ (Philippians 2:12–13) www.confidentchristians.org
  25. 25. God Works in Us for Other’s Good ―God energizes the mind and heart of the believer to want todo His will. Paul does not explain how this transformation occurs, but we may reasonably assume that the Holy Spirit creates in us a desire and a love for that which, prior to regeneration, we spurned and hated.‖ -C. Samuel Storms www.confidentchristians.org
  26. 26. God Performs the Work―The Lord‘s bond-servant must not be quarrelsome, but be kind to all,able to teach, patient when wronged, with gentleness correcting those who are in opposition, if perhaps God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the truth, and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, having been held captive by him to do his will. ‖ (2 Timothy 2:24–26) www.confidentchristians.org
  27. 27. ―While we must always remember that it is our responsibility to proclaim salvation, we must never forget that it is God who saves. It is God who brings men and women under the sound of the gospel, and it is God who brings them to faith in Christ. Our evangelistic work is the instrument that He uses for this purpose, but the power that saves is not the instrument: it is in the hand of the One whouses the instrument. We must not at any stage forget that. For if we forget that it is God‘s prerogative to give results when the gospel is preached, we shall start to think that it is ourresponsibility to secure them, And if we forget that only God can give faith, we shall start to think that the making of converts depends, in the last analysis, not God on God, but on us,and that the decisive factor is the way in which we evangelize.‖ - J. I. Packer www.confidentchristians.org
  28. 28. ―For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, And do not return there without watering the earth And making it bear and sprout, And furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater; So will My word be which goes forth from My mouth; It will not return to Me empty, Withoutaccomplishing what I desire, And without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it. ‖ (Isaiah 55:9–11) www.confidentchristians.org
  29. 29. ―Far from making evangelism pointless, the sovereignty of God in grace is the one thing that prevents evangelism from being pointless, for it creates the possibility – indeed, the certainty – that evangelism will be fruitful. Apartfrom it, there is not even a possibility of evangelism being fruitful. Were it not for the sovereign grace of God, evangelism would be the most futile and useless enterprise that the world has ever seen, and there would be nomore complete waste of time under the sun than to preach the Christian gospel.‖ - J. I. Packer www.confidentchristians.org
  30. 30. ―And the Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, ―Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking and do not be silent; for I am with you,and no man will attack you in order to harm you, for I have many people in this city.‖‖ (Acts 18:9–10) www.confidentchristians.org
  31. 31. Remind me again why I pray if God is sovereign…
  32. 32. ―If God has eternally decreed that you should live, what is the use of your breathing? If God has eternally decreed that you should talk, what isthe use of your opening your mouth? If God has eternally decreed that you should reap a crop, what is the use of your sowing the seed? If God has eternally decreed that your stomachshould contain food, what is the use of your eating? In order to educate us, God demands that we should use the means, or go without the ends which depend upon them.‖ - A. A. Hodge www.confidentchristians.org
  33. 33. ―Finally, brethren, pray for us that the word of the Lord will spread rapidly and be glorified, just as it did also with you‖ (2 Thessalonians 3:1) www.confidentchristians.org
  34. 34. ―If it is legitimate for God to ‗plant a longing‘ in a person‘s heart, how strong can the longing be that God chooses to plant? There are two kinds of longings God could plant in an unbeliever‘s heart. One kind of longing is so strong that it leads the person to pursue and embrace Christ. The other kind of longing is not strong enough to lead a person to embrace Christ. Which should he prayfor? If we pray for the strong longing, then we are praying that the Lord would work effectually and get that person saved. Ifyou pray for the weak longing, then we are praying for an ineffectual longing thatleaves the person in sin (but preserves his self-determination).‖ - John Piper www.confidentchristians.org
  35. 35. ―People who really believe that man must have the ultimate power of self- determination can‘t consistently pray that God would convert unbelieving sinners. Why? Because if they pray for divine influence in a sinner‘s lifethey are either praying for a successful influence (which takes away thesinner‘s ultimate self-determination), or they are praying for an unsuccessfulinfluence (which is not praying for God to convert the sinner). So either you give up praying for God to convert sinners or you give up ultimate human self-determination.‖ - John Piper www.confidentchristians.org
  36. 36. The Most Humbling Teaching Ever―So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy. ‖ (Romans 9:16) www.confidentchristians.org
  37. 37. ―Those who have receivedsalvation are to attribute it to sovereign grace along, and give all the praise to Him, who makes them to differ from others.‖ - Jonathan Edwards www.confidentchristians.org
  38. 38. His ways Aren’t Our Ways―For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,‖ declares the Lord. ―For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways And My thoughts than your thoughts.‖ (Isaiah 55:8–9)We quote this all the time, but do we really believe and practice it? www.confidentchristians.org
  39. 39. ―The seriousness of this question has been brought home to me during fifteen years of ministry to the cults. Ihave found at least one common denominator among all of those I studied – the belief in human autonomy. . . . History has shown that the dogma of human autonomygradually east away at the foundations of orthodoxy until eventually it collapses entirely. The idea of God isradically modified or discarded altogether as the hope for salvation is transferred to humanity‘s determination and ingenuity rather than God‘s sovereign grace. . . . The gospel must be made palatable to the sinner, whose personal autonomy, after all, must be respected even by God.‖ - Dr. Alan Myatt www.confidentchristians.org
  40. 40. The Paradox of sovereignty and ‘free will’• We are saved by sovereign grace yet we must believe• We are kept by the security of God yet we must persevere• We live by sovereign power yet we must obey• We will endure trials and we must endure trials• We will produce good works and we must produce good works• What God says will be true of you must be true of you - John MacArthur www.confidentchristians.org
  41. 41. ―There is no attribute more comforting to Hischildren than that of God‘s Sovereignty. Under the most adverse circumstances, in the most severe trials, they believe that Sovereignty has ordained their afflictions, that Sovereigntyoverrules them, and that Sovereignty will sanctify them all. There is nothing for which the children ought more earnestly to contend than the doctrine of their Master over all creation—the Kingship of God over all the works of His own hands—the Throne of God and His right to sit upon that Throne. On the other hand, there isno doctrine more hated by worldlings, no truth of which they have made such a football, as thegreat, stupendous, but yet most certain doctrineof the Sovereignty of the infinite Jehovah. Men will allow God to be everywhere except on His throne.‖ - Charles Spurgeon www.confidentchristians.org
  42. 42. ―They will allow Him to be in His workshop to fashion worlds and make stars. They will allowHim to be in His almonry to dispense His alms and bestow His bounties. They will allow Him to sustain the earth and bear up the pillarsthereof, or light the lamps of heaven, or rule thewaves of the ever-moving ocean; but when God ascends His throne, His creatures then gnashtheir teeth, and we proclaim an enthroned God,and His right to do as He wills with His own, to dispose of His creatures as He thinks well, without consulting them in the matter; then it is that we are hissed and execrated, and then it is that men turn a deaf ear to us, for God on Histhrone is not the God they love. But it is God upon the throne that we love to preach. It is God upon His throne whom we trust.‖ – Charles Spurgeon www.confidentchristians.org
  43. 43. Who’s Ultimately in Control – God or Us? Non-Reformed Reformed We’re able to live or die again God ensures we live againTotal Depravity We first choose God God first chooses usUnconditional election We limit the atonement God limits the atonementLimited atonement We can overcome God’s will God’s will overcomes oursIrresistible grace We control our eternal God controls our eternalPerseverance of the saints security security www.confidentchristians.org
  44. 44. A Parting Warning Worth Remembering―Assigning to God any thingby him not assumed is makingto ourselves a deifying of our own imaginations.‖ - John Owens www.confidentchristians.org
  45. 45. Teacher’s Series’ Summary StatementBecause of their first parent‘s sin, each person inherits a sin nature that renders them dead in sin and hostile to God. They do not seek God nor do they wish God in their lives.But because God is sovereign, and because He loves humanity, He has decided to havemercy on some and has provided a way of salvation through His Son who took on the form of a servant and died a substitutionary death for those who God has drawn to Him. And when Christ went to the cross, He died an atoning death for everyone that He intended to save; He missed not one. These are the ones who the Father has drawn to His son and called to be His children. Their previous resistance to Him has been overcome by His mercy so that their heart ofstone has been replaced by a heart of flesh, and now they willingly choose to love and trust Him for their salvation.And these that He saved are held fast by His power, protected in faith, and can never lose their salvation. www.confidentchristians.org
  46. 46. Why God’sSovereignty Matters

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