The Psychology of Space (Urban Academy)

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a short talk on urban planning and design at Urban Academy High School in New York City

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The Psychology of Space (Urban Academy)

  1. 1. the psychology of space a short talk at Urban AcademyTim Stock
  2. 2. about me...Tim Stock 2
  3. 3. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Flickr /ubachumans desire space... how do we understand what people want out of the spaces they use?Tim Stock 3
  4. 4. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Flickr /ubachow do we want to live? home our concepts of what is “livable” is shaped by our culture. work how a culture values space reflects identity and beliefs. playTim Stock 4
  5. 5. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Flickr what makes good urban design? “real urban design experts are ordinary people who actually live and work within a community. conversation” - Fred KentTim Stock 5
  6. 6. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE what kind of spaces do we aspire to? our aspirations are shaped by the limits of our existing vocabulary. places to hang out more parks more shops locally grown foods IMAGE: Flickr /carubaTim Stock 6
  7. 7. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE behavior shapes what spaces mean... proxemics kinesiology distances movementGRAND CENTRAL TERMINALTim Stock 7
  8. 8. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE Proxemics how we interact with the spaces around us is a vocabulary cultivated from birth. personal space social space public space for interactions among interactions among speaking/ intimate good friends or family space members acquaintances performingPROXEMICSREFERENCE: EDWARD T. HALL THE HIDDEN DIMENSION (1966)Tim Stock 8
  9. 9. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEwe are not tigersa tiger’s personal space is 30 feet.The concept of personal space isan invisible and undefined three-dimensional area surrounding anindividual which, when invaded,causes sensations of nervousness,discomfort and/or embarrassment.Tim Stock 9
  10. 10. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE WAR OF THE WORLDS (2005) space offers safety..... our sense of what creates uneasiness varies.Tim Stock 10
  11. 11. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? what spaces make you uncomfortable?Tim Stock 11
  12. 12. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE the subway? surrender of personal space tests our concept of necessity...IMAGE: Flickr /gustty Tim Stock 12
  13. 13. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Flickr /doortoriver the public “Can I touch that?” bathroom? public bathrooms force us to rewire “Is it safe in there?” our body mechanics to mitigate the proximity to the stuff we fear. Tim Stock 13
  14. 14. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE IMAGE: Flickr /uberzombie hotel rooms? The goal of any hotel room is to make you feel as if you are the first person to use it.Tim Stock 14
  15. 15. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE airline seating how brands manage our sense of space reflects on their relevance and resonance. First Class Business Coach IMAGE: Flickr /WexDubTim Stock 15
  16. 16. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE premium economy Premium Economy was first introduced in 1992. It is a service aimed at the cost conscious business traveller who, for budgetary reasons, travels economy but still requires extra space in which to work or relax. IMAGE: Flickr /WexDubTim Stock 16
  17. 17. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? how do we design effective spaces?Tim Stock 17
  18. 18. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE what is good design?Tim Stock 18
  19. 19. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE design is about choices that shape behavior and expectation.Tim Stock 19
  20. 20. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE central park above ground is is a designed landscape that copies nature so closely it disguises its own fabrication and below ground, it is and efficient technological system.Tim Stock 20
  21. 21. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACETim Stock 21
  22. 22. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE the panopticon The concept of the design is to allow an observer to observe (-opticon) all (pan-) inmates of an institution without them being able to tell whether or not they are being watched.Tim Stock 22
  23. 23. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACETim Stock 23
  24. 24. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACETim Stock 24
  25. 25. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACETim Stock 25
  26. 26. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ORIENTATION CONTROL controlling the mechanics. RADIUS ergonomic toothbrushTim Stock 26
  27. 27. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE PHYSICAL CONTROL controlling access to certain features.Tim Stock 27
  28. 28. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE PHYSICAL CONTROL controlling access to certain features.Tim Stock 28
  29. 29. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE PHYSICAL CONTROL controlling access to certain features.Tim Stock 29
  30. 30. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? what makes great spaces work?Tim Stock 30
  31. 31. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: © Barry Skipsey “I belong to the land.” perspectives of ownership... how we plan begins with our sense of our position to the spaces we inhabit.Tim Stock 31
  32. 32. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE graffiti culture tests ownership reclaiming spaces as discourse on ownership and meaning.Tim Stock 32
  33. 33. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEdogtowncultural colonization ofunder-utilized spacesTim Stock 33
  34. 34. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE IMAGE: Flickr /Kevin Coles who do we listen to? motives drive what is important... if you plan a city around cars… you get more cars.Tim Stock 34
  35. 35. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE parking lots public parks don’t live here MOTIVES live here convenience oasis features work based on our perspective on motives. IMAGE: Flickr /twinxamotIMAGE: Flickr /dandeluca Tim Stock 35
  36. 36. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE Improv Everywhere the public sidewalk cultural perspectives on how people walk in public.Tim Stock 36
  37. 37. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE who owns meaning? can we make a city too tourist friendly?Tim Stock 37
  38. 38. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Spike Lee as MarsBlackmon what makes a neighborhood? Brooklyn has meaning beyond the bricks and cement.Tim Stock 38
  39. 39. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEIMAGE: Spike Lee as MarsBlackmon what makes a community garden work?Tim Stock 39
  40. 40. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? what features should we build into a park?Tim Stock 40
  41. 41. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE identifying uses design impacts how open or restrictive the use of the space will be.Tim Stock 41
  42. 42. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACEdaters artists sunbathers runnersTim Stock 42
  43. 43. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? do people follow the design plan?Tim Stock 43
  44. 44. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE bicycle lanes the space doesn’t define the use...the behavior does.Tim Stock 44
  45. 45. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE bicycle lanes the space doesn’t define the use...the behavior does. COMMUTERS “...my safe portal” ATHLETES “...my training track” MESSENGERS “...for suckers”Tim Stock 45
  46. 46. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE bicycle lanes moving lane? cyclistTim Stock 46
  47. 47. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE cyclists bicycle lanes lunch break lane?Tim Stock 47
  48. 48. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE BICYCLE CULTURESTim Stock 48
  49. 49. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE green markets can we spot the different kinds of visitors interacting in the space?Tim Stock 49
  50. 50. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE study the space proxemics gesture kinesiology depth of distances interaction movementTim Stock 50
  51. 51. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE levels of engagement newbie foodieTim Stock 51
  52. 52. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE ? how can we engage more participation?Tim Stock 52
  53. 53. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE hudson river parkTim Stock 53
  54. 54. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE using technologyTim Stock 54
  55. 55. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE augmented reality ...and diminished realityTim Stock 55
  56. 56. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPACE thank you.Tim Stock 56

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