Blood Pressure

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My blood pressure assignment

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Blood Pressure

  1. 1. Blood Pressure CAT Assignment Colin Sutherland
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • By the end of this lesson you should be able to: – Explain the concept of blood pressure – Perform a basic blood pressure measurement on a “patient” – List the main blood-pressure-related diseases – Promote strategies for healthy living
  3. 3. What is blood pressure? • The force of blood against artery walls • Recorded as two numbers 1. systolic pressure – heart contracts 2. diastolic pressure – heart relaxes
  4. 4. What is blood pressure? • The force of blood against artery walls • Recorded as two numbers 1. systolic pressure (heart contracts) 2. diastolic pressure (heart relaxes
  5. 5. What is blood pressure? • Measured in mmHg (millimetres of mercury) • Measurement of 120/80 mmHg is expressed verbally as quot;120 over 80.“ http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/bp/bp.htm
  6. 6. Classification of blood pressure for adults Category systolic, mmHg diastolic, mmHg Hypotension < 90 or < 60 Normal 90 – 119 and 60 – 79 Prehypertension 120 – 139 or 80 – 89 Stage 1 Hypertension 140 – 159 or 90 – 99 Stage 2 Hypertension ≥ 160 or ≥ 100 This classification of blood pressure applies to adults aged 18 and older. It is based on the average of seated blood pressure readings that were properly measured during 2 or more office visits. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_pressure
  7. 7. High blood pressure • High blood pressure often has no signs or symptoms. • The only way to find out if you have high blood pressure is to be tested for it. • A doctor or nurse can tell if your blood pressure is high by using a sphygmomanometer
  8. 8. Healthy Circulatory System • Quit smoking • Maintain healthy weight • Keep physically active • Eat foods with less salt and sodium • Emphasise fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods • Limit alcohol intake

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