SlideShare a Scribd company logo
David Israel
Artificial Intelligence Center
SRI International
August 8, 2013
 AI as Cognitive Science by Other Means
 How do people do what they do
 AI as focused on emulating intelligence
artificially… by whatever means necessary
 AI as a design and engineering discipline, not an
empirical science
 AI as Applied Logic (in weird disguise?)
 Central focus: Representation & Reasoning
 AI as Applied Probability Theory/Statistics
 Central focus: (Machine) Learning from data
 Distinctively Human (?) Cognitive Achievement
 In any case, a central human cognitive achievement
 We (not I!) know something about how we do it – about
underlying processes and mechanisms of language use
 And we know something about how we (our infant selves)
come to be able to do it – how we learn our first language(s)
BUT I DON’T CARE !!*
And more important, neither does DARPA
* Beyond finding “inspiration” in theories of actual
cognitive mechanisms/processes
 Goal: To make the knowledge expressed in
(English) texts accessible by formal (artificial)
reasoning systems
 Translation(?): To make the (information) content
expressed, e.g., in news stories available as input to
“downstream” AI-systems
 For, e.g., Intelligence Analysts, trying to put together
an analytic picture of what was going on in some
region during some time period.
 Applied Linguistics & Logic
vs. (versus???)
 Machine Learning: Applied Probability Theory
and Statistics
 What does this really come to, in our case
(Machine Reading)?
 Hand-built grammars: sets of rules governing the
ways in which sentences could be constructed out of
sub-sentential elements (ultimately, of
words/morphemes)
 Often quite directly inspired by work in linguistics
 Rules linking syntactic elements and structures with
structures of symbols from formal languages
 Often directly inspired by the languages developed and
studied by logicians, typically for representing
mathematical structures
 Availability of large annotated data-sets and of huge
quantities of “raw” (unlabeled) text data
 Growth of the practice of community-wide open
evaluations and of
 A metrics-focused research community
 Moore’s Law; huge advances in processing speeds,
memory capacity, etc., etc.
 Resulted in moving toward a-theoretical, statistically-
trained, ML-induced NLP modules (e.g., POS-taggers,
NamedEntityExtractors, SemanticRoleLabelers,
Parsers)
 Tilrecently: sentence-/clause-level semantics was
ignored
A New Synthesis:
 Probabilistic Representation of Non-linguistic
information + state-of-the-art Statistically-based
ML-induced NLProcessing Modules
 Analogous developments in Computer Vision
 How to operationalize that `+’ ??
 Many different possibilities to be explored
 So little time … and nowhere near enough $$

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Coi laser9 09_13
Coi laser9 09_13Coi laser9 09_13
Coi laser9 09_13
piero scaruffi
 
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
piero scaruffi
 
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
piero scaruffi
 
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valleymy Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
piero scaruffi
 
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
piero scaruffi
 
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State UnivA History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
piero scaruffi
 
SMMMASH 5. Body
SMMMASH 5. BodySMMMASH 5. Body
SMMMASH 5. Body
piero scaruffi
 
Puppet maker Niki Ulehla
Puppet maker Niki UlehlaPuppet maker Niki Ulehla
Puppet maker Niki Ulehla
piero scaruffi
 
Body: An Introduction
Body: An IntroductionBody: An Introduction
Body: An Introduction
piero scaruffi
 
Mark Jacobson
Mark JacobsonMark Jacobson
Mark Jacobson
piero scaruffi
 
Demystifying Machine Intelligence
Demystifying Machine IntelligenceDemystifying Machine Intelligence
Demystifying Machine Intelligence
piero scaruffi
 
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
piero scaruffi
 
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
piero scaruffi
 
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear AlgebraMargot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
piero scaruffi
 
A Brief History of Me (2000)
A Brief History of Me (2000)A Brief History of Me (2000)
A Brief History of Me (2000)
piero scaruffi
 
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive" Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
piero scaruffi
 
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASERShamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
piero scaruffi
 
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern AgeHistory of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
piero scaruffi
 
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
piero scaruffi
 
Natural Aesthetics: Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
Natural Aesthetics:Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...Natural Aesthetics:Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
Natural Aesthetics: Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
Melanie Swan
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Coi laser9 09_13
Coi laser9 09_13Coi laser9 09_13
Coi laser9 09_13
 
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
Philosophy of Mind - Part 2 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thought...
 
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
Sydell Lewis (LASER presentation)
 
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valleymy Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
my Chinese lectures on Silicon Valley
 
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
Christina Smolke (Stanford) at a LASER on "Synthetic Biology"
 
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State UnivA History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
A History of Silicon Valley/ San Jose State Univ
 
SMMMASH 5. Body
SMMMASH 5. BodySMMMASH 5. Body
SMMMASH 5. Body
 
Puppet maker Niki Ulehla
Puppet maker Niki UlehlaPuppet maker Niki Ulehla
Puppet maker Niki Ulehla
 
Body: An Introduction
Body: An IntroductionBody: An Introduction
Body: An Introduction
 
Mark Jacobson
Mark JacobsonMark Jacobson
Mark Jacobson
 
Demystifying Machine Intelligence
Demystifying Machine IntelligenceDemystifying Machine Intelligence
Demystifying Machine Intelligence
 
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
Life and Organization - Part 5 of Piero Scaruffi's class "Thinking about Thou...
 
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
Alison Gopnik (UC Berkeley) on "The Philosophical Baby"
 
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear AlgebraMargot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
Margot Gerritsen (Stanford Univ) on the beauty of Linear Algebra
 
A Brief History of Me (2000)
A Brief History of Me (2000)A Brief History of Me (2000)
A Brief History of Me (2000)
 
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive" Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
Tami Spector on "The Molecular Elusive"
 
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASERShamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
Shamit Kachru on "Extra dimensions" at a LASER
 
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern AgeHistory of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
History of Thought - Part 6: The Modern Age
 
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
Robert Rich on "Ambient Music"
 
Natural Aesthetics: Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
Natural Aesthetics:Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...Natural Aesthetics:Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
Natural Aesthetics: Digital Art and Philosophy in the Era of Technologized Bi...
 

More from piero scaruffi

Art & Music in the Sixties
Art & Music in the SixtiesArt & Music in the Sixties
Art & Music in the Sixties
piero scaruffi
 
A Herstory of Women
A Herstory of WomenA Herstory of Women
A Herstory of Women
piero scaruffi
 
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
piero scaruffi
 
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
piero scaruffi
 
temp
temptemp
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon ValleyThe Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
piero scaruffi
 
Consciousness, Self, Free Will
 Consciousness, Self, Free Will  Consciousness, Self, Free Will
Consciousness, Self, Free Will
piero scaruffi
 
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
piero scaruffi
 
Machine Intelligence & Physics
Machine Intelligence & PhysicsMachine Intelligence & Physics
Machine Intelligence & Physics
piero scaruffi
 
Life
LifeLife
Language, Dreams, Emotions
Language, Dreams, EmotionsLanguage, Dreams, Emotions
Language, Dreams, Emotions
piero scaruffi
 
The Brain
The BrainThe Brain
The Brain
piero scaruffi
 
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive PsychologyPhilosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
piero scaruffi
 
The Singularity and you
The Singularity and youThe Singularity and you
The Singularity and you
piero scaruffi
 
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
piero scaruffi
 
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and backFrom Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
piero scaruffi
 
Five Reasons why the Singularity is not coming any time soon
Five Reasons why the Singularity  is not coming any time soonFive Reasons why the Singularity  is not coming any time soon
Five Reasons why the Singularity is not coming any time soon
piero scaruffi
 
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality CheckArtificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
piero scaruffi
 
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian AgeHistory of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
piero scaruffi
 
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to the Industrial REvolution
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to  the Industrial REvolutionHistory of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to  the Industrial REvolution
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to the Industrial REvolution
piero scaruffi
 

More from piero scaruffi (20)

Art & Music in the Sixties
Art & Music in the SixtiesArt & Music in the Sixties
Art & Music in the Sixties
 
A Herstory of Women
A Herstory of WomenA Herstory of Women
A Herstory of Women
 
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?
 
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
Intelligence is not Artificial - Stanford, June 2016
 
temp
temptemp
temp
 
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon ValleyThe Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
The Best Kept Secret in Silicon Valley
 
Consciousness, Self, Free Will
 Consciousness, Self, Free Will  Consciousness, Self, Free Will
Consciousness, Self, Free Will
 
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
Selfies, Surveillance and the Voluntary Panopticon
 
Machine Intelligence & Physics
Machine Intelligence & PhysicsMachine Intelligence & Physics
Machine Intelligence & Physics
 
Life
LifeLife
Life
 
Language, Dreams, Emotions
Language, Dreams, EmotionsLanguage, Dreams, Emotions
Language, Dreams, Emotions
 
The Brain
The BrainThe Brain
The Brain
 
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive PsychologyPhilosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
Philosophy of Mind & Cognitive Psychology
 
The Singularity and you
The Singularity and youThe Singularity and you
The Singularity and you
 
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Computation) at a LASER http://www.scaruffi...
 
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and backFrom Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
From Cosmology to Neuroscience to Rock Music and back
 
Five Reasons why the Singularity is not coming any time soon
Five Reasons why the Singularity  is not coming any time soonFive Reasons why the Singularity  is not coming any time soon
Five Reasons why the Singularity is not coming any time soon
 
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality CheckArtificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
Artificial intelligence and the Singularity - History, Trends and Reality Check
 
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian AgeHistory of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
History of Thought - Part 5: The Victorian Age
 
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to the Industrial REvolution
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to  the Industrial REvolutionHistory of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to  the Industrial REvolution
History of Thought - Part 4 from the Renaissance to the Industrial REvolution
 

Recently uploaded

Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY IndiaLatest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
EYIndia1
 
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive OverviewVulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
Steven Carlson
 
Keynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
Keynote : Presentation on SASE TechnologyKeynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
Keynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
Priyanka Aash
 
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
DianaGray10
 
Accelerating Migrations = Recommendations
Accelerating Migrations = RecommendationsAccelerating Migrations = Recommendations
Accelerating Migrations = Recommendations
isBullShit
 
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
bellared2
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
ldtexsolbl
 
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI CapabilitiesRedefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Priyanka Aash
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
AmandaCheung15
 
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
FIDO Alliance
 
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal EmbeddingsThe History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
Zilliz
 
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
Bhajan Mehta
 
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - CoatueThe Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
Razin Mustafiz
 
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
Zilliz
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
shyamraj55
 
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
Badri_Bady
 
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and DefendingFinetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Priyanka Aash
 
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdfCheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
ssuser137992
 
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and ConsiderationsChoosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
webbyacad software
 
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Zilliz
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY IndiaLatest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
Latest Tech Trends Series 2024 By EY India
 
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive OverviewVulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
Vulnerability Management: A Comprehensive Overview
 
Keynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
Keynote : Presentation on SASE TechnologyKeynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
Keynote : Presentation on SASE Technology
 
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
Discovery Series - Zero to Hero - Task Mining Session 1
 
Accelerating Migrations = Recommendations
Accelerating Migrations = RecommendationsAccelerating Migrations = Recommendations
Accelerating Migrations = Recommendations
 
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
 
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI CapabilitiesRedefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
 
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
 
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal EmbeddingsThe History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
The History of Embeddings & Multimodal Embeddings
 
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
Mule Experience Hub and Release Channel with Java 17
 
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - CoatueThe Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
The Path to General-Purpose Robots - Coatue
 
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
It's your unstructured data: How to get your GenAI app to production (and spe...
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
 
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
History and Introduction for Generative AI ( GenAI )
 
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and DefendingFinetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
 
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdfCheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
CheckPoint Firewall Presentation CCSA.pdf
 
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and ConsiderationsChoosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
Choosing the Best Outlook OST to PST Converter: Key Features and Considerations
 
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
 

David Israel (SRI Intl) on "Natural Language Processing"

  • 1. David Israel Artificial Intelligence Center SRI International August 8, 2013
  • 2.  AI as Cognitive Science by Other Means  How do people do what they do  AI as focused on emulating intelligence artificially… by whatever means necessary  AI as a design and engineering discipline, not an empirical science  AI as Applied Logic (in weird disguise?)  Central focus: Representation & Reasoning  AI as Applied Probability Theory/Statistics  Central focus: (Machine) Learning from data
  • 3.  Distinctively Human (?) Cognitive Achievement  In any case, a central human cognitive achievement  We (not I!) know something about how we do it – about underlying processes and mechanisms of language use  And we know something about how we (our infant selves) come to be able to do it – how we learn our first language(s) BUT I DON’T CARE !!* And more important, neither does DARPA * Beyond finding “inspiration” in theories of actual cognitive mechanisms/processes
  • 4.  Goal: To make the knowledge expressed in (English) texts accessible by formal (artificial) reasoning systems  Translation(?): To make the (information) content expressed, e.g., in news stories available as input to “downstream” AI-systems  For, e.g., Intelligence Analysts, trying to put together an analytic picture of what was going on in some region during some time period.
  • 5.  Applied Linguistics & Logic vs. (versus???)  Machine Learning: Applied Probability Theory and Statistics  What does this really come to, in our case (Machine Reading)?
  • 6.  Hand-built grammars: sets of rules governing the ways in which sentences could be constructed out of sub-sentential elements (ultimately, of words/morphemes)  Often quite directly inspired by work in linguistics  Rules linking syntactic elements and structures with structures of symbols from formal languages  Often directly inspired by the languages developed and studied by logicians, typically for representing mathematical structures
  • 7.  Availability of large annotated data-sets and of huge quantities of “raw” (unlabeled) text data  Growth of the practice of community-wide open evaluations and of  A metrics-focused research community  Moore’s Law; huge advances in processing speeds, memory capacity, etc., etc.  Resulted in moving toward a-theoretical, statistically- trained, ML-induced NLP modules (e.g., POS-taggers, NamedEntityExtractors, SemanticRoleLabelers, Parsers)  Tilrecently: sentence-/clause-level semantics was ignored
  • 8. A New Synthesis:  Probabilistic Representation of Non-linguistic information + state-of-the-art Statistically-based ML-induced NLProcessing Modules  Analogous developments in Computer Vision  How to operationalize that `+’ ??  Many different possibilities to be explored  So little time … and nowhere near enough $$