US Public Transportation Ridership


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This presentation shows trends in US Public Transportation Ridership and the demographics of these trends. I did this presentation for my population geography class project. It was very eye opening, and I have included many important statistical facts from the US census bureau among other sources.

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  • Public transportation ridership grew 38 percent from 1995 through 2008, almost three times the growth rate of the U.S. population (14 percent) and substantially more than the growth for vehicle miles of travel (VMT) on our nation's highways (21 percent) over the same period.
  • US Public Transportation Ridership

    1. 1. US Transit Ridership By Sean Christofferson
    2. 2. U.S. Public Transportation Ridership Facts <ul><li>5% of U.S. Population uses public Transportation to get to work </li></ul><ul><li>Three rail modes provide most rail transit service operated in the U.S.: heavy rail, commuter rail, and light rail. </li></ul><ul><li>Public transportation was provided in the UnitedStates during 2007 by 7,700 organizations ranging from large multi-modal systems to single-vehicle special para-transit service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Public transportation spent $48.4 billion for service provision and capital investment in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Passengers took 10.2 billion trips and rode transit vehicles for 53.4 billion miles </li></ul><ul><li>Fare per Unlinked Trip Average $1.09 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Growth in Public Tansportation Ridership Population 10,684 2008 10,247 2007 10,017 2006 9,815 2005 9,575 2004 9,434 2003 9,623 2002 Unlinked Passenger Trips in Millions Year
    4. 4. Public Transportation Growth Rates in Comparison
    5. 5. Public Transportation Ridership by Mode 2006 100% 52,154 100% 10,017 Total 2.2% 1,143 1.2% 121 Other .3% 164 1.0% 100 Trolley Bus 2.1% 1,078 1.3% 126 Demand Responsive 3.6% 1,866 4.1% 407 Light Rail 19.9% 10,361 4.4% 441 Commuter Rail 28.2% 14,721 29.2% 2,927 Heavy Rail 43.8% 22,821 58.8% 5,894 Bus Percentage of All Transit Passenger Miles Traveled Annual Passenger Miles Traveled (Millions) Percentage of All Public Transportation Trips Annual Unlinked Trips (In Millions) Mode
    6. 6. Public Transportation Ridership by Mode 2006 Highlights <ul><li>Higher Percentage of Trips made by Bus than mileage covered by Bus </li></ul><ul><li>37.7% of total public transportation trips by rail vs. 51.7% of all transit miles traveled by rail </li></ul><ul><li>5.2 miles traveled on average per public transportation trip overall </li></ul><ul><li>23.49 avg. miles traveled per trip on commuter rail is highest (next is 5.0 on heavy rail) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Public Transportation Trips by Trip Type Medical Recreational Shopping School Other Employment/WorK Percent of Total Type of Trip 12% Other 3% Medical 7% Recreation/Social 9% Shopping 11% School 59% Employment/Work
    8. 8. Transit Ridership by Age Group <ul><li>Transit is primarily ridden by persons between the ages of 25 and 54 </li></ul><ul><li>25 to 34 has the highest ridership </li></ul><ul><li>14 and under has the lowest ridership </li></ul>
    9. 9. Transit Ridership by Ethnicity <ul><li>Largest Rider Population is by White/Caucasion </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest Rider Population is by Asian/Pacific Islander population </li></ul>
    10. 10. Transit Ridership by Gender
    11. 11. Transit Ridership by Income <ul><li>Only 20.8 percent of rail modes trips are made by persons from households with annual incomes less than $25,000 while 43.4 percent of bus riders are from households with these lower income levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversely, 30.3 percent of rail mode riders have incomes of $75,000 or more while only 11.5 percent of roadway mode rides are taken by persons with these higher household incomes. </li></ul><ul><li>The percentage of rides taken by persons with higher incomes increases for larger population groups. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Transit Rider Income vs. Overall Population Income
    13. 13. Frequency of Transit Use
    14. 14. Push Factors <ul><li>Increasing Traffic Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Income </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Parking Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Toll Road Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrades to Public Transit System </li></ul>
    15. 15. Pull Factors <ul><li>Accessibility (Flexible travel opportunities) </li></ul><ul><li>Journey Times Highly Reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal Wait for Connecting Service </li></ul><ul><li>High Quality Passenger Space </li></ul><ul><li>Low Fares </li></ul>
    16. 16. Challenges Facing the Nation’s Public Transit Infrastructure <ul><li>Age and Deterioration </li></ul><ul><li>Almost one-third of urban bus maintenance facilities—31 percent—were in an unacceptable condition in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for 120 Million More Americans </li></ul><ul><li>difficult to coordinate action for objectives beyond individual State and local jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>The price of building intercity passenger rail travel </li></ul>
    17. 17. Sources <ul><li>Bureau of Census </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Highway Administration's monthly; Traffic Volume Trends </li></ul><ul><li>APTA Public Transportation Ridership Report </li></ul>