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Session-3-My-body-is-beautiful-and-it-is-mine_ToT.pptx

  1. 1. Training of Trainers Enhanced PAFLO Module Brentwood Suites, Quezon City June 6-7, 2018
  2. 2. SESSION 3: My body is beautiful and it is mine!
  3. 3. PRETEST AGREE OR DISAGREE: 1. All children will enter a period in life where they will grow up to become adults. This period called adolescence is always a happy experience for all children. 2. b. When a female starts to menstruate, it means that her body is developing and getting ready to have a baby. 3. Puberty occurs early for some and late for others. 4. Puberty can be both confusing and exciting. 5. When males start to have wet dreams (having sexy dreams that cause him to have erection and ejaculation), it means he has a disease.
  4. 4. PRETEST AGREE OR DISAGREE: 6. When a male starts having ejaculations, it means that he should start having sex. 7. Babies are formed, or reproduction occurs, when a sperm of a male joins the egg of a female – a process called fertilization. 8. Fertilization occurs when there is sexual activity, specifically a vaginal intercourse – penetration of a male’s penis into a female’s vagina. 9. A sexual activity may not be agreed upon by partners. 10. There is no health risk for a female who gets pregnant before she reaches the age of 20.
  5. 5. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up ACTIVITY FLOW: 1. Form small, same-sex groups (4-5 members). 2. Discuss and write on the left side of a manila paper the GOOD THINGS ABOUT GROWING UP. 3. Discuss and write on the right side of the manila paper the BAD THINGS ABOUT GROWING UP.
  6. 6. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up 4. First group, read your positive list. Other groups, add items that are not on the list. 5. Second group, read your negative list. Other groups, add items that are not on the list. 6. What experiences are similar? What experiences are different?
  7. 7. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up REFLECTIONS: • Why are those on your positive list happening? • Why are those on your negative list happening? • How do you feel about them? • What questions do you have about growing up?
  8. 8. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Growing up means transitioning from childhood to adulthood. This is a phase in everyone’s life. It is called ADOLESCENCE.
  9. 9. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Adolescence is marked by rapid and remarkable physical, psychological and social changes. o It begins with the onset of puberty. o Puberty refers to the physiological or physical changes that occur sometime in late childhood which result in the development of sexual and reproductive capacity.
  10. 10. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Physical changes manifest in a “growth spurt” (or burst of changes) marked by changes in the size and shape of the body. o Females experience breast development and hip enlargement. o Males experience change in the pitch of the voice, appearance of facial hair and build-up of muscles. o In both females and males, there is rapid maturation of the sexual organs.
  11. 11. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Puberty changes also bring about new feelings and changes in interpersonal relationships. o Females and males experience mood swings, want to spend less time with family and more time with friends, and spend more time on appearance and looking good.
  12. 12. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Adolescence is a time of opportunity and risk. o Generally, adolescence is a healthy period in life. It is a time of opportunity for an individual to grow and develop – physically, psychologically and socially – to his/her potential in preparation for adulthood. o However, some adolescents lose their lives and many more develop health and behavioral problems that could lead to disease and death. o In this sense, adolescence becomes a time of risk and makes growing up a bad or negative experience.
  13. 13. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Experiencing sexual violence, having an unwanted pregnancy and getting a sexually transmitted infection during adolescence are “bad things” about growing up. o Unwanted early pregnancy brings health risks to the mother and baby. It also affects the future of the teen mother and father. o STIs, when recurring and left untreated, can cause permanent damage to one’s body.
  14. 14. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up GENERALIZATION: o Sexual violence not only causes physical and sexual harm; it also brings about lasting psychosocial problem to the sexually abused. o These will all be discussed further in the following activities to help them make their “transitioning” from childhood to adulthood more a time of opportunity rather than a time of risk.
  15. 15. ACTIVITY 3.1: The positives & negatives of growing up APPLICATION:  Anyone wants to volunteer?  Cite one positive and one negative thing about growing up.  Anyone else?  Do not repeat what the other volunteers have already mentioned.  What does growing up mean?  What does puberty mean?  What changes occur at puberty?
  16. 16. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes 1. Go back to your small, same-sex groups. 2. On a large manila paper, trace the body of one group member. 3. Discuss in your group what changes happened to their body during puberty and mark those changes on the body drawn on the manila paper.
  17. 17. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes 4. All groups, place your body map on the floor. Gather around the body maps. 5. One all-male group, share your output with the big group. The other male groups, you may add. 6. One all-female group, share your output. Other all-female groups, you may add. 7. What have you noticed as common changes among females? Among males?
  18. 18. GENERALIZATION: a. Puberty marks the beginning of adolescence. All the body changes you placed on your body map are part of puberty.  Puberty is the time in a boy’s or girl’s life when their body changes to become adults. The body grows bigger and taller, the genitals mature, and hair starts growing in new places on the body. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  19. 19.  When you get all those changes, it means that you have become adolescents. It means you are changing to become adults.  At puberty, boys and girls experience two most important physical changes. One is “GROWTH SPURT” and the other one is “SEXUAL MATURATION.”  “Growth spurt” means the body suddenly grows at a rapid rate. Boys and girls become taller and begin to put on weight on certain parts of their body to become “masculine” or “feminine.” ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  20. 20. “Sexual maturation” means that boys and girls have become capable of reproduction. Boys have become capable of fathering a child and girls have become capable of bearing a child.  Ito ang panahon ng inyong pagdadalaga at pagbibinata!!! ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  21. 21. How does puberty start?  Two parts of the brain -- the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland start making more growth and sex hormones. The pituitary gland is located at the base of our skull at the back of our head. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  22. 22.  These hormones act on other parts of the body to make the changes happen.  There are three hormones that tell the body to become sexually mature. They are testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone. Every human has all these three hormones. Generally, females have more estrogen and progesterone while males have more testosterone. But we all have some of each.  It is the action of these hormones that get the body ready for adult life. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  23. 23. b. Puberty happens early for some people and later for others. When does puberty start?  The quick answer is when the body is ready to change.  For girls, puberty can start anywhere between the ages of 8-13 years (and sometimes earlier or later).  For boys, the first changes often happen a little later than they do for girls, somewhere between 10 and 15 years.  The start of puberty is influenced by genes inherited from biological parents. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  24. 24.  Start of puberty is also influenced by nutrition (type and amount of food intake), physical activities and illnesses.  Because of genes, people are different from each other.  Because if genes, people go through puberty at different times and at different rates.  Some people seem to go through all the changes easily and others may have a few problems. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  25. 25. c. Some changes are specific to boys and girls. Other changes are the same for both boys and girls. Changes that are the same for boys and girls:  growing taller  changing body shape  feeling “moody”  getting hair on arms and legs, under arms and in the pubic area (which starts out as fine hair then gets thicker and darker as you get older)  sweating more (and becoming smellier)  getting oilier skin and often some pimples  having sexual feelings ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  26. 26.  Changes in girls:  Bodies become curvier and hip bones widen.  Gaining extra weight, particularly on the hips, to achieve a “womanly” shape.  Muscles get bigger and stronger, but they do not become as big as the boys' muscles.  Breasts start to develop. It begins with a small swelling under the nipples and then grows to become full breasts.  Menstruation or period starts.  May get some whitish and sticky fluid coming out of the vagina in between periods. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  27. 27.  Changes in boys:  Gaining extra weight.  Shoulders get wider.  Muscles start to get bigger and stronger.  Getting an 'Adam's apple'.  Penis gets longer and wider.  Testes (or testicles) get larger.  Breasts look like they're growing a little.  Hair also grows on the face, like a beard.  Getting erections.  May have nocturnal emissions or “wet dreams” while sleeping. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  28. 28. d. At puberty, sexual and reproductive organs begin to mature.  Girls start to have menstruation or monthly period; breasts grow bigger; and hair grows under arms and on the pubic area.  Boys begin to have erections and wet dreams; and grow hair on the face, pubic area and other parts of the body. e. Puberty is a time of rapid physical growth, so taking care of the body is especially important. We will talk more about this in the final session. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  29. 29. KEY MESSAGES 1. Your bodies are changing. Understanding your changing body will help you become comfortable with the changes. 2. Because of genes, your bodies differ in appearance. There is no “perfect” or “normal” body type or appearance. 3. Because of genes, the kind of food you eat, the kind of physical activities you engage in and whether or not you have an illness, your body will reach maturity at your own pace. 4. Each one is unique. Let us respect each one’s uniqueness. Teasing or bullying people because of their body appearance is always wrong. It makes them unhappy, insecure and anxious. Nobody wants to feel that way. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  30. 30. KEY MESSAGES 5. Look after yourself by eating healthy foods, exercising and getting plenty of rest so that your body has the energy to cope with all the growing it still has to do. 6. For now, keep in mind that puberty is an exciting time for all of you. Feel free to ask questions now or after the session. 7. You will learn other ways to become comfortable with your changing body in the next activities and discussions. ACTIVITY 3.2: Puberty changes
  31. 31. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls? 1. What is menstruation? 2. What does it mean for girls to start menstruating? 3. What do you think is happening in a girl’s body during her monthly menstrual cycle?
  32. 32. What is menstruation?  Menstruation is when females release fluid, including blood, through their vagina. It happens because the lining of uterus (called endometrium) sheds and leaves the uterus passing through the vagina. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls?
  33. 33.  The first time menstruation happens is called “menarche.”  Menstruation comes from the Latin word mensis, which means “month.” Most females have a period each month. This is why menstruation is also called “monthly period.”  Menstruation, or having a period, is part of the female reproductive process just as sperm production is part of the male reproductive process. Only females have menstruation. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls?
  34. 34.  The beginning of menstruation is a natural and very important moment in every girl’s life:  Marks the beginning of her transition from being a “girl” to becoming a “woman.”  Signals that her body has become capable of getting pregnant or having a baby.  Menstruation or period starts about two years after the breasts start to grow, soon after pubic hair grows, and after some vaginal discharge start to appear.  Vaginal discharge is the small amount of clear or whitish fluid that comes out of the vagina and leaves a slight mark in the underwear. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls?
  35. 35.  There is no “right” or “exact” time for menstruation to begin. Periods will start when the body is ready.  Most females, however, start to have menstruation between the ages of 10 and 16. There are those who start to have it earlier or later. If a girl does not yet have menstruation at 16 or 17 years old, she might want to see a health care provider to find out why and to make sure everything is fine.  Menstruation is normal and healthy. It is not a “curse” or a “punishment”. It is a sign that the body is healthy and working the way it should be. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls?
  36. 36. What is a menstrual cycle?  A period is part of the menstrual cycle - the natural process that the female body goes through to enable her to have a baby.  A female’s menstrual cycle starts from the first day of one period and lasts until the beginning of the next period. Then the cycle starts again.
  37. 37.  A period lasts for a few days (3 to 7 days). This is the time when the body sheds off the ruptured uterus lining.  When the period stops, one of the ovaries gets ready to release another egg and the uterus starts to build a thick lining again. The egg is then released and travels through the fallopian tube.
  38. 38. The Menstrual Cycle
  39. 39. For a 28-day cycle and 5–day menstrual flow: Days 1-5:  If fertilization has not occurred, the uterus lining sheds and leaves the body through the vagina. This menstrual flow consists of blood, mucus and other tissues.  The menstrual flow usually starts light. It can get heavy for 2 or 3 days and then gets light until it stops.  It often starts with a rusty color and then gets redder. It lightens to a rust color again, until it stops.
  40. 40. Days 1-5:  During the first and second days of the menstrual flow, females commonly have cramps, abdominal or back pain. These cramps may be more severe and occur more frequently among adolescents or teens.  Cramps are caused by contractions of the uterus as it tightens and relaxes its muscles to discharge the menstrual flow out of the body.  A chemical called “prostaglandins” causes the muscles of the uterus to contract.
  41. 41. Days 1-5:  Over the counter pain relievers can help relieve menstrual pain.  Consult your health provider or seek advice from the pharmacist.  Mild exercise, taking a warm bath and placing a warm compress (hot water place inside a tightly closed bottle) over the abdominal area can also offer some relief.  If menstrual pain is severe, consult a doctor or health provider.
  42. 42. Days 6-13:  An egg (ovum) begins to mature inside a sac or follicle in an ovary. The lining of the uterus grows thicker in preparation for a fertilized ovum. The follicle with the ripe ovum will move towards the surface of the ovary.  At puberty, the hormone estrogen causes the ova or eggs to start to mature and the ovaries to take turns releasing a mature egg.  The same hormone also tells the uterus to grow thicker or to build a thick lining of blood and other tissue (“build a nest”) in preparation for a fertilized ovum.
  43. 43. Days 14:  The ripe ovum breaks away from the follicle and ovary. It enters the fallopian tube where fertilization can take place. If fertilization does not take place the ovum will disintegrate in 24 to 48 hours.  At this time, the brain sends a new signal for the hormone estrogen to tell one ovary to go ahead and release the mature egg.  The release of the ovum is called ovulation. It happens approximately 14 days before the next menstrual period.
  44. 44. Days 14:  The ovaries take turns releasing a mature egg into the fallopian tube. One ovary releases a mature egg this month and the other one releases a mature next month.  Females cannot feel the release of an ovum. After release, the ovum travels along the fallopian tube towards the uterus. This trip takes about 24 hours.  As the egg moves through the fallopian tube towards the uterus, the pituitary gland releases another hormone called progesterone. This hormone helps the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to grow even thicker and make it ready in case the egg is fertilized
  45. 45. Days 14:  If menstrual cycle is not regular (shorter than 24 days or longer than 36 days), it is difficult to predict the time of ovulation.  Regardless of the length of the menstrual cycle, ovulation usually takes place around the middle of each menstrual cycle, or approximately 14 days before the beginning of the next menstrual period.
  46. 46. Days 14:  Most females, especially the young ones, do not feel ovulation when it happens. But many would notice a white and sticky secretion coming out of their vagina. This is normal.  The secretion plays an important role – to guide and make it easier for the sperm to travel to the fallopian tube for fertilization.
  47. 47. Days 15-28:  If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is not needed and it begins to break down.  On about the 28th day, it will leave the uterus as menstrual flow and a new menstrual cycle begins.  Menstruation is absent when a female is pregnant.  When a female is not pregnant but does not have her monthly period, she should see a health care provider.
  48. 48. Days 15-28:  Menstruation generally continues until a female is between 40 to 60 years old.  The end of menstruation is called menopause.  When females have reached this stage, they are no longer capable of becoming pregnant or bearing a child.
  49. 49. Tracking menstrual cycle
  50. 50. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls? KEY MESSAGES o Every girl starts puberty at its own time. Some girls may have menstruation earlier or later than their friends. Hence, development of body (to become feminine) may come earlier or later. o This can cause some girls to have a poor body image or low self-esteem. o There is no perfect or normal body type or appearance. No matter what is the body size and shape of your body, it is beautiful as it is.
  51. 51. ACTIVITY 3.3: Menstruation, what does it mean to girls? KEY MESSAGES o When a girl starts to menstruate, it means her body is developing and getting ready to have a baby. o Knowing about your own body and understanding that your body is your own (and only yours alone) is the first step to being comfortable with your body. o Get to know your body, own it and take care of it!
  52. 52. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? What do you think is happening to boys when start having wet dreams?
  53. 53. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? When a boy reaches the age of about 12, the male sex hormone is produced and tells the testes to start producing sperms.
  54. 54. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys?
  55. 55. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? Semen comes out in quick, short bursts. This is called ejaculation.
  56. 56. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? Sometimes, a boy’s ejaculation happens at night when he is asleep. This is called a wet dream. Some boys have regular wet dreams while others hardly ever have them. Both are normal. Wet dreams continue into young adulthood.
  57. 57. ACTIVITY3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? o Wet dreams are a body’s way of practicing for making a baby. They are normal and not a disease. o A boy should not feel shy or worried about wet dreams. They are a sign that he has reached puberty and his reproductive organs are working well. o Wet dreams do not mean that a boy should start to have sexual intercourse. It is safer to let wet dreams take care of sperm production until boys are mature enough to have a SAFE and CARING relationship.
  58. 58. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? o Ejaculation means that a boy is capable of making a girl pregnant. It does not mean that he is ready to become a father. o In addition to wet dreams, boys also experience other physical changes at puberty. These include: changes in body size and shape, voice changes, reproductive organ development, growth of pubic hair, production of body odor and oily skin that cause pimples.
  59. 59. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys? o Girls can also have sexy dreams. Some might find that they are wet between their legs at these times. This wetness is made in the vagina. o When the girl is grown up, it will protect the vagina during sex. This is normal.
  60. 60. ACTIVITY 3.4: Wet dreams, what does it mean for boys?  Form pairs. Discuss and agree on how you will reply to this letter: Dear Friend, I woke up with a wet patch on my bed. It smelled funny and I noticed it was on my penis, too. I remember I had a sexy dream about a girl . I wanted to touch her body. I shared this with another friend. He laughed and said that the only way I can stop this from happening is get the girl to agree to have sex with me. Now I am afraid. Please help me. Carlos
  61. 61. ACTIVITY 3.: Where do babies come from? 1. Form small groups. 2. Discuss what you were told as children, of funny stories you know, when you asked where babies come from. 3. Share in the big group.
  62. 62. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o Babies are formed, or reproduction occurs, when a sperm of a man joins the egg of a woman – a process called fertilization.
  63. 63. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o Fertilization occurs when there is sexual activity, specifically a vaginal intercourse – penetration of a man’s penis into a woman’s vagina. o Vaginal intercourses is how babies are conceived.
  64. 64. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? Short video showing
  65. 65. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o Other types of sexual activity will not result in fertilization. o Any sexual activity should be consensual, or agreed upon by partners. o Sex should be pleasurable for both parties. o Sexual activity is most common between men and women (heterosexuality)
  66. 66. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o Some people, however, prefer same sex relationships (homosexuality). o Still some people are attracted to people of the same sex and also to people of the opposite sex (bisexuality). o People who are homosexuals do not choose to be attracted to the same sex because of some problems of sickness. They are simply made that way.
  67. 67. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o 2013 Philippine data shows that 1 in 3 young people have sex before marriage. These young people need to use contraception if they want to avoid pregnancy. o Because of health risk to the child and mother, WHO recommends that women delay child bearing until they are aged 20.
  68. 68. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? Because of the health & other consequences of early pregnancy, young people should THINK hardly before engaging in sexual activities. o ABSTAIN? o DELAY? o PROTECT?
  69. 69. ACTIVITY 3.5: Where do babies come from? o Contraception can be used to avoid pregnancy at a young age. o Married couples (young and old) also want to control the spacing between their children. They can use contraception to control fertility.
  70. 70. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  This session was about creating an awareness on your changing body as you go through ADOLESCENCE – the transition period from childhood to adulthood, and how this relates to sexual maturation and capacity to reproduce.  This session was also about making you realize and appreciate that your body is beautiful, it is yours and therefore, you should take care of it and protect it from harm and violation.
  71. 71. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  Adolescence is the period in life when you as individuals are no longer children but not yet adults. It is marked by many and rapid changes in the body, in feelings, in thinking and in relating with others. It can be very confusing and scary for many of you because you do not completely understand what is going inside and outside your body.  Adults around you often do not inform and prepare you for these changes. On your part, you tend to ask your peers who are uninformed or misinformed like them.
  72. 72. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  Having menstruation for the females and experiencing wet dreams for the males are signs you have begun to sexually mature and become capable of reproduction.  Knowing about how your body works, fertility signs and the consequences of early, unprotected sexual intercourse can help you decide whether to have sex or not.
  73. 73. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  Remember that sexual attraction and arousal are biological, which means that they part of the normal functioning of your body. You cannot prevent them from happening to you. But what you should do with them – to masturbate and/or have sex or not – are decisions you have to make.
  74. 74. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  If and whenever you choose to have sex, they should at all times be consenting. It is everyone’s duty to ask for consent with a partner before engaging in any form of sexual activity. It is also everyone’s basic right to refuse sex if it is against his or her will.  It is also everyone’s right to stop even while in the middle of having sex. Each one and everyone should respect a partner’s decision to refuse to have sex or to stop in the middle of having sex. Respecting each other at all times is a responsible sexual behavior.
  75. 75. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  If you have more concerns about your changing body and you feel you need professional health care, feel free to consult a health care provider. You can visit your local adolescent- and youth-friendly health care providers.  If you are below 18 years old, health care providers in public health facilities will ask from you a signed consent from a parent or guardian. Your local social workers can help you with this.
  76. 76. My body is beautiful, it is mine! In cases of sexual violence – harassment, rape, trafficking --- committed to you or to someone you know, you may report them to:  Department of Social Welfare & Development or to the Child Health and Intervention and Protective Service (CHIPS) Tel. No. 734-4216 [provide local counterpart and contact details]  Anti-Child Abuse, Discrimination, Exploitation Division (ACADED) National Bureau of Investigation Tel. Nos. 525- 6028/525-8231 loc. 403 & 444 [provide local counterpart and contact details]
  77. 77. My body is beautiful, it is mine!  Thank you everyone for your enthusiasm and active participation in all activities of this session!
  78. 78. POST-TEST AGREE OR DISAGREE: 1. All children will enter a period in life where they will grow up to become adults. This period called adolescence is always a happy experience for all children. 2. b. When a female starts to menstruate, it means that her body is developing and getting ready to have a baby. 3. Puberty occurs early for some and late for others. 4. Puberty can be both confusing and exciting. 5. When males start to have wet dreams (having sexy dreams that cause him to have erection and ejaculation), it means he has a disease.
  79. 79. P0ST-TEST AGREE OR DISAGREE: 6. When a male starts having ejaculations, it means that he should start having sex. 7. Babies are formed, or reproduction occurs, when a sperm of a male joins the egg of a female – a process called fertilization. 8. Fertilization occurs when there is sexual activity, specifically a vaginal intercourse – penetration of a male’s penis into a female’s vagina. 9. A sexual activity may not be agreed upon by partners. 10. There is no health risk for a female who gets pregnant before she reaches the age of 20.
  80. 80. About Session 3 Key Concepts The youth (15-24 years old), who are in the mid- and late phases of adolescence, continue to undergo physical, emotional, mental and social changes that began when they were 10 to 14 years old or even younger. Adolescence is a phase in human development when individuals are no longer children but not yet adults. It is a phase when adolescent males and females have become interested in sexual activities and begin to explore their sexualities. Without correct and complete knowledge about their changing body and ways to prevent pregnancy and STIs, their sexual activities are likely to result in pregnancy and/or infections.
  81. 81. About Session 3 At puberty, females begin to have menstruation and males begin to have nocturnal emissions (wet dreams). This means that they have become fertile and capable of reproduction. During this time, males and females begin to experience sexual feelings and attraction to either someone of the opposite sex or of the same sex. They begin to explore their bodies and engage in sexual activities, most often without the use of any form of protection against pregnancy and STIs. At the time of first sexual contact, adolescents often lack knowledge about sexuality and reproduction. First sex is often experimentation and adolescents generally do not prepare for it by obtaining and using condom or contraception. Young females may lack the power, confidence and skills to refuse to have sex. Some adolescents are subject to sexual abuse of varying types and degrees.
  82. 82. About Session 3 There are many forms of sexual activity. Many of them do not result in fertilization or conception of a baby. Only through vaginal intercourse when babies are conceived. All forms of sexual activity should be consenting, or agreed by both partners. Non-consenting sex, when a person is forced into a sexual activity by a partner or another person, is “sexual abuse” and is a serious crime. It happens to many children and young persons, and can happen to young males as well as young females although it happens more commonly to young females. Nobody should be forced to have any sexual activity against their will.
  83. 83. About Session 3 If and when young people decide to engage in sex, it should be consenting and pleasurable for both parties. Partners need to talk about it to make sure it happens. Sex should be consenting for both parties to be pleasurable. Adolescents and youth have the right to refuse unwanted sex.

Editor's Notes

  • 1) Answer: Disagree. Adolescence is both a joyful and challenging experience for every young person.; 2) Answer: Agree; 3) Answer: Agree; 4) Answer: Agree; 5) Answer: Disagree. Wet dreams are a body’s way of practicing for making a baby. They are normal and not a disease. They are a sign that a young male has reached puberty and his reproductive organs are working well.
  • 6) [Answer: Disagree. Ejaculation means that a young male is already capable of making a female pregnant. It does not mean that he is ready to become a father.]; 7) [Answer: Agree]; 8) [Answer: Agree]; 9) [Answer: Disagree. Any sexual activity should be consensual, or agreed upon by partners. Sex should actually be pleasurable for both parties.]; 10) [Answer: Because of health risk to the child and mother, WHO recommends that women delay child bearing until they are aged 20.]




  • 1) Answer: Disagree. Adolescence is both a joyful and challenging experience for every young person.; 2) Answer: Agree; 3) Answer: Agree; 4) Answer: Agree; 5) Answer: Disagree. Wet dreams are a body’s way of practicing for making a baby. They are normal and not a disease. They are a sign that a young male has reached puberty and his reproductive organs are working well.
  • 6) [Answer: Disagree. Ejaculation means that a young male is already capable of making a female pregnant. It does not mean that he is ready to become a father.]; 7) [Answer: Agree]; 8) [Answer: Agree]; 9) [Answer: Disagree. Any sexual activity should be consensual, or agreed upon by partners. Sex should actually be pleasurable for both parties.]; 10) [Answer: Because of health risk to the child and mother, WHO recommends that women delay child bearing until they are aged 20.]




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