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Bioeconomy and the Internet of Things in Mountain Regions

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The IPROMO program offers annual short courses on the management of mountain areas and is organized by the Mountain Partnership Secretariat of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the University of Turin. According to the European Commission, bioeconomy “…encompasses the production of renewable biological resources and the conversion of these resources and waste streams into value-added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products and bioenergy.” This topic is particularly relevant to mountain areas, where the marginality and fragility of systems pushes the communities living there to cope by implementing optimized energy systems, processing fluxes and managing natural resources. This is the presentation held on June 27, 2108 by Riccardo Beltramo (http://www.fao.org/mountain-partnership/our-work/capacitydevelopment/ipromo/course-2018/en/)

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Bioeconomy and the Internet of Things in Mountain Regions

  1. 1. Bioeconomy Internet of Things IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Prof. Riccardo Beltramo University of Torino Department of Management - Area of Commodity Science Research Centre on Natural Risks in Mountain and Hilly Environments riccardo.beltramo@unito.it
  2. 2. The product life cycle IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  3. 3. What is the fastest growing economic sector? IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  5. 5. International tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) in 2016 grew by 3.9% to reach a total of 1,235 million worldwide, an increase of 46 million over the previous year. It was the seventh consecutive year of above-average growth in international tourism following the 2009 global economic crisis. A comparable sequence of uninterrupted solid growth has not been recorded since the 1960s. 5 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  8. 8. OPEN SYSTEMS 8 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  9. 9. A transformation process… Energy Human resources Financial resources Raw materials Activity Products ServicesSolidwaste Liquidwaste Airemissions Energylosses …not for free IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  10. 10. A transformation process… Energy Human resources Financial resources Raw materials Activity Products Services Solidwaste Liquidwaste Airemissions Energylosses Laws …within an economic and social framework IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  11. 11. Tools Processes • ISO 14001 + EMAS • Sustainability Reports • GRI Standards Products • Ecolabel • Thousands of labels • ………… IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  12. 12. ISO9001 ISO14001 OHSAS18001 SA8000 CEP Services Solidwaste Airemissions Wastewater Electromagnetic pollution Landscape Health&Safety Social responsibility Quality Environmental Laws H&S Laws Labor laws Urban planning rules ..................... Products time Raw materials Human resources Economic resources Energy Environment IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  13. 13. Data gathering Algorithm as it is Indicators other variables MEMS PROCEDURES 
 OPERATIVE INSTRUCTIONS PLANS PROGRAMS DOCUMENTATION MODULES ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM SIMULATION PROGRAM t o u g h IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  15. 15. 1997-98 2002 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  18. 18. Sagarmatha National Park
 
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  19. 19. !19 3rd BEMM 2015, Hammamet,TunisiaIPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  20. 20. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  23. 23. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  24. 24. Spedizione K2-2004
 50 anni dopo
 
 Pakistan 2004 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  25. 25. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  27. 27. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  28. 28. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  29. 29. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  30. 30. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  31. 31. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  32. 32. Progetto V.E.T.T.A. Valorizzazione delle Esperienze e dei prodotti Turistici Transfrontalieri alle medie ed Alte quote
  33. 33. 33 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  45. 45. SCATOL8’s detected variables Algorithm as it is Indicators other variables MEMS PROCEDURES 
 OPERATIVE INSTRUCTIONS PLANS PROGRAMS DOCUMENTATION MODULES ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM SIMULATION PROGRAM IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  46. 46. Things • Things (components) 1. Microprocessors 2. Sensors 3. Actuators 4. Dashboards • Connected Things (connections) IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  47. 47. Micro- controller Controllers Actuators Relays Switches PWM Notification LED Buzzer Sensors Input Switch Keypad Timer Memory mapped IO RFID GSM Display unit 7 segment Display, LCD, Graphic display A beginners guide to Internet of Things: Common Questions that were never answered!http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/832492/Stage-Introduction-to-the-Internet-of-Things-Wha#2.1 Embedded System, Grasshopper.iics, 26 Oct 2014
  48. 48. Internet of Things • Things (components) • Connected Things (connections) • Connectivity to the Internet IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  49. 49. Embedded system Wifi Bluetooth Ethernet ZigBee IPV6 Address Local Network LAN, WAN, WSN Peripheral hardware Sensor Actuators Drives Connection services Internet Other devices Local connectivity Web API Internet of Things A beginners guide to Internet of Things: Common Questions that were never answered!http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/832492/Stage-Introduction-to-the-Internet-of-Things-Wha#2.1 Embedded System, Grasshopper.iics, 26 Oct 2014
  50. 50. https://www.mesh-net.co.uk/what-is-the-internet-of-things-iot/ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  51. 51. Sensors networkTailor-made sensors & network Sensing layer Access layer Network layer Middleware layer Application layer IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  52. 52. • By International Telecommunication Union, the network architecture of IoT consists of the sensing layer, the access layer, the network layer, the middleware layer and application layers. • Sensing layer: the main features of this layer are to capture the interest information large- scaly by various types of sensors, identify intelligently, and share the captured information in the related units in the network. • Access layer: this layer's main function is to transfer information from the sensing layer to the network layer through existing mobile networks, wireless networks, wireless LANs, satellite networks and other infrastructure. • Network layer: this layer's main function is to integrate the information resources of the network into a large intelligence network with the Internet platform, and establish an efficient and reliable infrastructure platform for upper-class service management and large-scale industry applications. • Middleware layer: this layer's main function is to management and control network information real-time, as well as providing a good user interface for upper layer application. It includes various business support platform, management platform, information processing platform, and intelligent computing platform. • Application layer: this layer's main function is to integrate the function of the bottom system, and build the practical application of various industries, such as smart grids, smart logistics, intelligent transportation, precision agriculture, disaster monitoring and distance medical care. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  53. 53. Struttura rete 53 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  54. 54. Riccardo Beltramo - Dipartimento di Management The remote sensing system was tested in four Alpine huts of the VCO: Città di Novara (2011) Andolla (2011, 2012) Enrico Castiglioni (2011, 2012) Pietro Crosta (2012) Clockwise: Rifugi Andolla, Castiglioni e Crosta
  55. 55. Riccardo Beltramo - Dipartimento di Management
  56. 56. Riccardo Beltramo - Dipartimento di Management
  57. 57. Castiglioni
 Test 57 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  58. 58. Castiglioni
 Network Architecture 58 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  60. 60. Rifugio Castiglioni
 Network configuration: • Intrusion • Electric consumption • Gas • Waste production • Luminance • External and internal humidity • Liquid flow • External temperature • Internal temperature at different heights 60 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  61. 61. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  62. 62. Graphs IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  63. 63. Città di Novara Network configuration IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  64. 64. Rifugio Città di Novara configurazione Snow level Anemometer Wind direction Rain Gauge Kitchen temperature and rooms Humidity: kitchen and rooms Gas Liquid flow
  65. 65. Rifugio Andolla Network configuration
  66. 66. Rifugio Andolla Network Configuration Solar production External luminance External temperature and humidity Electric stove consumption Internal temperature and humidity Waste production Gas Liquid flow
  67. 67. 67 IS THE INTERNET OF THINGS HELPFUL TO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION? IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  68. 68. DEMING CYCLE PLAN !68 RELATIONS BETWEEN SCATOL8 AND EMS DEMING CYCLE PHASES DIRECT CONTRIBUTION INDIRECT CONTRIBUTION PLAN 4.3.1 – Environmental aspects ★ 4.3.2 – Legal and other requirements
 ★ 4.3.3 – Objectives, targets and programme(s) ★ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  69. 69. DEMING CYCLE DO !69 4.4.1 – Resources, roles, responsibility and authority 4.4.2 – Competence, training and awareness ★ 4.4.3 – Communication ★ 4.4.4 – Documentation 4.4.5 – Control of documents
 4.4.6 – Operational control
 ★ 4.4.7 – Emergency preparedness and responses ★ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  70. 70. DEMING CYCLE CHECK !70 4.5.1 – Monitoring and measurement ★ 4.5.2 – Evaluation of compliance ★ 4.5.3 – Non-conformity, corrective and preventive action ★ 4.5.4 – Control of records ★ 4.5.5 – Internal audit ★ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  71. 71. DEMING CYCLE ACT !71 The Top management should review the EMS at planned intervals for ensuring its adequacy, effectiveness and suitability ★ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  72. 72. Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Pesticides Feed Food Agriculture & Environment Human Resources IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  73. 73. Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Distribution Factory Retail Store Foodwaste Foodwaste Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Pesticides Feed Foodwaste Foodwaste Consumers Human Resources IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  74. 74. Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Distribution Factory Retail Store Foodwaste Foodwaste Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Pesticides Feed Foodwaste Foodwaste Consumers Current estimates put global food loss and waste between one-third and one-half of all food produced. Loss and wastage occurs at all stages of the food supply chain or value chain. In low-income countries, most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries much food – about 100 kilograms per person per year – is wasted at the consumption stage. http://www.fao.org/food-loss-and-food-waste/en/, http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/01/10/food-waste-half-of-all-fo_n_2445022.html, http:// large.stanford.edu/courses/2012/ph240/briggs1/docs/mb060e00.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_waste 100 kilograms per person per year global food loss and wasteHuman Resources IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  75. 75. Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Pharmaceutical Nutraceutical Cosmetics Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Pesticides Feed Food Biomass for energy production M
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  76. 76. Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Factory Retail Store Foodwaste Foodwaste Pesticides nutraceutical cosmetics Feed pharmaceutical Foodwaste Foodwaste Waste valorization Consumers Human Resources
  77. 77. Machinery Seeds Livestock Water Energy Fertilizers Other products Land Landuse Energy dispersion Airemission Wastewater Soil contamination Solidwaste Factory Retail Store Foodwaste Foodwaste Pesticides nutraceutical cosmetics Feed pharmaceutical Foodwaste Foodwaste Waste valorization Consumers Human Resources IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  78. 78. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  79. 79. Examples Proprietary John Deere is using the IoT to connect each of its vehicles to a mobile online platform called JDLink, which gives farmers and their dealers remote access to see location, utilization and diagnostic data for each machine. Its John Deere Operations Center offers comprehensive IoT solutions for farmers, including wireless data streaming of production data, mobile monitoring, and weather and crop reporting in real time. Networked sensors and both historical and real-time data on weather, soil conditions and crop status help farmers enhance the value of their operations by ensuring equipment is operating reliably. They optimize each job by ensuring that crops are planted and harvested when and how they will produce the best yields, and achieving what John Deere calls “agronomic optimization” by engaging the trusted partners of the farmer to analyze data and recommend changes for future crop years. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  80. 80. 4th BEMM 2016, Hammamet,TunisiaIPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
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  82. 82. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  83. 83. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  84. 84. New machines from John Deere can not only plow, sow and reap, they can also collect a Farmer’s Almanac worth of data, including air and soil temperatures, moisture, wind speed, humidity, solar radiation and rainfall. Smart watering systems sprinkle just enough water on the fields, in just the right places, and can detect leaks in water pipes—vital in dry and drought- affected regions like California. THE FUTURE IS SMART, Alec Scott, 8 ways the Internet of things will change the way we live and work, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-magazine/the-future-is-smart/article24586994/ IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  85. 85. OnFarm Grower DashboardTM IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  86. 86. 4th BEMM 2016, Hammamet,Tunisia Precision Livestock Farming (PLF)
  87. 87. • Precision Livestock Farming is a subset of smart farming. Sensors are used for monitoring and early detection of reproduction events and health disorders in animals. • Typical monitored data are the body temperature, the animal activity, tissues resistivity, pulse and GPS position. • SMS alerts can be sent to the breeder based on predefined events. Federico Guerrini, The Future Of Agriculture? Smart Farming, Forbes, FEB 18, 2015, http://www.forbes.com/sites/federicoguerrini/2015/02/18/the-future-of-agriculture-smart-farming/#1e0857bd337c IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  88. 88. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  89. 89. Development of specialized RFID tags that can be embedded into trees, manually or by machine. Some of these tags are made of biodegradable materials, so they can be ground with wood products to make pulp and paper. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  90. 90. "RFID can bring value by tracking timber through the whole logging operation, through shipment, monitoring for deliveries and such." In pilots and deployments worldwide, governments, research institutes, forestry and sawmill companies, and wood products manufacturers are employing RFID to optimize forest production and improve the quality of wood products, as well as to minimize environmental damage and enable companies to comply with U.S. and European rules barring import of illegal or endangered timber products. But before RFID-tagging becomes common practice in the forestry industry, tag prices must come down and more solid business cases must be demonstrated. Meanwhile, RFID shows promise as a tool to help control wildfires. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  91. 91. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  92. 92. Expensive Big farms can afford them but the average farm in Europe is… IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  93. 93. http://www.globalagriculture.org/report-topics/industrial-agriculture-and-small-scale-farming.html IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  94. 94. Average utilised agricultural area per holding, 2010 and 2013 (hectares) http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/agriculture/farm-structure IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  95. 95. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  96. 96. Our experience 4th BEMM 2016, Hammamet,Tunisia IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  97. 97. Cantina dei produttori 
 di nebbiolo di Carema • Need to quantify the consumption of machinery made by hand and without theoretical data available • Machines running at intervals • 15 amperometric forceps • Monitoring of the entire harvesting period of the whole grape (about 715.57 quintals) Misurare -> Nodi e sensori -> Crusc8 -> Esempi di casi pratici 97 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  98. 98. Cantina Produttori di Nebbiolo di Carema IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  99. 99. Cantina Produttori di Nebbiolo di Carema IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  100. 100. Cantina Produttori di Nebbiolo di Carema IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  101. 101. Cantina Produttori di Nebbiolo di Carema IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  102. 102. Cantina Produttori di Nebbiolo di Carema IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  103. 103. Cantina dei produttori 
 di nebbiolo di Carema Misurare -> Nodi e sensori -> Crusc8 -> Esempi di casi pratici 103 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  104. 104. Precision Agriculture: Predicting Vineyard Conditions, Preventing Disease Wireless sensor networks enable many new opportunities and innovations in the field of Predictive systems. With these, pest prevention and irrigation can be administered when necessary. The end result is improved management, better grape quality, and lower costs. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  105. 105. The sensors are camouflaged as fanciful animals… IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  106. 106. …and the dashboard shows the intensity of monitored variables… IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  107. 107. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  108. 108. Baril8 - System for the introduction of innovative models of circular viticulture, for production of sustainable territorial quality features The planning scheme Cantina cooperativa Terre dei Santi Distilleria Beccaris Pirollo Andrea Malino Felice Fratelli Savio Scatol8 srl PIN srl Sprig of Grapes and Marc Grapeseed Grape juice Grape marmalade Horizon srl Wines and Sparkling wines Recupero energetico Grappa grapeskins vine leaves Nobil Bio Ricerche srl Nutraceutical Pharmaceutics Cosmetics Biomedical Food supplements, Cosmetics, Drugs Grapes Prodotti Legenda Fornitura Sistemi Baril8 Analisi del terreno Analisi scarti, prodotti, parametri di processi Scarti da valorizzare Prodotti da scarti INSTM Funzionalizzazione dei nuovi materiali Depleted marc Grapeseed oil vine leaves vine leaves Grapes Grapes IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  109. 109. Baril8 - System for the introduction of innovative models of circular viticulture, for production of sustainable territorial quality features The architecture of the system Cantina Sociale Terre dei Santi Distilleria Beccaris Pirollo Andrea Malino Felice Fratelli Savio Legenda Baril8 - Vineyard Baril8 Grapes and peripheral nodes Baril8 Agri and peripheral nodes Baril8 Cellar and peripheral nodes Baril8 Distillery and peripheral nodes IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  110. 110. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  111. 111. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  112. 112. Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data DataData Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data DataData IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  113. 113. and then? • Business Intelligence: Management systems, Sustainability Report • Products • Education IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  114. 114. Educational side • Progetti con le scuole
  115. 115. 115 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  116. 116. prodotti t-shirt lampade kimono S8-SIL Rubia Tinctorum IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  117. 117. S8-LIL Chestnut tannin IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  118. 118. Don_Bosco_Lamp Poplar plywood IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  119. 119. S8-Vela Chestnut wood and chestnut tannin tincture IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  120. 120. ELECTRONICS PROCESSOR SENSORS Temperature CO2 Luminance ACTUATORS LED < < < < S8-Vela Chestnut wood and chestnut tannin tincture IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  121. 121. Nodes + Lamps IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  122. 122. Scatol8 ® ® Scatol8 ® ® Scatol8® Indigo Laboratories T-shirt: Flow-chart of the first collection Colors Printer X Electric energy Human resources Computer Electric energy Human resources Computer Graphic ideation Selection t-shirt suppliers Environmental criteria Electric energy Human resources T-shirt printing machine IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  123. 123. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  124. 124. Scatol8 ® ® Scatol8 ® ® Indigo Laboratories Laboratorio QuMap Scatol8® Selection t-shirt suppliers Production vegetable dye Graphic ideation T-shirt: Flow-chart of the second collection “eco-printing” Eco-printing Lab Electric energy Human resources Computer Electric energy Human resources Computer Human resources Computer microcontrollorers sensors Electric energy actuators Electric energy Human resources T-shirt printing machine IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  125. 125. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  126. 126. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  127. 127. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  128. 128. Scatol8 ® ® Scatol8 ® ® Electric energy Human resources Computer Electric energy Human resources T-shirt printing machineElectric energy Human resources Computer Human resource s Computer Eco-printing Lab Graphic ideation t-shirt selection Production vegetable dyes Scatol8® T-shirt: Flow-chart of the third collection “eco-printing+sensors” Indigo Laboratories microcontrollorers sensors Scatol8 ® ® Electric energy actuators IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  129. 129. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  130. 130. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  131. 131. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  132. 132. Design Planning BRAIN STORMING IDEA OPTIONS LISTING SUSTAINABILITY CHECK ENVIRONMENT ECONOMIC SOCIAL OPTIONS RANKING FINAL DECISION UPCYCLING RECYCLING REUSE Business Model Canvas Life Cycle Assessment List of Suppliers Waste recovery options Product Requisites Product Prerequisites DESIGN PROTOTYPE SKETCHES BOARD MEETING IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Riccardo Beltramo, Jacopo Beltramo, Paolo Cantore and Annalisa Romani, How to make fabrics talk environment: the Scatol8 per la Sostenibilità way (in pronting)
  133. 133. Human Resources Denim Hemp Wineleather Hardware Electricity Machinery Tools Paper IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Riccardo Beltramo, Jacopo Beltramo, Paolo Cantore and Annalisa Romani, How to make fabrics talk environment: the Scatol8 per la Sostenibilità way (in pronting)
  134. 134. Raw Materials Fibres Spinning Yarn Weaving YARN MANUFACTUREEnergy Water Chemicals Labours INPUTS Map of key-processes, inputs and outputs in the textile production chain Solid waste Waste water Air emission FABRIC MANUFACTURE Fabric Cut PRODUCT MANUFACTURE Make Trim FINISHING PROCESSES Products Desizing Scouring Bleaching Dyeing Printing Finishing Knitting OUTPUTS IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Riccardo Beltramo, Jacopo Beltramo, Paolo Cantore and Annalisa Romani, How to make fabrics talk environment: the Scatol8 per la Sostenibilità way (in pronting)
  135. 135. Fertilizers, Pesticides Production & Transportation Machinery Production & Maintenance Energy carriers production & Delivery Vehicle production & Maintenance Infra e Structure Production & Maintenance Background System SolidwasteWastewaterAiremissionProducts OUTPUTS INPUTS FossilFuelsRawmaterials SYSTEM BOUNDARIES Cotton planting Crop care Harvesting Ginning Cotton cultivation Weaving fabric Finishing Fabric manufacture Spinning yarn Dyeing Spinning & Dyeing Make-up garment Finishing Garment manufacture Use Storage Distribution Retail outlet Distribution centre Final Consumer CareMaintenance Fibres Yarn Garment Fabric Discarded garments Landfill Disposal Inceneration WasteEnergy Collection & Sorting Recycling Recyclable Waste Re-use of parts 2nd hand products Re-gained fibres Non textile application Composting Not Recyclable Waste Cotton IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  136. 136. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  137. 137. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  138. 138. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  139. 139. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  140. 140. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  141. 141. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  142. 142. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  143. 143. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  144. 144. Kimono is: - made with recovery denim and wineleather fabric; - equipped with five led strips: four perform animations and change color according to the tastes of the wearer and one changes color according to the intensity of the variable monitored by the sensor App: - allows you to change colors and animation; - receives and displays the intensity of the variable monitored by the sensor; - send the intensity of the variable and the position to the server Server: - receives and displays georeferenced data on dedicated Crusc8 Algoritmo: - process the data - draws maps of environmental quality IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  145. 145. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  146. 146. Indigo Laboratories S8®_IDH_KimonoIPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  147. 147. Fertilizers, Pesticides Production & Transportation Soil management Fertilizing Sowing Harvesting Seed production Subsystem 1: Agricultural Production Storage Balling Scutching Drying Dewretting Transport Subsystem 2: Straw Processing Subsystem 3: Transportation to spinning mill FossilFuelsRawmaterials Foreground System SYSTEM BOUNDARIES SolidwasteWastewaterAiremissionProducts OUTPUTS Machinery Production & Maintenance Energy carriers production & Delivery Vehicle production & Maintenance Infra e Structure Production & Maintenance Background System INPUTS Hemp IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Riccardo Beltramo, Jacopo Beltramo, Paolo Cantore and Annalisa Romani, How to make fabrics talk environment: the Scatol8 per la Sostenibilità way (in pronting)
  148. 148. Denim + Hemp IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  149. 149. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  150. 150. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  151. 151. Filatoio Galleani di Caraglio Hemp, Jeans, Interactivity: The Kimono of the Future October 7, 2017 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  152. 152. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  153. 153. Hemp IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Riccardo Beltramo, Jacopo Beltramo, Paolo Cantore and Annalisa Romani, How to make fabrics talk environment: the Scatol8 per la Sostenibilità way (in pronting)
  154. 154. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  155. 155. Your experience in IoT IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  156. 156. Surname________________________________Name__________________________ 1. “Have You been directly involved in IoT projects?” YES NO 1.1 If 1 = YES then “Can You describe one of the projects? Goals, scope, partners, strong and weak points, results, development.” 1.2 If 1 = NO then “Have You heard about IoT projects in you area?” YES NO 1.2.1 If 1.2 = YES then “Can You describe one of the projects? Goals, scope, partners, strong and weak points, outcomes, development.” 1.2.2 If 1.2 = NO then “Why? Not interested in IoT Barriers Other” 2. “What do you think it could be a useful contribution of IoT in Your competence / geographic areas?” Competence Geographic 3. Share our experience! 4. Has this exchange provided useful hints? IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development Ormea, June 27 2018 IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  157. 157. Conclusion • “The confluence of efficient wireless protocols, improved sensors, cheaper processors, and a bevy of startups and established companies developing the necessary management and application software has finally made the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) mainstream.” , Report sudy, 2 August 2016 • Today, the IoT is a reality that is spreading and, in agriculture, proprietary systems are available which are incorporated into the machinery. Access costs are a barrier. IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  158. 158. The challenge of the IoTs in support of the bio-economy is not to improve the efficiency of standardized productions, but to increase the efficiency of niche ones, which carry forward the wealth deriving from the variety. There are and there will be standardized mass products, next to which today niche products will be more accessible, deriving from food raw materials grown with less effort and may productivity. The IoTs lead to the growth of companies (micro and small businesses) able to create customized systems, with a high knowledge content, but at what economic conditions? IPROMO 2018 Summer School: Bioeconomy in mountain areas – an opportunity for local development
  159. 159. Thank You for Your kind attention! riccardo.beltramo@unito.it http://scatol8.net http://www.slideshare.net/scatol8 https://www.youtube.com/user/Scatol8 https://www.facebook.com/scatol8/

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