Astor Piazzolla Overview

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Slides from an introductory lecture on the life and music of Astor Piazzolla.

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Astor Piazzolla Overview

  1. 1. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Astor Piazzolla 1921 - 1992
  2. 2. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The Early Years: 1921 -1939 <ul><li>Born in Mar del Plata, Argentina – March 11,1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up in New York City (1925-1938) </li></ul><ul><li>Began playing the bandoneon at age 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote his first tango at age 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Argentina at age 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Buenos Aires at age 18 to become a professional musician </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music 1933 Age - 12
  4. 4. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Tango or Classical?: 1939 - 1954 <ul><li>Working for Anibal Troilo </li></ul><ul><li>Studies with Alberto Ginastera - 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Marries Ded é Wolff – 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Fiorentino, his first recording - 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestra Tipica de Astor Piazzolla - 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Wins Sevitsky Prize for Composition - 1953 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Anibal Troilo’s Band - 1946
  6. 6. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Piazzolla and Anibal Troilo, ca. 1943
  7. 7. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Paris: 1954 - 1955 <ul><li>Studies with Nadia Boulanger </li></ul><ul><li>Firmly establishes his style and lays groundwork for his nuevo tango </li></ul><ul><li>Begins relationship with Editions Universelles and SACEM </li></ul><ul><li>Records with Lalo Schifrin and Paris Opera musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of jazz influence (Gerry Mulligan) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Lessons with Nadia Boulanger – Paris, 1955
  9. 9. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The Bandoneon <ul><li>Member of free reed Chemnitz concertina family </li></ul><ul><li>71 keys: 33 keys, left and 38 keys, right </li></ul><ul><li>Bisonic – different notes as bellows move in and out </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the “signature sound” of the tango </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Buenos Aires to New York: 1955 - 1960 <ul><li>Returned to BA and formed a Tango Octet </li></ul><ul><li>Important relationship with poet Horacio Ferrer begins </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks the “big break” in NYC in 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz-Tango Quintet a failure </li></ul><ul><li>Adios Nonino - 1959 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Buenos Aires Octet - 1957
  12. 12. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music New Tango Quintet: 1960 - 1967 <ul><li>Returned to BA and formed the New Tango Quintet </li></ul><ul><li>Birth of the Nuevo Tango </li></ul><ul><li>A period of creativity, controversy and success </li></ul><ul><li>Successful U.S. Tour including NYC Philharmonic Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce, Depression and Drugs </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The New Tango Quintet - 1962
  14. 14. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Recovery: 1967 - 1971 <ul><li>Egle Martin and Horacio Ferrer to the rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Operitta: Maria de Buenos Aires , 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Amelita Baltar and Ballada para un loco </li></ul><ul><li>Film scores, e.g. Alma </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental works, e.g. Tangazo and Four Seasons of Buenos Aires </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Egle Martin Horacio Ferrer To the Rescue: Maria de Buenos Aires Amelita Baltar
  16. 16. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Paris and Buenos Aires: 1971 - 1973 <ul><li>Disbanded the Quintet and flew to Paris with Amelita </li></ul><ul><li>Oratorio: El Pueblo Joven , 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Formed the Nonet and toured under auspices of the Argentine government </li></ul><ul><li>Aldo Pagani becomes Piazzolla’s agent </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attack – October, 1973 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Nonet - 1972
  18. 18. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Jazz & Rock Experiments: 1974 - 1978 <ul><li>Recovery in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Fame in Europe: Libertango </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with Gerry Mulligan </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic octet, 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina wins the World Cup in 1978! </li></ul><ul><li>Laura Escalada – to become his second wife </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Rehearsal with Gerry Mulligan - 1974
  20. 20. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Electronic Octet in Paris - 1975
  21. 21. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The Second Quintet: 1979 - 1988 <ul><li>Peak years in Piazzolla’s career </li></ul><ul><li>Global touring with a stable group of outstanding musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Important collaborations - Milva - Gary Burton </li></ul><ul><li>New home in Punta del Este, Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>Quadruple bypass surgery in 1988 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The Second Quintet - 1987
  23. 23. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music The Last Years: 1989 - 1992 <ul><li>The Sextet </li></ul><ul><li>Appearances with Symphonies and String Quartets </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, Greece - the Last Concert </li></ul><ul><li>Debilitating Stroke in 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Died July 4, 1992 in Buenos Aires </li></ul>
  24. 24. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Piazzolla’s Last Concert – July 3, 1990
  25. 25. Tango: Piazzolla and His Music Piazzolla’s Legacy <ul><li>More than 3,000 compositions </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1,500 recorded performances </li></ul><ul><li>Centers devoted to his music in Buenos Aires and Montevideo </li></ul><ul><li>Music lives on in movies and the repertoire of tango, classical, jazz and pop performers </li></ul><ul><li>Adios Nonino </li></ul>

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