The Celebrated Jumping Frog Of Calaveras County


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The Celebrated Jumping Frog Of Calaveras County

  1. 1. Short Story “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” by Mark Twain English III—CHS C. Edge
  2. 2. About the Author <ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. Focus Activity, p. 461 <ul><li>Have you ever heard someone use a humorous exaggeration, such as “I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse!”? </li></ul><ul><li>Jot down two or more examples of humorous exaggerations that you have heard and explain why you think each one is funny. </li></ul><ul><li>The following story is filled with humorous exaggerations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>garrulous – adj. talkative </li></ul><ul><li>conjecture – v. to form an opinion without definite evidence; to guess </li></ul><ul><li>reminiscence – n. an account of a past experience or event </li></ul><ul><li>dilapidated – adj. fallen into ruin or decay; shabby </li></ul><ul><li>interminable – adj. seemingly endless </li></ul><ul><li>enterprising – adj. showing energy and initiative, epecially in beginning new projects </li></ul><ul><li>vagabond – n. someone who wanders from place to place, having no visible means of support </li></ul>
  5. 5. Literary Terms <ul><li>frame story – a plot structure that includes the telling of one story within another story </li></ul><ul><li>colloquial language – informal speech that people use in everyday conversation </li></ul><ul><li>characterization – the methods a writer uses to reveal the personality of a character </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct characterization – the writer makes explicit statements about a character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indirect characterization – the writer reveals a character through the character’s words and actions and through what other characters think and say about that character </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characterization <ul><li>Notice the contrast between the language of the narrator and that of Wheeler. What difference is there? What does this tell us about the narrator? About Wheeler? Give examples to support. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other Literary Terms <ul><li>tone </li></ul><ul><li>simile </li></ul><ul><li>personification </li></ul><ul><li>character </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tone <ul><li>What is Twain’s tone in this story? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a difference between how Twain relates the story to the reader and how Wheeler relates the story to the narrator? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does this have on the overall tone of the story? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Simile <ul><li>Identify some of the ridiculous similes that Twain uses to describe characters and situations in this story. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Personification <ul><li>What human traits does Twain endow the frog with? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does this have on the story? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Character <ul><li>The actions of the stranger tells us something of his personality. He is not trustworthy. Can the same be said for Smiley? What evidence supports your opinion? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Character <ul><li>Describe the character of Smiley. Give evidence from the story to support. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #1 <ul><li>How does the narrator come to meet Simon Wheeler and to hear his story? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The narrator’s friend tells him to call on Wheeler to ask after Leonidas W. Smiley. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does the narrator describe Wheeler’s storytelling style? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He says Wheeler is monotonous but earnest. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #2 <ul><li>For what reason does Wheeler call Smiley “the curiosest man”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smiley bets on anything and any side. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What evidence does Wheeler use to support his statement? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He even bets on whether the parson’s wife will live or die. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #3 <ul><li>Summarize the methods that Smiley’s mare and bull pup use to win. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The mare falls behind and then scrambles to the end. The pup bites its opponent’s hind leg. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What eventually becomes of Smiley’s dog? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The dog dies of a broken heart. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #4 <ul><li>What amazing things can Smiley’s frog do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can out-jump any frog, turn somersaults and land on its feet, and catch flies out of the air. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What personality traits does Wheeler attribute to the frog? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheeler says the frog is modest and straightforward. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #5 <ul><li>Summarize what happens after Smiley meets the stranger. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smiley bets the stranger that his frog will out-jump any frog. When Smiley leaves to find a competitor, the stranger fills Smiley’s frog with quail shot, making him too heavy to jump. Smiley loses the bet. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #6 <ul><li>What can you infer about the narrator’s attitude toward Wheeler? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He thinks Wheeler is boring (Wheeler almost bores him to death) and ignorant ( he thinks Wheeler does not realize that the story is absurd) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support your answer using details from the story. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #7 <ul><li>What conclusions can you draw about Smiley’s character, based on the tale Wheeler tells? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smiley is obsessed with gambling, heartless (he bets on a sick woman) and naïve (he leaves the stranger alone with his frog. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use details from the story to support your ideas. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #8 <ul><li>Why do you think Wheeler tells about the mare and bull pup first, before focusing on the frog? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheeler wants to establish Smiley’s obsession with gambling first and then build up to the story. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #9 <ul><li>What aspects of Wheeler’s description of Smiley’s frog do you find particularly absurd? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students may find it absurd to call a frog modest and straightforward. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #10 <ul><li>What event or events determine the outcome of the encounter with the stranger? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The stranger cheats by filling Smiley’s frog with quail shot so that he is too heavy to jump. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain your answer. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #11 <ul><li>Refer to your response to the Focus Activity. Compare the exaggerations you listed with your favorite exaggerations from this story. Which ones are funnier? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #12 <ul><li>How do Wheeler’s personality and manner of speaking add to the story’s humor? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheeler’s monotone and sincerity, and the tale’s implausibility, make his story funnier. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use specific examples to support your ideas. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #13 <ul><li>Would you have stayed to hear Wheeler’s story about Smiley’s “yaller one-eyed cow that didn’t have no tail”? </li></ul><ul><li>Why or why not? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #14 <ul><li>Think of a performer who uses exaggeration for comic effect. How does this person’s use of exaggeration compare with Wheeler’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comedians exaggerate on purpose; Wheeler does not. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Responding to Literature, p. 469 #15 <ul><li>In this selection, one story serves as a frame for another story. Why might Mark Twain have chosen this structure? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twain contrasts Wheeler’s colorful regional language with the narrator’s dry Standard English. The frame structure permits Twain to comment on Wheeler and his story. The narrator’s departure also provides a logical conclusion. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What role does the narrator play? </li></ul>
  28. 28. Literary Elements, p. 469 <ul><li>Identify at least two examples of colloquial language in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain which rules of grammar, spelling, or punctuation are ignored in the characters’ speech. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Literary Elements, p. 469 <ul><li>Why might colloquial language be inappropriate in a formal essay or an article that explains how to do something? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Creative Writing, p. 470 <ul><li>Smiley’s Yaller Cow : Tell your version of the story of Smiley’s “yaller one-eyed cow,” using Simon Wheeler as the narrator. In your story, bend the standard rules of grammar, punctuation, and spelling in order to accurately represent Wheeler’s manner of speaking. Try to include as many humorous exaggerations as you can. </li></ul>