Beacon gis public safety planning

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  • Management from within
  • Promote from within.
  • Examine distribution/nature of calls.Estimate time consumedCalcualte shift refief factorEstablish performance objectives ( DPR)Police have deterrent effect of their presence.
  • Aging population
  • CATS=-Consequence Assessment Tool SetNOAA= National Oceanic and Atmospheric AgencyHPAC=
  • Really should say Change or Status quo
  • Beacon gis public safety planning

    1. 1. www. BeaconGIS.net
    2. 2. Goals     Learn to work with emergency services Learn the jargon, abbreviations, and acronyms Be familiar with their particular performance objectives Discern ways of using GIS to aid their decision making process. Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    3. 3. Cities & Towns can be proactive      Planning Zoning Engineering Comprehensive plans Future land use Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    4. 4. Emergency Services are reactive  Police, Fire, EMS, EM Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    5. 5. What do I know? Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    6. 6. Working Together   Are your city managers and department heads in the same building? And what about the….  Police chief?  Fire Chief?  EMS Director?  Emergency Management Coordinator? Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    7. 7. Working together  Do your comprehensive/strategic plans…  Include emergency services?  More than just an description of existing assets and or current production?  Does it include future planning for these services as your community is projected to change?  Does it include GIS analysis mapping for emergency services? Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    8. 8. Emergency Services Planning    Where you are now (Current Conditions Evaluation) Where you‟re going (Jurisdictional Assessment) Where you need to be (Future Needs Planning) Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    9. 9. Law Enforcement     Crime Analysis Resource Distribution Demographics & Socioeconomics Response Performance Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    10. 10. Law Enforcement  Crime Analysis  Spatial Distribution of incidents  Density of events  Relative crime risk  Offender behavior in time & Space  Geographical profiling  „crime travel‟ Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    11. 11. Law Enforcement  Resource Deployment  Per capita  100 most populous cities avg. 22 officers per 10,000 population.  Minimum-staffing  Management/labor agreement. May disregard peak loads  Authorized level  Budgetary  Workload  Single based (aka Peak load staffing) or double staffed cars Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    12. 12. Law Enforcement  Demographics & Socioeconomics  Who commits what crime  Who uses the police  Age, race, ethnicity  Income, housing prices, vacancies  Where is crime committed  In addition to above…  Types of businesses/property Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    13. 13. Law Enforcement  Response Performance  “Differential Police Response” based on research.  A rapid response to a serious crime = arrest < 5%  Most crimes w/ no witnesses/evidence citizens willing to phone a report.  Biggest factor: The response matched community expectation even if lengthy.  No national standards, performance based on incident outcomes rather than time responsiveness. Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    14. 14. Emergency Medical Services     Beacon GIS, LLC Demand analysis Unit deployment Demographics & Socioeconomics Response Performance All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    15. 15. Emergency Medical Services  Demand Analysis  Frequent Fliers  Chronic illnesses  Elderly Care Facilities  Criticality  Temporal changes Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    16. 16. Emergency Medical Services  Unit deployment  Unit Hour Utilization  Static vs. Dynamic  Peak Load staffing  Response Time Goals  Simultaneous Events  Rule of thumb – 12% of the „effective‟ population will need an GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. Beacon ambulance. www.BeaconGIS.net 9
    17. 17. Emergency Medical Services  Demographics & Socioeconomics  Elderly  Insurance Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    18. 18. Emergency Medical Services  Response Performance  Criticality  NFPA 1710  Stated goals  National Medical Assns.     Trauma Heart Attack Stroke Cardiac Arrest Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    19. 19. Emergency Medical Services  Out of chute  From dispatch to wheels rolling.  Turnaround  Amount of time spent at the hospital  Affects total unit availability.  Often respond from here. Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    20. 20. Fire Suppression        First Responder Medical Structural risk Insurance rates NFPA Guidelines Effective Firefighting Force Permitting & Inspections Resource Deployment Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    21. 21. Structural Risk  Based upon land use  Varies from high risk (industrial property) to low risk (large lot single family residential)  Building size and construction translate into Needed Fire Flow Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. Rates. www.BeaconGIS.net
    22. 22. There goes a fire truck!  Fire Engine (pumper) Beacon GIS, LLC  Fire Truck (Ladder, aerial) All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    23. 23. Insurance Rates Insurance Services Organization (ISO) Ratings affect premiums.  Hydrant Availability  Engines 1.5 miles  Truck 2.5 miles  Over 5 miles (Uncovered) Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    24. 24. National Fire Protection Association  NFPA 1710 (career) minutes, 90th percentile  Five  Flashover  Confined to contents in room  Turnout Time  1:20  No criticality yet. Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    25. 25. National Fire Protection Association  NFPA 1720 (volunteer or partial paid/combination)  Population based  Urban  >1000/SqMi, 9mins/15 FF, 90th percentile  Suburban  500-1000/SqMi, 10mins/10 FF, 80th percentile  Rural  < 500/SqMi, 14 mins/9 FF, 80th percentile  Remote  Travel > 8 miles, No time goal/6 FF Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    26. 26. Effective Firefighting Force    Fires require multiple apparatus from a number of spatially distant stations. Usually 2 Engines, 1 Truck, 1 EMS, deputy chief (1315ffs) Can show apparatus Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. or staff levels www.BeaconGIS.net
    27. 27. Resource Deployment    “Standing Army” Positioned to protect property “Move-up” routines to fill areas for other units on calls Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    28. 28. Emergency Management    Beacon GIS, LLC Natural Hazards Man-made Disasters Evacuation Routing All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    29. 29. Emergency Management  Natural Hazards  Flooding Man-made Disasters  Hurricanes  Structural  Tornadoes  Snowstorms  Tsunami‟s  Landslide  failure  Transportation  Explosion/spills  Terrorism  Critical Infrastructure  Avalanche  Earthquake Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    30. 30. Natural Disasters  FEMA  Threat Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (THIRA)  Hazus-MH  Loss & Damage Estimation Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    31. 31. Man-made Disasters  NOAA  Cameo  Aloha  Marplot/ESRI add- on  Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)  CATS  HPAC Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    32. 32. Evacuation Routing      Population Travel Time??? Road capacity Shelter Path Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    33. 33. GIS: Mutual Aid  Resources outside jurisdictional borders that can be utilized to support emergency service operations. Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    34. 34. GIS: Event mapping  Raster Density vs pinmap  Repeat offenders  Apartment addresses  High collision intersections  Public venue  Mall  Airport Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    35. 35. GIS: Geo-coding   Multiple CAD providers and output types Uniform reporting  NFIRS  NEMSIS   User inputs Address points vs. estimation  Intersection  incidents Lat/Long Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    36. 36. GIS: Travel Models      Complete streets Connectivity Speed parameter Time Penalties Physical Barriers  Natural  Hydrology  Man-made  Railroads / Highways Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    37. 37. GIS:Coverage stats Scenarios Davidson ETJ 5 Minute Travel Time Station 1 with with Stn. with Stn. with Stn. with Stn. Coverage Performance alone Odell FR 2A 2B 2C 2D Full 5 Mile ISO coverage? No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Current Service Demand Coverage 85% 85% 95% 98% 98% 97% % Station 1 Workload per Scenario 100% 99.9% 84% 85% 85% 86% Projected Service Demand Coverage 63% 67% 89% 93% 99.8% 96% Forecast % Station 1 Workload per Scenario 100% 94% 61% 61% 62% 65% Road Miles 49.67 52.69 79.07 85.31 90.03 85.03 Parcel Coverage % 65% 67% 87% 90% 96% 89% Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    38. 38. Planning: Jurisdictional Assessment    Population Projections New Development Municipal Annexations Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    39. 39. Planning: Future Needs   Resource Deployment Scenarios Vulnerability Risk Index Future Land Use Projected Population Expected Demand Economic outlook Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    40. 40. Wrap-up: Reactive vs. Planning Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net
    41. 41. Questions? Robert McNally, MA, BA, FF, NREMTP (Ret) FEMA Certified Hazus Professional 704-607-5882 Robert@BeaconGIS.net www.BeaconGIS.net Beacon GIS, LLC All Rights Reserved. www.BeaconGIS.net

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