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When A.I. makes art,
is it still Art?
University of San Francisco
July 2016
1
A Simplified History
of the Visual Arts
from 1916 to 2016
3
This is an Artwork
• Paul Strand
“Abstraction, Twin Lakes,
Connecticut” (1916)
4
This is an Artwork
• Marcel Duchamp
“Fountain”
(1917)
5
This is an Artwork
• Kazimir Malevich
“White on White” (1918)
6
This is an Artwork
• Man Ray
“The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse” (1920),
a sewing machine wrapped in an army
blanket
7
This is an Artwork
• Josef Albers
“The City” (1928)
8
This is an Artwork
• Paul Klee
“Ad Parnassum” (1932)
9
This is an Artwork
• Robert Rauschenberg
(1951)
10
This is an Artwork
• Franz Kline
“High Street” (1956)
11
This is an Artwork
• Barnett Newman
Abraham, 1949
12
This is an Artwork
• Jackson Pollock
“Blue Poles” (1952)
This is an Artwork
• Frank Stella
(1959)
14
This is an Artwork
• Yves Klein (1928, France)
“Anthropometries of the Blue Period” (1960) “Leap into the Void” (1960)
15
This is an Artwork
• Andy Warhol
“25 Marilyns” (1962)
16
This is an Artwork
• Shigeko Kubota
Vagina Painting" (1965)
17
This is an Artwork
• Bruce Nauman
“Self Portrait as a Fountain” (1966)
18
This is an Artwork
• Henry Moore
"Oval with Points" (1970)
This is an Artwork
• Christo
The Reichstag (1971)
This is an Artwork
• Lynda Benglis
(1974)
This is an Artwork
• Marina Abramovic
“Imponderabilia”
(1977)
22
This is an Artwork
• Tracey Emin
“Everyone I Have Ever Slept With”
(1995): A tent internally pasted with
the names of a...
23
-
• Andrew Zisserman (2014): visualizing what a
neural network is learning while it is being
trained
24
-
• Andrea Vevaldi (2014)
25
-
• Andrea Vedaldi (2015): visualizing what a
neural network is learning while it is being
trained
26
Is this an Artwork?
• Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“
(2015)
27
Is this an Artwork?
• Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“
(2015)
28
Is this an Artwork?
• Leon Gatys and Alexander Ecker’s "A
Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style“ (2015)
Leonid Afremov Neu...
29
Is this an Artwork?
• Joris Dik : a new 3D-printed “Rembrandt”
portrait (2016)
30
Is this an Artwork?
• Donya Quick (2015): automated music
composition
31
Is this an Artwork?
• USC’s A.I. (2016)
“And from the other side of my apartment/
An empty room behind the inner wall/
...
32
Is this an Artwork?
• Deep Dreams auction (2016)
33
Is This an Artwork?
• Blaise Aguera y Arcas, principal scientist at
Google (2016):
"We're on the edge of a new
frontier...
34
Who is the Creator?
• And why should you get credit for your
artwork?
35
Who is the Creator?
• Who should take credit?
36
What is really different?
• What did the art collectors buy at the
DeepDreams auction? The output of a
neural network i...
37
What is really different?
• The art was sold for a few thousand dollars,
which is a tiny fraction of the cost of the
GP...
38
What is really different?
• Who appreciates human art? Humans.
• Who appreciates machine art?
David Hickey Lucy Lippard...
39
What is Art?
• The way that a neural network can be “hijacked”
to do art may help understand the brain of the
artist.
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When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 1 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 2 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 3 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 4 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 5 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 6 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 7 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 8 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 9 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 10 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 11 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 12 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 13 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 14 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 15 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 16 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 17 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 18 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 19 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 20 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 21 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 22 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 23 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 24 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 25 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 26 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 27 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 28 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 29 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 30 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 31 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 32 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 33 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 34 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 35 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 36 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 37 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 38 When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art? Slide 39
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Slides for a panel at University of San Francisco on July 11th http://www.scaruffi.com/leonardo/jul2016.html

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When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?

  1. 1. When A.I. makes art, is it still Art? University of San Francisco July 2016 1
  2. 2. A Simplified History of the Visual Arts from 1916 to 2016
  3. 3. 3 This is an Artwork • Paul Strand “Abstraction, Twin Lakes, Connecticut” (1916)
  4. 4. 4 This is an Artwork • Marcel Duchamp “Fountain” (1917)
  5. 5. 5 This is an Artwork • Kazimir Malevich “White on White” (1918)
  6. 6. 6 This is an Artwork • Man Ray “The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse” (1920), a sewing machine wrapped in an army blanket
  7. 7. 7 This is an Artwork • Josef Albers “The City” (1928)
  8. 8. 8 This is an Artwork • Paul Klee “Ad Parnassum” (1932)
  9. 9. 9 This is an Artwork • Robert Rauschenberg (1951)
  10. 10. 10 This is an Artwork • Franz Kline “High Street” (1956)
  11. 11. 11 This is an Artwork • Barnett Newman Abraham, 1949
  12. 12. 12 This is an Artwork • Jackson Pollock “Blue Poles” (1952)
  13. 13. This is an Artwork • Frank Stella (1959)
  14. 14. 14 This is an Artwork • Yves Klein (1928, France) “Anthropometries of the Blue Period” (1960) “Leap into the Void” (1960)
  15. 15. 15 This is an Artwork • Andy Warhol “25 Marilyns” (1962)
  16. 16. 16 This is an Artwork • Shigeko Kubota Vagina Painting" (1965)
  17. 17. 17 This is an Artwork • Bruce Nauman “Self Portrait as a Fountain” (1966)
  18. 18. 18 This is an Artwork • Henry Moore "Oval with Points" (1970)
  19. 19. This is an Artwork • Christo The Reichstag (1971)
  20. 20. This is an Artwork • Lynda Benglis (1974)
  21. 21. This is an Artwork • Marina Abramovic “Imponderabilia” (1977)
  22. 22. 22 This is an Artwork • Tracey Emin “Everyone I Have Ever Slept With” (1995): A tent internally pasted with the names of all the sexual partners of the artist.
  23. 23. 23 - • Andrew Zisserman (2014): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  24. 24. 24 - • Andrea Vevaldi (2014)
  25. 25. 25 - • Andrea Vedaldi (2015): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  26. 26. 26 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  27. 27. 27 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  28. 28. 28 Is this an Artwork? • Leon Gatys and Alexander Ecker’s "A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style“ (2015) Leonid Afremov Neural Network
  29. 29. 29 Is this an Artwork? • Joris Dik : a new 3D-printed “Rembrandt” portrait (2016)
  30. 30. 30 Is this an Artwork? • Donya Quick (2015): automated music composition
  31. 31. 31 Is this an Artwork? • USC’s A.I. (2016) “And from the other side of my apartment/ An empty room behind the inner wall/ A thousand pictures on the kitchen floor/ Talked about a hundred years or more”
  32. 32. 32 Is this an Artwork? • Deep Dreams auction (2016)
  33. 33. 33 Is This an Artwork? • Blaise Aguera y Arcas, principal scientist at Google (2016): "We're on the edge of a new frontier in art and creativity — and it's not human”
  34. 34. 34 Who is the Creator? • And why should you get credit for your artwork?
  35. 35. 35 Who is the Creator? • Who should take credit?
  36. 36. 36 What is really different? • What did the art collectors buy at the DeepDreams auction? The output of a neural network is a digital file, which can be copied in a split second. The only way to guarantee that no other copies will be made is to physically destroy the neural network.
  37. 37. 37 What is really different? • The art was sold for a few thousand dollars, which is a tiny fraction of the cost of the GPUs used to run the neural network.
  38. 38. 38 What is really different? • Who appreciates human art? Humans. • Who appreciates machine art? David Hickey Lucy LippardRosalind Krauss Frank PopperBrian Sewell Arthur Danto Philippe Daverio
  39. 39. 39 What is Art? • The way that a neural network can be “hijacked” to do art may help understand the brain of the artist.
  • MarioCitriniti

    Oct. 27, 2016

Slides for a panel at University of San Francisco on July 11th http://www.scaruffi.com/leonardo/jul2016.html

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