Energy Management, Here Now, Pay Less - Larry Schoff


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  • Energy Management, Here Now, Pay Less - Larry Schoff

    1. 1. Energy Management (EM) Here; EM Now; Pay Less Lorenz V. Schoff, PE Energy Efficient Solutions March 2009 SchoolDude University 2009
    2. 2. <ul><li>Background Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>44+ years in Facilities Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Consultant – Educational Facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Director of Facilities and Transportation – K-12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USAF Civil Engineering Officer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Original member of US DOE –EnergySmart Schools Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member of ASHRAE AEDG and LEED for Schools Committee </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    3. 3. <ul><li>Schools Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13,800 +/- Public School Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 55 million students – public and private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$9.5+ billion in energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>120,000 schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average District ~ 1100 students </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    4. 4. <ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing the Building Characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Energy Management (EM)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EM KEYS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom-Line </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    5. 5. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hall Lights </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    6. 6. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Sensors </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    7. 7. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phantom Loads </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009 13 Watts
    8. 8. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over Illumination </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    9. 9. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug Loads </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    10. 10. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blinds, Shades </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    11. 11. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper Use and Placement of Controls </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    12. 12. <ul><li>Areas Prime for Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong fixtures and Lamps </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    13. 13. SchoolDude University 2009 A B C D E W A – How Building is Used B – Energy Use C – Benchmark D – Systems E – Operation and Maintenance W – Energy Inefficiency Knowing Your Building
    14. 14. <ul><li>Knowing Your Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How Schools are Operated? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Without knowledge of energy use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of individuals actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Energy Policy/Regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No approved Energy Management Plan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Preventive Maintenance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of involvement by personnel </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    15. 15. <ul><li>How Schools are Operated? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education is Key to the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Success of Any Program -- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Awareness of all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Staff </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    16. 16. <ul><li>What is Energy Management? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A process to obtain an Understanding of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building Utilization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How energy is being consumed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Systems Installed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A process to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve overall energy efficiency and reduce impact on the environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal to Improve Learning and Teaching Environment </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    17. 17. <ul><li>What is Energy Management? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of Building Utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What areas are used and when? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patterns of occupancy and habits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Space compatible with programs and energy efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How’s the Energy is being consumed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are the light levels? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying Plug and Phantom Loads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HVAC equipment operations – EMCS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical Systems </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    18. 18. SchoolDude University 2009 `
    19. 19. SchoolDude University 2009 Another View of Energy Consumption in Schools
    20. 20. <ul><li>Energy Management Keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility Management – Need to know how much you use before you can determine how much you can save </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UtilityDirect – The Best on the Market </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On Line </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available for information and an instructional tool </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Star Portfolio Manager – Baseline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review and Approval Utility Bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Use Audit of Each Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Occupancy Profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Characteristic and Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result – Information needed to determine energy goals and set specific targets for an Energy Management Plan </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    21. 21. <ul><li>Energy Management Keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of EMCS System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and Obtain Approval of Energy Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop an Energy Regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop an Energy Management Plan </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    22. 22. <ul><li>Energy Management Keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and Obtain Approval of an Energy Policy -- Foundation for EMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short Document – 3 or 4 short paragraphs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include a statement of purpose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ .. Provide leadership in developing a realistic energy ethic in the operations of our facilities ……. Success is the joint responsibility of governing body, administrators, teachers, students and all organizations personnel and is based on their cooperation….” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy should include “… Superintendent is responsible to implement …. And administrators will be evaluated on the success …..” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sample copy available </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    23. 23. <ul><li>Energy Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation to Implement Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations can state specifics about the operations of energy systems in your buildings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation can establish accountability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation can include the establishment of Energy Manager Position and a Energy Mgt Team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of an incentive program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of a reporting and evaluation system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Samples available </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    24. 24. <ul><li>Energy Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of an EMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of Purpose “…Guide the operation of the agency to achieve the highest standards in energy/water use/environmental and economic performance…” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State Goals --- “.. X percent reduction in energy use for each facility by the FY 20xx –20yy..” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be in several areas including training and education </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sets Objectives to achieve Each Goal </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    25. 25. SchoolDude University 2009 What is a plug load? How best to control plug loads? What is a Phantom load? Means of controlling Phantom Loads? Plug and Phantom Loads
    26. 26. <ul><li>Define plug loads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Devices or appliances plugged into a school’s electrical system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>120/208 volt electrical systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples in schools: Copiers, Refrigerators, Pop Machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples in the classroom: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computers, TV’s, DVD Players, Tape Players, overhead Projector, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boom Box, Radios, CD players, printers, scanners, copiers, fish tanks, mini-refrigerators, toasters, coffee pots, hot plates, overhead projectors, LCD projectors </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    27. 27. <ul><li>How to control plug loads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to conduct a plug load survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Awareness Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Energy Guidelines for plug loads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include fees for personal items </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have “teeth” in the Guidelines </li></ul></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009 Energy Guide for Plug Loads
    28. 28. <ul><li>Define Phantom Loads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phantom loads exist in equipment with electronic clocks or timers, with remote controls, portable equipment and equipment with wall cubes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumes Energy when turned off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This equipment can consume energy from 3 to 25 watts per hour when turned off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as “Stand-by Power” and “Leaking Power” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wall Cubes Big “Phantoms” </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    29. 29. <ul><li>How to control Phantom Loads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disconnect device after every day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug into power strips and turn power strips off at the end of the instructional day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    30. 30. <ul><li>Factors Impacting Energy Use and Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budgetary Factors </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    31. 31. <ul><ul><li>Increasing Energy Unit Costs (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Crisis (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase Community Use (+) K-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing Demographics (-/+) K-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing Technologies (-) </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009 Outside Issues Impacting Energy Use
    32. 32. <ul><ul><li>Smaller Class Size (+) K-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year Round Schools (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House or Cluster Concept (+) K-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Based Programs (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More Instructional Programs (+) </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009 Educational Issues Impacting Energy Use
    33. 33. <ul><li>Characteristics & $ Benefits of HP Design (-) </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Facilities (-) </li></ul><ul><li>Design Standards (+/-) </li></ul><ul><li>High Performance Design Elements (-) </li></ul>SchoolDude University 2009 Design Issues Impacting Energy Use
    34. 34. Budgetary Issues Impacting Energy Use <ul><ul><li>Reduced Budgets, Personnel (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased Capital Budgets (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disconnect of Capital and Operating Budgets (+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O & M (+/-) </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    35. 35. <ul><li>Benefits of EMP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Energy Consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Energy Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Environmental Impact at Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases Energy Awareness of Personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as a Educational Tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as an Example for the Community </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009
    36. 36. Does HP School = Energy Efficient School ? SchoolDude University 2009 <ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>People operate buildings, buildings do not operate themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Energy awareness and knowledge are the keys to success </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATE! EDUCATE! EDUCATE! </li></ul>
    37. 37. SchoolDude University 2009 Energy Management Here; EM Now – Means Tapping the Energy Waste in Schools And Remember--
    38. 38. Bottom-line SchoolDude University 2009 In today’s world, improving the energy efficiency of educational facilities should be the goal of the district to support the nation’s goal of Energy Independence. EM Now; EM Here; Payless -- should be heard throughout the nation’s schools. Will this be heard in your schools? Explore the possibilities and potential! It’s Not Rocket Science
    39. 39. <ul><li>Contact Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lorenz V. Schoff, PE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>540-961-2184 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>SchoolDude University 2009