Open Data 國際發展/產業生態

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主要之內容架構來自日前在逢甲大學地理資訊系統研究中心的一份演說。簡報場合為台北市電腦公會所主導之開放資料聯盟籌備會第二次籌備會。由代表 Fertta Communications 的我進行30分鐘的報告。因為場合和時間之限制,簡報偏向走馬看花。

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Open Data 國際發展/產業生態

  1. 1. Open Data國際發展/產業生態 v0.2 TH Schee Fertta Communications @ 台北市電腦公會 2013.4.17 開放資料聯盟籌備會 報告 Twitter: @scheeinfo Email: schee@fertta.com
  2. 2. 日本 斯洛文尼亞- Fertta Communications- Invited Specialist, UN GGIM- Intl Committee (digital communities), Prix Ars Electronica Twitter: @scheeinfo Email: schee@fertta.com
  3. 3. 開放資料、開放政府資料 http://semanticweb.com/leigh-dodds-on-the-open-data-revolutio
  4. 4. 什麼是開放資料?• Availability and Access / 可得性與可讀性 : 資料必須完整釋出,同時只能 徵收適當的資料再製成本費用。最好能提供網路下載。同時提供的資料 格式也必須是方便和可被修改的。• Reuse and Redistribution / 重新使用與散 : 資料在釋出時必須允許資料 重新使用和散 ,並允許與其他資料混合使用的授權聲明。• Universal Participation / 分享的普遍性 : 任何人都可使用,重新使用和散 開放資料 - 不能限制資料能使用的範圍,或是使用者的資格。例如, 「非商業用途」將限制資料在所有「商業性質」的使用,或是限制資料 只能使用在某個範圍(例如,只能作為教育上使用)。 些限制都是不 被允許的。 http://wiki.opendata.tw/odhb/what-is-open-data/what-is-open-data.html
  5. 5. Infrastructure & audiencehttp://gissrv5.sinica.edu.tw/GoogleApp/JM20K1904_1.htm
  6. 6. Infrastructure & audiencehttp://gissrv5.sinica.edu.tw/GoogleApp/JM20K1904_1.htm
  7. 7. Infrastructure & audienceSource: http://www.taipics.com
  8. 8. Infrastructure & audienceSource: http://www.taipics.com
  9. 9. 公共建設的加值在 裡?
  10. 10. 歐洲各城市Map data: http://mapbox.com
  11. 11. Our Goals- Digital Single Market- Interoperability & Standards- Trust & Security- Fast and ultra-fast Internet access- Research and innovation- Enhancing digital literacy, skills andinclusion- ICT-enabled benefits for EU society- International http://bit.ly/NeelieKroesEU, @NeelieKroesEU http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52010DC0245:EN:NOT
  12. 12. http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/scoreboard
  13. 13. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?reference=2011/0430(COD)
  14. 14. http://openstreetmap.org
  15. 15. tals r a Po at Number Of Repository Country Category DatasetsDhttp://at.ckan.net/ Austria Country 18 http://be.ckan.net/ Belgium Country 2 http://cz.ckan.net/ Czech Republic Country 145 http://dadesobertes.gencat.cat/ Spain Region 137 http://data.fingal.ie/ Ireland City 92 http://data.gov.au/ Australia Country 704 http://data.gov.uk/ United Kingdom Country >7400 http://data.hri.fi/ Finland Region 559 http://data.london.gov.uk/ United Kingdom City ~458 24 http://data.suomi.fi/ Finland Country ~45 http://data.un.org/ UN Organization 5413 http://data.worldbank.org/ Worldbank Organization 5500 http://datagm.org.uk/ United Kingdom City 214 http://datanest.fair-play.sk/datasets Slovakia Country 42 http://digitaliser.dk/ Denmark Country 750 http://hu.ckan.net/ Hungary Country 7 http://ie.ckan.net/ Ireland Country 265 http://it.ckan.net/ Italy Country 220 http://kozadat.neumannhaz.hu/Fooldal/Adatforrasok Hungary Country 183 http://wwwdb.inf.tu-dresden.de/opendatasurvey/
  16. 16. http://www.slideshare.net/TonZijlstra/open-data-opportunities-14887344
  17. 17. http://okfestival.org/open-government-data-camp/
  18. 18. http://www.slideshare.net/TonZijlstra/psi-developments-in-the-eu
  19. 19. http://www.slideshare.net/TonZijlstra/psi-developments-in-the-eu
  20. 20. http://www.slideshare.net/helsinkiregioninfoshare/hri-aaltoesfeb2013finalpdf
  21. 21. http://www.slideshare.net/helsinkiregioninfoshare/hri-aaltoesfeb2013finalpdf
  22. 22. <North America>
  23. 23. 9 July 2012 2012 INTERNATIONAL OPEN GOVERNMENTTutorial ONFERENCE—OPEN GOV IOGDC Open Data DATA C 25 DATA TUTORIAL
  24. 24. 聯邦數位政府 使用者(一)文件導向到資料導向(二)共享的運算資源 雇員 民(三)使用者導向(四)資安和隱私強化 政府 民間 呈現層 資 服務 資 服務 系統、流程、管理與 Web API 平台層 開放資料與內容 資 層 (資 ) http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/egov/digital-government/digital-government.html
  25. 25. 紐約數位策略(一)產業: 勃的數位生態(二)教育:投資未來(三)開放政府:創新與透明(四)資 近用:全市網絡(五)擁抱:使用者導向 http://www.nyc.gov/html/digital/html/roadmap/roadmap.shtml
  26. 26. http://www.cmap.illinois.gov/
  27. 27. http://www.slideshare.net/philipashlock/open311-webinar-march-2012
  28. 28. MyDataCan™ puts your data under your control to improve your life.You can collect, assemble, and distribute your own personal data, across data silos, including health information,without a fee, and optionally elect to participate in activities that use your data to improve the quality of your life.哈佛健康記錄銀行 Harvard Health Record BankMyDataCan™ 讓個人資料在 的掌握之中,以促進健康的生活。 可以蒐集、組合、以及在不同資料集間,免費的傳遞 自己的醫療資料,並且選擇性地使用個人資料,以增進生 活的品質。 http://mydatacan.org
  29. 29. http://assets.en.oreilly.com/1/event/34/Haiti_%20CrisisMapping%20the%20Earthquake%20Presentation.pdf
  30. 30. http://assets.en.oreilly.com/1/event/34/Haiti_%20CrisisMapping%20the%20Earthquake%20Presentation.pdf
  31. 31. http://assets.en.oreilly.com/1/event/34/Haiti_%20CrisisMapping%20the%20Earthquake%20Presentation.pdf
  32. 32. http://assets.en.oreilly.com/1/event/34/Haiti_%20CrisisMapping%20the%20Earthquake%20Presentation.pdf
  33. 33. <Africa>
  34. 34. Source: Open Data Kenya
  35. 35. <Japan>
  36. 36. http://www.slideshare.net/MasahikoShoji/open-data-in-japan-14338746
  37. 37. http://www.slideshare.net/MasahikoShoji/open-data-in-japan-14338746
  38. 38. http://www.slideshare.net/MasahikoShoji/open-data-in-japan-14338746
  39. 39. http://www.slideshare.net/MasahikoShoji/open-data-in-japan-14338746
  40. 40. http://www.safecast.org/
  41. 41. http://www.safecast.org/
  42. 42. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kestwPN8HNY
  43. 43. 洞見?
  44. 44. http://www.slideshare.net/lukec/sustaining-open-data-innovations
  45. 45. http://blog.okfn.org/2012/09/13/managing-expectations-ii-open-data-technology-and-government-2-0/
  46. 46. What PSI?• Company Information • Hydrographic Information• Vehicle Registration • Environmental Data• Physical Property • Official Gazettes• Intellectual Property • Transport Statistics• Meteorological Data • Social-economic• Geospatial Information Statistics "Pricing of PSI Studies", Deloitte 2011
  47. 47. Code legalization (legal) Think Academia Tanks financing Existing Businesses? Data Portals (innovation) organzation NGOs Tech OSS Startups community Communities Hackathon (transparency)Code event(software) @scheeinfo
  48. 48. Web of open document 1995 Web of open data
  49. 49. 文史資料2200萬筆,開放授權,嘗試創造數位市場。 The ‘old’ model looked something like this Illustration: http://www.slideshare.net/hverwayen/business-model-innovation-open-data
  50. 50. 1. Data as key activities2. Data as key value3. Data as core value Illustration: http://www.slideshare.net/hverwayen/business-model-innovation-open-data
  51. 51. Affecting partnerships?Illustration: http://www.slideshare.net/hverwayen/business-model-innovation-open-data
  52. 52. 住宅地圖 1:1500二手書店買的到、是準的。 http://www.zenrin.co.jp/product/publication/j-map/
  53. 53. 地震分布 USGS 開放資料,1973 年至今,一圖勝千 言。http://dongpo.cartodb.com/tables/earthquake/
  54. 54. http://www.buildingsdata.eu建築評比基本樓板資料、耗能、區位、汎歐盟資料平台。
  55. 55. 資料視覺化源碼唾手可得,媒體與新聞產業被迫學習。
  56. 56. 社交脈絡 隱性資 流通管道、 善用地域社交網絡, 打開國際通路。https://www.facebookstories.com/stories/1574/interactive-mapping-the-world-s-friendships#color=continent&story=1&country=TW
  57. 57. 氣喘照護公衛、急救、裝置、連網、位置和資料。 http://asthmapolis.com/
  58. 58. • • 公共運輸所有路線數量公共運輸 每日乘運人次 • 地面 • 不同公共運輸型態之比交通、資料、公共建 • 地下 • 公共運輸系統之最大載設、人流、裝置、政 • 公共運輸路線 • 公共運輸每日旅行距離策。 • 每區公共運輸密度 • 地上 • 公共運輸收入 • 地下 • 使用公共運輸人數 • 每人次每日平均使用公 • 最新 息 • 計程車每日載客次數 • 城市最新公共運輸交通狀況 • 每日公共運輸使用載具 • 目前在途之公共運輸載具數量 • 公共運輸載具之比較 • 計程車招呼站數量 • 全國每日公共運輸使用 • 計程車每年運輸人次 • 公車站總數量 • 在途之計程車數量 • 計程車平均招呼乘車時 • 地下公共運輸現況
  59. 59. 真 洞見?
  60. 60. Multi-stakeholdersApproach- leveraging group dynamics- data users involved- innovate inside government- media support is crucial ... and many enthusiasts *logos are copyright works and registered trade marks of the respective owners
  61. 61. FOIA & Local RegulationsPSI bodies Government Clouds &Private sectors Cloud ComputingNGO & Charities Data Portals Open Data Strategy (TW) Transparency Current PSI Expanding the initiative boundary Apps Apps @scheeinfo
  62. 62. Code legalization (legal) Think Academia Tanks financing Data Portals (innovation) organzation NGOs Tech OSS Startups community Communities Hackathon (transparency)Code event(software) @scheeinfo
  63. 63. http://strataconf.com/strata2013/public/schedule/detail/28617
  64. 64. http://strataconf.com/strata2013/public/schedule/detail/27106
  65. 65. http://strataconf.com/strata2013/public/schedule/detail/27466
  66. 66. http://strataconf.com/strata2013/public/schedule/detail/27304
  67. 67. Telefonica Dynamic Insight
  68. 68. Possible Models• Brokerage • Community• Advertising • Subscription• Infomediary • Utility• Merchant • Optimization of business flows and intelligence• Manufacture• Affiliate
  69. 69. galactic terrestrial metropolitan corporational jurisdictionalhomosapien @scheeinfo
  70. 70. BONUS
  71. 71. Common Traps in APAC• Confrontational (political movement)• Black market (data as product)• Forbidden city (cultural taboo)• Forgotten role of science (research)• Spiraling downstream (policy & positioning)• Night market syndrome (small pieces loosely joined?)
  72. 72. http://www.flickr.com/photos/draconianrain/896834248/

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