Mohammed S. IbrahimAlexandria University, Egypt      Alan Bridges Strathclyde University, UK                              ...
Novice students and Preconceptions   Novice students and PreconceptionsImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the fir...
Novice students and Preconceptions   Implementing Shape Grammars (SG)Implementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first...
Novice students and Preconceptions   Structuring the First year StudioImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the firs...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage : recognitionImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first ye...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage : recognitionImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first ye...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Grammatical ModelImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studi...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)     Observat...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
Novice students and Preconceptions   The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring t...
The Next Workshop : Designing in Context                                   Production Stage  Strathclyde Group (UK)   Use ...
The Next Workshop : Designing in Context                                   Production Stage  Alexandria Group (EGY)   Use ...
Future Workshop: To Evaluate                                   Development and use of grammars                            ...
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Use of Grammar for Shape Exploration with Novice Students | Experiment 1: against the first impressions

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presentation at eCAADe 2010, 15-17 sep 2010, Zürich, Switzerland

This paper describes a teaching experience conducted and carried out as part of the architectural coursework of the first year students. The workshop is the first of three planned to take place during the course of the first year studio. It aims at introducing new ways of thinking as well as introducing students to the new pattern of architectural education. It also helps communicating and-if required- unlearning accumulative conceptions that were unconsciously gained by the lack of practice, ignorance of actuality or simply by the accumulation of images and ideas in their minds over the years.
A grammatical approach was chosen to develop the described methodology, based on the shape grammars system in general, and on one of its basic skills of seeing/understanding shapes & extracting elements of the visual composition in particular.

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Use of Grammar for Shape Exploration with Novice Students | Experiment 1: against the first impressions

  1. 1. Mohammed S. IbrahimAlexandria University, Egypt Alan Bridges Strathclyde University, UK Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 Scott C. ChaseAalborg University, Denmark AGAINST THE FIRST Samir Bayoumi IMPRESSIONS Alexandria University, Egypt Dina S. Taha Alexandria University, Egypt
  2. 2. Novice students and Preconceptions Novice students and PreconceptionsImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model • Architectural kindergarten Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity • First year design studio is seen as the student’s entry The Workshop level to architecture Observations and remarks • Problem of Preconception Concluding remarks • Mindsets about the notion of design itself • Confronting Preconceptions from the beginning with free play • Project based learning approach Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  3. 3. Novice students and Preconceptions Implementing Shape Grammars (SG)Implementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio • Why CAAD?The Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model • Searching for a methodology to deliver the strategy in Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity an explorative format that excites the act of making The Workshop • Why Grammar ? Observations and remarks Concluding remarks • SG methodology thought to be well suited for early teaching of composition and visual correlations such as proportion and symmetry • The methodology is also very significant to be used under the proposed pedagogical approach as it involves Use of grammar for shape a playful “making” process exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 • Vocabulary—Rules—Derivation—Languages AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  4. 4. Novice students and Preconceptions Structuring the First year StudioImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Crafting the First year studio projectsThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model THE EARLY STAGE THE MID STAGE THE FINAL STAGE Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity Theme Theme Theme The Workshop Recognition Production Evaluation Observations and remarks Nurturing the Skill of Reflecting /Designing in Evaluating the acquisition Concluding remarks Seeing response to a need of three skills Complexity Level Complexity Level Complexity Level Abstract Goal-Driven Experiencing Experimentation Composition Architecture Target Thinking Type Target Thinking Type Target Thinking Type Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students Imaginative /Divergent Induction to Reasoning Balanced /Critical EXPERIMENT 1 thinking /Convergent thinking thinking AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  5. 5. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage : recognitionImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio • Nurturing the skill of seeing is not about the observationThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model of figural appearance; it is more about acquiring the Experiment: Seeing Shapes ability of questioning what is being seen, as well as (Ambiguity imparting a manner for deducting and proposing what The Workshop Observations and remarks can be seen Concluding remarks • The recognition and respect of the relationship between the given elements of the problem provides students with some starting points to begin their design and a logic to Use of grammar for shape build their design decision on exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  6. 6. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage : recognitionImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio • Early stage exercises are more about divergent, intuitiveThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model and imaginative tasks rather than convergent, rational Experiment: Seeing Shapes and logic ones (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks • Can unleash their hidden abilities, unblock alternatives and encourage the emergence of original and creative ideas Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  7. 7. Novice students and Preconceptions The Grammatical ModelImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Implemented grammar process based on the simplest formThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model of the basic analytical grammar process with two stages Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks • The development stage where vocabularies, rules and initial state are initiated • The application stage where rules are applied and Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students designs are generated EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  8. 8. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio AmbiguityThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes One of the most interesting qualities of shape where they (Ambiguity can be seen differently every time The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  9. 9. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio AmbiguityThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop • Unlike preconceptions and ignorance that close Observations and remarks potentials and limit possibilities, ambiguity brings Concluding remarks novelty that makes creative design possible • Challenging students to make this kind of creative exploration undermines preconceptions deeply enough so Use of grammar for shape as to render these preconceptions ineffective for the exploration with novice students project at hand EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  10. 10. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Group A Group B Strathclyde University Alexandria University Students (UK) Students(EGY) • Vertical (project-based) • Horizontal studio Use of grammar for shape studio curriculum curriculum exploration with novice students • Familiar with design for • Fair knowledge about EXPERIMENT 1 two months, little on drawing techniques & AGAINST THE techniques and theories design principles, but with FIRST IMPRESSIONS no design experience after three months
  11. 11. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The introductory lecture Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks = + Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  12. 12. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The introductory lecture Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  13. 13. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The introductory lecture Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  14. 14. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The introductory lecture Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Main shape 1 Seeing (opt1) 2 Extracting main elements Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  15. 15. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The introductory lecture Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Main shape Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  16. 16. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition The assignment Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  17. 17. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  18. 18. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  19. 19. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  20. 20. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  21. 21. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  22. 22. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  23. 23. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG) Observations and remarksStructuring the first year studioThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  24. 24. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes After the workshop (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  25. 25. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity • This process The Workshop • motivated the students’ ability to see and make Observations and remarks • developed flexibility in their design process Concluding remarks • gave them an analytical awareness • confidence to make design decisions • The indirect design process allowed students to blindly follow a path of thought without knowing where it would Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students lead, so even students from both groups who initially EXPERIMENT 1 seemed to express weak design abilities came up with AGAINST THE FIRST satisfactory results IMPRESSIONS
  26. 26. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Q: Will it last and affect their design behavior in future Observations and remarks Concluding remarks projects? A: No one hour workshop is enough to make the big change; it has to be carried out as a concept through the project(s) of the early stage or to be followed by other Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students design activities under the same theme. EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  27. 27. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  28. 28. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  29. 29. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  30. 30. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  31. 31. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  32. 32. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  33. 33. Novice students and Preconceptions The Early Stage Workshop : Seeing ShapesImplementing Shape Grammars (SG)Structuring the first year studio Concluding remarksThe Early Stage : recognition Grammatical model A room with a VIEW Experiment: Seeing Shapes (Ambiguity The Workshop Observations and remarks Concluding remarks Use of grammar for shape exploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  34. 34. The Next Workshop : Designing in Context Production Stage Strathclyde Group (UK) Use of grammar for shapeexploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  35. 35. The Next Workshop : Designing in Context Production Stage Alexandria Group (EGY) Use of grammar for shapeexploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS
  36. 36. Future Workshop: To Evaluate Development and use of grammars October 2010 Use of grammar for shapeexploration with novice students EXPERIMENT 1 AGAINST THE FIRST IMPRESSIONS

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