Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?

3,756 views

Published on

Slides for a panel at University of San Francisco on July 11th http://www.scaruffi.com/leonardo/jul2016.html

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?

  1. 1. When A.I. makes art, is it still Art? University of San Francisco July 2016 1
  2. 2. A Simplified History of the Visual Arts from 1916 to 2016
  3. 3. 3 This is an Artwork • Paul Strand “Abstraction, Twin Lakes, Connecticut” (1916)
  4. 4. 4 This is an Artwork • Marcel Duchamp “Fountain” (1917)
  5. 5. 5 This is an Artwork • Kazimir Malevich “White on White” (1918)
  6. 6. 6 This is an Artwork • Man Ray “The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse” (1920), a sewing machine wrapped in an army blanket
  7. 7. 7 This is an Artwork • Josef Albers “The City” (1928)
  8. 8. 8 This is an Artwork • Paul Klee “Ad Parnassum” (1932)
  9. 9. 9 This is an Artwork • Robert Rauschenberg (1951)
  10. 10. 10 This is an Artwork • Franz Kline “High Street” (1956)
  11. 11. 11 This is an Artwork • Barnett Newman Abraham, 1949
  12. 12. 12 This is an Artwork • Jackson Pollock “Blue Poles” (1952)
  13. 13. This is an Artwork • Frank Stella (1959)
  14. 14. 14 This is an Artwork • Yves Klein (1928, France) “Anthropometries of the Blue Period” (1960) “Leap into the Void” (1960)
  15. 15. 15 This is an Artwork • Andy Warhol “25 Marilyns” (1962)
  16. 16. 16 This is an Artwork • Shigeko Kubota Vagina Painting" (1965)
  17. 17. 17 This is an Artwork • Bruce Nauman “Self Portrait as a Fountain” (1966)
  18. 18. 18 This is an Artwork • Henry Moore "Oval with Points" (1970)
  19. 19. This is an Artwork • Christo The Reichstag (1971)
  20. 20. This is an Artwork • Lynda Benglis (1974)
  21. 21. This is an Artwork • Marina Abramovic “Imponderabilia” (1977)
  22. 22. 22 This is an Artwork • Tracey Emin “Everyone I Have Ever Slept With” (1995): A tent internally pasted with the names of all the sexual partners of the artist.
  23. 23. 23 - • Andrew Zisserman (2014): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  24. 24. 24 - • Andrea Vevaldi (2014)
  25. 25. 25 - • Andrea Vedaldi (2015): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  26. 26. 26 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  27. 27. 27 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  28. 28. 28 Is this an Artwork? • Leon Gatys and Alexander Ecker’s "A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style“ (2015) Leonid Afremov Neural Network
  29. 29. 29 Is this an Artwork? • Joris Dik : a new 3D-printed “Rembrandt” portrait (2016)
  30. 30. 30 Is this an Artwork? • Donya Quick (2015): automated music composition
  31. 31. 31 Is this an Artwork? • USC’s A.I. (2016) “And from the other side of my apartment/ An empty room behind the inner wall/ A thousand pictures on the kitchen floor/ Talked about a hundred years or more”
  32. 32. 32 Is this an Artwork? • Deep Dreams auction (2016)
  33. 33. 33 Is This an Artwork? • Blaise Aguera y Arcas, principal scientist at Google (2016): "We're on the edge of a new frontier in art and creativity — and it's not human”
  34. 34. 34 Who is the Creator? • And why should you get credit for your artwork?
  35. 35. 35 Who is the Creator? • Who should take credit?
  36. 36. 36 What is really different? • What did the art collectors buy at the DeepDreams auction? The output of a neural network is a digital file, which can be copied in a split second. The only way to guarantee that no other copies will be made is to physically destroy the neural network.
  37. 37. 37 What is really different? • The art was sold for a few thousand dollars, which is a tiny fraction of the cost of the GPUs used to run the neural network.
  38. 38. 38 What is really different? • Who appreciates human art? Humans. • Who appreciates machine art? David Hickey Lucy LippardRosalind Krauss Frank PopperBrian Sewell Arthur Danto Philippe Daverio
  39. 39. 39 What is Art? • The way that a neural network can be “hijacked” to do art may help understand the brain of the artist.

×