Extension’s role in parasite control

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Extension’s role in parasite control

  1. 1. Extension’s Rolein Parasite ControlSUSAN SCHOENIANSheep & Goat SpecialistUniversity of Maryland ExtensionDR. NIKI WHITLEYExtension Animal Science SpecialistNorth Carolina A&T State University
  2. 2. Cooperative ExtensionConnects research and knowledge of land grant university to publicTeachingMorrill Act1862, 1890, 1994ExtensionSmith-Lever Act1914ResearchHatch Act1887Land grant university system
  3. 3. Internal parasitism• Primary healthproblem affectingsmall ruminants inmost regions of theUnited States.• According to NAHMS• 9.6% of sheep losses> 14% in Eastern U.S.• Primary cause of death ingoats, more than 3x nextthree leading causes.
  4. 4. Internal parasitism• Traditional method ofcontrol has been toadministeranthelmintics(dewormers).• Worms have developedvarying degrees ofresistant toanthelmintics in allthree chemical classes.
  5. 5. • A group of scientists,veterinarians, and extensionspecialists whose mission is to1) Develop novel methods ofsustainable control ofgastrointestinal nematodes insmall ruminants; and2) Educate stakeholders in thesmall ruminant industry on themost up-to-date methods andrecommendations for smallruminant parasite control.Southern Consortium for SmallRuminant Parasite Control• Established in 2003 toaddress the growingproblem of anthelminticresistance in the smallruminant industry.American
  6. 6. American Consortium for SmallRuminant Parasite Control1. Since 2003, Consortiummembers have receivedgrant funds in excess of$3.5 million to supportmission of consortium.a) Research Document anthelminticresistance Validate FAMACHA© system foruse in United States Novel methods of parasitecontrol• Copper oxide wire particles• Sericea lespedezab) Extension (outreach) is animportant component of allgrant-funded projects.
  7. 7. Web site established in 2004scsrpc.org acsrpc.orgwormx.orgcontrolworms.orgwormcontrol.org
  8. 8. Timely topics (monthly)
  9. 9. Information and research pertainingto sustainable GI parasite control
  10. 10. Certified FAMACHA© Instructors
  11. 11. FAMACHA© Workshops
  12. 12. Train-the-trainer curriculum
  13. 13. FAMACHA© WorkshopsSmartDrenching,IntegratedParasiteManagement(IPM)• At the core ofconsortium’soutreach effort.• First workshopsheld in 2003.• 29,000 FAMACHA©cards sold since 2003.• More than 40 states• Caribbean, Latin America
  14. 14. Workshop impacts• Two formalevaluationssince 2003.1. Northeast (n=70)2. MidwestSouthern (n=729)• Mailed andinternet surveys
  15. 15. Workshop impacts91%78%76%95%74% 75%0102030405060708090100Using FAMACHA Deworming less Saving money2004 2009
  16. 16. Future extension role• More workshops• More states• Camelid producers• Online training• Producers• Veterinarians• Animal healthprofessionals• Students
  17. 17. Thank you for your attention.Do you haveany questionsor comments?

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