Antarctic Environment• Highest, driest windiest continent• Fastest rates of change on the planet• Heat sink in planet’s climate system• High seasonality of light• Marine: stable physico-chemical parameters• Marine: low and constant temperature• Marine: high productivity from phytoplancton
Antarctic (marine) Biodiversity• Highly adapted to extreme (stable) environment• High level of endemism• Marine biomass and biodiversity second to tropical coral reefs• Under-studied (especially the deep sea)• Vulnerable to shifts!• To understand these processes we need data
Antarctic Treaty (our inspiration) « In order to promote international cooperation in scientiﬁc investigation in Antarctica, as provided for inArticle III (1c) of the Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable: […]Scientiﬁc observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available. »
“Exchanging” biodiversity data• science-based, adaptative conservation and management• testing fundamental theories• consolidation of the community• establish a benchmark for undisputed evidence of change/shifts
Data availability• what? where? when?• widely disseminated, patchy, hardly accessible• (expensive) data and expertise are vanishing (fast!)
SCAR-MarBIN & ANTABIF• www.scarmarbin.be: marine biodiversity information network• www.biodiversity.aq: biodiversity information facility• Main funding: Belgian science Policy ofﬁce• International Polar Year 2007/08• Census of Antarctic Marine Life• Ocean Biogeographic Information System• Global Biodiversity Information Network
General philosophy• Build an electronic ecosystem• Offer free and open access to data and technology• Expose all the (biodiversity) data and metadata, in multiple contexts• Remain community-driven, and collaborative• Adopt strong standardization• Work for science, conservation, management
[results]: webportal (s) taxonomy, biogeography vizualisation open access 850,000 visitors 6,950,000 hits 35,000,000 dld records V2 coming up ANTABIF coming up
[results]: taxonomic data • The ﬁrst RAMS all taxa • Board of 60+ editors all species • Feeds WoRMS, CoL and EoLvalid species • 17,098 taxa (RAMS) • Building a dynamic RAS • 24,248 taxa (RAS) 0 3,750 7,500 11,250 15,000
[results]: geospatial data 1,275,799 records 190 datasets 106 geodatasets 5,235 taxa Feeds OBIS, GBIF Downloadable WebGIS Webservices
100% Open Source solutions ANTABIF technological ecosystems: Language: RubyNuts and bolts Design patterns: MVC-ORM Framework: Rails(ActiveRecord) and YUI Search engine: Full text (Elasticsearch-Lucene) Database: PostGresql GIS server: Geoserver Spatial database: PostGIS Mapping client: OpenLayers Web services: RESTish (all resources) Protocoles: DIF, dwcore, dwc archive, Tapir…etc GBIF tools : HIT,IPT OS: FreeBSD Hosting: BBPF (ULB/VUB joint IT Center) Metadata systems: GCMD (mirrored)
Data are discoverable,open, linked, useful, and safe Mark Parsons, PIC
DiscoverableData should be accessible soon after collection(online wherever possible) in a discovery portal suchas the Global Change Master Directory.The importance of METADATA
OpenOpen Data is a philosophy and practice requiring thatcertain data are freely available to everyone, withoutrestrictions from copyright, patents or othermechanisms of control.—WikipediaAnything else than Open slows down processes.
LinkedThe term Linked Data is used to describe a methodof exposing, sharing, and connecting data [using] theWeb.—WikipediaWeb2.0 philosophy.
Useful Data from different projects, disciplines, and data centers should be easily understood and used inconjunction with each other in standard tools and analysis frameworksData should be well described so to be useful for a broad audience.
InteroperableMetadata and data should be readily interchangeablebetween different polar data systems to enable datadiscovery across multiple portals.So we stop reinventing the wheel all the time...
SafeSafe from hackers, from obsolescence, fromundocumented change, from loss, and from theravages of time.That’s quite a challenge!
Thanks for your attention! www.scarmarbin.be www.biodiversity.aq email@example.com www.slideshare.net/scarmarbin