The struggle for women’s suffrage began in the early 1800s. Elizabeth Cody Stanton and Susan B. Anthony renewed the fight in the 1860s. They formed the National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA).
Reformers like Susan B. Anthony focused on women’s rights. In the area of education she called for equal opportunities for all and campaigned for the equal treatment of boys and girls. As a result, women’s colleges opened their doors all across the nation, and by the late 1800s, over 40 thousand women were enrolled in institutes of higher learning. Anthony also wrote books and lectured to spread her beliefs . SUSAN B. ANTHONY
Video In the mid-1800s, Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton . Stanton was instrumental in organizing the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls , New York in 1848. During that convention a statement of women’s rights called the “ Declaration of Sentiments ” was drafted. Together, Stanton and Anthony would join the long struggle to secure the vote for women. Anthony eventually devoted fifty years of her life to the Women’s Suffrage Movement . Finally in 1920, 14 years after her death, the 19 th Amendment to the Constitution was passed giving women the right to vote.
In the late 1800s most men and politicians strongly opposed giving women the vote. Four western states felt differently. Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Idaho gave their women the right to vote while they were still territories. In the early 1900s, suffragists kicked into high gear and started gaining strength. Carrie Chapman Catt created a detailed plan to fight for suffrage state by state. Alice Paul was famous for her radical steps and hunger strikes. Rose Winslow was arrested for picketing the White House.
When Wyoming applied for statehood, they were turned down because of their voting laws. Wyoming vowed to stay a territory for 100 years before they would come into the Union without their women. Susan B. Anthony illegally voted for the re-election of Ulysses S. Grant for President in Rochester, NY. in 1872. She was arrested, jailed and fined. The judge dismissed the jury and rendered a verdict of guilty as charged.
Women were finally given the right to vote with the 19 th Amendment. It was finally ratified on 1920. This would double the number of eligible voters. Women struggled for equalities in employment. Many states did not allow women to practice law or medicine. By 1900 , the nation could boast 1,000 female lawyers and 7,000 doctors. During this Progressive Era women were busy. Besides earning the vote and better opportunities in education and employment, they also became committed to reforming society .
Temperance Movement : (Anti-alcoholic beverage) The reforms of the Progressive Movement did not stop in the workplace, however. Many reformers were opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol in the United States. Members of this Temperance Movement believed that prohibiting alcohol would 1) lower crime rates, 2) reduce poverty , and 3) increase the overall quality of American life.
On January 16, 1919, their cause was strengthened when the 18 th Amendment to the Constitution ended the legal manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. After fourteen years, the 18th Amendment would be repealed . In addition to being hard to enforce, it had actually encouraged an increase in criminal activities and the consumption of alcohol. video
The 18 th Amendment banning alcohol was ratified in 1919….. A year before women got the right to vote. With the passing of the 18 th Amendment came a huge drop in spousal abuse, and an even bigger rise in organized crime . Just like becoming an adult at 18 but not being old enough to vote….Prohibition – 18 th Amendment and being old enough at 21 …..End of Prohibition (can drink) – 21 st Amendment.