To PersuadeTo Persuade: When an author wishes to make an audience feel a certain way about a topic.
To Inform• To inform: When an author wishes to simply covey information to an audience
To Entertain• To Entertain: When an author wishes to simply entertain an audience
To Describe or Share a Personal Experience• To Describe: When an author wishes to convey a picture or feeling to an audience.
Point of View• When an FCAT question refers to an author’s point of view, it is not referring to the traditional 1st person or 3rd person voice, but rather the perspective of the author towards his or her subject. The way that the author’s point of view can be determined is by looking at the words he/she chooses to use to describe situations or people.
Author’s Purpose Types of Writing• Persuasive: To persuade: to express an opinion and convince readers to think/feel/act a certain way. ex. Newspaper or magazine articles
Expository• Expository: To inform-explain, illustrate, or present information. ex. Science, educational or journal articles
Narrative• Narrative: To entertain- To tell a story ex. fiction
Descriptive• To describe: To describe or share a personal experience- a person, event, or place: convey a mood. ex. Poetry, restaurant review
Methods of Organization• Cause & Effect:Why it happened Cause)Something that has happened (effect)Compare & Contrast: How two or more things are alike and different.
Spatial Order• To describe how something looks or its location.• Spatial order description might proceed from bottom to top, left to right, or from nearby to far away.
Time Order• Events in chronological order.• Example a time line.
Flashback• The author starts with a situation and then flashes-back to an earlier event.
Bulleted lists• Used for informational texts to make important points• Point 1• Point 2• Point 3
Foreshadowing• Used in literary texts. Early on, the author will give hints of things that will happen later in the story.
Question/Answer• Used in informational texts.• The author asks a question in the first paragraph or two and then answers it.
Argument/SupportUsed in informational texts.The author takes a stand on an issue and than supports it with details.
Cause/Effect Signal WordsCause Effect• because of • since• created by • therefore• caused by • consequently• led to • outcome• the reason for • so• on account of • then• since • as a result of• due to • finally • thus • for this reason