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Three States of Matter


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Three States of Matter

  1. 1. Aaliyah moon 8Th Grade Three states of matter
  2. 2. A. States of matter States of matter- The physical forms in which a substance exist.  -Solids, Liquids, Gases. 
  3. 3. B. Solids Solid- The state of matter that has a definite shape and volume.  Particles are very close together and have a very strong attraction.  A solids particles are very slow and compacted together.  Even though they move very slowly they are never stopped. All particles constantly vibrate. 
  4. 4. B. Solids cont. Ex. - Desk - Walls - People - Paper - Cups 
  5. 5. C. Liquids Liquids- The state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the same shape of its container.  These particles move just enough for some particles to separate. They over come the attraction.  All liquids have surface tension. 
  6. 6. C. Liquids cont. Surface tension- A force that holds together particles at the surface of a liquid.  The higher surface tension the more it bubbles over.  Viscosity- A liquids resistance to flow  All liquids have viscosity. 
  7. 7. C. Liquids cont. Ex. - When you pour water into a glass it adapts to the shape of the cup. The SAME liquid can be use in different containers and they will have a different shape. - Sprite - Tea - Milk - Blood
  8. 8. D. Gases Gas- The state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.  These particles break free of their attraction very easily because they move so fast.  Temperature can change the gases volume. 
  9. 9. D. Gases cont. Ex. - Farts - Oxygen - Hydrogen - Smoke - Helium The helium inside
  10. 10. 1. Charles’s Law Charles’s law states temperature changes with volume.  When the temperature goes down, the volume goes down.  When temperature goes up so does volume. Same balloon  Hot day Cold day