Why use vivid verbs?Creates a clearer image in your reader’s mind.Stan went into class. What image does this give you? Stan slithered into class. Stan sauntered into class. Stan bolted into class.
Helping (“to be”) Verbs Can, couldCH Have, has, had Chad B. Am, are SwimAD Do, does, didB Be, being, beenS Should, shall Olympic swimmer Chad from South Africa.W Will, would, was, wereI Is The book calls these May, might, must “auxiliary verbs”M
Helping Verbs “auxiliary verbs”Helping verbs are always paired with another verb tocreate verb phrases. We should save a seat for Jeff. I have been running for a long time. Dave will be going away soon.
Linking VerbsA linking verb works by itself. Rosie is happy. I am tired. The instruments are safe in the bus. The students seemed bored during the trip.
But… Helping verbs aren’t completely useless. They help a reader understand when an action takes placeExample: I am writing the essay. (present) I will write the essay. (future) I have written the essay. (past) But with sentences like the last one…
Strong Past Tense SentencesI wrote the essay. VS. I have written the essay. Both are past tense, but eliminating the“have” makes the sentence a stronger, less wordy sentence.
Active VoiceThe subject of the sentence performs the action of the verb. Layla peeped through the hole in the door.
Passive VoiceThe subject of the sentence receives the action of the verb. The hole in the wall was peeped through by Layla.
How do I change my sentence into the active 1) voice? Determine the verb 2) Identify the performer of the verb 3) Make the performer of the verb the subject of the sentence peeped Layla The hole was peeped through by Layla. Performer of the peeping? LaylaRevised to the active voice: Layla peeped through the hole in the door.
Active or Passive Voice? My boss made the decision yesterday. Active!
Active or Passive Voice? I ate a piece of cake Active!
Active or Passive Voice? The national anthem is being sung by Jasonthis time. Passive.What is the verb? SungWho is performing the verb? JasonFixed: Jason is singing the national anthem this time.
Active or Passive Voice? The computer crashed. Active!
Active or Passive Voice? The librarian read the book to the students. Active!
Active or Passive Voice? His hair was cut by a professional. PassiveWhat is the verb? cutWho is performing the verb? professionalFixed:The professional cut his hair.
Last words.Passive Voice = lengthy, wordy sentences = reader gets boredActive Voice = stronger, more precise sentences = reader more likely toread
Today1) Adverb Notes 3) Interjection Notes (pgs. 20-21) (pgs. 20-21) Define Define Adverb Interjection Intensifier Strong interjection Examples of each Mild interjection Questions adverbs Examples of each answer 4) Interjection Practice2) Adverb Practice Pg. 29 “Practice and Pg. 21 “Practice and Apply” #1-5 all Apply” #1-10 evens