Uses: ~ongoing actionimperfect -AR -ER/-IR (was/were) ~repeated actionYo aba ía (used to)tú Abas Ías ~no definiteÉl/ella/usted Aba ía beginning/endNosotros ábamos íamos ~time/date/age/fe elings/descriptionEllos/ellas/ustedes aban ían s Interrupted activity (cuando Ir Ser VerYo Iba Era veíatú Ibas Eras veíasÉl/ella/usted Iba Era veíaNosotros Íbamos éramos veíamosEllos/ellas/ustede veíans
modal= a new meaning ir+a+infinitive = going to do something Poder+infinitive=are able to do something Querer+infinitive=want to do something Deber+infinitive=should do something Tener+que+infinitive=to have to do something Soler+infinitive=to be accustomed to Necisitar+infinitive=to need to do something
adverb Ex: Claro clara+ -mente = claramente ***but if the adj. can’t be changed to the feminine form, just add –mente ex: dificil + -mente = dificilmente *** and when there are more than one advs. Modifying one verb, only add –mente to the 2nd one
progressivepresent Infinitive- Estoy bailando. I am dancing. ar+ando/iendopast Use imperfect form Estaba I was walking. of estar along w/ the bailando. present progressive form
future Infinitive verb + Caber Decir to fit to say cabr- dir- É Hacer to do har- Ás Poder be able podr- Poner to put pondr- á Querer to want querr- Emos Saber to know sabr- Salir to leave saldr- án Tener to have tendr- Valer be worth valdr- Venir to come vendr- Haber to have habr-
superlatives article + noun + más/menos + adj. + de… Ramon es el chico más guapo de la escuela.
Formal commands Use “yo” form of verb, but switch to opposite vowel Negative?+ no in front of verb Ex: swim…nadar…nado…nada. negative: no nada
prepositions Izquierda left Derecha right Delante in front of Detrás behind Cerca/lejos near/far Abajo down Arriba up Enfrente across from Encima on top of