Extension’s Rolein Parasite ControlSUSAN SCHOENIANSheep & Goat SpecialistUniversity of Maryland ExtensionDR. NIKI WHITLEYExtension Animal Science SpecialistNorth Carolina A&T State University
Cooperative ExtensionConnects research and knowledge of land grant university to publicTeachingMorrill Act1862, 1890, 1994ExtensionSmith-Lever Act1914ResearchHatch Act1887Land grant university system
Internal parasitism• Primary healthproblem affectingsmall ruminants inmost regions of theUnited States.• According to NAHMS• 9.6% of sheep losses> 14% in Eastern U.S.• Primary cause of death ingoats, more than 3x nextthree leading causes.
Internal parasitism• Traditional method ofcontrol has been toadministeranthelmintics(dewormers).• Worms have developedvarying degrees ofresistant toanthelmintics in allthree chemical classes.
• A group of scientists,veterinarians, and extensionspecialists whose mission is to1) Develop novel methods ofsustainable control ofgastrointestinal nematodes insmall ruminants; and2) Educate stakeholders in thesmall ruminant industry on themost up-to-date methods andrecommendations for smallruminant parasite control.Southern Consortium for SmallRuminant Parasite Control• Established in 2003 toaddress the growingproblem of anthelminticresistance in the smallruminant industry.American